E2 Series Shinkansen
The E2 series (E2系 E2-kei) is a Japanese high-speed Shinkansen train type operated by East Japan Railway Company (JR East) on the Tohoku and Hokuriku Shinkansen high-speed lines in Japan since 1997. They are formed in 8- and 10-car sets. The 8-car sets are used on the Hokuriku Shinkansen, and the 10-car sets on Tohoku Shinkansen services. The 10-car sets can be coupled to E3 series sets using couplers hidden behind retracting nose doors.
An E2 series approaching Omiya Station in February 2011
|Manufacturer||Hitachi, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Nippon Sharyo, Tokyu Car Corporation|
|Entered service||March 1997|
|Number built||502 vehicles (53 sets)|
|Number in service||240 vehicles (24 sets) (as of 1 April 2019)|
|Number preserved||2 vehicles|
|Number scrapped||262 vehicles (29 sets)|
|Formation||8/10 cars per trainset|
|Capacity||10-car J sets: 815 (51 Green + 764 Standard)|
8-car N sets: 630 (51 Green + 579 Standard)
|Line(s) served||Tohoku Shinkansen|
|Car body construction||Aluminium|
|Car length||25,700 mm (84 ft 4 in) (end cars),|
25,000 mm (82 ft 0 in) (intermediate cars)
|Width||3,380 mm (11 ft 1 in)|
|Doors||2 per side|
|Maximum speed||275 km/h (170 mph) (Tohoku Shinkansen), 260 km/h (160 mph) (Hokuriku Shinkansen)|
|Traction system||(AC) MT205 (24 x 300 kW (400 hp) per 8-car train, 32 x 300 kW (400 hp) per 10-car train)|
|Power output||7.2 MW (9,700 hp) (for 8-car train), 9.6 MW (12,900 hp) (for 10-car train)|
|Electric system(s)||25 kV AC, 50/60 Hz overhead catenary|
|Current collection method||Pantograph|
|Safety system(s)||ATC-2, DS-ATC|
|Multiple working||400/E3 series|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
They operate at a maximum speed of 275 km/h (170 mph) on the Tohoku Shinkansen and 260 km/h (160 mph) on the Hokuriku Shinkansen and feature an electric active suspension.
- Asama (1 October 1997 - 31 March 2017)
- E2 series 8-car "N" sets
- E2' series 10-car "J" sets
- E2-1000 series 10-car "J" sets
8-car "N" sets
The fleet of thirteen "N" sets was constructed for the new Asama services on the newly constructed Nagano Shinkansen (present-day Hokuriku Shinkansen) to Nagano from 1 October 1997, and are classified simply "E2 series". Units N2 onwards were delivered from March 1997 to September 1997. These sets are compatible with both the 50 Hz supply used by JR East and the 60 Hz supply used west of Karuizawa on the Hokuriku Shinkansen, and are limited to a maximum speed of 260 km/h. Tohoku Shinkansen set J1 was transferred to Nagano depot in October 2002 and renumbered as set N21.
Withdrawals of E2 series "N" sets commenced in April 2014, with the withdrawal of sets N4 and N12. The remaining E2 series sets were removed from regularly scheduled Hokuriku Shinkansen Asama services from 25 December 2015, with the last E2 series Asama run taking place on 31 March 2017.
|Set number||Manufacturer||Date delivered||Date withdrawn||Remarks|
|N1||6 June 1995||9 July 2014||Pre-series set S6|
|N2||Kawasaki HI||25 March 1997||1 September 2014|
|N3||Hitachi||16 April 1997||1 December 2014|
|N4||Kawasaki HI||25 April 1997||23 April 2014|
|N5||Nippon Sharyo||14 May 1997||1 June 2017|
|N6||Hitachi||29 May 1997||17 June 2014|
|N7||Nippon Sharyo||13 June 1997||25 January 2016|
|N8||Kawasaki HI||27 June 1997||26 May 2014|
|N9||Hitachi||11 July 1997||26 September 2014|
|N10||Nippon Sharyo||25 July 1997||17 February 2016|
|N11||Hitachi||8 August 1997||1 August 2014|
|N12||Tokyu Car||25 August 1997||2 April 2014|
|N13||Kawasaki HI||5 September 1997||11 May 2017|
|N21||-||14 April 1995||6 January 2015||Pre-series set S7, later J1|
E2' series 10-car "J" sets
The initial fleet of six "J" sets was constructed as eight-car trains for the start of the new Akita shinkansen services starting in March 1997, and ran in conjunction with E3 series Akita Shinkansen units on Tōhoku Shinkansen Yamabiko/Komachi services between Tokyo and Morioka. These sets are classified E2', and are equipped with retractable nose-end couplers at the Morioka end. Units J2 onwards were delivered from December 1996 to March 1997.
As with the Nagano Shinkansen N units, these sets are also compatible with both 50 Hz and 60 Hz (25 kV) power supplies, and were also used on Nagano Shinkansen Asama services before they were lengthened to ten cars. A further four J sets were delivered in October/November 1998 to augment the fleet to coincide with the introduction E2 series stock on four return Asahi services between Tokyo and Niigata on the Jōetsu Shinkansen from the start of the revised timetable in December 1998. From September 2002, the fleet of J sets (except J1) was augmented from 8 to 10 cars with the addition of newly built intermediate cars for use on Hayate services to Hachinohe commencing in December 2002. The red stripe on these lengthened sets was also changed to magenta, and the original "wind" bodyside logo was changed to the new Hayate logo.
Withdrawals of E2 series "J" sets commenced in October 2013, with the withdrawal of sets J2 and J3.
|Set number||Manufacturer||Date delivered||Date lengthened to 10 cars||Date withdrawn|
|J1||-||14 April 1995||(Pre-series set S7, renumbered N21 from October 2002)||-|
|J2||Hitachi||20 December 1996||19 December 2002||2 October 2013|
|J3||Hitachi||24 January 1997||24 December 2002||30 October 2013|
|J4||Kawasaki HI||12 February 1997||19 September 2002||8 February 2016|
|J5||Nippon Sharyo||3 March 1997||29 October 2002||12 June 2014|
|J6||Nippon Sharyo||17 March 1997||3 November 2002||2 May 2014|
|J7||Nippon Sharyo||5 October 1998||16 November 2002||21 August 2017|
|J8||Hitachi||20 October 1998||24 September 2002||31 May 2018|
|J9||Nippon Sharyo||23 November 1998||14 September 2002||8 April 2016|
|J10||Kawasaki HI||17 December 1998||14 October 2002||14 February 2017|
|J11||Nippon Sharyo||6 September 1999||21 November 2002||9 January 2019|
|J12||Tokyu Car||17 September 1999||29 September 2002|
|J13||Hitachi||5 October 1999||4 October 2002||27 April 2018|
|J14||Kawasaki HI||19 October 1999||19 October 2002||7 November 2018|
|J15||Tokyu Car||5 November 1999||24 October 2002|
E2-1000 series 10-car "J" sets
The prototype E2-1000 series train (unit J51) was delivered as an 8-car to Sendai depot in late December 2000, and entered revenue-earning service in November 2001 after extensive testing. Units J52 onwards were delivered as 10-car units from July 2002, entering service on the Tohoku Shinkansen from December 2002. These trains replaced life-expired 200 series trains and augment JR East's fleet for use on new Hayate services following the opening of the Tōhoku Shinkansen extension to Hachinohe in December 2002.
The E2-1000 series incorporates a number of design improvements compared with the earlier batches, the most noticeable of which is the change from small windows for each seating bay to wide windows similar to the E4 series trains. A new single-arm pantograph design is used with an aerofoil-shaped mounting that eliminates the need for pantograph shrouds. The pre-series set, J51, was equipped with automatic couplers at both ends, but sets J52 onwards have couplers at the northern end only, as on the earlier E2' trains. Unlike the earlier J sets, these units are only compatible with the 50 Hz power supply of the Tohoku and Joetsu Shinkansen routes. The flush-fitting plug doors of the earlier N and J sets were replaced by conventional sliding doors on these units. While J51 was delivered in the same livery as earlier E2 series trains, units J52 onward were delivered from new in the Hayate livery with a magenta waistline stripe in place of the previous red and a new "apple" logo in place of the "wind" logo on the original batch of J and N units.
|Set number||Manufacturer||Date delivered||Date withdrawn|
|J51||Hitachi/Kawasaki HI/Nippon Sharyo/Tokyu Car||13 January 2001||14 March 2019|
|J52||Hitachi||17 July 2002|
|J53||Kawasaki HI||5 August 2002|
|J54||Kawasaki HI||8 March 2003|
|J55||Hitachi||7 November 2002|
|J56||Hitachi||23 November 2002|
|J57||Nippon Sharyo||4 October 2003|
|J58||Tokyu Car||11 September 2003|
|J59||Tokyu Car||21 October 2003|
|J60||Kawasaki HI||24 December 2003|
|J61||Nippon Sharyo||17 January 2004|
|J62||Kawasaki HI||2 February 2004|
|J63||Tokyu Car||8 December 2003|
|J64||Hitachi||11 June 2003|
|J65||Kawasaki HI||10 March 2004|
|J66||Nippon Sharyo||6 April 2005|
|J67||Hitachi||7 June 2005|
|J68||Hitachi||10 July 2005|
|J69||Kawasaki HI||5 December 2005|
|J70||Hitachi||19 February 2010|
|J71||Nippon Sharyo||11 March 2010|
|J72||Hitachi||12 April 2010|
|J73||Kawasaki HI||10 May 2010|
|J74||Kawasaki HI||7 June 2010|
|J75||Nippon Sharyo||27 September 2010|
The pre-series E2' series unit S7 (renumbered as J1 and later as N21) was delivered in April 1995, with S6 (now numbered as N1) delivered in June of the same year. Visually, these two units differed from subsequent production standard units in having large pantograph shields resembling the original 300 series design. These were later changed to the current low-profile design.
Seating is 2+3 in standard class with a seat pitch of 960 mm (38 in), and 2+2 in green class with a seat pitch of 1,160 mm (46 in).
An E2-1000 series train (J56) broke the Japanese rail speed record for a production train (i.e. not a dedicated test train) in April 2003 when it reached a speed of 362 km/h (225 mph) during a series of late-night high-speed test runs between Urasa and Niigata on the Joetsu Shinkansen.
China ordered a number of 250 km/h trains based on the E2-1000 series design, renamed it as CRH2, becoming the second Shinkansen train exported after the 700T for Taiwan. These CRH2 trains consist of a total of 60 sets; the first three sets (2001-2003) were built in Japan, the next six sets were delivered in complete knock down (CKD) form and assembled by CSR Sifang Locomotive and Rolling Stock, the remaining 51 sets were built by Sifang through technology transfer from Japan. The first train arrived at the port of Qingdao on 8 March 2006.
Subsequent orders included 50 additional trains and a new order for 140 trains placed in 2009 with the Sino-Japanese joint venture.
Withdrawals of E2 series sets commenced in October 2013, with the withdrawal of sets J2 and J3.
Car E223-23 of former set J10 was moved from Sendai Depot to Sanwa Tekki Corporation in Utsunomiya, Tochigi, in February 2017, where it is to be preserved.
Car E224-127 of former set J14 was moved from Sendai Depot to The Hirosawa City in Chikusei, Ibaraki, in November 2018, where it is to be preserved.
- List of high speed trains
- "NSSMC's Active Suspensions for Railway Cars Are Adopted for Kyushu Railway Company's Cruise Train "Seven Stars in Kyushu"". nipponsteel.com. Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation. 11 October 2013. Retrieved 1 August 2019.
- JR電車編成表 2012夏 [JR EMU Formations - Summer 2012] (in Japanese). Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. May 2012. pp. 12–13. ISBN 978-4-330-28612-9.
- JR電車編成表 2014夏 [JR EMU Formations - Summer 2014] (in Japanese). Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. 30 May 2014. p. 357. ISBN 978-4-330-46614-9.
- 上越新幹線でE2系の定期運用再開 [E2 series returns to regular duties on Joetsu Shinkansen]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 27 January 2013. Retrieved 27 January 2013.
- 北陸新幹線「Ｅ２系」今月引退…五輪輸送で活躍 [Hokuriku Shinkansen E2 series to be withdrawn this month - Played an active role in transportation during the Olympics]. Yomiuri Online (in Japanese). Japan: The Yomiuri Shimbun. 21 March 2017. Archived from the original on 21 March 2017. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
- 2013年度総合車両センター関係業務改善が提案される [Work Improvements Proposed for General Rolling Stock Center in Fiscal 2013] (PDF). Danketsu (in Japanese). Japan: National Railway Workers' Union. 27 January 2013. Retrieved 11 February 2013.
- JR電車編成表 2017冬 [JR EMU Formations - Winter 2017] (in Japanese). Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. 16 November 2016. pp. 14–15, 356. ISBN 978-4-330-73716-4.
- 新幹線電車データブック2011 [Shinkansen Databook 2011] (in Japanese). Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. March 2011. pp. 88–90. ISBN 978-4-330-19811-8.
- JR電車編成表 2015冬 [JR EMU Formations - Winter 2015] (in Japanese). Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. 21 November 2014. pp. 357–358. ISBN 978-4-330-51614-1.
- JR電車編成表 2015夏 [JR EMU Formations - Summer 2015] (in Japanese). Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. 20 May 2015. ISBN 978-4-330-56915-4.
- JR電車編成表 2016夏 [JR EMU Formations - Summer 2016] (in Japanese). Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. 20 May 2016. pp. 15, 357. ISBN 978-4-330-68216-7.
- 2/23～25, E223-23, 陸送される [E223-23 moved by road 23–25 February]. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese). Vol. 57 no. 673. Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. May 2017. p. 158.
- 新幹線車両、真夜中の陸上輸送 宇都宮の事業所が買い取り、一般公開へ [Shinkansen car bought by Utsunomiya company and moved by road late at night]. Shimotsuke Original Online News (in Japanese). Japan: Shimotsuke Shimbun. 24 February 2017. Archived from the original on 25 February 2017. Retrieved 25 February 2017.
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