Dust in the Sun
Dust in the Sun is a 1958 Australian mystery film adapted from the novel Justin Bayard by Jon Cleary and produced by the team of Lee Robinson and Chips Rafferty. The film stars British actress Jill Adams and an indigenous-Australian actor Robert Tudawali as Emu Foot.
|Dust in the Sun|
|Directed by||Lee Robinson|
|Produced by||Chips Rafferty|
|Written by||Lee Robinson|
W. P. Lipscomb
|Based on||Justin Bayard by Jon Cleary|
|Music by||Wilbur Sampson|
|Edited by||Stanley Moore|
|Distributed by||Universal (Australia)|
|October 1958 (premiere)|
August 1960 (Australia)
Justin Bayard, a Northern Territory policeman, is escorting an aboriginal warrior, Emu Foot, to Alice Springs to be tried for a tribal killing. They are attacked by some Aborigines and forced to take refuge at an isolated cattle station. Julie, the bored wife of the station owner Tad Kirkbridge, sets Emu Foot free and is later murdered. Bayard romances stockman's daughter Chris. Emu Foot is killed by aboriginals and Bayard exposes Julie's murderer.
In May 1956 Robinson and Rafferty bought the film studios at Bondi which were once owned by Cinesound Productions. It was meant to be used as a basis for their television company, Australian Television Enterprises, but it was used for this film.
They optioned Jon Cleary's novel Justin Bayard. Robinson later recalled:
On that film we were aiming to do very well in the English market, because we had always done well there. For instance King of the Coral Sea earned much more than its production cost out of England whilst it earned its production cost in Australia. Walk into Paradise had also gone terribly well in England. England was a very strong market for us at that time. In fact it was probably a better market for us than the United States.
This was the fourth feature from Lee Robinson and Chips Rafferty but the first one in which Rafferty did not act, although he was originally meant to, with Charles Tingwell to play the second lead, a station manager.
According to Tingwell, Rafferty decided against playing the lead when Robinson wanted to increase the emphasis on the romantic subplot involving Bayard as he thought it was too old. Robinson then offered the lead to Tingwell, who claimed he was too short and wrong for the role, and he suggested Ken Wayne. Tingwell went on to act in The Shiralee (1957). Robinson was originally reluctant to work with Wayne and instead cast New Zealand actor Walter Brown.
(At one stage American star John Ericson was sought to play the lead role.)
Jill Adams was imported from England to play the female lead. Maureen Lanagan was a Sydney model making her first film – Robinson also used models turned actors in The Phantom Stockman and King of the Coral Sea. (He often expressed frustration at what he saw was a lack of good looking young women who could act in Australia.)
Shooting took place in the studio at Bondi and on location near Alice Springs in October and November 1956.
The film premiered at the Sydney Film Festival in 1958 but was not released in Australia and England until 1960. It did not perform well at the box office. According to Raffety's biographer "with television making serious inroads into movie attendances world wide and no Chips Rafferty to exploit for distribution, Dust in the Sun was just another badly made independent cheapie, and gathered its own dust on the shelf for some four years."
Lee Robinson later said, "I don't think it was a good script and I don't think that we had a very strong supporting cast and it was the first picture that we had done in which Chips didn't play the lead... I think our mistake there was to make a picture not geared for Chips."
Filmink later called the film "a kind-of Western that should have been more of a Western. It has a whiff of the white man’s burden movie about it like Where No Vultures Fly – Wayne is a solid no nonsense public servant dealing with troublesome natives and snarly whites. It’s a little bit progressive but not exactly PC – Tudawli’s character has a chain around his neck for a lot of the film and is talked about as if he’s a dog. Still, the location filming helps and Tudawali has charisma to burn. "
The movie was the first job in the Australian industry for Jill Robb, who was Jill Adams' stand in and went on to become a leading producer.
- Graham Shirley and Brian Adams, Australian Cinema: The First Eighty Years, Currency Press, 1989 p203
- "A SERIAL YOU MUST NOT MISS!." The Argus (Melbourne) 5 Nov 1955: 7 accessed 16 December 2011
- He Flipped a Coin and Won a Career Henniger, Paul. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 24 Dec 1965: a17.
- "Advertising". The Argus. Melbourne: National Library of Australia. 22 August 1956. p. 5. Retrieved 31 August 2012.
- "Lee Robinson interview with Albert Moran, Continuum: The Australian Journal of Media & Culture vol. 1 no 1 (1987)". murdoch.edu.au. Retrieved 25 August 2011.
- Larkins p 111-112
- 'MOVIELAND EVENTS: AUSTRALIAN FILM BIDS FOR ERICSON', Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 20 August 1956: A11
- "New hope for stars of the future". The Australian Women's Weekly. National Library of Australia. 9 May 1956. p. 23. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
- ""Jedda" star to rise again". The Argus. Melbourne: National Library of Australia. 9 August 1956. p. 3. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
- "Drama of out back: DUST IN THE SUN." The Australian Women's Weekly 23 Jan 1957: 40 accessed 16 December 2011
- Larkin p 113
- Andrew Pike and Ross Cooper, Australian Film 1900–1977: A Guide to Feature Film Production, Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1998, 226.
- Larkin p 116
- Vagg, Stephen (24 July 2019). "50 Meat Pie Westerns". Filmink.
- Larkin p 114
- Larkin, Bob Chips: The Life and Films of Chips Rafferty, MacMillan 1986