Duration of English parliaments before 1660

This article augments the List of parliaments of England to be found elsewhere (see link below) and to precede Duration of English, British and United Kingdom parliaments from 1660, with additional information which could not be conveniently incorporated in them.

The definition of which bodies should be classified as parliaments becomes increasingly problematic before the accession of the Tudor monarchs, starting with King Henry VII. Different sources may vary in the number of Parliaments in a particular reign.

The columns in the tables below count backwards from the parliament elected in 2005. This is not the conventional way of numbering parliaments. The No. column contains the number counting forward from the accession of particular monarchs of England before 1660 (or the Commonwealth and Protectorate regimes of the 1650s).

The duration column is calculated from the date of the first meeting of the parliament to that of dissolution, using a year-month-day format.

Origin of parliament

Parliament grew out of the Curia Regis, which was a body which advised the king on legislative matters. It had come into existence after the Norman Conquest of England in 1066. It replaced the earlier Anglo-Saxon institution of the Witenagemot, which had a similar mix of important clerical and lay members, but different powers.

The Curia Regis (known in English as the council or court) was composed of prominent church leaders (archbishops, bishops and some abbots) and the king's feudal tenants-in-chief (in effect the landowning aristocracy, the earls and barons).

The point at which some meetings of the prelates and lay magnates became known as parliaments is difficult to define precisely.

The term parliamentum was used in the general sense of a meeting at which negotiations took place. The word began to be used to refer to meetings of the council in the 1230s and 1240s. The earliest known official use was by the Court of King's Bench which in November 1236 adjourned a case to be heard at a parliamentum at Westminster due on the following 13 January.

A meeting of the council was held at Merton Abbey in 1236. This gathering became known as the Parliament of Merton. It passed certain legislation, which constitutes the first entry in the official collection of the statutes of England, published in the nineteenth century.

It may be that the meeting at Merton involved no innovation, but owes its prominence to the chance survival of some records which were copied into a collection of statutes from the second half of the fourteenth century.

The list of parliaments in this article commences with a meeting in London in 1242, which was summoned in 1241. This again may not have represented any real innovation, but rather is given prominence by the chance survival of records. Powell and Wallis confirm that a copy of the writ of summons has survived, possibly the earliest still in existence. Dramatic political events at the meeting were recorded by the chronicler Matthew Paris, so it is known that the king asked for a tax, which the council (retrospectively dubbed a parliament) refused to grant. It is unlikely that the gathering was seen by contemporaries as any different from the similar meetings of the Curia Regis that had been held since the Conquest, but as a list of parliaments must start at some time this was the meeting chosen by the source from which this list is drawn.

List of parliaments from 1241

The English civil year started on 25 March until 1752. The years used in this article have been converted to the new style where necessary. Old style dates are a year earlier than the new style for dates between 1 January and 24 March. No attempt has been made to compensate for the eleven days which did not occur in September 1752, both in England and Scotland, as well as in other British controlled territories, when the day which followed 2 September was 14 September. This was done to bring Britain and its empire fully into line with the Gregorian calendar.

There were some meetings before 1241 which are sometimes called parliaments, notably the Parliament of Merton in 1236.

Early parliaments did not, so far as is known, include representatives of the communities (or commons) of England. They were composed of important church officials and landowners, whom the king summoned individually to advise him, similar to the group of men which eventually became known as the House of Lords.

The sheriffs of the English counties were ordered to send knights of the shire to attend a number of parliaments before 1265, but they were not required to have them chosen by election. No such summonses are known to have required the attendance of citizens of cities or burgesses of other boroughs. Records of this sort of summons survive for the Oxford Parliament, which was the seventh parliament of King Henry III, assembled 27 October 1258 and presumed dissolved when writs de expensis were issued on 4 November 1258, and for the same king's sixteenth parliament, summoned on 4 June 1264 and assembled on 22 June 1264, although the date of dissolution is unknown.

Montfort's Parliament of 1265 was the first parliament of England to include representatives chosen by the counties (or shires), the cities, and the boroughs, groups who eventually became the House of Commons, although to begin with Lords and Commons met all together,

In 1320 it became the invariable practice to summon the Commons to Parliament. If the Commons were not summoned to an early parliament, this is indicated in a footnote. The normal place for parliaments to meet was in Westminster. If a different location is known, it is indicated in a note. Unusual features of the dates of summons, attendance or dissolution of a parliament are included in a note.

Parliaments of King Henry III

King Henry III reigned between 18/19 October 1216 and 16 November 1272.

No.SummonedElectedAssembledDissolvedDurationPresiding officer¹-PltNote
1st²14 December 1241n/a27 January 1242......n/a347...
2nd²...n/a9 February 1248......n/a346...
3rd²11 February 1254n/a26 April 1254......n/a345...
4th²...n/a18 April 1255......n/a344...
5th²...n/a9 June 1258......n/a343...
6th²...n/a13 October 1258......n/a342...
7th...n/a27 October 12584 November 12580-0-9Peter de Montfort341a
8th²...n/a9 February 1259......n/a340...
9th²...n/a13 October 1259......n/a339...
10th²...n/a>30 April 1260......n/a338b
11th²...n/a8 July 1260......n/a337...
12th²...n/a13 October 1260......n/a336...
13th²...n/ac.23 February 1261......n/a335b
14th²...n/a9 September 1263>18 September 12630-0-10+n/a334c
15th²...n/a13 October 1263......n/a333...
16th4 June 1264n/a22 June 1264......n/a332d
17th14 December 12641264/6520 January 126515 February 12650-0-27unknown331e
18th²...n/a14 September 1265......n/a330...
19th²...n/a9 February 1267......n/a329...
20th²...n/a13 October 1268......n/a328...
21st²...n/a24 June 1269......n/a327...
22nd²...n/ac.13 October 1270......n/a326b
23rd²...n/ac.>29 September 1272......n/a325b

Notes:-

¹ The presiding officer of the House of Commons was initially known as the "Prolocutor" and sometimes as the Parlour, but the term most often used was "Speaker" and this became the title always used from the 1540s onwards.
² No commoners were summoned.
  • (a) 7th: This Parliament was at Oxford. It is sometimes known as the Mad Parliament. Knights of the shire (representing counties) were the only commoners summoned. They were not required to be chosen by election. The date writs de expenses were issued is assumed to be the date of dissolution.
  • (b) The exact date when the Parliament assembled is unknown.
  • (c) The exact date when the Parliament was dissolved is unknown.
  • (d) 16th: Knights of the shire were the only commoners summoned. They were not required to be chosen by election.
  • (e) 17th: It is sometimes known as Montfort's Parliament. This is the first Parliament to which representatives of cities and boroughs were summoned, as well as knights of the shire. It is also the first Parliament to which the representatives were required to be chosen by election. The date writs de expenses were issued is assumed to be the date of dissolution.

Parliaments of King Edward I

King Edward I reigned between 20 November 1272 7 July 1307.

No.SummonedElectedAssembledDissolvedDurationPresiding officer¹-PltNote
1st16 February 1275127525 April 1275......unknown324a
2nd1 September 1275127513 October 127524 October 12750-0-12unknown323b
3rd²...n/ac.3 May 1276......n/a322c
4th²...n/a>29 September 1276......n/a321c
5th²...n/a1 May 1278......n/a320...
6th²...n/a8 July 1278......n/a319...
7th²...n/a29 September 1278......n/a318...
8th²...n/ac.16 April 1279......n/a317c
9th²...n/ac.20 October 1279......n/a316c
10th²...n/ac.12 May 1280......n/a315c
11th²...n/ac.>29 September 1280......n/a314c
12th²...n/ac.11 May 1281......n/a313c
13th²...n/ac.>29 September 1281......n/a312c
14th²...n/a4 May 1285......n/a311...
15th²...n/ac.>14 April 1286......n/a310c
16th²...n/ac.24 April 1286......n/a309c
17th²...n/a>25 December 1289......n/a308c
18th²...n/a>13 January 1290......n/a307c
19th13 June 1290129015 July 1290......unknown306d
20th...129027 October 1290......unknown305...
21st...1290/917 January 1291......unknown304...
22nd...1291/928 January 1292......unknown303...
23rd²...n/a2 June 1292......n/a302e
24th²...n/a13 October 129217 November 12920-1-4n/a301e
25th...?1293>29 March 1293......unknown300c
26th...129313 October 1293......unknown299...
27th...1293>25 December 1293......unknown298c
28th²24 June 1295n/a14 August 1295......n/a297c
29th30 September 1295+129527 November 12954 December 12950-0-8unknown296f
30th26 August 129612963 November 129629 November 12960-0-27unknown295g
31st²26 January 1297n/a24 February 1297......n/a294...
32nd²...n/a8 July 1297......n/a293...
33rd6 October 1297129715 September 129714 October 12970-1-5unknown292h
34th15 March 1298March 129830 March 1298......unknown291i
35th10 April 1298129825 May 1298......unknown290j
36th²6 February 1299n/a8 March 1299......n/a289...
37th²10 April 1299n/a3 May 1299......n/a288...
38th²21 September 1299n/a18 October 1299......n/a287...
39th29 December 12991299/006 March 130020 March 13000-0-15unknown286k
40th26 September 13001300/0120 January 130130 January 13010-0-8/11unknown285l
41st²2 June 1302n/a1 July 1302......n/a284...
42nd14 July 1302130214 October 130221 October 13020-0-8unknown283m
43rd12 November 13041304/0528 February 130520 March 13050-0-21unknown282k
44th²15 July 1305n/a15 September 1305......n/a281...
45th5 April 1306130630 May 130630 May 13060-0-1unknown280n
46th3 November 13061306/0720 January 130719 March 13070-1-27unknown279o

Notes:-

¹ The presiding officer of the House of Commons was initially known as the "Prolocutor" and sometimes as the Parlour, but the term most often used was "Speaker" and this became the title always used from the 1540s onwards.
² No commoners were summoned.
  • (a) 1st: For the first time since 1264-65 the representatives of the communities of the Realm are known to have been summoned to Parliament.
  • (b) 2nd: The knights of the shires only were summoned to this Parliament. Date of grant of supply is deemed to be the date of dissolution.
  • (c) The exact date when the Parliament assembled is unknown.
  • (d) 19th: Knights only summoned 1314 June 1290. Assembled 23 April 1290 Lords and 15 July 1290 Commons. After this Parliament it became fairly usual for the representatives of the counties, cities and boroughs to be summoned to attend Parliament and from 1320 they were always included.
  • (e) This Parliament included Scottish members.
  • (f) 29th: Model Parliament summoned 30 September, 1 and 3 October 1295. This is the traditional start of the regular participation of the Commons in Parliament. Date of grant of supply is deemed to be the date of dissolution.
  • (g) Date of grant of supply is deemed to be the date of dissolution.
  • (h) 33rd: Summoned 30 September 1297 (peers) and 6 October 1297 (knights of the shire). Assembled 9 October 1297 Lords and 15 October 1297 Commons. Met in London. Date of grant of supply is deemed to be the date of dissolution.
  • (i) 34th: Met in York.
  • (j) 35th: Summoned 10, 11 and 13 April 1298.
  • (k) Date of issue of Writs de expensis is deemed to be the date of dissolution.
  • (l) 40th: Met in Lincoln. Dissolved 2730 January 1301 (when writs de expensis were issued).
  • (m) 42nd: Summoned 14, 20 and 24 July 1303. Met in London. Date of issue of Writs de expensis deemed to be the date of dissolution.
  • (n) 45th: Assembled and dissolved 30 May 1306. Date of issue of Writs de expensis is deemed to be the date of dissolution.
  • (o) 46th: Met in Carlisle. Deemed dissolved when writs de expensis were issued 20 January 1307 (burgesses only) and 19 March 1307 (knights only).

Parliaments of King Edward II

King Edward II reigned between 7 July 1307 – 20 January 1327.

No.SummonedElectedAssembledDissolvedDurationPresiding Officer¹-PltNote
1st26 August 1307130713 October 130716 October 13070-0-4unknown278a
2nd19 January 130813083 March 1308......unknown277...
3rd²10 March 1308n/a28 April 1308......n/a276...
4th²16 August 1308n/a20 October 1308......n/a275...
5th4 March 1309130927 April 130913 May 13090-0-17unknown274a
6th²11 June 1309n/a27 July 1309......n/a273...
7th²26 October 1309n/a8 February 131012 April 13100-2-4n/a272...
8th16 June 131113118 August 131118 December 13110-4-10unknown271b
9th3 June 1312131220 August 131216 December 13120-3-27unknown270a
10th8 January 1313131318 March 13139 May 13130-1-22unknown269a
11th23 May 131313138 July 131327 July 13130-0-20unknown268a
12th26 July 1313131323 September 131315 November 13130-1-23unknown267a
13th29 July 131413149 September 131427/28 September 13140-0-19/20unknown266a
14th24 October 13141314/1520 January 13159 March 13150-1-17unknown265a
15th16 October 13151315/1627 January 131620 February 13160-0-25unknown264c
16th2425 August 1318131820 October 13189 December 13180-1-19unknown263a
17th20 March 131913196 May 131925 May 13190-0-20unknown262a
18th²6 November 1319n/a20 January 1320......n/a261...
19th5 August 132013206 October 132025/26 October 13200-0-20/21unknown260a
20th15 May 1321132115 July 132122 August 13210-1-7unknown259a
21st14 March 132213222 May 132219 May 13220-0-18unknown258a
22nd18 September 1322132214 November 132229 November 13220-0-16unknown257d
23rd20 November 13231323/2423 February 132418 March 13240-0-25unknown256a
24th6 May 1325132525 June 1325......unknown255e
25th10 October 1325132518 November 13255 December 13250-0-18unknown254a
26th28 October 13261326/277 January 1327......William Trussell253f

Notes:-

¹ The presiding officer of the House of Commons was initially known as the "Prolocutor" and sometimes as the Parlour, but the term most often used was "Speaker" and this became the title always used from the 1540s onwards.
² No commoners were summoned.
  • (a) The date writs de expenses were issued is assumed to be the date of dissolution.
  • (b) 8th: Met in London. The date writs de expenses were issued is assumed to be the date of dissolution.
  • (c) 15th: Met in Lincoln. The date writs de expenses were issued is assumed to be the date of dissolution.
  • (d) 15th: Met in York. The date writs de expenses were issued is assumed to be the date of dissolution.
  • (e) 24th: Only MPs for the Cinque Ports were summoned. Met in London. The date writs de expenses were issued is assumed to be the date of dissolution.
  • (f) 26th: This Parliament continued after the deposition of the King into the next reign. See 1st Parliament of King Edward III of England for further details and duration.

Parliaments of King Edward III

King Edward III reigned between 25 January 1327 – 21 June 1377.

No.SummonedElectedAssembledDissolvedDurationPresiding Officer¹-PltNote
1st.........9 March 13270-2-2William Trussell253a
2nd7 August 1327132715 September 132723 September 13270-0-9William Trussell252b
3rd10 December 13271327/287 February 13285 March 13280-0-28unknown251c
4th5 March 1328132824 April 132814 May 13280-0-21unknown250d
5th28 August 1328132816 October 132822 February 13290-4-6unknown249e
6th25 January 1330133011 March 133021 March 13300-0-11unknown248d
7th23 October 1330133026 November 13309 December 13300-0-14unknown247f
8th16 July 1331133130 September 13319 October 13310-0-10unknown246b
9th27 January 1332133216 March 133221 March 13320-0-6Henry de Beaumont245g
10th20 July 133213329 September 133212 September 13320-0-4Sir Geoffrey le Scrope244b
11th20 October 133213324 December 133227 January 13330-1-23unknown243...
12th2 January 1334133421 February 13342 March 13340-0-10unknown242b
13th24 July 1334133419 September 133423 September 13340-0-5unknown241d
14th1 April 1335133526 May 13353 June 13350-0-9unknown240b
15th22 January 1336133611 March 133620 March 13360-0-10unknown239d
16th29 November 13361336/373 March 1337c.16 March 13370-0-14unknown238...
17th20 December 13371337/383 February 133814 February 13380-0-12unknown237h
18th15 November 13381338/393 February 133917 February 13390-0-15unknown236b
19th25 August 1339133913 October 1339c.3 November 13390-0-22unknown235i
20th16 November 13391339/4020 January 134019 February 13400-0-31William Trussell234...
21st21 February 1340134029 March 134010 May 13400-1-11William Trussell233b
22nd30 May 1340134012 July 134026 July 13400-0-15William Trussell232b
23rd3 March 1341134123 April 13412728 May 13410-1-4/5unknown231b
24th24 February 1343134328 April 134320 May 13430-0-23William Trussell230b
25th20 April 134413447 June 134428 June 13440-0-22unknown229b
26th30 July 1346134611 September 134620 September 13460-0-10unknown228b
27th13 November 13471347/4814 January 134812 February 13480-0-30William de Thorpe227b
28th14 February 1348134831 March 134813 April 13480-0-14William de Thorpe226b
29th25 November 13501350/519 February 13511 March 13510-0-21William de Shareshull225b
30th15 November 13511351/5213 January 135211 February 13520-0-30William de Shareshull224b
31st15 March 1354135428 April 135420 May 13540-0-23unknown223b
32nd20 September 1355135523 November 135530 November 13550-0-8unknown222b
33rd15 February 1357135717 April 1357816 May 13570-0-22/30unknown221b
34th15 December 13571357/585 February 135827 February 13580-0-23unknown220b
35th3 April 1360136015 May 1360......unknown219...
36th20 November 13601360/6124 January 136118 February 13610-0-26unknown218b
37th14 August 1362136213 October 136217 November 13620-1-4Sir Henry Green217b
38th1 June 136313636 October 136330 October 13630-0-25unknown216b
39th4 December 13641364/6520 January 136517 February 13650-0-28unknown215...
40th20 January 136613664 May 136611 May 13660-0-8unknown214...
41st24 February 136813681 May 136821 May 13680-0-21unknown213...
42nd6 April 136913693 June 136911 June 13690-0-9unknown212b
43rd8 January 1371137124 February 137129 March 13710-1-5unknown211b
44th1 September 137213723 November 137224 November 13720-0-22unknown210b
45th4 October 1373137321 November 137310 December 13730-0-20unknown209b
46th28 December 13751375/7628 April 137610 July 13760-2-13Sir Peter de la Mare208j
47th1 December 13761376/7727 January 13772 March 13770-1-3Sir Thomas Hungerford²207k

Notes:-

¹ The presiding officer of the House of Commons was initially known as the "Prolocutor" and sometimes as the Parlour, but the term most often used was "Speaker" and this became the title always used from the 1540s onwards.
² Hungerford was the first presiding officer of the Commons to be recorded as having the title of Speaker.
  • (a) 1st: Continued from the last reign. Date of issue of writs de expensis deemed to be date of dissolution.
  • (b) Date of issue of writs de expensis deemed to be date of dissolution.
  • (c) Met at Lincoln. Date of issue of writs de expensis deemed to be date of dissolution.
  • (d) Met at York. Date of issue of writs de expensis deemed to be date of dissolution.
  • (e) 5th: May have met at New Sarum (now more commonly called Salisbury), York or Northampton, as it is uncertain which meeting was of this Parliament and which were gatherings of lesser status. Date of issue of writs de expensis deemed to be date of dissolution.
  • (f) Met at New Sarum (now more commonly called Salisbury). Date of issue of writs de expensis deemed to be date of dissolution.
  • (g) Met at Winchester. Date of issue of writs de expensis deemed to be date of dissolution.
  • (h) Met at Northampton. Date of issue of writs de expensis deemed to be date of dissolution.
  • (i) Met at Northampton.
  • (j) 46th: Known as the Good Parliament.
  • (k) 47th: Known as the Bad Parliament. Date of issue of writs de expensis deemed to be date of dissolution.

Parliaments of King Richard II

No.SummonedElectedAssembledDissolvedDurationSpeaker-PltNote
1st4 August 1377137713 October 13775 December 1377...Sir Peter de la Mare206...
2nd3 September 1378137820 October 137816 November 1378...Sir James Pickering205...
3rd16 February 1379137924 April 137927 May 1379...unknown204...
4th20 October 13791379/8016 January 13803 March 1380...Sir John Guildesborough203...
5th26 August 138013805 November 13806 December 1380...Sir John Guildesborough202...
6th16 July 138113813 November 138125 February 1382...Sir Richard Waldegrave201...
7th24 March 138213827 May 138222 May 1382...Sir Richard Waldegrave200...
8th9 August 138213826 October 138224 October 1382...Sir Richard Waldegrave199...
9th7 January 1383138323 February 138310 March 1383...Sir James Pickering198...
10th20 August 1383138326 October 138326 November 1383...Sir James Pickering197...
11th3 March 1384138429 April 138427 May 1384...Sir James Pickering196...
12th28 September 1384138412 November 138414 December 1384...Sir James Pickering195...
13th3 September 1385138520 October 13856 December 1385...Sir James Pickering194...
14th8 August 138613861 October 138628 November 1386...Sir James Pickering193a
15th17 December 13871387/883 February 13884 June 1388...Sir James Pickering192b
16th28 July 138813889 September 138817 October 1388...Sir James Pickering191...
17th6 December 13891389/9017 January 13902 March 1390...Sir James Pickering190...
18th12 September 1390139012 November 13903 December 1390...Sir James Pickering189...
19th7 September 139113913 November 13912 December 1391...unknown188...
20th23 November 13921392/9320 January 139310 February 1393...unknown187...
21st13 November 13931393/9427 January 13946 March 1394...Sir John Bussy186...
22nd20 November 13941394/9527 January 139515 February 1395...Sir John Bussy185...
23rd30 November 13961396/9722 January 139712 February 1397...Sir John Bussy184...
24th18 July 1397139717 September 139731 January 1398...Sir John Bussy183...
25th19 August 1399138930 September 139930 September 1399...unknown182...

Note:-

Parliaments of King Henry IV

No.SummonedElectedAssembledDissolvedDurationSpeaker-PltNote
1st30 September 139913996 October 139919 November 13990-1-13Sir John Cheney181a
John Doreward
2nd9 September 14001400/0120 January 140110 March 14010-1-18Sir Arnold Savage180
3rd19 June 1402140230 September 140225 November 14020-1-26Sir Henry Redford179
4th20 October 14031403/0414 January 140420 March 14040-2-6Sir Arnold Savage178
5th25 August 140414046 October 140413 November 14040-1-7Sir William Esturmy177
6th21 December 14051405/061 March 140622 December 14060-9-21Sir John Tiptoft176
7th26 August 1407140720 October 14072 December 14070-1-12Thomas Chaucer175
8th26 October 14091409/1027 January 14109 May 14100-3-12Thomas Chaucer174
9th21 September 141114113 November 141119 December 14110-1-16Thomas Chaucer173
10th1 December 14121412/133 February 141320 March 14130-1-17unknown172

Note:-

Parliaments of King Henry V

No.SummonedElectedAssembledDissolvedDurationSpeaker-PltNote
1st22 March 1413141314 May 14139 June 14130-0-27William Stourton171
John Doreward
2nd1 December 14131413/1430 April 141429 May 14140-0-30Sir Walter Hungerford170a
3rd26 September 1414141419 November 1414......Thomas Chaucer169
4th12 August 141514154 November 141512 November 14150-0-9Sir Richard Redman168b
5th21 January 1416141616 March 1416May 1416...Sir Walter Beauchamp167
6th3 September 1416141619 October 141618 November 14160-0-31Roger Flower166
7th5 October 1417141716 November 141717 December 14170-1-1Roger Flower165
8th24 August 1419141916 October 141913 November 14190-0-29Roger Flower164
9th21 October 142014202 December 1420......Roger Hunt163
10th26 February 142114212 May 1421......Thomas Chaucer162
11th20 October 142114211 December 1421......Richard Baynard161

Note:-

Parliaments of King Henry VI

No.SummonedElectedAssembledDissolvedDurationSpeaker-PltNote
1st29 September 142214229 November 142218 December 1422Roger Flower160
2nd1 September 1423142320 October 142328 February 1424Sir John Russell159
3rd24 February 1425142530 April 142514 July 1425Sir Thomas Walton158
4th7 January 1426142618 February 14261 June 1426Sir Richard Vernon157a
5th15 July 1427142713 October 142725 March 1428Sir John Tyrrell156
6th12 July 1429142922 September 142923 February 1430William Alington155
7th27 November 14301430/3112 January 143120 March 1431Sir John Tyrrell154
8th25 February 1432143212 May 143217 July 1432Sir John Russell153
9th24 May 143314338 July 1433>c.18 December 1433Roger Hunt152
10th5 July 1435143510 October 143523 December 1435John Bowes151
11th29 October 14361436/3721 January 143727 March 1437Sir John Tyrrell150
William Burley
12th26 September 1439143912 November 1439c.1524 February 1440William Tresham149
13th3 December 14411441/4225 January 144227 March 1442William Tresham148
14th13 January 1445144525 February 14459 April 1445William Burley147
15th14 December 14461446/4710 February 14473 March 1447William Tresham146
16th2 January 1449144912 February 144916 July 1449Sir John Say145
17th23 September 144914496 November 1449c.58 June 1450Sir John Popham144
William Tresham
18th5 September 145014506 November 1450c.2431 May 1451Sir Willian Oldhall143
19th20 January 145314536 March 1453c.1621 April 1454Thomas Thorpe142
Sir Thomas Charlton
20th26 May 145514559 July 145512 March 1456Sir John Wenlock141
21st9 October 1459145920 November 145920 December 1459Sir Thomas Tresham140b
22nd30 July 146014607 October 1460c.4 March 1461John Green139
23rd15 October 1470147026 November 1470c. 11 April 14710-4-16unknown135c

Note:-

Parliaments of King Edward IV

No.SummonedElectedAssembledDissolvedDurationPresiding Officer¹-PltNote
1st23 May 146114614 November 14616 May 14620-6-2James Strangeways138...
2nd22 December 14621462/6329 April 146328 March 14651-10-28John Say137...
3rd28 February 146714673 June 14677 June 14681-0-4John Say136...
4th19 August 147214726 October 147214 March 14752-5-8William Alington134...
5th20 November 14771477/7816 January 147826 February 14780-1-10William Alington133...
6th15 November 14821482/8320 January 148318 February 14830-0-30John Wood132...

Parliament of King Richard III

No.SummonedElectedAssembledDissolvedDurationPresiding Officer¹-PltNote
1st9 December 14831483/8423 January 148420 February 14840-0-29William Catesby131...

Parliaments of King Henry VII

No.SummonedElectedAssembledDissolvedDurationPresiding Officer¹-PltNote
1st15 September 148514857 November 1485c. 4 March 14860-3-24Thomas Lovell130...
2nd...14879 November 1487c. 18 December 14870-1-9John Mordaunt129...
3rd...?1488/8913 January 148927 February 14900-11-14Thomas fitzWilliam128...
4th12 August 1491149117 October 14915 March 14920-4-16Richard Empson127...
5th15 September 1495149514 October 14952122 December 14950-2-7/8Robert Drury126...
6th20 November 14961496/9716 January 149713 March 14970-1-25Thomas Englefield125...
7th...?1503/0425 January 1504c. 1 April 15040-2-7Edmund Dudley124...

Parliaments of King Henry VIII

No.SummonedElectedAssembledDissolvedDurationPresiding Officer¹-PltNote
1st17 October 15091509/1021 January 151023 February 15100-1-2Thomas Englefield123...
2nd28 November 15111511/124 February 15124 March 15142-1-0Robert Sheffield122...
3rd23 November 15141514/155 February 151522 December 15150-10-17Thomas Neville121...
4th...152315 April 152313 August 15230-3-29Thomas More120...
5th9 August 152915293 November 152914 April 15366-5-11Thomas Audley119a
Humphrey Wingfield
Richard Rich
6th27 April 153615368 June 153618 July 15360-1-10Richard Rich118...
7th1 March 1539153928 April 153924 July 15401-2-26Nicholas Hare117...
8th23 November 15411541/4216 January 154228 March 15442-2-12Thomas Moyle116...
9th1 December 15441544/4523 November 154531 January 15471-2-8Thomas Moyle115...

Note:-

Parliaments of King Edward VI

No.SummonedElectedAssembledDissolvedDurationSpeaker-PltNote
1st2 August 154715474 November 154715 April 15524-5-11Sir John Baker114...
2nd5 January 155315531 March 155331 March 15530-1-0James Dyer113...

Parliaments of Queen Mary I

No.SummonedElectedAssembledDissolvedDurationSpeaker-PltNote
1st14 August 155315535 October 15535 December 15530-2-0Sir John Pollard112...
2nd17 February 155415542 April 15543 May 15540-1-1Robert Brooke111...
3rd3 October 1554155412 November 155416 January 15550-2-4Clement Higham110...
4th3 September 1555155521 October 15559 December 15550-1-18Sir John Pollard109...
5th6 December 15571557/5820 January 155817 November 15580-10-28William Cordell108...

Parliaments of Queen Elizabeth I

No.SummonedElectedAssembledDissolvedDurationSpeaker-PltNote
1st5 December 15581558/5923 January 15598 May 15590-3-15Thomas Gargrave107...
2nd10 November 15621562/6311 January 15632 January 15673-11-21Thomas Williams106...
Richard Onslow
3rd...15712 April 157129 May 15710-1-27Christopher Wray105...
4th28 March 157215728 May 157219 April 158310-11-11Robert Bell104...
John Popham
5th12 October 1584158423 November 158414 September 15850-8-22John Puckering103...
6th15 September 1586158615 October 158623 March 15870-5-8John Puckering102...
7th18 September 15881588/894 February 158929 March 15890-1-25Thomas Snagge101...
8th4 January 1593159318 February 159310 April 15930-1-22Edward Coke100...
9th23 August 1597159724 October 15979 February 15980-3-16Christopher Yelverton99...
10th11 September 1601160127 October 160119 December 16010-1-22John Croke98...

Parliaments of King James I

No.SummonedElectedAssembledDissolvedDurationSpeaker-PltNote
1st31 January 1604160419 March 16049 February 16116-10-21Edward Phelips97...
2nd...?16145 April 16147 June 16140-2-2Randolph Crewe96Addled Parliament
3rd13 November 16201620/2116 January 16218 February 16221-0-23Thomas Richardson95...
4th20 December 16231623/2412 February 162427 March 16251-1-15Thomas Crewe94Happy Parliament

Parliaments of King Charles I

The Long Parliament, which commenced in this reign, had the longest term and the most complex history of any English Parliament. The entry in the first table below relates to the whole Parliament. Although it rebelled against King Charles I and continued to exist long after the King's death, it was a Parliament he originally summoned. An attempt has been made to set out the different phases of the Parliament in the second table in this section and in subsequent sections. The phases are indicated by a letter in the -Plt column (in the case of these phases they all share the same -Plt number, which is used in the first table of this section, so the column is available to set out the letter for the phases moving forward from 1640) and are explained in a note.

No.SummonedElectedAssembledDissolvedDurationSpeaker-PltNote
1st2 April 1625162517 May 162512 August 16250-2-26Thomas Crewe93Useless Parliament
2nd20 December 162516266 February 162615 June 16260-4-9Heneage Finch92...
3rd31 January 1628162817 March 162810 March 16290-11-21John Finch91...
4th20 February 1640164013 April 16405 May 16400-0-22John Glanville90Short Parliament
5th24 September 164016403 November 164016 March 166019-5-13William Lenthall89Long Parliament (a)
Henry Pelham
William Lenthall
William Say (Deputy)
William Lenthall

Note:-

  • (a) Speakers of the Long Parliament (including times when it sat as the Rump Parliament): Lenthall 3 November 1640 – 26 July 1647; Pelham 30 July 1647 – 5 August 1647; Lenthall 6 August 1647 – 20 April 1653 (restored to the Chair by the Army and sat until Oliver Cromwell dissolved the Rump Parliament) and 26 December 1653 – 13 January 1660 (when the Rump was restored); Say 13 January 1660 – 21 January 1660 and Lenthall 21 January 1660 – 16 March 1660.

The Long Parliament (Royalist phases)

No.SummonedElectedAssembledDissolvedDurationSpeaker-PltNote
5th24 September 164016403 November 164021 August 1642...William LenthallaLong Parliament
5th......22 January 164410 March 1645...unknowncKing's Oxford Parliament

Note:-

  • (a) Phase 'a' of the Long Parliament was when it functioned as a conventional Parliament, requiring the assent of King Charles I to legislation. An unusual feature was that a law was enacted providing that this Parliament could not be lawfully dissolved without its own consent. This phase ended when the King raised his standard (22 August 1642) and commenced the English Civil War. The day before this event is the date inserted in the Dissolved column.
  • (b) Phase 'c' of the Long Parliament was the King's Oxford Parliament. The King was unable to lawfully dissolve the Long Parliament, without its consent, so he summoned the members to meet at Oxford. Royalists and those interested in trying to settle the Civil War by compromise attended the meetings, which were in opposition to the revolutionary body (phase 'b' of the Long Parliament, see below) sitting concurrently at Westminster. The date of the first meeting is given in the Assembled column and of the last sitting in the Dissolved column.

Parliaments of the Revolution and Commonwealth

No.SummonedElectedAssembledDissolvedDurationSpeaker-PltNote
1st......22 August 16425 December 1648...William LenthallbLong Parliament (a)
Henry Pelham
William Lenthall
1st......6 December 164820 April 1653...William LenthalldRump Parliament (b)
2nd20 June 1653n/a4 July 165312 December 16530-5-08Francis Rous88Barebones Parliament (c)

Note:-

  • (a) This was phase 'b' of the Long Parliament, when it functioned as a revolutionary Parliament, after the start of the English Civil War. Parliament assumed the power to legislate by Ordinance, without needing Royal assent. This phase ended with Pride's Purge, which converted the Long Parliament into the Rump Parliament. In 1644 the King summoned the Long Parliament to meet at Oxford. Those members who responded constituted the King's Oxford Parliament (phase c of the Parliament, see the previous section), in opposition to the revolutionary Parliament which continued to sit at the Palace of Westminster. The date in the Assembled column is the day when King Charles I raised his standard and commenced the English Civil War. The date in the Dissolved column is the day before Pride's Purge, when the full Long Parliament last met (until the Purge was reversed on 21 February 1660).
  • (b) This was phase 'd' of the Long Parliament, known as the Rump Parliament. During this period the Army only permitted selected members to continue to participate. The House of Lords was abolished (6 February 1649) as was the monarchy (7 February 1649). Thereafter the Rump of the House of Commons was the only remaining element of Parliament. It legislated the Commonwealth of England into existence on 19 May 1649. The date of Pride's Purge is given in the Assembled column and the date when Oliver Cromwell dissolved the Rump by force is in the Dissolved column.
  • (c) The Little or Barebones Parliament was an appointed body.

Parliaments of the Protectorate

No.SummonedElectedAssembledDissolvedDurationSpeaker-PltNote
1st1 June 165416543 September 165422 January 16550-4-19William Lenthall87First Prot. Plt
2nd10 July 1656165617 September 16564 February 16581-4-18Thomas Widdrington86Second Prot. Plt
Bulstrode Whitelocke
3rd9 December 16581658/5927 January 165922 April 16590-2-26Chaloner Chute85Third Prot. Plt
Lislebone Long (Deputy)
Thomas Bampfylde

These parliaments included representatives of Scotland and Ireland.

No.SummonedElectedAssembledDissolvedDurationSpeaker-PltNote
4th......7 May 165913 October 1659...William LenthalleRump Plt (restored) (a)

Note:-

  • (a) This was phase 'e' of the Long Parliament. The Army restored the Rump Parliament, to liquidate the Protectorate and re-establish the Commonwealth regime.

Parliaments of the Commonwealth

No.SummonedElectedAssembledDissolvedDurationSpeaker-PltNote
1st......26 December 165920 February 1660...William LenthallfRump Parliament (a)
William Say (Deputy)
William Lenthall
1st......21 February 166016 March 1660...William LenthallgLong Parliament (b)
2nd16 March 1660166025 April 166029 December 16600-8-4Harbottle Grimston84Convention Parliament (c)

Note:-

  • (a) This was phase 'f' of the Long Parliament, with the Rump Parliament running the restored Commonwealth regime.
  • (b) This was phase 'g' of the Long Parliament. Pride's Purge was reversed and the full Long Parliament made arrangements for a Convention Parliament and then dissolved itself.
  • (c) This was a Convention Parliament which restored the monarchy by recognising King Charles II as the rightful King.

List of Parliaments: 1660 back to 1364

Preliminary note: The English civil year started on 25 March until 1752 (Scotland having changed to 1 January in 1600). The years used in this article have been converted to the new style where necessary. Old style dates would be a year earlier than the new style for days between 1 January and 24 March. No attempt has been made to compensate for the eleven days which did not occur in September 1752 in both England and Scotland, when the day after 2 September was 14 September), so as to bring the dating in Great Britain and its associated territories fully into line with the Gregorian calendar.

Parliaments 1504-1660

No NP Summoned Opened Dismissed Duration Notes
84 CP/6 16 March 1660 25 April 1660 29 December 1660 0-8-4 a,b
89d CP/5b ... 21 February 1660 16 March 1660 (0-0-24) c
89c CP/5a ... 7 May 1659 20 February 1660 (0-9-13) d
85 CP/4 9 December 1658 27 January 1659 22 April 1659 0-2-26 e
86 CP/3 10 July 1656 17 September 1656 4 February 1658 1-4-18 f
87 CP/2 1 June 1654 3 September 1654 22 January 1655 0-4-19 g
88 CP/1 20 June 1653 4 July 1653 12 December 1653 0-5-08 h
89b KC1/5b ... 22 January 1644 8 October 1644 (0-8-16) i,j
89a KC1/5a 24 September 1640 3 November 1640 20 April 1653 (12-5-17) k
90 KC1/4 20 February 1640 13 April 1640 5 May 1640 0-0-22 ...
91 KC1/3 31 January 1628 17 March 1628 10 March 1629 0-11-21 ...
92 KC1/2 20 December 1625 6 February 1626 15 June 1626 0-4-9 ...
93 KC1/1 2 April 1625 17 May 1625 12 August 1625 0-2-26 ...
94 KJ1/4 20 December 1623 12 February 1624 27 March 1625 1-1-15 l
95 KJ1/3 13 November 1620 16 January 1621 8 February 1622 1-0-23 ...
96 KJ1/2 ... 5 April 1614 7 June 1614 0-2-2 ...
97 KJ1/1 31 January 1604 19 March 1604 9 February 1611 6-10-21 ...
98 QE1/10 11 September 1601 27 October 1601 19 December 1601 0-1-22 m
99 QE1/9 23 August 1597 24 October 1597 9 February 1598 0-3-16 ...
100 QE1/8 4 January 1593 18 February 1593 10 April 1593 0-1-22 ...
101 QE1/7 18 September 1588 4 February 1589 29 March 1589 0-1-25 ...
102 QE1/6 15 September 1586 15 October 1586 23 March 1587 0-5-8 ...
103 QE1/5 12 October 1584 23 November 1584 14 September 1585 0-8-22 ...
104 QE1/4 28 March 1572 8 May 1572 19 April 1583 10-11-11 ...
105 QE1/3 ... 2 April 1571 29 May 1571 0-1-27 ...
106 QE1/2 10 November 1562 11 January 1563 2 January 1567 3-11-21 ...
107 QE1/1 5 December 1558 23 January 1559 8 May 1559 0-3-15 ...
108 QM1/5 6 December 1557 20 January 1558 17 November 1558 0-10-28 n
109 QM1/4 3 September 1555 21 October 1555 9 December 1555 0-1-18 ...
110 QM1/3 3 October 1554 12 November 1554 16 January 1555 0-2-4 ...
111 QM1/2 17 February 1554 2 April 1554 3 May 1554 0-1-1 ...
112 QM1/1 14 August 1553 5 October 1553 5 December 1553 0-2-0 ...
113 KE6/2 5 January 1553 1 March 1553 31 March 1553 0-1-0 o
114 KE6/1 2 August 1547 4 November 1547 15 April 1552 4-5-11 ...
115 KH8/9 1 December 1544 23 November 1545 31 January 1547 1-2-8 p
116 KH8/8 23 November 1541 16 January 1542 28 March 1544 2-2-12 ...
117 KH8/7 1 March 1539 28 April 1539 24 July 1540 1-2-26 ...
118 KH8/6 27 April 1536 8 June 1536 18 July 1536 0-1-10 ...
119 KH8/5 9 August 1529 3 November 1529 14 April 1536 6-5-11 ...
120 KH8/4 ... 15 April 1523 13 August 1523 0-3-29 ...
121 KH8/3 23 November 1514 5 February 1515 22 December 1515 0-10-17 ...
122 KH8/2 28 November 1511 4 February 1512 4 March 1514 2-1-0 ...
123 KH8/1 17 October 1509 21 January 1510 23 February 1510 0-1-2 ...
124 KH7/7 ... 25 January 1504 c. 1 April 1504 0-2-7 q

Notes: -

Parliaments 1400-1497

No NP Summoned Opened Dismissed Duration Notes
125 KH7/6 20 November 1496 16 January 1497 13 March 1497 0-1-25 ...
126 KH7/5 15 September 1495 14 October 1495 2122 December 1495 0-2-7/8 ...
127 KH7/4 12 August 1491 17 October 1491 5 March 1492 0-4-16 ...
128 KH7/3 ... 13 January 1489 27 February 1490 0-11-14 ...
129 KH7/2 ... 9 November 1487 c. 18 December 1487 0-1-9 ...
130 KH7/1 15 September 1485 7 November 1485 c. 4 March 1486 0-3-24 ...
131 KR3/1 9 December 1483 23 January 1484 20 February 1484 0-0-29 a
132 KE4/6 15 November 1482 20 January 1483 18 February 1483 0-0-30 b
133 KE4/5 20 November 1477 16 January 1478 26 February 1478 0-1-10 ...
134 KE4/4 19 August 1472 6 October 1472 14 March 1475 2-5-8 c
135 KH6/23 15 October 1470 26 November 1470 c. 11 April 1471 0-4-16 d
136 KE4/3 28 February 1467 3 June 1467 7 June 1468 1-0-4 ...
137 KE4/2 22 December 1462 29 April 1463 28 March 1465 1-10-28 ...
138 KE4/1 23 May 1461 4 November 1462 6 May 1462 0-6-2 ...
139 KH6/22 30 July 1460 7 October 1460 c. 4 March 1461 0-4-26 e
140 KH6/21 9 October 1459 20 November 1459 20 December 1459 0-1-0 ...
141 KH6/20 26 May 1455 9 July 1455 12 March 1456 0-8-3 ...
142 KH6/19 20 January 1453 6 March 1453 c. 1621 April 1454 1-1-10/15 ...
143 KH6/18 5 September 1450 6 November 1450 c. 2431 May 1451 0-6-18/25 ...
144 KH6/17 23 September 1449 6 November 1449 c. 58 June 1450 0-6/7-30/2 ...
145 KH6/16 2 January 1449 12 February 1449 16 July 1449 0-5-4 ...
146 KH6/15 14 December 1446 10 February 1447 3 March 1447 0-0-22 ...
147 KH6/14 13 January 1445 25 February 1445 9 April 1445 0-1-15 ...
148 KH6/13 3 December 1441 25 January 1442 27 March 1442 0-2-2 ...
149 KH6/12 26 September 1439 12 November 1439 c. 1524 February 1440 0-3-3/12 ...
150 KH6/11 29 October 1436 21 January 1437 27 March 1437 0-2-6 ...
151 KH6/10 5 July 1435 10 October 1435 23 December 1435 0-2-13 f
152 KH6/9 24 May 1433 8 July 1433 pc. 18 December 1433 0-5-10 g
153 KH6/8 25 February 1432 12 May 1432 17 July 1432 0-2-5 ...
154 KH6/7 27 November 1430 12 January 1431 20 March 1431 0-2-8 f
155 KH6/6 12 July 1429 22 September 1429 23 February 1430 0-5-1 ...
156 KH6/5 15 July 1427 13 October 1427 25 March 1428 0-5-12 ...
157 KH6/4 7 January 1426 18 February 1426 1 June 1426 0-3-14 ...
158 KH6/3 24 February 1425 30 April 1425 14 July 1425 0-2-14 ...
159 KH6/2 1 September 1423 20 October 1423 28 February 1424 0-4-8 ...
160 KH6/1 29 September 1422 9 November 1422 18 December 1422 0-1-9 ...
161 KH5/11 20 October 1421 1 December 1421 ... ... h
162 KH5/10 26 February 1421 2 May 1421 ... ... ...
163 KH5/9 21 October 1420 2 December 1420 ... ... ...
164 KH5/8 24 August 1419 16 October 1419 13 November 1419 0-0-29 f
165 KH5/7 5 October 1417 16 November 1417 17 December 1417 0-1-1 f
166 KH5/6 3 September 1416 19 October 1416 18 November 1416 0-0-31 ...
167 KH5/5 21 January 1416 16 March 1416 May 1416 ... ...
168 KH5/4 12 August 1415 4 November 1415 12 November 1415 0-0-9 f
169 KH5/3 26 September 1414 19 November 1414 ... ... ...
170 KH5/2 1 December 1413 30 April 1414 29 May 1414 0-0-30 ...
171 KH5/1 22 March 1413 14 May 1413 9 June 1413 0-0-27 ...
172 KH4/10 1 December 1412 3 February 1413 20 March 1413 0-1-17 i
173 KH4/9 21 September 1411 3 November 1411 19 December 1411 0-1-16 ...
174 KH4/8 26 October 1409 27 January 1410 9 May 1410 0-3-12 ...
175 KH4/7 26 August 1407 20 October 1407 2 December 1407 0-1-12 ...
176 KH4/6 21 December 1405 1 March 1406 22 December 1406 0-9-21 ...
177 KH4/5 25 August 1404 6 October 1404 13 November 1404 0-1-7 j
178 KH4/4 20 October 1403 14 January 1404 20 March 1404 0-2-6 j
179 KH4/3 19 June 1402 30 September 1402 25 November 1402 0-1-26 ...
180 KH4/2 9 September 1400 20 January 1401 10 March 1401 0-1-18 ...

Notes:-

  • (a) KR3 - Parliament summoned by King Richard III of England.
  • (b) KE4 - Parliament summoned by King Edward IV of England.
  • (c) King Edward IV restored to the throne since the previous Parliament.
  • (d) KH6 - Parliament summoned by King Henry VI of England. KH6/23: King Henry VI restored to the throne since the previous Parliament. Parliament dissolved by the deposition of the monarch.
  • (e) Parliament dissolved by the deposition of the monarch.
  • (f) Date given for dismissal is the date when supply was granted.
  • (g) The actual date of dismissal was post circa the date given, so the duration is a minimum estimate.
  • (h) KH5 - Parliament summoned by King Henry V of England.
  • (i) KH4 - Parliament summoned by King Henry IV of England.
  • (j) Date given for dismissal is the date when writs 'de expensis' were issued.

Parliaments to 1399

No NP Summoned Opened Dismissed Duration Notes
181 KH4/1 30 September 1399 6 October 1399 19 November 1399 0-1-13 [lower-alpha 1][lower-alpha 2]
182 KR2/25 19 August 1399 30 September 1399 30 September 1399 0-0-1 [lower-alpha 3][lower-alpha 4]
183 KR2/24 18 July 1397 17 September 1397 31 January 1398 0-4-14 [lower-alpha 3]
184 KR2/23 30 November 1396 22 January 1397 12 February 1397 0-0-22 [lower-alpha 1][lower-alpha 3]
185 KR2/22 20 November 1394 27 January 1395 15 February 1395 0-0-20 [lower-alpha 1][lower-alpha 3]
186 KR2/21 13 November 1393 27 January 1394 6 March 1394 0-1-7 [lower-alpha 3]
187 KR2/20 23 November 1392 20 January 1393 10 February 1393 0-0-22 [lower-alpha 3]
188 KR2/19 7 September 1391 3 November 1391 2 December 1391 0-0-30 [lower-alpha 3]
189 KR2/18 12 September 1390 12 November 1390 3 December 1390 0-0-22 [lower-alpha 3]
190 KR2/17 6 December 1389 17 January 1390 2 March 1390 0-1-13 [lower-alpha 3]
191 KR2/16 28 July 1388 9 September 1388 17 October 1388 0-1-8 [lower-alpha 1][lower-alpha 3]
192 KR2/15 17 December 1387 3 February 1388 4 June 1388 0-4-1 [lower-alpha 3]
193 KR2/14 8 August 1386 1 October 1386 28 November 1386 0-1-27 [lower-alpha 3]
194 KR2/13 3 September 1385 20 October 1385 6 December 1385 0-1-16 [lower-alpha 1][lower-alpha 3]
195 KR2/12 28 September 1384 12 November 1384 14 December 1384 0-1-2 [lower-alpha 1][lower-alpha 3]
196 KR2/11 3 March 1384 29 April 1384 27 May 1384 0-0-29 [lower-alpha 1]
197 KR2/10 20 August 1383 26 October 1383 26 November 1383 0-1-0 [lower-alpha 1][lower-alpha 3]
198 KR2/9 7 January 1383 23 February 1383 10 March 1383 0-0-16 [lower-alpha 1][lower-alpha 3]
199 KR2/8 9 August 1382 6 October 1382 24 October 1382 0-0-19 [lower-alpha 1][lower-alpha 3]
200 KR2/7 24 March 1382 7 May 1382 22 May 1382 0-0-16 [lower-alpha 1][lower-alpha 3]
201 KR2/6 16 July 1381 3 November 1381 25 February 1382 0-3-22 [lower-alpha 3]
202 KR2/5 26 August 1380 5 November 1380 6 December 1380 0-1-1 [lower-alpha 3]
203 KR2/4 20 October 1379 16 January 1380 3 March 1380 0-1-16 [lower-alpha 1][lower-alpha 3]
204 KR2/3 16 February 1379 24 April 1379 27 May 1379 0-1-3 [lower-alpha 3]
205 KR2/2 3 September 1378 20 October 1378 16 November 1378 0-0-28 [lower-alpha 1][lower-alpha 3]
206 KR2/1 4 August 1377 13 October 1377 5 December 1377 0-1-23 [lower-alpha 1][lower-alpha 3]
207 KE3/47 1 December 1376 27 January 1377 2 March 1377 0-1-3 [lower-alpha 1][lower-alpha 5][lower-alpha 6]
208 KE3/46 28 December 1375 28 April 1376 10 July 1376 0-2-13 [lower-alpha 7][lower-alpha 5]
209 KE3/45 4 October 1373 21 November 1373 10 December 1373 0-0-20 [lower-alpha 1][lower-alpha 5]
210 KE3/44 1 September 1372 3 November 1372 24 November 1372 0-0-21 [lower-alpha 1][lower-alpha 5]
211 KE3/43 8 January 1371 24 February 1371 29 March 1371 0-1-5 [lower-alpha 1][lower-alpha 5]
212 KE3/42 6 April 1369 3 June 1369 11 June 1369 0-0-9 [lower-alpha 1][lower-alpha 5]
213 KE3/41 24 February 1368 1 May 1368 21 May 1368 0-0-21 [lower-alpha 5]
214 KE3/40 20 January 1366 4 May 1366 11 May 1366 0-0-8 [lower-alpha 5]
215 KE3/39 4 December 1364 20 January 1365 17 February 1365 0-0-28 [lower-alpha 5]
  1. Date given for dismissal is the date when writs 'de expensis' were issued.
  2. Convention Parliament.
  3. KR2: a parliament summoned by King Richard II of England.
  4. Summons held to be invalidated by the deposition of King Richard II on 29 September 1399.
  5. KE3: a parliament summoned by King Edward III of England.
  6. Known as the Bad Parliament.
  7. Known as the Good Parliament.

See also

References

  • The House of Lords in the Middle Ages, by J. Enoch Powell and Keith Wallis (Weidenfeld and Nicolson 1968)
  • The Office of Speaker, by Philip Laundy (Cassell & Company 1964)
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