Frederick Duncan Michael Haldane (born 14 September 1951), known as F. Duncan Haldane, is a British born physicist who is currently the Sherman Fairchild University Professor of Physics at Princeton University, and a Distinguished Visiting Research Chair at Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics. He is a co-recipient of the 2016 Nobel Prize in Physics, along with David J. Thouless and J. Michael Kosterlitz.
F. Duncan M. Haldane during Nobel press conference in Stockholm, Sweden, December 2016
Frederick Duncan Michael Haldane
14 September 1951
|Residence||Princeton, New Jersey, US|
|Citizenship||United Kingdom, Slovenia|
|Education||St Paul's School, London|
|Alma mater||University of Cambridge (BA, PhD)|
|Known for||Haldane pseudopotentials in the fractional quantum Hall effect|
|Fields||Condensed matter theory|
|Thesis||An extension of the Anderson model as a model for mixed valence rare earth materials (1978)|
|Doctoral advisor||Philip Warren Anderson|
|Doctoral students||Ashvin Vishwanath|
Haldane was educated at St Paul's School, London and Christ's College, Cambridge where he was awarded a Bachelor of Arts degree followed by a PhD in 1978 for research supervised by Philip Warren Anderson.
Career and research
Haldane worked as a physicist at Institut Laue–Langevin in France between 1977 and 1981. In August 1981, Haldane became an assistant professor of physics at the University of Southern California, where he remained until 1987. Haldane was then appointed as an associate professor of physics in 1981 and later a professor of physics in 1986. In July 1986, Haldane joined the department of physics at University of California, San Diego as a professor of physics, where he remained until February 1992. In 1990, Haldane was appointed as a professor of physics in the department of physics at Princeton University, where he remains to this day. In 1999, Haldane was named as the Eugene Higgins Professor of Physics. In 2017, he was named the Sherman Fairchild University Professor of Physics.
Haldane is known for a wide variety of fundamental contributions to condensed matter physics including the theory of Luttinger liquids, the theory of one-dimensional spin chains, the theory of fractional quantum hall effect, exclusion statistics, entanglement spectra and much more.
As of 2011 he is developing a new geometric description of the fractional quantum Hall effect that introduces the "shape" of the "composite boson", described by a "unimodular" (determinant 1) spatial metric-tensor field as the fundamental collective degree of freedom of Fractional quantum Hall effect (FQHE) states. This new "Chern-Simons + quantum geometry" description is a replacement for the "Chern-Simons + Ginzburg-Landau" paradigm introduced c.1990. Unlike its predecessor, it provides a description of the FQHE collective mode that agrees with the Girvin-Macdonald-Platzman "single-mode approximation".
Awards and honours
Haldane was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in 1996 and a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (Boston) in 1992; a Fellow of the American Physical Society (1986) and a Fellow of the Institute of Physics (1996) (UK); a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (2001). He was awarded the Oliver E. Buckley Prize of the American Physical Society (1993); Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Research Fellow (1984–88); Lorentz Chair (2008), Dirac Medal (2012); Doctor Honoris Causae of the Université de Cergy-Pontoise (2015). Lise Meitner Distinguished Lecturer, 2017
With David J. Thouless and J. Michael Kosterlitz, Haldane shared the 2016 Nobel Prize in Physics "for theoretical discoveries of topological phase transitions and topological phases of matter".
Haldane is a British and Slovenian citizen and United States permanent resident. Haldane and his wife, Odile Belmont, live in Princeton, New Jersey. His father was a doctor in the British Army stationed on Yugoslavia/Austria border and there he met young medicine student Ljudmila Renko, a Slovene, and subsequently married her and moved back to England where Duncan was born.
- "HALDANE, Prof. (Frederick) Duncan (Michael)". Who's Who. ukwhoswho.com. 1997 (online Oxford University Press ed.). A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc. (subscription or UK public library membership required) (subscription required)
- "Array of contemporary American physicists". American Physical Society. Archived from the original on 17 September 2016. Retrieved 23 April 2012.
- Duncan Haldane at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
- Anon (1996). "Professor Frederick Haldane FRS". London: Royal Society. Archived from the original on 17 November 2015. One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from the royalsociety.org website where:
All text published under the heading 'Biography' on Fellow profile pages is available under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License." --"Royal Society Terms, conditions and policies". Archived from the original on 25 September 2015. Retrieved 9 March 2016.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- "Perimeter Welcomes New Distinguished Visiting Research Chairs". www.perimeterinstitute.ca. Perimeter Institute. 22 May 2013. Retrieved 4 October 2016.
- Gibney, Elizabeth; Castelvecchi, Davide (2016). "Physics of 2D exotic matter wins Nobel: British-born theorists recognized for work on topological phases". Nature. London: Springer Nature. 538 (7623): 18. Bibcode:2016Natur.538...18G. doi:10.1038/nature.2016.20722. PMID 27708331.
- Devlin, Hannah; Sample, Ian (4 October 2016). "British trio win Nobel prize in physics 2016 for work on exotic states of matter – live". The Guardian. Retrieved 4 October 2016.
- Haldane, F. D. M. (1983). "Nonlinear Field Theory of Large-Spin Heisenberg Antiferromagnets: Semiclassically Quantized Solitons of the One-Dimensional Easy-Axis Néel State". Physical Review Letters. 50 (15): 1153–1156. Bibcode:1983PhRvL..50.1153H. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.50.1153. ISSN 0031-9007.
- Haldane, Frederick Duncan Michael (1978). An extension of the Anderson model as a model for mixed valence rare earth materials (PhD thesis). University of Cambridge. OCLC 500460873. EThOS uk.bl.ethos.457783.}
- "Princeton University Professor Wins Nobel Prize In Physics". Princeton Patch. 4 October 2016.
- Dennis Overbye; Sewell Chan (4 October 2016). "3 Who Studied Unusual States of Matter Win Nobel Prize in Physics". The New York Times.
- Duncan Haldane publications indexed by Google Scholar
- Duncan Haldane's publications indexed by the Scopus bibliographic database. (subscription required)
- Haldane, F. D. M. (2011), "Geometrical Description of the Fractional Quantum Hall Effect", Physical Review Letters, 107 (11): k6801, arXiv:1106.3375, Bibcode:2011PhRvL.107k6801H, doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.107.116801
- Haldane, F. D. M. (2009), ""Hall viscosity" and intrinsic metric of incompressible fractional Hall fluids", arXiv:0906.1854 [cond-mat.str-el]
- "www.amacad.org" (PDF).
- "F. Duncan M. Haldane". Princeton University. Retrieved 2 July 2011.
- "Doctor Honoris Causae". Université de Cergy-Pontoise. Archived from the original on 6 October 2016. Retrieved 5 October 2016.
- Heyboer, Kelly (4 October 2016). "Princeton prof celebrates Nobel Prize win by returning to the classroom". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved 9 October 2016.
- "Dober dan. Drži, moja mati je bila zavedna Slovenka".
- USZS.gov.si - Minister Žmavc sprejel nobelovca slovenskega rodu prof. dr. Duncana Haldanea
- "Nobel laureate Dundan Haldane gets Slovenian citizenship". STA Slovenian Press Agency. 24 March 2019. Retrieved 24 March 2019.