# Dukhin number

The **Dukhin number** (**Du**) is a dimensionless quantity that characterizes the contribution of the surface conductivity to various electrokinetic and electroacoustic effects, as well as to electrical conductivity and permittivity of fluid heterogeneous systems.

## Overview

It was introduced by Lyklema in “Fundamentals of Interface and Colloid Science”.[1] A recent IUPAC Technical Report used this term explicitly and detailed several means of measurement in physical systems.[2]

The Dukhin number is a ratio of the surface conductivity to the fluid bulk electrical conductivity K_{m} multiplied by particle size *a*:

There is another expression of this number that is valid when the surface conductivity is associated only with ions motion above the slipping plane in the double layer. In this case, the value of the surface conductivity depends on ζ-potential, which leads to the following expression for the Dukhin number for symmetrical electrolyte with equal ions diffusion coefficient:

where the parameter *m* characterizes the contribution of electro-osmosis into motion of ions within the double layer

*F*is Faraday constant*T*is absolute temperature*R*is gas constant*C*is ions concentration in bulk*z*is ion valency- ζ is electrokinetic potential
- ε
_{0}is vacuum dielectric permittivity - ε
_{m}is fluid dielectric permittivity - η is dynamic viscosity
*D*is diffusion coefficient

## References

- Lyklema, J.J. "Fundamentals of Interface and Colloid Science", vol.2, page.3.208, 1995 ISBN 978-0-12-460524-4.
- Delgado, A. V.; González-Caballero, F.; Hunter, R. J.; Koopal, L. K.; Lyklema, J. (2005). "Measurement and Interpretation of Electrokinetic Phenomena (IUPAC Technical Report)" (PDF).
*Pure and Applied Chemistry*.**77**(10): 1753–1805. doi:10.1351/pac200577101753.