Duke Henry of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Duke Henry of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (German: Heinrich Wladimir Albrecht Ernst; Dutch: Hendrik Vladimir Albrecht Ernst; 19 April 1876 – 3 July 1934) was prince consort of the Netherlands as the husband of Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands. He was the longest-serving consort of the Netherlands.
|Henry of Mecklenburg-Schwerin|
Prince Henry in 1915
|Prince consort of the Netherlands|
|Tenure||7 February 1901 – 3 July 1934|
|Born||19 April 1876|
Schwerin, Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Germany
|Died||3 July 1934 58) (aged|
Kneuterdijk Palace, Netherlands
|Burial||11 July 1934|
Wilhelmina of the Netherlands (m. 1901)
|Father||Frederick Francis II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg|
|Mother||Princess Marie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt|
Heinrich Wladimir Albrecht Ernst of Mecklenburg-Schwerin was born on 19 April 1876 in Schwerin. He was the youngest son of Frederick Francis II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, and his third wife, Princess Marie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt.
He was created Prince of the Netherlands on 6 February 1901, and married Queen Wilhelmina on 7 February 1901, in The Hague. Although the queen was devoted to her spouse at the time of their marriage, it proved in the long run to be an unhappy one that did little more than meet its obligation by producing an heir. They had one child, Juliana, in whose favor Wilhelmina abdicated on 4 September 1948.
He died, at the age of 58, on 3 July 1934 in The Hague, Netherlands.
He successfully merged the two Dutch Boy Scout organisations Nederlandse Padvinders Organisatie (NPO, Netherlands Pathfinder Organisation) and the Nederlandse Padvinders Bond (NPB, Netherlands Pathfinder Federation) on 11 December 1915 to form De Nederlandse Padvinders (NPV, The Netherlands Pathfinders). He became the Royal Commissioner of that organisation and he asked Jean Jacques Rambonnet to become chairman in 1920.
Prince Henry was known to have had numerous extra-marital affairs, at least one of which resulted in illegitimate offspring; during her widowhood, Queen Wilhelmina paid monthly allowances to three known ex-mistresses: Julia Cervey in Geneva (two hundred guilders per month); Wilhelmine Steiner in Zurich (five hundred guilders per month); and Mien Lier-Wenneker (1887-1973), in The Hague (five hundred guilders per month).
Mien Abbo-Wenneker (later Lier-Wenneker, 1887-1973), gave birth to a total of six children; the older two, sisters Christina Margaretha Abbo & Edith Abbo (later Sheep-Abbo) were ostensibly the daughters of Mien’s first husband, Dhr. Abbo, but strongly rumored to have been fathered by Prince Henry. By then a widow, Mien in 1918 gave birth to Prince Henry’s acknowledged son, Albrecht Willem Lier (known as Pim Lier) (22 Jul 1918 – 9 Apr 2015). In 1919, Mien married Lieutenant Jan Derk Lier, a former aide-de-camp to Prince Henry. A grant of one hundred thousand guilders was arranged for Lt. Lier from the State by police chief François van 't Sant, whom Queen Wilhelmina engaged to verify the facts of her husband’s extramarital relationships and children. This, plus a monthly allowance to the Lt from the state of one thousand guilders, was in return for his commitment to "the three children of HRH.”
The male parent of the remaining three children was not verified as being either Prince Henry or Lt. Lier. Subsequent to their birth, no additional allowance was settled on the family; in fact, the monthly allowance of one thousand guilders to Lt. Jan Derk Lier was halved by van't Sant after a short period, although the allowance to his wife continued.
It is rumored that, overall, Prince Henry fathered between three and ten illegitimate children, but firm proof remains elusive.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
- 19 April 1876 – 7 February 1901: His Highness Duke Henry of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
- 7 February 1901 – 3 July 1934: His Royal Highness The Prince Consort of the Netherlands
Mecklenburg: Bavaria: Order of St. Hubert, Knight Brunswick: Order of Henry the Lion, Grand Cross – 1907 Oldenburg: House Merit Order of Duke Peter Friedrich Ludwig, Grand Cross with Collar Prussia: Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach:
- Order of the White Falcon, Grand Cross
- Golden Jubilee Medal
Saxony: Order of the Rue Crown, Knight Schaumburg-Lippe: House Order of Lippe, Grand Cross Waldeck-Pyrmont: Merit Cross, 1st Class Württemberg: Order of the Württemberg Crown, Grand Cross Austria-Hungary: Order of St. Stephen of Hungary, Grand Cross – 1903 Belgium: Royal Order of Leopold, Grand Cordon Bulgaria: Order of St. Alexander, Grand Cross Denmark: Order of the Elephant, Knight – 12 December 1912 Estonia: Order of the Estonian Red Cross, 1st Class Finland: Order of the White Rose of Finland, Grand Cross France: Legion d'Honneur, Grand Cross Kingdom of Greece: Order of the Redeemer, Grand Cross Empire of Japan: Order of the Chrysanthemum, Grand Cordon Sovereign Military Order of Malta: Bailiff Grand Cross of Honour and Devotion Netherlands:
- Order of the Netherlands Lion, Grand Cross
- Order of Orange-Nassau, Grand Cross
- Order of the Golden Lion of Nassau, Knight
- House Order of Orange, Grand Cross
- Johanniter Order, Grand Master – 30 April 1909
- Cross of Merit of the Dutch Red Cross
- Wedding Medal of Queen Wilhelmina and Duke Henry of Mecklenburg-Schwerin – 1901
- Wedding Medal of Princess Juliana and Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld – 1937
Norway: Order of St. Olav, Grand Cross Ottoman Empire: Order of Osmanieh, 1st Class Poland: Order of the White Eagle, Knight Kingdom of Portugal: Kingdom of Romania: Order of the Star of Romania, Grand Cross Russian Empire: Siam: Spain: Order of the Golden Fleece, Knight – 9 March 1924 Sweden: Order of the Seraphim, Knight – 30 January 1901 United Kingdom: Order of the Bath, Honorary Grand Cross (civil) – 26 February 1907
- "Koninklijke Scouts 1. Nederland" (PDF). Piet J. Kroonenberg. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 October 2007. Retrieved 24 July 2009.
- "Titels leden Koninklijke Familie". The Royal House. Retrieved 26 May 2017.
- Grossherzoglich Mecklenburg-Schwerinscher Staatskalendar, 1908, p. 5
- Staatsalmanak voor het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden, 1921, "Koninkrijk Huis der Nederlanden" pp. 1-2
- Justus Perthes, Almanach de Gotha (1922) page 71
- Hof- und Staatshandbuch des Herzogtums Braunschweig für das Jahr 1908. Braunschweig 1908. Meyer. p. 9
- "A Szent István Rend tagjai" Archived 22 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- Jørgen Pedersen (2009). Riddere af Elefantordenen, 1559–2009 (in Danish). Syddansk Universitetsforlag. p. 466. ISBN 978-87-7674-434-2.
- "Grand Crosses of the Order of the Tower and Sword". geneall.net. Retrieved 2018-10-31.
- "Bolletino Ufficiale di Stato" (PDF).
- Boettger, T. F. "Chevaliers de la Toisón d'Or - Knights of the Golden Fleece". La Confrérie Amicale. Retrieved 25 June 2019.
- "Sveriges statskalender (1905) p. 441" (in Swedish). Retrieved 6 January 2018 – via runeberg.org.
- "The London Gazette, Issue: 28000 Page: 1463". The London Gazette. Retrieved 7 August 2019.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Duke Hendrik of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.|
- Newspaper clippings about Duke Henry of Mecklenburg-Schwerin in the 20th Century Press Archives of the ZBW
Duke Henry of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Cadet branch of the House of MecklenburgBorn: 19 April 1876 Died: 3 July 1934
Title last held byEmma of Waldeck and Pyrmont
as Queen consort
| Prince consort of the Netherlands
7 February 1901 – 3 July 1934
Title next held byBernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld