Duchy of Urbino

The Duchy of Urbino was a fief of the Holy See in central-northern Italy.

(County) Duchy of Urbino

Ducato (Contea) di Urbino
Coat of arms
The Duchy of Urbino in the 17th Century
CapitalUrbino (1443 - 1523)
Pesaro (1523 - 1631)
Historical eraMiddle Ages
Early modern
 County created by
    Emp. Frederick II
 Raised to duchy by
    Pope Eugene IV

 Annexed to the
    Papal States
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Kingdom of Italy (medieval)
Papal States
Today part of Italy

The first lords of Urbino were the House of Montefeltro, who obtained the title of counts from Emperor Frederick II in 1213. The first Duke was Oddantonio, who received the title from Pope Eugene IV in 1443. The duchy's territories occupied approximately the northern part of the modern region of Marche: they were bordered by the Adriatic Sea in the east, the Republic of Florence in the west and by the Papal States southwards.

In 1523 the capital was moved to Pesaro. After the short rule by Cesare Borgia in 1502–08, the dukedom went to the della Rovere papal family, who held it until 1625, when Pope Urban VIII annexed it to the Papal States as Legazione del Ducato di Urbino (later Legazione di Urbino).

List of rulers of Urbino

Lords until 1213, counts thereafter until 1443, thereafter dukes.

Antonio I da Montefeltroc.1184
Montefeltrano I da Montefeltroc.11841202
Bonconte I da Montefeltro12021242
Montefeltrano II da Montefeltro12421255
Guido da Montefeltro12551285
Papal control12851296
Federico I da Montefeltro12961322
Papal control13221324
Guido II da Montefeltro13241360
Galasso da Montefeltro13241360
Nolfo da Montefeltro13241360
Federico II da Montefeltro[1] 1364–1370?1370?Teodora Gonzaga
Antonio II da Montefeltro[1]13481363–140429 April 1404Agnesina dei Prefetti di Vico
Guidantonio da Montefeltro[1]13771403–1443February 1443Ringarda Malatesta; Caterina Colonna
Oddantonio da Montefeltro[1]
created Duke
14281443–144422 July 1444Isotta d'Este
Federico III da Montefeltro[1][2]7 June 14221444–148210 September 1482Gentile Brancaleoni; Battista Sforza
Guidobaldo da Montefeltro[1][2]17 January 14721482–150210 April 1508Elisabetta Gonzaga
Cesare Borgia[3] 1502–1503 Charlotte of Albret, Lady of Châlus
Guidobaldo da Montefeltro[1][2]17 January 14721503–150810 April 1508Elisabetta Gonzaga
Francesco Maria I della Rovere[1][2][4][5]22 March 14901508–151620 October 1538Eleonora Gonzaga
Lorenzo II de' Medici[6]12 September 14921516–15194 May 1519Madeleine de la Tour d'Auvergne
Francesco Maria I della Rovere[1][2][4][5]22 March 14901521–153820 October 1538Eleonora Gonzaga
Guidobaldo II della Rovere[1][2][4][5]2 April 15141538–157428 September 1574Giulia da Varano; Vittoria Farnese
Francesco Maria II della Rovere[1][2][4][5]10 February 15491574–162123 April 1631Lucrezia d'Este; Livia della Rovere
Federico Ubaldo della Rovere[1][2][5]16 May 16051621–162328 June 1623Claudia de' Medici
Francesco Maria II della Rovere[1][2][5]10 February 15491623–162523 April 1631Livia della Rovere

See also


  1. Also count or duke of Montefeltro, count of Castel Durante, lord of Cagli, Gubbio, Cantiano, Frontone and Sassocorvaro.
  2. Also count of Mercatello, lord of Pergola and Fossombrone.
  3. Also duke of Valentinois and Romagna, prince of Andria and Venafro, count of Dyois, lord of Forlì, Imola, Rimini, Piombino and Camerino.
  4. Also duke of Sora and Arce.
  5. Also lord of Senigallia.
  6. Also ruler of Florence.


  • James Dennistoun (1851). Memoirs of the Dukes of Urbino, Illustrating the Arms, Arts, and Literature of Italy, from 1440 to 1630: In Three Volumes. Longman, Brown, Green and Longmans. Volume One, Volume Two, Volume Three
  • History of the popes; their church and state (Volume III) by Leopold von Ranke (Wellesley College Library, 2009)
  • Franceschini, G. (1970), I Montefeltro . Milan.
  • Ugolini, Filippo, (1859). Storia dei conti e duchi d'Urbino. Florence.
  • Ugolini, Filippo, Storia dei conti e duchi d'Urbino - volume 2.

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