Dublin Broadstone railway station

Broadstone railway station (Irish: Stáisiún An Clocháin Leathan) was the Dublin terminus of the Midland Great Western Railway (MGWR), located in the Dublin suburb of Broadstone. The site also contained the MGWR railway works and a steam locomotive motive power depot. A LUAS tram station opened at the front of the station in 2017.

Dublin Broadstone

Baile Átha Cliath Stáisiún An Clocháin Leathan
The facade of Broadstone station
LocationPhibsborough Road, Broadstone, Dublin 7, D07 X2AE
Republic of Ireland
Coordinates53.354291°N 6.273816°W / 53.354291; -6.273816
Owned byTransdev
CIÉ
Operated byLuas
Bus Éireann
Platforms2[1]
Tracks6
Bus operatorsBus Éireann
Construction
Structure typeAt-grade
History
Original companyMidland Great Western Railway
Pre-groupingMidland Great Western Railway
Post-groupingGreat Southern Railways
Key dates
June 1847 (1847-06)Station opened
18 January 1937Station closed to passenger services
8 April 1961Station closed
9 December 2017Luas services commence
Services
Preceding station   Luas   Following station
Dominick Street   Green Line   Grangegorman
Disused railways
Terminus   Midland Great Western Railway
Dublin-Galway/Sligo
  Liffey Junction
Line open, station closed

It is currently the headquarters of Bus Éireann, housing most of their administration and one of their main garages.[2] Nearby on the same property is a Dublin Bus Depot.

History

Beginnings

Designed by John Skipton Mulvany, the structure was built between 1841 and 1850, with the addition of the colonnade in 1861.[3] Broadstone Station is constructed of granite in a neo-Egyptian style.[4] The 475 feet (145 m) by 120 feet (37 m) two span roof is said to have been basis of the design for the larger span at Liverpool Lime street.[1]

In 1845 the Royal Canal was purchased by the Midland Great Western Railway Company (MGWR) with a view to using the land alongside the canal to construct a railway line to the west of Ireland. The line was constructed in stages and by 1848 reached Mullingar. Similarly Broadstone station was worked in tandem with opening in 1847 and final completion 1850. The MGWR developed locomotive and carriage works around the station.

With the construction of the colonnade in 1861 trains arrived to the east side platform and passengers exited through the colonnade. Trains departed from the west side platform where there was a booking office and waiting rooms. The four middle tracks were used to stable rolling stock in the interim. The building at front of the station was used as the headquarters building for the MGWR and did not contain a passenger entrance.[1]

With Galway projected to become the main port for transatlantic passenger traffic between Europe and North America, the MGWR successfully competed with its rival the Great Southern and Western Railway to reach it first in August 1851. A special fourth class was introduced by the MGWR for poor migrants from the west going to Britain for work. The line, which branched out to serve Sligo, Westport, Achill and Clifden, was also used to transport large numbers of cattle.

It was about this time that the majority of the houses in the area were constructed, as dwellings for workers on the railway. Most of the houses were built by the Artisan's Dwelling Company, which built many similar estates in Dublin and elsewhere, and houses of this type are now frequently described as Artisan cottages, regardless of their origin.

Joseph Howley, a member of the Irish Volunteers in Galway, was shot dead by a special unit of the RIC known as the Igoe Gang at the station on 4 December 1920 during the Irish War of Independence.[5]

Closure

The station was closed to public traffic on 18 January 1937 with MGWR services redirected to Westland Row (Pearse). While the old MGWR main line was able to access the Dublin loop line to Amiens Street via the North Liffey line Newcomen Bridge junction this was not available to heavier engines such as the Woolwich Moguls due to weight restrictions over the lifting bridge over the Royal Canal. The alternative route via the Drumcondra link line would have required reversals to the Glasnevin and Drumcondra junctions so the connecting line also remodeled at the same time to allow direct through running.[6]

The associated complex was finally closed on 8 April 1961, having been used as the steam depot for Dublin between 1937 and this date.[7]

This building was one of Dublin's six original rail termini, the others being Westland Row (now Pearse Station) Amiens Street (now Connolly Station), Kingsbridge (now Heuston Station), North Wall and Harcourt Street (now a bar and nightclub complex).

Etomology

The name derives from the Norse "Bradogue Steyn" or "Broad Stone", due to the Bradogue River crossing the road to Finglas at this location.[8] "Bradogue" itself means "Young Salmon".[9]

Location

Situated at the crest of Constitution Hill directly opposite King's Inns, the station served as the finishing point of the Midland and Great Western Railway.

Luas

Broadstone is a Luas stop on the LUAS Cross City Line between Broombridge and St.Stephen's Green. Work on building the line commenced in June 2013 and services began on 9 December 2017.

The stop has lateral platforms and is located adjacent to the south front of the old Broadstone station building with access from Constitution Hill. The stop is called Broadstone-DIT because of its location near to DIT Grangegorman Campus. The LUAS line from central Dublin approaches via Domininck Street Upper and continues by curling round the western edge of the MGWR Broadstone site before re-joining the track of the old main line at the north of the site.

Failed proposal re use for heavy rail

In April 2007 Iarnród Éireann announced that Broadstone Station was to be reopened for rail passenger use by 2010.[10] This gave rise to a dispute between CIE/Irish Rail and the RPA over the use of the trackbed between Broadstone and Liffey Junction.[11] On 5 February 2008 Noel Dempsey, the Minister for Transport, indicated his preference for the Luas project over the re-opening of Broadstone for heavy rail, asking CIÉ to seek permanent planning permission to build and use Docklands Station for the purposes CIÉ intended for Broadstone Station.

See also

References

Notes

  1. Shepherd 1994, p. 120–121.
  2. "Bus Éireann conducting feasibility study for potential future move from Broadstone Depot". thejournal.ie. 22 September 2019.
  3. Craig, Maurice (2006) [1952]. Dublin 1660-1860. pp. 322–323. ISBN 1-905483-11-2.
  4. Peter Pearson. "Architect of Victorian solidity". The Sunday Business Post. Archived from the original on 26 September 2007. Retrieved 17 June 2007.
  5. Spellissy, Sean (1999). The History of Galway. Celtic Bookshop. p. 131. ISBN 0-9534683-3-X.
  6. Nock, O.S. (1983). Irish Steam. David & Charles. pp. 154–155. ISBN 0715379615.
  7. "Dublin Broadstone station" (PDF). Railscot - Irish Railways. Retrieved 31 August 2007.
  8. Killeen 1981, p. 140.
  9. Mooney 1985.
  10. "Broadstone station to reopen 70 years on". irishtimes.com. Irish Times. 9 June 2007.
  11. "Battle of Broadstone". Irish Independent. 11 January 2008.

Sources

  • Shepherd, W. Ernest (1994). The Midland Great Western Railway of Ireland: An Illustrated History. Leicester: Midland Publishing. ISBN 1-85780-008-7.
  • Killeen, Michael (1981). "Broadstone: Railway Station to Bus Garage". Dublin Historical Record. Old Dublin Society. 34 (4). JSTOR 30104257.
  • Mooney, Peter (1985). "Hidden River". RTÉ. Retrieved 19 October 2019.
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