Driving licence in Malaysia

A driving licence is required in Malaysia before a person is allowed to drive a motor vehicle of any description on a road in Malaysia under the Road Transport Act 1987, section 26(1). Under section 26(1) of the Road Transport Act, an individual must possess a valid driving licence before being permitted to drive on the road, or can be prosecuted under section 26(2). Upon conviction, the miscreant is liable to fines or jail or both. Driving licence holders are subject to all traffic rules stated in the Road Transport Act 1987.

Types of driving licence

Learner's Driving Licence (LDL) Possessed by learners in driving schools. They must first attend a 6 hour of KPP01 or known as Safety Driving Theory, then a Section I examination or Road Laws and Safety Driving. Starting September 2014, LDL licence is issued after the candidate of Section I examination pass their exam without needs to attend Safety Driving Learning Class. licence holders are only permitted to drive cars displaying the L plate owned by driving schools under the supervision of a driving school instructor. For motorcycle learner's licence holders, they are permitted to ride a motorcycle without a pillion. The learner's licence may be renewed every 3 or 6 months but the licence cannot be possessed for more than 2 years. After the 2 years due date, the licence holders may go to Road Transportation Department (JPJ) to attend of KPP01.[1]
Probationary Driving Licence (PDL) Possessed by new drivers who have passed all the driving lesson procedures and tests. Holders also need to ensure to bring along driving licence when driving. New drivers are subject to the 20-point Road Safety System (KEJARA) demerit point system, where points will be deducted according to the types of traffic infractions. licence will be revoked after a probationary licence holder accumulates 20 demerit points.[2] Probationary drivers are required to display the probationary licence plate (marked with white capital P in square red background) at the front and back of their respective vehicles. A probationary licence may be upgraded to a full competent driving licence after 2 years, and a grace period of a year is given to upgrading the licence before the licence holder may need to restart the whole driving lesson procedures.[3]
Competent Driving Licence (CDL) A full-fledged driving licence being upgraded from the probationary licence after 2 years. A competent driving licence may be renewed after every 1, 2, 3 or 5 years. A grace period of three years is given to renew the licence before the licence holder may need to restart the whole driving lesson procedures.[3]
Vocational Driving Licence There are two types of vocational driving licence, Goods Driving Licence (GDL) a special driving licence to drive any type of commercial vehicle used for transporting goods such as Lorries, Panel Vans and other vehicles that are registered as a commercial vehicle to transport goods. Public Service Vehicle (PSV) is another type of vocational driving licence that allows the holder to drive any type of commercial vehicle used for paying passengers such as Taxis, Window Van and Buses. Starting July 12th, 2019 ride-hailing drivers (eg Grab, Uber) must apply for (PSV - Taxi/E-hailing) licence.

Classes of driving licence

The following classes are printed on the new high security driving licence:

ClassDescriptionMinimum ageNotes
AInvalid Carriage (Motorcycle) unladen weight not exceeding 450 kg16The applicant must submit a health check form for the application for a driving licence for disabled persons who have obtained the qualification verification to apply for a driving licence from a medical officer in a government health clinic as prescribed by the Ministry of Health.
A1Invalid Carriage (Motorcar) unladen weight not exceeding 3500 kg17
BMotorcycle exceeding 500 cc16
B1Motorcycle not exceeding 500 cc
B2Motorcycle not exceeding 250 cc
CThree-Wheeled Motorcycle
DMotor Car unladen weight not exceeding 3500 kg17
DAMotor Car Without Clutch Pedal unladen weight not exceeding 3500 kg
EHeavy Motor Car unladen weight exceeding 7500 kg21Have been holding class D (CDL) for at least one year.
E1Heavy Motor Car unladen weight exceeding not 7500 kg
E2Heavy Motor Car unladen weight not exceeding 5000 kg
FTractor/Mobile Machinery Light (Wheeled) unladen weight not exceeding 5000 kg21
GTractor/Mobile Machinery Light (Tracked) unladen weight not exceeding 5000 kg
HTractor/Mobile Machinery Heavy (Wheeled) unladen weight exceeding 5000 kg
ITractor/Mobile Machinery Heavy (Tracked) unladen weight exceeding 5000 kg
MCourt Conviction

The classes A1 and DA are new additions, while classes A and D have been redefined.[4]

Road Safety System (KEJARA)

This system is applicable to both Probationary and Competent driving licences. This system was introduced to:

  • i - Reduce accident rates.
  • ii - To raise awareness of road safety towards all drivers.
  • iii - Ensure all drivers to always obey the traffic laws.
  • iv - Raise disciplined, responsible and cognizant drivers on the road.
  • v - Take legal actions towards any drivers whom had breached the laws.

Driving licence suspension system:

Accumulated demerit pointsPenaltyEndorsement
20 points or moreWarningPoints eliminated
40 points or more6 to 8 months suspensionPoints eliminated
60 points or more8 to 10 months suspensionPoints eliminated
80 points or more10 to 12 months suspensionPoints eliminated

Drivers whose licence has been suspended three times in a period of five years will have their driving licence revoked and are not allowed to drive or receive a driver’s licence for 12 months from the date of the licence was revoked.[5]

Road penalties associated with KEJARA demerit points:

All vehicles other than buses and goods transportersGoods transporters and busesOffence
10 points10 pointsDriving under the influence of alcohol or narcotics.
10 points10 pointsDriving with a blood alcohol level beyond the set limit.
10 points10 pointsReckless and dangerous driving
10 points10 pointsFailure to provide breath specimen when directed
10 points10 pointsFailure to provide breath, urine or blood specimen when directed
n/a10 pointsCarrying dangerous or potentially dangerous loads
n/a10 pointsCarrying loads that extend beyond the body of the vehicle
n/a10 pointsCarrying an improperly secured load
n/a10 pointsCarrying a load using an unsuitable transporter
4 points5 pointsFailure to obey a police officer, road official or traffic warden's instructions
4 points6 pointsFailure to observe a red light
4 points6 pointsFailure to observe a stop sign
4 points6 pointsSpeeding:More than 40km/h over limit
3 points5 pointsSpeeding:Between 25km/h and 40km/h over limit
2 points4 pointsSpeeding:Between 1km/h and 25km/h over limit
n/a6 pointsOverloading
n/a6 pointsUsing a goods transporter as a people carrier
4 points6 pointsImproper use of emergency lane
4 points6 pointsOvertaking on the left
3 points5 pointsFailure to yield
3 points5 pointsUsing a telephone or electronic device while driving
n/a4 pointsOperating a goods transporter on the rightmost lane
3 points3 pointsFailure to wear a safety belt
2 points2 pointsRiding without an approved safety helmet
5 pointsn/aFailing to bring driving licence along. (Learner & Probationary)
10 pointsn/aFailing to display the P stickers on vehicle. (Probationary)


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