Drancy (French pronunciation: [dʁɑ̃.si]) is a commune in the northeastern suburbs of Paris in the Seine-Saint-Denis department in northern France. It is located 10.8 km (6.7 mi) from the center of Paris.
From upper left: City Hall, Castle of Ladoucette, National Memorial of Deportation
Coat of arms
Paris and inner ring departments
Drancy (Île-de-France (region))
|Coordinates: 48°56′N 2°27′E|
|Canton||Drancy and Le Blanc-Mesnil|
|• Mayor (2014–2020)||Jean-Christophe Lagarde (NC)|
|7.76 km2 (3.00 sq mi)|
|• Density||9,100/km2 (24,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||39–54 m (128–177 ft)|
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
Origins to 20th century
In the 17th century, Drancy was divided into two distinct villages: Drancy le Grand and le Petit Drancy. The quarter "Village Parisien" is built on the old location of the hamlet of Groslay which was surrounded by the forest of Bondy — hence the name of rue des Bois de Groslay.
The end of nineteenth century was marked by the industrialisation and by the development of rail transports. During the Franco-Prussian war, Le Bourget was the site of an important battle and the castle of Ladoucette in Drancy was destroyed.
20th and 21st centuries
During the second world war, Drancy was the site of the Drancy internment camp where Jews, Gypsies, and others were held before being shipped to the Nazi concentration camps. In 1976, the Memorial to the Deportation at Drancy was created by sculptor Shlomo Selinger to commemorate the French Jews imprisoned in the camp.
|The arms of Drancy are blazoned :|
Azure, on a chevron Or a gothic letter 'D' sable at its summit, between two mullets and a sheep passant argent.
Geography and cityscape
|Average low °C||0,9||1,3||2,9||5||8,3||11,2||12,9||12,7||10,6||7,7||3,8||1,7||6,6|
|Average high °C||6||7,6||10,8||14,4||18,2||21,5||24||23,8||20,9||16||10,1||6,8||15|
Drancy's buildings are too diverse to be characterised by any particular architectural style. Some of them with a style Art Nouveau are typical of the 19th and 20th centuries. There are housing estates and a garden city.
Park and Castle of Ladoucette
The parc de Ladoucette is the only park of Drancy. It contains a pond, a small educational farm and the castle of Ladoucette. The castle was built in 1533 by Pierre Séguier. In the 19th century, the castle was the property of the senator Charles-Loetitia de Ladoucette. In 1874 his wife, la Baronne de Ladoucette, died and her body was placed in the Mausoleum de la Baronne de Ladoucette. Today she is buried in the Parisian cemetery.
Railways and buses
Drancy is in Zone 3 of the Carte orange. The city is served by Le Bourget station and by Drancy station on Paris RER line B. Le Bourget station is situated near Drancy. The RER B is one of the five lines in the RER Rapid transit system serving Paris and its suburbs.
Drancy is also served by the Paris Tramway Line 1 with five stops and by twelve buses.
By the RER B, Drancy is near many parisian railway stations, Gare du Nord is now just 10 minutes away, gare Saint-Lazare and gare de Lyon can be reached in 30 minutes. Charles de Gaulle Airport can be reached in 30 minutes too.
- 17 public preschools (écoles maternelles)
- 19 public elementary schools
- Six public junior high schools (collèges): Paul Bert, Anatole France, Jorissen, Paul Langevin, Liberte, Pierre Samard
- One private junior high school, Collège Saint-Germain
- Two public senior high schools/sixth-form colleges: Lycée Eugène Delacroix and Lycée Paul le Rolland
- "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
- "Site de météorologie et de climatologie". http://www.lameteo.org/ (in French). Archived from the original on 2011-07-27. External link in
- "Site de climatologie et de météorologie". infoclimat.fr/accueil/ (in French).
- Nicolas Grenier, french poet, has written a poem about this parc de Ladoucette
- "Site de la RATP - Drancy-Le Bourget" (in French).
- "Site de la RATP - Le tramway 1" (in French).
- "Education." Drancy. Retrieved on September 6, 2016.