Downtown Halifax is the city centre of Halifax, Nova Scotia. Located on the eastern-central portion of the Halifax Peninsula, on Halifax Harbour, it serves as the business, entertainment, and tourism hub of the region.
Downtown Halifax as from Halifax Harbour
|Coordinates: 44°38′54.4″N 63°34′23.8″W|
|Municipality||Halifax Regional Municipality|
|Community council||Halifax and West|
|Municipal District||Halifax South Downtown|
|Canadian Postal code|
Historic areas and buildings
Unlike other historic Canadian cities such as Quebec and Montreal and comparably-sized New England cities such as Portland, Maine, Halifax has not preserved any heritage districts and has few intact blocks of historic buildings, but the downtown is known for the historic architecture of some individual landmark buildings. Demolition and urban renewal in the 1960s and 1970s replaced most of the downtown with blocks with office towers.
One of the few blocks to have retained its heritage character is Granville Mall, a pedestrian mall formerly part of Granville Street, made up of an array of shops and pubs in a conglomeration of rowed historic buildings built in the 1860s. It is known for the stone facades on each building. Historic Properties, a collection of 19th-century warehouses converted into shops and restaurants, is located nearby. Despite the heritage focus of these remaining blocks of heritage buildings, none are protected as heritage districts.
The downtown is home to individual government landmarks such as Province House, built in 1819 and home to the Nova Scotia House of Assembly. Builders such as George Lang created many landmark Victorian Era buildings.
Citadel Hill, a 40-acre (160,000 m2) star-shaped fort, is another historic attraction in the downtown. Originally established with the arrival of Edward Cornwallis and the out break of Father Le Loutre's War (1749), the current fort was built in the Victorian Era as the hub of the historic defence system for the port. As a result, there is viewplane legislation that restricts vertical development that might block the direct line of sight from Citadel Hill to the harbour and George's Island in particular. Recent developments have challenged the viewplane limits.
Downtown Halifax is the financial centre of Atlantic Canada. Bell Aliant and Emera are headquartered in downtown Halifax. All Big Five Canadian banks have major operations in the CBD. The Bank of Canada also has one of its five Canadian regional offices located in the area.
Major recent commercial developments include the Waterside Centre and the Nova Centre. The latter development will house the new Halifax Convention Centre as well as commercial, office and hotel space.
Hotels in the downtown area include:
- Cambridge Suites
- Courtyard by Marriott (125 rooms)
- Delta Barrington
- Delta Halifax
- Four Points by Sheraton Halifax
- Hampton Inn by Hilton
- Homewood Suites by Hilton
- The Halliburton
- Marriott Halifax Harbourfront (formerly Casino Nova Scotia Hotel & Sheraton)
- Marriott Residence Inn
- Nova Centre hotel (not yet opened)
- Prince George Hotel
- Radisson Suite Hotel Halifax
- The Lord Nelson Hotel & Suites
- Westin Nova Scotian
At the provincial level, the downtown is the home of Nova Scotia's Province House where the Nova Scotia House of Assembly meets. Government House, where the Lieutenant-Governor resides, is located on Barrington Street. The provincial government also has offices in several other downtown office buildings.
Canada's federal government also maintains a significant presence in the area, working from various buildings including the Dominion Public Building, the Ralston Building, and previously, the Maritime Centre.
Downtown Halifax has hotels, annual festivals and events, an array of attractions, and many restaurants.
There are several museums and art galleries in downtown Halifax. Pier 21, an immigrant entry point prominent throughout the 1930s, 40s, and 50s, was opened to the public as a National Historic Site of Canada in 1999. The Maritime Museum of the Atlantic is a maritime museum containing extensive galleries including a large exhibit on the famous Titanic, over 70 small craft and a 200-foot (61 m) steamship CSS Acadia. In summertime the preserved World War II corvette HMCS Sackville operates as a museum ship and Canada's naval memorial. The Art Gallery of Nova Scotia is housed in a 150-year-old building containing over 9,000 works of art.
The waterfront in Downtown Halifax is the site of the Halifax Harbourwalk, a 3 km (2 mi) boardwalk popular amongst tourists and locals alike. Many mid-sized ships dock here at one of the many wharves. The harbourwalk is home to a Halifax Transit ferry terminal, hundreds of stores, Historic Properties, several office buildings, the Casino Nova Scotia, and several public squares where buskers perform, most prominently at the annual Halifax International Busker Festival in August.
Downtown Halifax, being home to many small shops and vendors, is a major shopping area in the HRM. It is also home to several small malls, including Scotia Square, Barrington Place Shops, and Maritime Mall. Numerous malls on Spring Garden Road are also located nearby.
Restaurants and nightlife
The area is home to approximately 200 restaurants and bars, providing an interesting array of world cuisine. There are also over 60 sidewalk cafes that open in the summer months. The nightlife is made up of bars and small music venues as well as Casino Nova Scotia, a large facility built partially over the water.
Neptune Theatre, a 43-year-old establishment located on Argyle Street, is Halifax's largest theatre. It performs an assortment of professionally produced plays year-round. The Shakespeare by the Sea theatre company performs at nearby Point Pleasant Park. Eastern Front Theatre performs at Alderney Landing in Downtown Dartmouth which can easily be accessed from the area via the Halifax Transit ferry service.
Events and festivals
The Scotiabank Centre is one of the largest buildings in Downtown Halifax, as well as the largest arena in Atlantic Canada. It is the home of the popular Halifax Mooseheads hockey team, and it also plays host to most of the major sporting events and concerts that visit Halifax. The Nova Scotia International Tattoo is held here every year. It is connected to the Downtown Halifax Link, and directly to the World Trade and Convention Centre. The Atlantic Film Festival, Atlantic Jazz Festival and the Halifax Pop Explosion also take place in some downtown venues.
The Halifax Convention Centre, presently under construction, will offer more than 120,000 square feet (11,000 m2) of space for meetings and events.
The waterfront area is home to a Halifax Transit ferry terminal, which takes commuters across Halifax Harbour to terminals at Alderney Landing and Woodside in Dartmouth. These trips usually take around 12 minutes, and cost $2.25 for adults and $1.50 for seniors or children. Additional routes are being planned, and in mid-2005 a high-speed ferry route between the downtown terminal and a new Bedford terminal was demonstrated. The results were generally positive.
The streets in the downtown area are set in a grid pattern like the rest of the Halifax Peninsula, the way the town officials originally planned in the 18th century. Some of these streets have been altered in recent years due to large developments, such as the Scotiabank Centre, which split Albemarle Street into two sections when it was constructed. The street was renamed Market Street and only recently did one segment revert to its original name.
City planners in the 1960s developed a controversial plan for a six-lane elevated freeway called Harbour Drive. This project was cancelled after protests over the proposed destruction of many historic buildings. All that remains of the project today is the Cogswell Interchange, a massive concrete structure that some consider a barrier between the North End and the downtown area. Its demolition is currently being considered. Traffic problems are currently avoided through the use of one-way streets, and mass transit.
Many Halifax Transit bus routes also pass through the downtown, with major terminals at Scotia Square and on Lower Water Street (adjacent to the ferry terminal). Barrington Street is the primary bus route through the area.
- "Historic District of Old Quebec", UNESCO Heritage Sites
- "Old Montreal, Centuries of History", Old Montreal District'
- "History of Heritage Preservation in Portland", Greater Portland Landmarks Archived May 15, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
- "Disasters and Loss ~ When Built Heritage is Destroyed", Nova Scotia Archives and Records Management]
- Downtownhalifax.ns.ca Archived February 21, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
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