Douglas Nicholson

Admiral Sir Douglas Romilly Lothian Nicholson, KCB, MVO (4 March 1867 – 8 February 1946) was a senior Royal Navy officer who commanded the Reserve Fleet.

Sir Douglas Nicholson
Born4 March 1867
Died8 February 1946 (aged 78)
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branch Royal Navy
RankAdmiral
Commands heldHMS Hyacinth
HMS Hermes
HMS St Vincent
HMS Conqueror
Flag Officer, Royal Yachts
HMS Agincourt
3rd Battle Squadron
Reserve Fleet
Battles/warsAnglo-Egyptian War
World War I
AwardsKnight Commander of the Order of the Bath
Member of the Royal Victorian Order

Nicholson served in the Anglo-Egyptian War of 1882.[1] He was appointed in command of the destroyer HMS Spiteful on 11 January 1901,[2] as she was serving in home waters, and was in charge when she ran aground near the Isle of Wight the following month and during a collision with sister ship HMS Peterel in October. After a year with the Spiteful, he was appointed in command of HMS Dove on 24 February 1902,[3] serving in the Channel Fleet as part of the Portsmouth instructional flotilla. In May 1902, the ship hit a rock off Kildorney, and had to be towed by her sister ship HMS Bullfinch to Queenstown,[4] and later back to Portsmouth for repairs.[5] Douglas and the crew transferred to the recently completed torpedo boat destroyer HMS Success, which was commissioned at Portsmouth on 9 June.[6] The following day, the navy held a Court-martial where he was tried for negligence during the Kildorney incident. He was acquitted of negligence, but severely reprimanded for being in error of judgment.[7]

Nicholson became commanding officer of the cruiser HMS Hyacinth in August 1905, of the cruiser HMS Hermes in December 1905 and of the battleship HMS St Vincent in 1910.[8] He went on to be commanding officer of the battleship HMS Conqueror in 1912 and Commodore of His Majesty's Yachts in 1913.[1] He served in World War I as commanding officer of HMS Agincourt in the Grand Fleet from 1914.[8] He continued his war service as Second-in-Command of the 3rd Battle Squadron from March 1917, as Second-in-Command of the 4th Battle Squadron from September 1917 and as Commander of the 3rd Battle Squadron from 1918.[9]

He became Rear-Admiral, Reserve Fleet at Portland in 1919 and Vice-Admiral commanding the Reserve Fleet in 1922 before retiring in 1926.[1]

References

  1. Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives
  2. "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36340). London. 1 January 1901. p. 12.
  3. "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36691). London. 14 February 1902. p. 9.
  4. "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36774). London. 22 May 1902. p. 8.
  5. "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36777). London. 26 May 1902. p. 7.
  6. "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36790). London. 10 June 1902. p. 12.
  7. "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36791). London. 11 June 1902. p. 13.
  8. Captains Commanding Royal Navy Warships Archived 14 July 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  9. Senior Royal Navy Appointments Archived 15 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine
Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Richard Phillimore
Commander-in-Chief, Reserve Fleet
19221923
Succeeded by
Sir William Goodenough
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