Douglas Charles Abbott, – March 15, 1987) was a Canadian Member of Parliament, federal Cabinet Minister, and justice of the Supreme Court of Canada. Abbott's appointment directly from the Cabinet of Canada as Finance Minister to the Supreme Court is considered one of the most controversial in the Supreme Court's history.(May 29, 1899
|Member of the Canadian Parliament|
|Preceded by||Robert Smeaton White|
|Succeeded by||George Carlyle Marler|
|Puisne Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada|
July 1, 1954 – December 23, 1973
|Nominated by||Louis St. Laurent|
|Preceded by||Patrick Kerwin|
|Succeeded by||Louis-Philippe de Grandpré|
Douglas Charles Abbott
May 29, 1899
|Died||March 15, 1987 87)(aged|
|Alma mater||Bishop's University, McGill Law School, Université de Dijon|
|Cabinet||Minister of National Defence for Naval Services (1945-1946)|
Minister of National Defence (1945-1946)
Minister of Finance and Receiver General(1946-1954)
|Branch/service||Non-Permanent Active Militia |
|Years of service||1916-1918 |
|Unit||7th (McGill) Siege Battery, Canadian Garrison Artillery, Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery|
Abbott was born in Lennoxville, Quebec (now Sherbrooke, Quebec). He attended Bishop's University, graduating with a Bachelor of Arts. He then attended McGill Law School, but interrupted his studies to sign up for service overseas, in 1916. Returning from the Great War, he completed his legal studies, earning his Bachelor of Civil Law. He then went to France to attend the Université de Dijon. Returning to Canada, he was called to the Barreau du Québec in 1921 and practised law in Montreal with the firm of Fleet, Phelan, Fleet & Le Mesurier.
Abbott successfully stood for election to the House of Commons in 1940, and remained a member of the House for fourteen years. A member of the Liberal Party of Canada, Abbott served as both Minister of National Defence (1945-46) and Minister of Finance (1946-54).
Supreme Court justice
Abbott was appointed to the court directly from the Liberal Party of Canada's Cabinet, where he had served the previous 7 years as Finance Minister. The appointment is considered one of the most controversial in the history of the Supreme Court. It was the first appointment directly from cabinet since the 1911 appointment of Louis-Philippe Brodeur. As of 2019, Abbott was the last Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada appointed directly to the Court from the Cabinet of Canada, and the last Justice to have held elected office prior to his appointment.
- Archives, McGill University (November 11, 2012). "McGill University Archives - McGill Remembers". www.archives.mcgill.ca.
- McCormick, Peter (2000-01-01). Supreme at Last: The Evolution of the Supreme Court of Canada. James Lorimer & Company. ISBN 9781550286922.
- The International Who's Who 1972-73. London: Europa Publications. 1972. p. 2. ISBN 0900362480.
|Parliament of Canada|
Robert Smeaton White
| Member of Parliament for Saint-Antoine—Westmount
George Carlyle Marler