Donnacona, Quebec

Donnacona is an industrial town located about 40 kilometres (25 mi) west of Quebec City in Portneuf County, Quebec, Canada.

Donnacona

Coat of arms

Motto(s): 
Mets l'Épaule à la Roue
(Put the shoulder to the wheel)
Location within Portneuf RCM.
Donnacona
Location in central Quebec.
Coordinates: 46°40′29″N 71°43′46″W[1]
Country Canada
Province Quebec
RegionCapitale-Nationale
RCMPortneuf
ConstitutedJanuary 21, 1967
Government
  MayorJean-Claude Léveillée
  Federal ridingPortneuf—Jacques-Cartier
  Prov. ridingPortneuf
Area
  Total37.30 km2 (14.40 sq mi)
  Land20.13 km2 (7.77 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)[4]
  Total7,200
  Density357.6/km2 (926/sq mi)
  Pop 2011-2016
14.6%
  Dwellings
3,111
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
  Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
G3M 1A1
Area code(s)418 and 581
Highways
A-40

Route 138
Websitewww.villede
donnacona.com

History

Some people believe the city was named after Donnacona, a 16th-century St. Lawrence Iroquois chief who was taken to France. The chieftain lived further down-river in Stadacona.

It was actually named after the first paper mill erected at the mouth of the Jacques-Cartier River, The Donnacona Paper Ltd. It was located where the Jacques-Cartier River meets the St. Lawrence River. The local paper mill played a key role in creating and quickly developing the local settlement to the point of making Donnacona the most populous urban town in Portneuf County. Economic difficulties affected the lumber and pulp and paper industry and the local factory was sold a number of times. In 2007, Bowater had a debt of $7 billion and merged with Abitibi-Consolidated. The merger was to sell off Abitibi's assets and close its mills for liquidity to settle Bowater's debt. It closed in January 2008. It had employed 240 people manufacturing of 230,000 tonnes per annum of commercial grade paper. The demolition was scheduled to take 12 to 14 months. For three years, the town unsuccessfully tried to find an entrepreneur to restart the industry. Demolition began in March 2011.[5]

Prior to the chartering of Donnacona as a town in 1915, the area was named Pointe-aux-Écureuils. A New France Seigneurie existed under the name of Les Écureuils as a surrounding rural parish municipality prior to its final merge with Donnacona in 1967.

Demographics

Population trend:[6]

  • Population in 2014: 6960
  • Population in 2011: 6283 (2006 to 2011 population change: 12.9%)
  • Population in 2006: 5564
  • Population in 2001: 5479
  • Population in 1996: 5739
  • Population in 1991: 5659

Private dwellings occupied by usual residents: 2827 (total dwellings: 2924)

Mother tongue:

  • English as first language: 0.5%
  • French as first language: 98.0%
  • English and French as first language: 0%
  • Other as first language: 1.5%

Economy

A Canadian National rail line through Donnacona borders the St. Lawrence.There is no rail station.

The Federal Correctional Service Canada maximum security Donnacona Institution is located along Route 138.

Transportation

Sister city

Its sister city is Jarnac, France.

References

  1. Reference number 18836 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (in French)
  2. Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire - Répertoire des municipalités: Donnacona
  3. Statistics Canada (March 10, 2009). "2011 Community profiles - Donnacona". Retrieved 2009-04-15.
  4. Statistics Canada (March 10, 2009). "2011 Community profiles - Donnacona". Retrieved 2009-04-15.
  5. lapresse.ca: "Donnacona: le démantèlement de l'usine d'AbitibiBowater est déjà commencé", 25 Mar 2011
  6. Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census


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