Dodge WC series

The Dodge WC series was a prolific range of light 4WD and medium 6WD military utility trucks, produced by Dodge / Fargo during World War II.[nb 3] Together with the 14-ton jeeps produced by Willys and Ford, the Dodge 12-tons and 34-tons made up nearly all of the light 4WD trucks supplied to the U.S. military in WWII – with Dodge contributing some 337,500 4WD units[nb 4] – over half as many of these as the jeep.[9][5][nb 5] Contrary to the versatility of the highly standardized jeep, which was mostly achieved through field modification, the Dodge WCseries came in many different, purpose-built, but mechanically uniform variants from the factory, much akin to the later family of High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicles. The WC series evolved out of, and was part of a more extended family of trucks, with great mechanical parts commonality, that included open- and closed-cab cargo trucks and weapons carriers, (radio) command cars, reconnaissance vehicles, ambulances, carryalls, panel vans, and telephone installation and mobile emergency / field workshop trucks.

Dodge WC series
The most produced variants in the range were the 34-ton, 4x4, WC-51 and WC-52 Weapons Carriers
Type12-ton, 34-ton 4x4 truck
112-ton 6x6 truck
Place of originUnited States
Service history
WarsWorld War II
Korean War
Various post 1945 conflicts
Production history
ManufacturerDodge / Fargo
No. builtTotal: ≈377.710 excl. variants
Consisting of:
12-ton 4x2 models
1,542 units
All 4x4 Models
~332,950 units — across:
~77,750 12-ton units (1940–1942) [1][2] [nb 1][nb 2] and
255,195 34-ton units (1942–1945)
112-ton 6x6 Models
43,224 units [4][5]
VariantsVC-1 – VC-6 12-ton, 4x4 (1940): 4,640 units
VF-401 – VF-407 112-ton, 4x4 (1940) – 6,472 units [6][7]
Specifications (WC-51 / WC-52[8])
Mass5,250 lb (2,380 kg) empty
(5,550 lb (2,520 kg) with winch)
Length166 78 in (424 cm)
(176 12 in (448 cm) with winch)
Width82 34 in (210 cm)
Height81 78 in (208 cm)

EngineDodge T-214
92 hp (69 kW)
Payload capacity1,500 pounds (680 kg)
Transmission4 speed x 1 range
SuspensionLive beam axles on leaf springs
Ground clearance10 2332 in (27.2 cm)
Fuel capacity30 US gal (114 l)
240 mi (386.2 km)
Speed55 mph (89 km/h)

From 1940 to 1942, almost 82,400 G-505 12-ton 4x4 Dodge trucks were built — initially called the VC series, but the great majority (from 1941) in the WC series, and in more variants.[12][2] However in 1942, the truck grew into the G-502 34-ton 4x4 Truck (Dodge) and the G-507 112-ton 6x6 personnel and cargo truck (Dodge)retaining the Dodge WC model code. Although the 34-tons featured significant design improvements, they retained some 80% interchangeable components and service parts with the 12-ton models.[12]

Dodge was the U.S. Army's main supplier of 12-ton trucks, and its sole supplier of both 34-ton trucks and 112-ton six-by-six trucks in World War II.[5] With over a quarter million units built through August 1945, the G502 34-tons were the most common variants in the WCseries.[5]
After the war, Dodge developed the 34-ton WCseries into the civilian 4x4 Power Wagons; and in 1951, the WCs were replaced by the very similar 34-ton 4x4 Dodge M-series vehicles .

WC was not an abbreviation of "Weapons Carrier", but a Dodge model code – initially W for 1941, and C for half-ton rating. However, the 'WC' model code was retained for both the 34-ton and 112-ton 6x6 Dodges – as well as for the subsequent model years.[12]
All in all, not counting mechanically related variants, the WC series alone involved 52 model versions (thirty 12ton 4x4, eight 12ton 4x2, twelve 34ton 4x4, and two 112ton 6x6 models).

History and design

Dodge had been the United States military's primary supplier of light wheeled vehicles, since before the U.S. joined the First World War.[13] After starting business in 1900, producing precision engine and chassis components for other car builders in Detroit – Ford and Oldsmobile chief among these – Dodge introduced their first car, the Model 30/35 tourer, in 1914. It was stronger and more high quality than the ubiquitous Ford Model T, and in 1916, Dodge cars proved their durability, both in the 1910s U.S. Mexico Border War — the U.S. military’s first operation to use truck convoys,[14] as well as in World War I, when some 12,800 Dodge cars and light trucks were used,[13] primarily as ambulances and repair trucks.,[15] but also as staff and reconnaissance vehicles. All the while, Dodge maintained its reputation for high quality truck, transmission, and motor parts they made for other successful manufacturers.

Dodge light trucks were initially based largely on their passenger cars, but later specific truck chassis and bodies were designed. Light- and medium-duty models were offered first, then a heavy-duty range was added during the 1930s and 1940s. Dodge developed its first four-wheel drive truck in 1934 — an experimental 112 ton for the U.S. Army, designated K-39-X-4(USA), of which 796 units were built in several configurations.[13][6] Timken supplied driven front axles and transfer-cases, which were added to a militarized commercial truck. The Timken transfer case was the first part-time design,[16] that allowed the driver to engage or disengage four-wheel drive using a lever inside the cabin.[15][17] In spite of the limited 1930s U.S. military budgets, the ’34 truck was liked well-enough that the 112 tonners were further developed. Dodge built the U.S. Army further batches of 4WD 112-ton cargo trucks in 1938, 1939 and 1940.[18] 1,700 RF-40-X-4(USA) trucks were procured in 1938, and 292 TF-40-X-4(USA) in 1939.[13] All of these 112-ton Army 4x4s rode on a 143 in (363 cm) wheelbase, and the 1938 RF-40 and 1939 TF-40 trucks were the first to receive a Dodge engineering code in the 200 range (T-200 and T-201 respectively).[6]

However, Dodge also eagerly pursued military contracts for half-ton four-by-fours at the same time. The smaller size had outperformed the 112-ton 4x4 during testing in 1938,[7] and Dodge had invested greatly in half- to one-ton trucks in prior years. In 1936, Dodge's light, car-based trucks had been crucially redesigned — dropping the old car frames and for the first time using modern, truck-style chassis, with side rails welded to the cross members on their half-ton to one-ton rated trucks.[19] Additionally, Dodge had built the all new, very large Warren Truck Assembly plant in Michigan for its light and medium trucks, opened in 1938. In 1939 again, Dodge presented a completely redesigned line of pickups and trucks. The modern looking, "Job-Rated" trucks aimed to fit every job.[19]

1940 — 12-ton VC and 112-ton VF models

Well before the onset of World War II, it was clear that the USA needed to update its military. The Quartermaster Corps (Q.C.), responsible at the time for providing the military with non-combat vehicles, moved to standardize truck designs, and by 1939, as the war in Europe exploded, the Army had settled on five payload-based general-purpose truck classes: 12-ton, 112-ton, 2 12-, 4- and 7 12-ton.[20] By June 1940 the Q.C. had tested and approved its first three standard commercial based, all-wheel drive trucks: the 112-ton 4x4 Dodge, the GMC 2 12-ton 6x6 and a Mack 6-ton 6x6.[21] With regards to Dodge however, the U.S. military reconsidered its preferences for the build-up for the war almost immediately after this.

Whereas in 1936, a Marmon-Herrington converted Ford had become the Army's first half-ton 4-wheel drive,[22] and the Army had initially standardized Dodge's 112-ton 4x4 truck — following Dodge's push for building 12-tonners, after mid 1940 it was decided they preferred Dodge to build light-duty four-wheel drives, contracting for a series of half-ton trucks,[18] while GM / Chevrolet was instead going to become the standard supplier for 112-ton trucks.[5] So, when in the summer of 1940 the largest government truck contract awarded went to Chrysler's Dodge / Fargo Division, for more than 14,000 (mostly) 4x4 trucks,[23] this was in the midst of the transition, and thus included both orders for 12-ton and 112-ton trucks, as GM / Chevy still needed to tool up for the 112-tonners.

Dodge had started developing designs for a 4x4 half-ton in 1939, and began production in earnest in 1940 — both 4x4 half-tons, as well as 112-ton 4x4 and 4x2 trucks. On all 1940 trucks, front sheetmetal was mostly identical to the commercial VC and VF models of that year, with the addition of a big brush guard mounted in front of the grille and headlights. Except for the addition of 4-wheel drive, and custom bodies on the 12-ton command cars, the trucks followed the 1939 procurement doctrine, to "use commercial trucks with only a few modifications such as brush guards and towing pintles to fit them for military use." [11]

The first of the 12-ton, 4x4, VC series military trucks were based on Dodge's 1939 civilian, one-ton rated model TC-series. The military VC models retained the civilian engine and wheelbase, but gained four-wheel drive, and a new internal technical code: T-202. Manufacturing of the Dodge VC models (SNL number G-505) began in 1940, making these the Army's first standard production half-ton 4WD trucks. The soldiers also called the light command reconnaissance vehicles "jeeps",[24] — before that term migrated to the quarter-tons, starting in 1941.[25][26]
A total of 4,640 VC models were built across six variants – mostly pick-ups and reconnaissance cars. These 1/2-ton VC trucks proved successful, but were immediately further developed and succeeded by the G-505, 1/2-ton WC models in 1941. Although obsolete, the VC trucks remained in use until the end of the war.[27]

In 1940, Dodge also built 6,472 four-wheel drive 112-ton trucks, under two U.S. contracts – one awarded to Dodge, and one to Fargo.[7][28][nb 6] The models VF-401 to VF-407 (or engine/tech type T-203 by Dodge – and G-621 by the Army), were a continuation of their experimental pre-war predecessors, the RF-40(-X) and TF-40(-X) (or T-200 / T-201), still riding on a chassis of the same 143 in (3.63 m) wheelbase. Production consisted of just over 6,000 closed cab, open bed cargo trucks, plus just under 400 dump-trucks.

Like on the 12-ton VC-series, the 1940 VF-400 112-ton models simply used civilian front sheet-metal, based on the 1939 commercial model TE-30 cab, with a brush-guard fitted in front of the grille and headlights — but with a Dodge developed front driving axle, directional, cross-country tires, and a military cargo body.[29] Importantly, one thousand of the VF-400 series cargo trucks were equipped with a power take-off, gear-driven Braden model MU 10,000 lb (4,500 kg) capacity winch — a feature that was carried over on many of the subsequent 12-ton and 112-ton WC series models, directly from 1941. And although the light-duty WC models that followed, did not receive the VF-400's two-speed transfer cases, these did return on the 112-ton WC-62 and WC-63. An ambulance model, VF-407, was also designed, but only three units were built, likely experimental.[1][30]

These proved to be the last of Dodge's 112-ton 4x4 trucks for the war. Although the Army had steadily taken the bulk of its trucks in this category from Dodge / Fargo up til then, further production of 112-ton 4x4 trucks was instead awarded to GM's Chevrolet G506, which became the standard in this segment for the rest of the war.[7]

Aside from four-wheel drive trucks, production started for a militarized commercial 112-ton, rear-wheel drive truck in 1940 — initially Dodge's model VF-31, cargo (engineering code T-98) under the government SNL number G-618. The 4x2 model VF-31 was succeeded by the model WF-31 (internally T-118) for 1941 (closed cab tractor) and 1942 (cab and chassis) – both on a 135 in (3.43 m) wheelbase – and the 1942 model WF-32, closed cab, stake and platform cargo truck, on a 160 in (4.06 m) wheelbase.[31][1] After a modest production of 516 units of the WF-31,[30] at least 9,500 Dodge WF-32 trucks were built, mostly for lend-lease to Russia.[32][33][34]

External video
Dodge trucks in 1940 U.S. war promotion film
"Army on Wheels" – WW II-era U.S. Army exercise stock film on Periscope Archives. Made by the U.S. War Department, together with Dodge, the May 1940 film opens with news of 7,000 new Dodge trucks for use by Uncle Sam (from 02:34) — showing VC and VF models. The four-wheel drive off-road capability, ruggedness, and the diverse uses for the vehicles are expounded, for instance: officers employ portable desks in their command cars to study maps and plot strategies (mark 13:00).

1941–1942 — 12-ton WC series

The 1940 VC-series Dodge 1/2-ton 4x4s were well liked but considered only an interim solution, because they were essentially a modified civilian truck. At the outset of World War II a more military design was laid out.[13] Dodge replaced the 1940 VC-1 to VC-6 with the equally half-ton rated WC series of military light trucks, produced in 38 model variants, of which 30 were four-wheel driven, in varying amounts — thousands of some models were produced, while only a few of some others were made. Where the military VC-series still used much civilian sheet-metal, distinguished by a brush-guard in front of the grille — the WCseries came with wide-open, almost flat fenders that prevented mud build-up, clogging rotation of the wheels — as well as a redesigned, sloping nose with an integrated, round, grated grille / brush-guard. A new ambulance with a fully enclosed, all-steel box rear body was designed, on a longer, 123 inch wheelbase; and PTO-driven winches were now fitted to some models.

The 12ton WC models were the first all-military design Dodge developed in the build-up to full mobilization for World War II,[12] and they were the U.S. Army's first standard light truck – prior to the jeep – when the U.S. formally declared war in December 1941.[13]

Both the Dodge half-ton VC and WC trucks were part of the Army G-505 series. Some 77,750 four-wheel drive 12ton WC numbered trucks were produced during late 1940 to 1942 under War Department contracts.[1][2][nb 2] Additionally, aside from the fully military 4WD models, a small total of 1,542 two-wheel drive units retaining civilian sheet-metal were also supplied to the U.S. military, bearing WC model numbers in this same range. These models carried the SNL-code G-613, and brought the total number of half-ton WCseries up to some 79,300 units, and the grand total of all half-tonners (VC and WC; 4WD and 2WD) to almost 84,000.

1942–1945 — 34-ton and 112-ton WC series

The 34-ton and 112-ton T-214 redesign gave the Dodge WC series a distinctly different look and proportions.

In 1940 the Army revised its range of standard, payload-based, general-purpose truck classes: a 14-ton chassis requirement was added; the 12-ton was to be replaced by a 34-ton, and additional heavy categories were specified.[20] The Quartermaster General wanted to start direct negotiations with Dodge, GM and Mack for certain models immediately, but not until after February 1941 could the Quartermaster Corps choose manufacturers directly, based on their engineering and production capabilities.[20] One deciding factor had to do with availability of certain critical components, like transfer cases and especially constant-velocity joints, not used much on commercial trucks, but all-wheel drive vehicles all needed these; plus additionally, they would use two or three times the amount of driven axles, meaning more gears to cut for all the differentials. Produced up to the war by a few specialized firms with limited capacity, from spring 1942 Ford, Dodge and Chevrolet joined in fabricating these in mass quantity,[23] with Dodge's experience in making quality, precision parts dating back from the earliest beginnings of the company.

While very successful, the 12-ton WC trucks had to be supplanted by 34-ton trucks. In late 1941, Dodge introduced a redesigned WCseries 4×4 trucks uprated to 34-ton and their SNL code changed to G-502. The 34-ton featured a lower profile truck bed that could seat eight troops, plus under seat stowage compartments; while service-parts remained 80 percent interchangeable with the existing 12-ton series.[13] Maintaining 80% service parts interchangeability with the 12-ton models was of great value. The 34-ton models could swiftly be deployed, and the 12-ton, G-505 WCtrucks remained in use to the end of World War II.[12]

Throughout the war, Dodge was the U.S. Army's sole producer of 34-ton trucks, and built a total of 255,193 of these across all variants from April 1942 to August 1945.[5][35][3] Standard vehicles in the 34-ton 4×4 class were the WC-51 / WC-52 Weapons Carrier, WC-56 /-57 /-58 (Radio) Command Reconnaissance, WC-53 Carryall, and the WC-54 Ambulance. In the cargo/troop and command trucks, the WC-52 and WC-57 are identical to the WC-51 and WC-56, but with a longer frame, extending to carry the protruding front bumper with front-mounted winch.[36]

The 34-ton 4x4 WC truck was also stretched into a 112ton 6x6 troops and weapons carrier for larger 12-troop rifle squads (the G-507).

Models table – overview

The table includes data on the relation between government and Dodge identification numbers, chassis payload rating, wheels and drive, and types of body fitted, according to the US Army Ordnance SNL supply list.[31][37] The initial Dodge VC series 12-ton trucks are seen as part of the SNL G-505 range by the military.

External image
Restored VF truck (archived)

In the case of vehicle identifications separated by a slash, the first number refers to a vehicle without winch, and the second to a vehicle fitted with a winch, typically resulting in a 10 in (25 cm) longer front overhang, and significantly reduced approach angle. Not only were the winches driven by a power take-off from the engine,[8] but unlike the later Dodge M-series trucks, on which an extension was bolted to the frame when mounting a winch – on the WCseries the winch equipped versions actually had a different frame.[38][39]

On the 112-ton rated VF-400 series trucks, the PTO-driven winch had a 10,000 pound capacity, but added almost 1000 pounds to the vehicles weight, reducing the payload to 2400 pounds.[40]

Numbers separated by a comma indicate similar models but with different secondary details.

12-ton 4 x 4 — G-505 12-ton 4 x 2 34-ton 4 x 4 — G502 112-ton 4 x 4 112-ton 4 x 2 112-ton 6 x 6
T202T-207T-211T-215G-613 / T112T-214G-621 / T203G-618 / T118G-507 / T223
Pick-up, closed cab, w. troop seatsVC3WC-1WC-12, WC14WC-40WC-38, WC47
Pick-up, closed cab, no rear seatsVC4WC-5VF-401 / 402,
VF-404 / 405
Pick-up, open cab, weapons and troopsVC5WC-3 / WC4WC-13WC-21 / WC22WC-51 / WC52WC-62 / WC63
Carry-allVC6WC-10WC-17WC-26WC-36, WC48WC-53
Dump truckVF-403, VF406
Command / ReconnaissanceVC1WC-6 / WC7WC-15WC-23 / WC24WC-56 / WC57
Radio truckVC2WC-8WC-16WC-25WC-58, (WC54)
Panel VanWC-11WC-19WC-42WC-37, WC49
Emergency Repair (mobile workshop)WC-41WC-60
Portee gun truck [nb 7]WC-55
AmbulanceWC-9WC-18WC-27WC-54, WC-64 (KD)VF-407
Telephone installation / maintenanceWC-43WC-39, WC50WC-59, WC61
closed cab, bare chassisWC-20WC-41WF-31

Engines and drivetrains

All engines were liquid-cooled, straight-six Chrysler flathead gasoline engines, mated to four-speed manual transmissions and a single-range transfer-case offering part-time four-wheel drive.[41][42] Only the T203 and the T223 configurations applied in the 112-ton VF-400 models, and in the G-507 6x6 trucks had a dual-ratio transfer-case.[40][10]

Tech. codeSince [43]Block [44]Bore (mm)Stroke (mm)Displacement [45]CompressionTorquePower (HP)
T112194123 inch3 14 in (83 mm)4 38 in (111 mm)217.7 cu in (3,567 cm3)6.8:1 [46]170 lb⋅ft (230 N⋅m) @ 1200 rpm [47]85 @ 3000 rpm [47]
T118194125 inch3.44 in (87 mm)4 14 in (108 mm)236.6 cu in (3,877 cm3)190 lb⋅ft (258 N⋅m) @ 1500–2200 rpm104 @ 3000 rpm [48]
T202194023 inch3 18 in (79 mm)4 38 in (111 mm)201.3 cu in (3,299 cm3)6.7:1154 lb⋅ft (209 N⋅m) [49]79 @ 3000 rpm [41][27]
T203194025 inch3 38 in (86 mm)4 12 in (114 mm)241.5 cu in (3,957 cm3)6.5:1188 lb⋅ft (255 N⋅m) @ 1200 rpm99 @ 3000 rpm [50]
T207 [nb 8]194123 inch3 14 in (83 mm)4 38 in (111 mm)217.7 cu in (3,567 cm3)6.5:1170 lb⋅ft (230 N⋅m) @ 1200 rpm [52]85 @ 3000 rpm [52][41]
T211194123 inch3 14 in (83 mm)4 38 in (111 mm)217.7 cu in (3,567 cm3)6.5:1170 lb⋅ft (230 N⋅m) @ 1200 rpm [52]85 @ 3000 rpm [52]
T211 from August 1941 [12]23 inch3 14 in (83 mm)4 58 in (117 mm)230.2 cu in (3,772 cm3)6.7:192 [17]
T214194223 inch3 14 in (83 mm)4 58 in (117 mm)230.2 cu in (3,772 cm3)6.7:1180 lb⋅ft (244 N⋅m) @ 1200 rpm [53]92 gross / 76 net @ 3200 rpm [54][13]
T215194123 inch3 14 in (83 mm)4 58 in (117 mm)230.2 cu in (3,772 cm3)6.7:1180 lb⋅ft (244 N⋅m) @ 1200 rpm [55]92 @ 3100 rpm [55][41]
T223194323 inch3 14 in (83 mm)4 58 in (117 mm)230.2 cu in (3,772 cm3)6.75:1180 lb⋅ft (244 N⋅m) @ 1200 rpm [56]92 gross / 76 net @ 3200 rpm [56]

Descriptions — Half-ton VC series

The 1940 Dodge / Fargo VC models formed the first production run in the U.S. military's G-505 range of four-wheel drive, half-ton, light military trucks. Created based on Chrysler's civilian one-ton rated range of light trucks and carry-all,[27] the VC models formed the foundation for the subsequent WC series.

All variants used the same 116 in (295 cm) wheelbase as the commercial trucks, but with the addition of four-wheel drive. Bodywork and sheet metal on the pick-ups and carryall were largely copied from the civilian models — however, for the reconnaissance and radio cars, a dedicated open four seater body was created. Also the same 201.3 cu in (3.3 l) inline six, flathead engine was used, but horsepower was raised from a 70 HP civilian rating in 1939 [57][58] to 79 HP at 3000 rpm in the G-505.[41][27] The transmission had 4 speeds and the transfer case had one.

The VC series came in six variants, numbered VC-1 to VC-6, and internally T-202 by Dodge: [27][1]

  • VC-1: Command Reconnaissance – 2,155 units
  • VC-2: Radio Command Reconnaissance – 34 units
  • VC-3: Closed cab Pickup with bed seating for troops – 816 units
  • VC-4: Closed cab Pickup without bed seats – 4 units
  • VC-5: Open cab Pickup with bed seating for troops – 1,607 units
  • VC-6: Carry-all – 24 units

None of these trucks came with winches yet.

Descriptions — Half-ton WC series

From production start in late 1940,[59][2] until replacement by the 34-ton models in 1942, the G-505 half-ton, 4WD, Dodge WC models evolved from the VC series, through no less than three mechanical engineering versions – T-207, T-211, and T-215 – in no more than a year and a half; while receiving the T-215 specification engine midway production of the T-211 coded versions. Half-ton rated WC series models were numbered, roughly chronologically, in the WC-1 to WC-50 range, but skipping numbers WC-2, WC-28 to WC-35, and WC-44 to WC-46.

Based on Chrysler Corporation Mopar's 1946 annual model chart and serial number guide, the distribution across the versions was: [3]

  • 31,935 units of the WC-1 through WC-11 models, with the T-207 engineering code and a 217.7 cu in (3,567 cm3) engine with 85 HP;
  • 17,293 units of the WC-12 through WC-20 models, with the T-211 engineering code and initially the same engine, however during August 1941 the T211 engine was increased to 230.2 cu in (3,772 cm3) and 92 HP, but the overall T-code number was not changed on affected models (e.g. WC-18) [12] [nb 9]
  • 28,537 units of the WC-21 through WC-27 and WC-40 through WC-43 model, with the T-215 engineering code and a 230.2 cu in (3,772 cm3) engine with 92 HP.

T-207 range units initially received only front axles with Bendix-Weiss constant-velocity joints, whereas T-211 and T-215 models were either given front axles made by Bendix or with Rzeppa design CV joints, made by Ford. Additionally, from the T-211 onwards, the rear brakes were 14-inch instead of 11-inch drums,[61] and on the T-215 a military instead of a civilian design dash panel, with round instead of square gauges was introduced.[12] Among the T-211 range versions, no single WC model number was explicitly used for any winch equipped units.

Aside from the above, another 1,542 rear-wheel drive units (engineering code T-112) were built (WC-36 through WC-39, and WC-47 through WC-50 — mostly carry-alls and pick-ups), that retained civilian bodywork and front axles (one-ton on-road rating).

Common specifications of the 1/2 ton WC trucks were:

  • Drive: four-wheel drive — except for WC-36 to WC-39 and WC-47 to WC-50
  • Wheelbase: 116 in (295 cm) – both on four-wheel and two-wheel drive models
    • except 123 in (312 cm) for ambulances and phone line / emergency repair trucks
  • Track width: 59 38 in (151 cm) front — 61 38 in (156 cm) rear
    • except 55 34 in (142 cm) front track on rear-wheel drive models
  • Tires: 7.50x16
  • Brakes: Hydraulic
  • Engine: 6 cyl, in-line, L-head
  • Transmission: 4 forward/1 reverse, manual
  • Transfer case: Single speed

12-ton Ambulances

WC-9, WC-18, WC-27

Entering production during 1941 to early 1942,[62] they were specifically designed to serve as military ambulances. These early variants are distinguishable from the later ones by having a curved radiator grille, while the later ones (WC-51 onwards) featured a flat grille. These versions were given a longer 123 in (3,100 mm) wheelbase.

  • Length: 195 inches
  • Width: 75-13/16 inches
  • Height: 90 inches
  • Weight: 5340 lbs net
  • Payload: 1300 LB
Command / reconnaissance cars
Lord Mountbatten, Allied Commander South East Asia, stands in a 12-ton WC Command Car near Mandalay, 1945.
Dodge WC-24 w. winch

12-ton Carry-alls

WC-10, WC-17, WC-26, WC-36, WC-48

Carryall trucks with a nominal carrying capacity of 1,000 lb (450 kg). The WC-10, WC-17, WC-26 followed engineering pattern T-207, T-211 and T-215 respectively — whereas the WC-36 and WC-48 were T-112, rear-wheel drive models.

12-ton (Radio) Command Reconnaissance

WC-6, WC-15, WC-23

Command / reconnaissance cars.

WC-7, WC-24

Command / reconnaissance car with winch.

WC-8, WC-16, WC-25

Radio car / Command reconnaissance car with radio, 12 volt.

12-ton Trucks, Closed Cab

WC-1, WC-5, WC-12, WC-14, WC-40

Closed cab, two seater pickups with a nominal carrying capacity of a 1,000 lb (450 kg). Some portion of these models were manufactured with winch,[63] at least of the WC-12, the WC-14 (pictured), and the WC-40, reducing the payload to 700 lb (320 kg) — but no distinct model number was assigned for such units. The WC-12's engine displacement was increased to the T-215's volume of 230.2 cu in (3,772 cm3) mid-series, after engine No. 42001.[63]

Open cab 12-tons, w/wo winch
WC-13 half-ton 4x4 with optional M24 machine gun mount.
Dodge WC-4 open cab with winch.

12-ton Trucks, Open Cab

WC-3, WC-13, WC-21

Weapon carriers, two seater pickups with open cab. The open cab pickups could be fitted with an optional M24 machine gun mount, which bolted across the front of the bed. The mount could carry the M1918 Browning Automatic Rifle, as well as the M1919 Browning machine gun, and the M2 Browning machine gun.

  • Length: 181- 1/16 inches
  • Width: 75-13/16 inches
  • Height: with top 88-1/8 inches
  • Weight: 4440 LB net
  • Payload: 1300 LB

WC-4, WC-22

Open cab weapons carrier, with Braden MU winch, and transverse seats, designed to tow the M3 anti-tank cannon as well as carry the gun crew and ammunition. This type was usually issued to early tank destroyer units. 5570 built.

  • Length: 191- 5/16 inches
  • Width: 75-13/16 inches
  • Height: with top 88-1/8 inches
  • Weight: 4775 LB net
  • Payload: 1000 LB

12-ton (Radio) Panel Vans

WC-11, WC-19, WC-42

Almost 1,400 panel van trucks, and panel van bodied radio communication cars. At first, regular panel van trucks were ordered: 642 units of WC-11,[59][64] and 103 units of WC-19.[60] The subsequent WC-42 panel vans were however furnished and equipped as radio communication cars. The 650 WC-42 radio panel vans almost outnumbered their bare transportation siblings, and they were also the only radio communication cars that Dodge built in a panel van body style in the entire VC and WC series range.

12-ton Telephone Service

WC-39, WC-43, WC-50

These models were built as technical service trucks for the U.S. Army Signal Corps, designed to install and repair hard telephone lines. Together with some earlier 1/2-ton GMC/Chevrolet models, and the later 34-ton WC-59 and WC-61, they were also known by the Signal Corps as the K-50 trucks.

Of the two-wheel drive WC-39 and WC-50, only a single unit of each were built, but the four-wheel drive WC-43 numbered 370 pieces.

12-ton Trucks, Emergency Repair

WC-5, WC-14, WC-20, WC-40, WC-41

Just over one thousand emergency repair chassis and trucks were ordered within the half-ton Dodge G-505, WC series.[59][60][65] The Dodge SNL G-657 Master Parts List doesn't explicitly list most of them as built to serve as emergency repair trucks, but the Summary Report of Acceptances, Tank-Automotive Materiel, 1940–1945, shows that at least 902 emergency repair chassis and trucks were received by the Army, and it involved at least all of the WC-14, WC-20 and WC-40 models, and most of the WC-41s.[66][67]

Dodge delivered at least all thirty WC-20, and most of the WC-41 units, as closed cabs with a bare chassis, on a 123 in (312 cm) wheelbase, fitted with dual rear tires.[66] Mostly furnished with third party utility service rear bodies, as M1 emergency repair trucks, for the purpose to provide mobile facilities for emergency ordnance repair (G-061 / G-505). One other body-type was ordered: one T-211 oil servicing truck in 1941.[60]

U.S. Gvmt. Contract nr.Tech modelUnits orderedVehicle / body type – as ordered [59][60][65]Units builtModel codeVehicle / body type – Dodge description [1]Units acceptedSummary Report of Acceptances model / type [67]
W-398-QM-8286 T-20760Emergency Repair60WC-5Closed cab pickup
W-398-QM-9388 T-211268Emergency Repair268WC-14Closed cab pickup298Emergency Repair, chassis
T-21130Emergency Repair, chassis30WC-20Closed cab – bare chassis
W-398-QM-10327 T-215275Emergency Repair275WC-40Closed cab pickup275Emergency Repair
W-398-QM-10327 T-215267Emergency Repair, chassis267WC-41Closed cab – bare chassis213Emergency Repair, chassis
W-398-QM-11244 T-21539Emergency Repair39WC-41Closed cab39Emergency Repair, chassis
W-398-QM-11592 T-21577Emergency Repair, chassis77WC-41Emergency Repair, cab & chassis77Emergency Repair, chassis

Descriptions — Three-quarter-ton models

In 1942, the Dodge WC range was significantly revised. All four wheeled models were uprated to a nominal three-quarter ton payload rating, and in 1943 a 112-ton six-wheel drive variant was derived (see appropriate section). All models were widened to a 64 34 in (164 cm) front and rear track, while at the same time the bulk of production (pick-up / weapons carrier and radio / command reconnaissance) models were significantly shortened, from a 116 in (295 cm) to a 98 in (249 cm) wheelbase, giving the vehicles much more squat proportions. Ambulances, carry-alls, and telephone installation / emergency repair trucks received a wheelbase reduction of only 2 inches (5 centimetres). Panel vans were dropped from the range and no longer made.

The volume production pick-up / weapons carrier models received a redesigned rear bed, seating troops on top of the rear wheels, instead of between them, further widening these models to 6 ft 11 in / 2.11 meters. A single such unit, though compact, offered practical all-terrain transportation to a full eight man rifle squad and their gear.
The 34-tons retained the same 6-cylinder in-line, L-head engine of 92 hp (73 kW) gross, from the 12-ton WC series.

34-ton Ambulances


The WC-54 Truck, 3/4 ton, 4x4 Ambulance, Dodge (G502), was produced as an ambulance, but a few were modified to serve as radio/telephone trucks with the US Signal Corps. A total of 26,002 WC-54 units were built from 1942 through 1944, after which the ambulance was redesigned, and replaced by the WC-64 in 1945.[68][69]

  • Length: 16 ft 3 in / 4,95 m
  • Height: 7 ft 6 in / 2,30 m
  • Weight: 5,920 lb / 2 685 kg
  • Width: 6 ft 6 in / 1,98 m
  • Payload: 1,800 lb / 816 kg


The WC-64 KD Truck, 3/4 ton, 4x4 Ambulance Dodge (G502) was an ambulance based on the same chassis as the WC-54 but with a knock-down body designed to increase the number of vehicles that could be shipped at the same time. The rear boxes were supplied in two major parts: lower and upper. The lower part of the box was attached to the chassis at the factory, while the upper box was crated for installation in the field.[70] 3,500 Knock-down ambulances were built between the beginning of 1945 and the end of the war,[71] the great majority (2,531 units) went to allies under lend-lease: [72]

  • 1,123 to the free French forces
  • 644 to Great Britain
  • 475 to China
  • 149 to Brazil and 82 to other Latin American republics

34-ton Carry-all

WC-53 Carry-all
Split tailgate shown on rear


A carryall, mechanically it was virtually identical to the WC-54 but was fitted with a body which was the 1939 civilian carryall modified to military specifications. All four rear side windows were opening wind-up and the seating consisted of front folding passenger seat to allow rear access, two person second row leaving space to access to the rear full width three person seat. The spare was carried on a mount on the driver's side and although the door was fully operational it could not be opened (driver had to enter from passenger side). The rear end had split tailgates.[73][74]
WC-53s were also fitted as radio trucks with a bench on the left side with the operator seated sideways. 8,400 WC-53: Truck, 3/4 ton, 4x4 Dodge Carryall (G502) were built. No carryalls came from the factory with a winch, though there was a field modification available.[75]

  • Length: 15 ft 6 in / 4,73 m
  • Width: 6 ft 7 in / 2,00 m
  • Height: 6 ft 9 in / 2,06 m
  • Weight: 5,700 lb / 2 590 kg
  • Payload: 1,750 lb / 800 kg

34-ton (Radio) Command Reconnaissance


The WC-56 Truck, Command Reconnaissance, 3/4 ton, 4x4 w/o Winch Dodge (G502) was a command and reconnaissance vehicle akin to a large Willys Jeep. It did not prove popular as it was heavier and not as maneuverable as the Jeep, and its distinctive profile made it a target. The soft-top included side-curtains, for better weather shielding. 21,156 units were built.[76][69]

  • Length: 13 ft 10 in / 4,22 m
  • Width: 6 ft 7 in / 2,00 m
  • Height: 6 ft 9 in / 2,07 m
  • Weight: 5,335 lb / 2 420 kg
  • Payload: 1,750 lb / 800 kg


The WC-57 Truck, Command Reconnaissance, 3/4 ton, 4x4 w/Winch Dodge (G502) was identical to the WC-56, but fitted with a Braden MU2 7,500 lb / 3,402 kg capacity winch at the front bumper. 6,010 units built.[76][69]

  • Length: 14 ft 8 in / 4,46 m
  • Width: 6 ft 7 in / 2,00 m
  • Height: 6 ft 9 in / 2,07 m
  • Weight: 5,644 lb / 2 560 kg
  • Payload: 1,750 lb / 800 kg


The WC-58 Truck, Radio, 3/4 ton, 4x4 w/o Winch, Dodge (G502) was identical to the WC-56 Command / Reconnaissance Car, but fitted with a Signal Corps Radio set in front of the rear seat, and a 12-volt electrical system.[77][78] Some WC-58 models may have been built, based on the WC-57 with winch, as well.[13][79] A total of 2,344 radio equipped units were built,[78] but it is unclear whether these were included as part of the WC-56 / WC-57 production, or constituted an additional 2,344 WC-58 radio car units.

  • Length: 13 ft 10 in (4.22 m) / 14 ft 7 in (4.46 m) with winch
  • Width: 6 ft 7 in / 2.00 m
  • Height: 6 ft 9 in / 2.07 m
  • Weight: 5,644 lb / 2 560 kg
  • Payload: 1,750 lb / 800 kg

34-ton Trucks, Weapons Carrier

WC-51 and WC-52

Almost three quarters of Dodge's 255,195 total 34-ton G-502 WC series production, were built in the form of the WC-51 and WC-52, "Truck, Cargo, 34ton, 4x4, Weapons Carrier", with or without winch. 123,541 were built without winch as the WC-51, and 59,114 with a front winch as the WC-52 — for a total of 182.655 units — or just over 188,000 including the 5,380 WC-55s M6 GMC's that were later downgraded and used as WC-52s.

The open cab pickup could be fitted with an optional M24A1 machine gun mount, which bolted across the front of the bed. The mount could carry the M1918 Browning Automatic Rifle, the M1919 Browning machine gun, or the M2 Browning machine gun. The WC-52 was identical to the WC-51, but fitted with a power take-off driven Braden MU2 7,500 lb / 3,402 kg capacity winch at the front bumper. As before, the winch equipped models actually had different, longer frames than those without, so a winch wasn't easily added in the field. .

  • Length: 13 ft 11 in / 4.24 m — 14 ft 9 in / 4,48 m with winch
  • Width: 6 ft 11 in / 2.11 meters
  • Height (with canvas cover): 6 ft 10 in / 2.08 m
  • Height (with top down): 5 ft 2 in / 1.57 m
  • Weight: 5,250 lb / 2 382 kg net — 5,550 lb / 2 518 kg net with winch
  • Payload: 1,750 lb / 800 kg
  • Tires 9.00 x 16 in., 8ply

A substantial amount, and almost a quarter of all 34-ton weapons carriers (44,229 - with or w/o winch), were provided to World War II allies, under Lend-Lease: [72]

  • 24,902 to the Soviet Union
  • 10,884 to Great Britain
  • 3,711 to China
  • 3,495 to the free French forces
  • 954 to Brazil and 204 to other Latin American republics

34-ton Truck, Gun Motor Carriage


The M6 37 mm Gun Motor Carriage (3/4-ton, 4x4) (or GMC), also known as M6 Fargo, and by Dodge as the WC-55 Truck, was a modified G-502 Dodge WC-52, designed and built to carry an M3A1 37mm antitank gun and shield, mounted on its cargo bed. The WC-55 with gun combination was designated M6 Fargo Gun Motor Carriage with 37mm Anti-tank Gun, with supply catalog Standard Nomenclature List number (G-121). A total of 5,380 were built by Fargo in 1942,[80] but most were later dismantled / downgraded and returned to service as WC-52 cargo trucks.

  • Length: 14 ft 8½ in / 4,48 m
  • Height: 8 ft 2 in / 2,49 m to top of gun shield
  • Weight: 5,600 lb / 2 540 kg
  • Width: 7 ft 2 in / 2,18 m
  • Payload: 80 rounds 37mm

34-ton Telephone Service


The WC-59 Truck, Telephone Maintenance, 3/4 ton, 4x4 Dodge (G502) was designed to install and repair telephone lines. Based on the same chassis as the WC-54, but with a wheelbase increased by 50 cm. The spare wheel was carried behind the seats, with a step ladder fitted to where the spare wheel would have been. 549 were built. The bed was known by the Signal Corps as the K-50 truck, and was fitted to both Dodge and Chevrolet chassis.

  • Length: 16 ft 0 in / 4,88 m
  • Height: 6 ft 9 in / 2,06 m
  • Weight: 5,357 lb / 2 430 kg
  • Width: 6 ft 6 in / 1,98 m
  • Payload: 1,750 lb / 800 kg


The WC-61 Light Maintenance Truck, 3/4 ton, 4x4 Dodge (G502) was designed to install and repair telephone lines. Replacement for the WC-59, the WC-61 had the step ladder fitted to the roof, the spare wheel was fitted behind the seats, and the tool trunks were accessible from the outside. 58 built. The US Signal Corps referred to these as the K-50B truck.

  • Length: 15 ft 6 in / 4,73 m
  • Height (without ladder): 7 ft 5 in / 2,26 m
  • Weight: 5,952 lb / 2 700 kg
  • Width: 6 ft 10 in / 2,08 m
  • Payload: 1,750 lb / 800 kg

34-ton Truck, Emergency Repair


The WC-60 chassis, fitted with a bed similar to the WC-61 by American Coach and Body Co. (Cleveland, Ohio), formed the "M2 Emergency Repair truck, 3/4 ton, 4x4 Dodge" (G-61 / G-502), a mobile workshop designed for field maintenance. Its open-topped service-type bed featured numerous tool trunks and stowage bins, accessible from the outside. 296 built.

  • Length: 15 ft 6 in / 4.73 m
  • Height: 7 ft 5 in / 2.26 m
  • Weight: 5,952 lb / 2 700 kg
  • Width: 6 ft 10 in / 2.08 m
  • Payload: 1,750 lb / 800 kg

Descriptions — One-and-a-half-ton models

G-507, 112-ton, 6x6 trucks
WC-62without winch
WC-63with winch
WC-62 / WC-63 cabin interior


The G507 Cargo and Personnel Carrier, 112-ton, 6x6 Truck, Dodge (WC-62 w/o Winch) was based on a lengthened WC-51 Weapons Carrier with an extra axle added. When the army enlarged rifle squads from eight to twelve men, the 34-ton no longer sufficed, and a 48-inch longer 6x6 variant was created that used most of the mechanical parts and some of the sheet metal of the G-502. The G507 trucks could be driven by all six wheels (6x6) or by the four rear wheels only (6x4).[81] A number of components were strengthened in this design, and many of these changes were also incorporated in subsequent 34-ton production. Production amounted to 43,224 units total,[5] — 23,092 WC-62 units without winch, and 20,132 WC-63 variants with winch.[69][4] One prototype was produced as an armored car.[82]

A total of 6,344 WC-62 and WC-63 cargo trucks were provided to World War II Allies — 4,074 to the free French forces, 2,123 to Great Britain, and 137 units to Brazil.[72]

  • Length: 17 ft 11 in / 5.47 m
  • Width: 6 ft 11 in / 2.11 m
  • Height (with canvas cover): 7 ft 3 in / 2.21 m
  • Height (with top down): 5 ft 2 in / 1.57 m
  • Weight: 6,925 lb / 3 141 kg
  • Payload: 3,300 lb / 1500 kg


The WC-63 Truck, Cargo and Personnel Carrier, 112 ton, 6x6 with Winch, Dodge (G507) Weapons Carrier was based on a lengthened WC-52 with an extra axle added. Identical to the WC-62 but fitted with a PTO powered Braden MU2 winch, initially of 5,000 pound, later 7,500 pound capacity.

  • Length: 18 ft 9 in / 5,72 m
  • Width: 6 ft 11 in / 2,10 m
  • Height (with canvas cover): 7 ft 3 in / 2,21 m
  • Height (with top down): 5 ft 2 in / 1,57 m
  • Weight: 7,175 lb / 3 250 kg
  • Payload: 3,300 lb / 1500 kg

Comprehensive models table

This comprehensive, sortable table has been compiled to further elaborate and clarify the extensive range of models in the larger Dodge WC series family, the different codes that were applied, and some of each model's base characteristics, based on dodge's SNL G-657 Master Parts List, U.S. Army technical model manuals, such as the TM9-2800 (editions of 1943 and 1947) and others, the U.S. Summary Report of Tank Automotive Acceptances (!945/1946), and various additional sources.

Different colors have been used to code groupings for maximum convenience, based on nominal payload rating, model family, and wheels and drive.
Lend-lease models (mainly for Russia), and Canadian-built models are presented in red, at the bottom.

Payload ratingDodge modelUS Army SNL-nr.Dodge
Wheels & driveU.S. Mil
body code [83]
Model and body descriptionWinchYearsNumber builtWheel baseLengthWidthHeightPayload
12-ton VC-1 G-505T-2024 x 4 USM-BT-15 Command reconnaissance19402,155116 in (2.95 m)188 in (4.78 m)74 in (1.88 m)83 38 in (2.12 m)945 lb (429 kg)
12-ton VC-2 G-505T-2024 x 4 USM-BT-15 Radio command reconnaissance194034116 in (2.95 m)188 in (4.78 m)74 in (1.88 m)83 38 in (2.12 m)
12-ton VC-3 G-505T-2024 x 4 USM-BT-5 Pick-up, closed cab, with troop seats1940816116 in (2.95 m)188 in (4.78 m)74 in (1.88 m)88 in (2.24 m)
12-ton VC-4 G-505T-2024 x 4 USM-BT-5 Pick-up, closed cab, no bed seats19404116 in (2.95 m)188 in (4.78 m)74 in (1.88 m)88 in (2.24 m)
12-ton VC-5 G-505T-2024 x 4 USM-BT-9 Pick-up, open cab / Weapon Carrier; transverse seats19401,607116 in (2.95 m)188 in (4.78 m)74 in (1.88 m)88 in (2.24 m)
12-ton VC-6 G-505T-2024 x 4 USM-BT-7 Carry-all194024116 in (2.95 m)74 in (1.88 m)84 18 in (2.14 m)
12-ton WC-1 G-505T-2074 x 4 USM-BT-6 Pick-up, closed cab; longitudinal seats19412,573116 in (2.95 m)181 116 in (4.60 m)75 1316 in (1.93 m)88.2 in (2.24 m)1000 lb / 1300 lb [nb 10]
12-ton WC-3 G-505T-2074 x 4 USM-BT-10 Pick-up, open cab / Weapon Carrier; transverse seats19417,808116 in (2.95 m)181 116 in (4.60 m)75 1316 in (1.93 m)88 18 in (2.24 m)1,000 lb (450 kg)
12-ton WC-4 G-505T-2074 x 4 USM-BT-10 Pick-up, open cab / Weapon Carrier; transverse seatsw / winch19415,570116 in (2.95 m)191 516 in (4.86 m)75 1316 in (1.93 m)88 18 in (2.24 m)1,000 lb (450 kg)
12-ton WC-5 G-505T-2074 x 4 USM-BT-6 Pick-up, closed cab; no bed seating194160116 in (2.95 m)181 116 in (4.60 m)75 1316 in (1.93 m)88.2 in (2.24 m)1000 lb / 1300 lb [nb 10]
12-ton WC-6 G-505T-2074 x 4 USM-BT-17 Command reconnaissance19419,365116 in (2.95 m)178 1116 in (4.54 m)75 1316 in (1.93 m)83 38 in (2.12 m)1,000 lb (450 kg)
12-ton WC-7 G-505T-2074 x 4 USM-BT-17 Command reconnaissancew / winch19411,438116 in (2.95 m)189 316 in (4.81 m)75 1316 in (1.93 m)83 38 in (2.12 m)700 lb (320 kg)
12-ton WC-8 G-505T-2074 x 4 USM-BT-17 Radio command reconnaissance1941548116 in (2.95 m)178 1116 in (4.54 m)75 1316 in (1.93 m)83 38 in (2.12 m)1,000 lb (450 kg)
12-ton WC-9 G-505T-2074 x 4 USM-BT-19 Ambulance19412,288123 in (3.12 m)195 in (4.95 m)76 in (1.93 m)90 in (2.29 m)1,000 lb (450 kg)
12-ton WC-10 G-505T-2074 x 4 USM-BT-7 Carry-all19411,643116 in (2.95 m)183 78 in (4.67 m)75 1316 in (1.93 m)84 18 in (2.14 m)1,000 lb (450 kg)
12-ton WC-11 G-505T-2074 x 4 USM-BT-13 Panel van1941642116 in (2.95 m)183 78 in (4.67 m)75 1316 in (1.93 m)84 18 in (2.14 m)1,000 lb (450 kg)
12-ton WC-12 G-505T-2114 x 4 USM-BT-6 Pick-up, closed cab19416,047116 in (2.95 m)181 116 in (4.60 m)75 1316 in (1.93 m)88.2 in (2.24 m)1000 lb / 1300 lb [nb 10]
12-ton WC-13 G-505T-2114 x 4 USM-BT-10 Pick-up, open cab / Weapon Carrier19414,019116 in (2.95 m)181 116 in (4.60 m)75 1316 in (1.93 m)88 18 in (2.24 m)1000 lb / 1300 lb [nb 10]
12-ton WC-14 G-505T-2114 x 4 USM-BT-6 Pick-up, closed cab / Emergency Repair [nb 11]1941268116 in (2.95 m)181 116 in (4.60 m)75 1316 in (1.93 m)88.2 in (2.24 m)1000 lb / 1300 lb [nb 10]
12-ton WC-15 G-505T-2114 x 4 USM-BT-17 Command reconnaissance19413,980116 in (2.95 m)178 1116 in (4.54 m)75 1316 in (1.93 m)83 38 in (2.12 m)1,000 lb (450 kg)
12-ton WC-16 G-505T-2114 x 4 USM-BT-17 Radio command reconnaissance19411,284116 in (2.95 m)178 1116 in (4.54 m)75 1316 in (1.93 m)83 38 in (2.12 m)1,000 lb (450 kg)
12-ton WC-17 G-505T-2114 x 4 USM-BT-7 Carry-all1941274116 in (2.95 m)183 78 in (4.67 m)75 1316 in (1.93 m)84 18 in (2.14 m)1,000 lb (450 kg)
12-ton WC-18 G-505T-2114 x 4 USM-BT-19 Ambulance19411,555123 in (3.12 m)195 in (4.95 m)76 in (1.93 m)90 in (2.29 m)1,000 lb (450 kg)
12-ton WC-19 G-505T-2114 x 4 USM-BT-13 Panel van1941103116 in (2.95 m)183 78 in (4.67 m)75 1316 in (1.93 m)84 18 in (2.14 m)1,000 lb (450 kg)
12-ton WC-20 G-061T-2114 x 4 USM-BT-1 Emergency repair, M1, Closed cab chassis194130123 in (3.12 m)187 38 in (4.76 m)91 12 in (2.32 m)81 116 in (2.06 m)1420 lb / 2170 lb [nb 10]
12-ton WC-21 G-505T-2154 x 4 USM-BT-10 Pick-up, open cab / Weapon Carrier; transverse seats1941–194214,287116 in (2.95 m)181 116 in (4.60 m)75 1316 in (1.93 m)88 18 in (2.24 m)1000 lb / 1300 lb [nb 10]
12-ton WC-22 G-505T-2154 x 4 USM-BT-10 Pick-up, open cab / Weapon Carrierw / winch19411,900116 in (2.95 m)191 516 in (4.86 m)75 1316 in (1.93 m)88 18 in (2.24 m)1000 lb / 1300 lb [nb 10]
12-ton WC-23 G-505T-2154 x 4 USM-BT-17 Command reconnaissance1941–19422,637116 in (2.95 m)178 1116 in (4.54 m)75 1316 in (1.93 m)83 38 in (2.12 m)1000 lb / 1300 lb [nb 10]
12-ton WC-24 G-505T-2154 x 4 USM-BT-17 Command reconnaissancew / winch1941–19421,412116 in (2.95 m)189 316 in (4.81 m)75 1316 in (1.93 m)83 38 in (2.12 m)700 lb / 1300 lb [nb 10]
12-ton WC-25 G-505T-2154 x 4 USM-BT-17 Radio command reconnaissance1941–19421,630116 in (2.95 m)178 1116 in (4.54 m)75 1316 in (1.93 m)83 38 in (2.12 m)1000 lb / 1300 lb [nb 10]
12-ton WC-26 G-505T-2154 x 4 USM-BT-7 Carry-all1941–19422,900116 in (2.95 m)183 78 in (4.67 m)75 1316 in (1.93 m)84 18 in (2.14 m)1000 lb / 1300 lb [nb 10]
12-ton WC-27 G-505T-2154 x 4 USM-BT-19 Ambulance1941–19422,579123 in (3.12 m)195 in (4.95 m)76 in (1.93 m)90 in (2.29 m)1,300 lb (590 kg)
12-ton WC-36 G-613T-1124 x 2 USM-BT-7 Carry-all1941400116 in (2.95 m)191 38 in (4.86 m)74.5[46] in (1.89 m)80[46] in (2.03 m)1,000 lb (450 kg)
12-ton WC-37 G-613T-1124 x 2 USM-BT-14* Panel van — VC model civilian body19416116 in (2.95 m)183 78 in (4.67 m)75 1316 in (1.93 m)84 18 in (2.14 m)1,000 lb (450 kg)
12-ton WC-38 G-613T-1124 x 2 USM-BT-5* Pick-up, closed cab — VC model civilian body1941362116 in (2.95 m)185 516 in (4.71 m)74.5 in (1.89 m)74 716 in (1.89 m)1,000 lb (450 kg)
12-ton WC-39 G-613T-1124 x 2 USM-BT-12 Telephone installation, K-5019411116 in (2.95 m)
12-ton WC-40 G-505T-2154 x 4 USM-BT-6 Pick-up, closed cab / Emergency Repair [nb 11]1941275116 in (2.95 m)181 116 in (4.60 m)75 1316 in (1.93 m)88.2 in (2.24 m)1000 lb / 1300 lb [nb 10]
12-ton WC-41AG-505T-2154 x 4 USM-BT-6 Pick-up, closed cab / Emergency Repair [nb 11]194139116 in (2.95 m)181 116 in (4.60 m)75 1316 in (1.93 m)88.2 in (2.24 m)1000 lb / 1300 lb [nb 10]
12-ton WC-41BG-061T-2154 x 4 USM-BT-1 Emergency repair, M1, Closed cab chassis1941–1942306123 in (3.12 m)187 38 in (4.76 m)91 12 in (2.32 m)81 116 in (2.06 m)1420 lb / 2170 lb [nb 10]
12-ton WC-42 G-505T-2154 x 4 USM-BT-13 Radio – Panel van1942650116 in (2.95 m)183 78 in (4.67 m)75 1316 in (1.93 m)84 18 in (2.14 m)1000 lb / 1300 lb [nb 10]
12-ton WC-43 G-505T-2154 x 4 USM-BT-12 Telephone installation, K-501942370116 in (2.95 m)
12-ton WC-47 G-613T-1124 x 2 USM-BT-5* Pick-up, closed cab — VC model civilian body1942390116 in (2.95 m)185 516 in (4.71 m)74.5 in (1.89 m)74 716 in (1.89 m)1,000 lb (450 kg)
12-ton WC-48 G-613T-1124 x 2 USM-BT-7 Carry-all1942374116 in (2.95 m)191 38 in (4.86 m)74.5[46] in (1.89 m)80[46] in (2.03 m)1,000 lb (450 kg)
12-ton WC-49 G-613T-1124 x 2 USM-BT-14* Panel van — VC model civilian body19428116 in (2.95 m)183 78 in (4.67 m)75 1316 in (1.93 m)84 18 in (2.14 m)1,000 lb (450 kg)
12-ton WC-50 G-613T-1124 x 2 USM-BT-12 Telephone installation, K-5019421116 in (2.95 m)
34-ton WC-51 G-502T-2144 x 4 USM-BT-11 Pick-up, open cab / Weapon Carrier1942–1945123,54198 in (2.49 m)166 78 in (4.24 m)82 34 in (2.10 m)81 78 in (2.08 m)1,500 lb (680 kg)
34-ton WC-52 G-502T-2144 x 4 USM-BT-11 Pick-up, open cab / Weapon Carrierw / winch1942–194559,11498 in (2.49 m)176.5 in (4.48 m)82 34 in (2.10 m)81 78 in (2.08 m)1,500 lb (680 kg)
34-ton WC-53 G-502T-2144 x 4 USM-BT-8 Carry-all1942–19438,400114 in (2.90 m)185 58 in (4.71 m)78 58 in (2.00 m)80 14 in (2.04 m)1,800 lb (820 kg)
34-ton WC-54 G-502T-2144 x 4 USM-BT-20 Ambulance1942–194426,002121 in (3.07 m)194.5 in (4.94 m)77 34 in (1.97 m)90 38 in (2.30 m)1,800 lb (820 kg)
34-ton WC-55 G-121T-2144 x 4 USM-BT-11 Pick-up, open cab "M6 Gun Motor Carriage"w / winch19425,38098 in (2.49 m)178 in (4.52 m)88 in (2.24 m)82 in (2.08 m)1,200 lb (540 kg)
34-ton WC-56 G-502T-2144 x 4 USM-BT-16 Command reconnaissance1942–194421,15698 in (2.49 m)165 34 in (4.21 m)78 58 in (2.00 m)81.5 in (2.07 m)1500 lb / 1800 lb [nb 10]
34-ton WC-57 G-502T-2144 x 4 USM-BT-16 Command reconnaissancew / winch1942–19446,01098 in (2.49 m)175 58 in (4.46 m)78 58 in (2.00 m)81.5 in (2.07 m)1500 lb / 1800 lb [nb 10]
34-ton WC-58 G-502T-2144 x 4 USM-BT-16 Radio command reconnaissanceunclear19422,344 [nb 12]98 in (2.49 m)165 34 in (4.21 m)78 58 in (2.00 m)81.5 in (2.07 m)1500 lb / 1800 lb [nb 10]
34-ton WC-59 G-502T-2144 x 4 USM-BT-21 Telephone installation, K-501942–1943549121 in (3.07 m)191.5 in (4.86 m)77.5 in (1.97 m)80 58 in (2.05 m)500 lb / 1210 lb [nb 10]
34-ton WC-60 G-061T-2144 x 4 USM-BT-22 Emergency repair, M2, Closed cab chassis1943300121 in (3.07 m)186 in (4.72 m)81.5 in (2.07 m)88.5 in (2.25 m)2,170 lb (980 kg)
34-ton WC-61 G-502T-2144 x 4Phone / Maintenance, K-50B194358121 in (3.07 m)191 1332 in (4.86 m)77 34 in (1.97 m)80 1116 in (2.05 m)1,300 lb (590 kg)
34-ton WC-64 G-502T-2144 x 4Ambulance, Knock-down19453,500121 in (3.07 m)191.5 in (4.86 m)82 34 in (2.10 m)90 34 in (2.31 m)1,500 lb (680 kg)
112-ton VF-401 G-621T-2034 x 4USM-BT-3Pick-up / cargo, closed cab19403,122143 in (3.63 m)223 38 in (5.67 m)86 in (2.18 m)111 78 in (2.84 m)3,000 lb (1,400 kg)
112-ton VF-402 G-621T-2034 x 4USM-BT-3Pick-up / cargo, closed cabw / winch1940491143 in (3.63 m)233 112 in (5.92 m)86 in (2.18 m)111 78 in (2.84 m)2,400 lb (1,100 kg)
112-ton VF-403 G-621T-2034 x 4USM-BT-4Dump truck, closed cab1940323143 in (3.63 m)225 332 in (5.72 m)85 in (2.16 m)113.5 in (2.88 m)3,000 lb (1,400 kg)
112-ton VF-404 G-621T-2034 x 4USM-BT-3Pick-up / cargo, closed cab19401,956143 in (3.63 m)223 38 in (5.67 m)86 in (2.18 m)111 78 in (2.84 m)3,000 lb (1,400 kg)
112-ton VF-405 G-621T-2034 x 4USM-BT-3Pick-up / cargo, closed cabw / winch1940509143 in (3.63 m)233 112 in (5.92 m)86 in (2.18 m)111 78 in (2.84 m)2,400 lb (1,100 kg)
112-ton VF-406 G-621T-2034 x 4USM-BT-4Dump truck, closed cab194067143 in (3.63 m)225 332 in (5.72 m)85 in (2.16 m)113.5 in (2.88 m)3,000 lb (1,400 kg)
112-ton VF-407 G-621T-2034 x 4USM-BT-18Ambulance19403143 in (3.63 m)
112-ton WC-62 G-507T-2236 x 6USM-BT-25/26(Personnel and) Cargo Carrier194323,092125 in (3.18 m) [nb 13]214 78 in (5.46 m)82 34 in (2.10 m)89¾ in /
84¾ in [nb 14]
3,300 lb (1,500 kg)
112-ton WC-63 G-507T-2236 x 6USM-BT-23/24(Personnel and) Cargo Carrierw / winch194320,132125 in (3.18 m) [nb 13]224 34 in (5.71 m)82 34 in (2.10 m)89¾ in /
84¾ in [nb 14]
3,300 lb (1,500 kg)
112-ton T-203B T-203-B4 x 4Lend-leaseCargo truck / Lend-Lease to Russia19401,500160 in (4.06 m)
112-ton WF-32 G-618T-1184 x 2Lend-leaseClosed cab, stake and platform1942–19449,600160 in (4.06 m)253.5 in (6.44 m)88 in (2.24 m)82 1116 in (2.10 m)3,170 lb (1,440 kg)
12-ton D8A T-2124 x 4Canadian productionPick-up, open cab / Weapon Carrier3,001 [86]116 in (2.95 m)
34-ton D3/4 APT T-2364 x 4Canadian productionPick-up, open cab / Weapon Carrier; Air-Portable194511,750 [86]98 in (2.49 m)182 in (4.62 m)77 18 in (1.96 m)62 in (1.57 m)1,750 lb (790 kg)

Former operators

 Philippine Commonwealth
Philippine Republic
 United Kingdom
 United States
 Soviet Union
  • The Swiss Army bought several hundred after World War II, mainly 3/4-tons, a few 1/2-tons, and just ten 112-tons. WC-54 ambulances served until 1960.[89]

See also


  1. Chrysler Corporation Mopar's 1946 annual model chart and serial number guide indicates a maximum of 77,765 serial numbers: [3]
    — 31,935 units of the WC-1 through WC-11,
    — 17,293 units of the WC-12 through WC-20, and
    — 28,537 units of the WC-21 through WC-27 and WC-40 through WC-43
  2. The Summary Report – Tank-Automotive Materiel lists a total of 82,454 12-ton 4x4 trucks (page 58), including 65 Marmon-Herrington Fords (p. 57) and 12 'Amphibian Car Corp.' units (p. 55), and the generally accepted number of 4640 VC-series units (1940), leaving 77,737 half-ton WCseries 4x4 units
  3. Although within the Chrysler Corporation, the Fargo Division handled government contracts,[9] the trucks were all built at Dodge’s Mound Road, Warren truck plant near Detroit, Michigan.[5][10]
  4. Including the 4,640 G-505 VC trucks of 1940
  5. The Army at that time grouped motor transport vehicles into four weight classes — 34-ton or one-ton and under were "light", 112-tons were "medium", and above that were two groups of "heavies".[5][11]
  6. Chrysler Corp. Mopar's 1946 annual model chart and serial number guide indicates 6,472 serial numbers across the VF-400 models,[6] exactly matching Dodge's contract W-398-QM-7471 for 3,936 units, and Fargo's contract W-398-QM-7813 for 2,534 units, plus one pilot truck each.[7] The 1946 Summary Report of Acceptances – Tank-Automotive Materiel lists another 292 cargo trucks in addition to these same numbers, but under earlier contracts, matching the 292 TF-40(-X) / T-201 pre-standard units from 1939.[28]
  7. truck with bed-mounted gun, typically unarmored, except for possibly a gun shield
  8. Recommended fuel octane was just 60–65.[51]
  9. U.S. government contracts explicitly referred to these units as T-211 models with a T-215 engine.[60]
  10. Ratings given in Technical Manual TM9-2800 editions of 1943 and 1947, respectively.[84] [85]
  11. According to both contract and acceptance count in Summary Report
  12. Unclear whether 2344 were built in addition to the WC-56/57 units, or whether this number of these were equipped as radio units !
  13. 104 in (2.64 m) + 42 in (1.07 m)
  14. TM9-810: max. height: tarpaulin up, with / without ringmount; Lowest operable reducible to 62 in (1.57 m)


Some parts of this article are translated from French and Portuguese Wikipedia, tables are adapted and corrected from Italian Wikipedia.

  1. SNL G-657 Master Parts List (1943), p. XX–XXII.
  2. Summary Report – Tank-Automotive Materiel (1945), pp. 55–58.
  3. Serial Number Guide – Dodge Trucks Built for the U.S. Government (1946), Page 26.
  4. Summary Report – Tank-Automotive Materiel (1945), p. 66.
  5. Hyde, Charles K. (2013). Arsenal of Democracy: The American Automobile Industry in World War II. Wayne State University Press. pp. 152–153. ISBN 9780814339527.
  6. "Serial Number Guide – Dodge Trucks Built for the U.S. Government". Archived from the original on 18 July 2016. Retrieved 15 February 2018. scanned images of parts books pages showing serial numbers, engine numbers, and other information from factory MoPar parts books covering Dodge and Fargo trucks manufactured from 1939–1977
  7. Doyle, David (2019). Chevrolet G-506 – 112-ton 4x4 Development, Production and Variants in WW2. Branchville, NJ: Portrayal Press. p. 8. ISBN 9780938242062. Archived from the original on 8 April 2019.
  8. "TM 9 808 Dodge 34 ton 4x4". US Dept. of the Army. 31 January 1944. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
  9. Summary Report – Tank-Automotive Materiel (1945), pp. 19, 58, 64.
  10. "Doyle, 2011: Standard Catalog of U.S. Military Vehicles – 2nd Edition, pg. 100". Archived from the original on 20 June 2018. Retrieved 26 April 2018.
  11. Thomson, Harry C.; Mayo, Lida (2003). The Ordnance Department: procurement and supply. Washington, D.C.: Center of Military History, U.S. Army (Originally published: 1960, Washington, D.C., Office of the Chief of Military History, Dept. of the Army). p. 269/270.
  12. "Truck, 1/2 ton, 4x4, Dodge WC (G505)". Retrieved 13 February 2018.
  13. Allen, Jim (7 December 2016). "1943 Dodge WC-51 Weapons Carrier, Power & Glory: Backward Glances". Extreme Ventures, LLC. Retrieved 24 February 2018.
  14. Jowett, Philip; de Quesada, Alejandro. The Mexican Revolution 1910–20. Osprey. p. 25. ISBN 978-1-84176-989-9.
  15. DeLorenzo, Matt (15 February 2014). Dodge 100 Years. MotorBooks International. p. 55. ISBN 9781627880848.
  16. Allen, Jim (2009). Four-Wheeler's Bible. MotorBooks International. p. 21. ISBN 9781616730888.
  17. 1946-1948 Dodge Power Wagon – HowStuffWorks
  18. Bunn, Don (26 September 2012). "1940–1980: Power Wagon Pickups". One Classics. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  19. "History of the Dodge Pickup Trucks, 1921–1953". Allpar. Retrieved 15 February 2018.
  20. Hyde (2013), page 147–148.
  21. Thomson & Mayo (2003), page 271.
  22. Will The Real Jeep Please Stand Up –
  23. Thomson & Mayo (2003), page 274.
  24. "Pages of Interest to 4x4ers: 4x4 History – Where It All Began". Archived from the original on 11 February 2014. Retrieved 6 June 2013.
  25. Zaloga, Steven J. (2011). Jeeps 1941–45. Bloomsbury Publishing. ISBN 9781780961477. Retrieved 27 January 2018.
  26. Morr, Tom; Brubaker, Ken (2007). Jeep Off-Road. MotorBooks International. p. 11. ISBN 9781610590563. Retrieved 27 January 2018.
  27. Truck, 1/2 ton, 4x4, Dodge VC (G505) – Olive Drab
  28. Summary Report – Tank-Automotive Materiel (1945), pp. 66–69.
  29. 1940 Dodge VF-401 Cargo Trucks (archived)
  30. Dodge Trucks – US auto industry in WW II
  31. Ordnance Publications For Supply Index (OPSI). Washington: War Department, Ordnance Office. 1 July 1943. pp. 104–108, 123–125.
  32. Dodge WF32.html
  33. Lend Lease trucks in Russia (archived)
  34. Dodge WF-32 – Engines of the Red Army in WW2
  35. David D. Jackson (2010). Chrysler's contribution to the war effort during WWII (Museum wall plaque). Auburn Hills, Michigan: Walter P. Chrysler Museum. Retrieved 16 May 2018.
  36. "Dodge Military Trucks". Retrieved 6 June 2013.
  37. T. Richards and R.M. Clarke, op. cit. pg 24–26
  38. SNL G-657 Master Parts List (1943), p. 296.
  39. Doyle, 2011: Standard Catalog of U.S. Military Vehicles – 2nd Edition, pg. 56
  40. Article page on the 1½-ton 4x4 VF400 series
  41. David Doyle: Standard Catalog of U.S. Military Vehicles – 2nd Edition, pg. 44
  42. TM 9-808 – 3⁄4-Ton 4x4 Truck (Dodge), Technical Manual (1944), p. 12.
  43. SNL G-657 Master Parts List, Dodge Trucks, US Army, 1944, Front cover (archived)
  44. T Flathead Six Engines –
  45. TM 9-2800 'Standard Military Motor Vehicles' (1943).
  46. TM 9-2800-1/TO 19-75A-89 – MILITARY VEHICLES (PDF). Technical Manual. Washington: Departments of the Army and the Air Force. 13 February 1953. p. 157.
  47. TM9-2800 manual (1947), p. 224, 231.
  48. TM9-2800 manual (1947), p. 243.
  49. 1940 Dodge VC-3 Express poster and specs – Gary Grant Robertson (archived)
  50. TM9-2800 manual (1947), page 248, 254.
  51. Dodge WC-6 (T-207) dashboard data plate (archived)
  52. TM9-2800 manual (1947), p. 230, 232.
  53. TM9-2800 manual (1947), p. 234–239.
  54. TM9-808 ¾-ton 4x4 Dodge Truck Manual, 1944, page 13
  55. TM9-2800 manual (1947), p. 227, 228, 229.
  56. TM9-2800 manual (1947), p. 261.
  57. 1939 Dodge Half Three Quarter One Ton Trucks TC & TD Series Specs Sale Brochure (archived)
  58. 1939 Dodge Trucks brochure specifications (archived)
  59. Ordnance Department Administrative and Tactical Vehicles per QMC, 1940 through 1 January 1944 (Dodge T-207) (archived)
  60. Ordnance Department Administrative and Tactical Vehicles per QMC, 1940 through 1 January 1944 (Dodge T-211) (archived)
  61. Dodge WWII WC 1/2 Ton 4x4 Information & Parts – Vintage Power Wagons
  62. "Dodge WC9 WC18 WC27 Truck, 1/2 ton Ambulance". Retrieved 6 June 2013.
  63. TM9-2800 manual (1943), page 155.
  64. Summary Report – Tank-Automotive Materiel (1945), p. 57.
  65. Ordnance Department Administrative and Tactical Vehicles per QMC, 1940 through 1 January 1944 (Dodge T-215) (archived)
  66. SNL G-657 Master Parts List (1943), pp. VI; XX–XXII.
  67. Summary Report – Tank-Automotive Materiel (1945), p. 56.
  68. Summary Report – Tank-Automotive Materiel (1945), p. 62.
  69. Benedict, Chris (July 1979). "Dodge 3/4 Ton 4X4 And 1½ Ton 6X6 Production, 1942–1945". Army Motors magazine.
  70. Dodge WC-64 KD Ambulance – Technical
  71. "History". Retrieved 6 June 2013.
  72. U.S. Ordnance Corps (31 December 1946). "III-B "Ordnance - Motor Transport Vehicles", Part I". Quantities of Lend-Lease Shipments (PDF) (Report). U.S. War Department. p. 1. Archived (PDF) from the original on 31 December 2018. Retrieved 17 June 2019.
  73. 1942 Dodge Power Wagon WC-53 Carryall – Bring a Trailer
  74. SNL G-657 Master Parts List (1943), page 381.
  75. DODGE: Cinq generations de tous terrains – Boniface and Jeudy (in French)
  76. Summary Report – Tank-Automotive Materiel (1945), p. 63.
  77. SNL G-657 Master Parts List (1943), p. XIII; 296.
  78. David Doyle: Standard Catalog of U.S. Military Vehicles – 2nd Edition, pg. 60
  79. WC-58 Dodge Radio Car, 3/4 ton, 4x4 – Olive-Drab
  80. Summary Report – Tank-Automotive Materiel (1945), p. 19.
  81. U.S. Army Technical Manual TM9-1808B, 1943, page 4
  82. "Fargo 6x6 Armored Truck Index". Retrieved 6 June 2013.
  83. SNL G-657 Master Parts List (1943).
  84. TM9-2800 manual (1943).
  85. TM9-2800 manual (1947).
  86. Dodge / Fargo start and end serials for T-212, T-236 and other types
  87. Tank Archives: Israeli Sandwiches
  88. "Rearming Austria: WWII weapons". 14 June 2015.
  89. "Swissmotor / Dodge". Retrieved 6 June 2013.
  90. Rossagraph Dodge WC-51 monograph Review – Armorama

General references

Dodge company promo film of their WW II trucks, mostly WC models (YouTube)
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