Dmitrii Ivanovich Zhuravskii

Dmitrii Ivanovich Zhuravskii (1821–1891)[1][2][3] was a Russian engineer who was one of the pioneers of bridge construction and structural mechanics in Russia.

Dmitrii Ivanovich Zhuravskii
BornDec. 17 (29), 1821
Bagheria present-day Kursk Oblast
DiedNov. 18 (30), 1891 (aged 69)
NationalityRussian
AwardsDemidov Prize

Zhuravskii attended the Nezhin lycée[1] and entered the St. Petersburg Institute of the Corps of Railroad Engineers where he was influenced by the academician Mikhail Ostrogradsky. He graduated from the institute being first in his class in 1842.[4]

In the beginning of his career he took part in the surveying and planning of the Moscow – Saint Petersburg Railway.[5] In 1857-58 he led the reconstruction of the Peter and Paul Cathedral in Saint Petersburg.[4] In 1871–76 he took part in the reconstruction of the Mariinsky Canal System[5]

He was awarded the prestigious Demidov Prize in 1855 by the Russian Academy of Sciences.

The Zhuravskii Shear Stress formula is named after him (derived it in 1855):[6]

[7]

where

V = total shear force at the location in question;
Q = statical moment of area;
t = thickness in the material perpendicular to the shear;
I = Moment of Inertia of the entire cross sectional area.

References

  1. Karl-Eugen Kurrer (January 9, 2012). The History of the Theory of Structures: From Arch Analysis to Computational Mechanics. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 775–. ISBN 978-3-433-60134-1. Retrieved July 14, 2013.
  2. Eduard Starovoitov; Faiq Nağıyev; Ce I. Starovoitov (March 2012). Foundations of the Theory of Elasticity, Plasticity, and Viscoelasticity. CRC Press. pp. 16–. ISBN 978-1-926895-11-6. Retrieved July 14, 2013.
  3. Ralf Roth; Marie-Noèelle Polino (January 2003). The City and the Railway in Europe. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. pp. 87–. ISBN 978-0-7546-0766-3. Retrieved July 14, 2013.
  4. Rakcheev, E. N. (January 1972). "Dmitrii Ivanovich Zhuravskii (on the occasion of the one-hundred-and-fiftieth anniversary of his birth)". Prikladnaya Mekhanika. 8 (1): 126–128. doi:10.1007/BF00885926.
  5. "Zhuravskii, Dmitrii Ivanovich". The Great Soviet Encyclopedia.
  6. "ЛЕКЦИЯ ФОРМУЛА ЖУРАВСКОГО". СОПРОМАТ ЛЕКЦИИ.
  7. "Flexure of Beams" (PDF). Mechanical Engineering Lectures. McMaster University. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2013-08-02.
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