Diyarbakır Province (Turkish: Diyarbakır ili, Kurdish: Parêzgeha Amed) is a province in southeastern Turkey. The province covers an area of 15,355 km2 and its population is 1,528,958. The provincial capital is the city of Diyarbakır.
Location of Diyarbakır Province in Turkey
|• Electoral district||Diyarbakır|
|• Governor||Hasan Basri Güzeloğlu|
|• Total||15,355 km2 (5,929 sq mi)|
|• Density||110/km2 (290/sq mi)|
It has been home to many civilisations and the surrounding area including itself is home to many Mesolithic era stone carvings and artifacts. The province has been ruled by the Akkadians, Hurrians, Mittani, Medes, Hittites, Armenians, Neo-Babylonians, Achaemenids, Greeks, Romans, Parthia, Byzantium, Sassanids, Arabs, Seljuk Empire, Mongol Empire, Safavid dynasty, Marwanids, and Ayyubids.
The majority of the province's population today is Turkish.
From 1987 to 2002, Diyarbakir Province was part of the OHAL (State of emergency) region which was declared to counter the PKK and governed by a so called Supergovernor who got invested with additional powers than a normal Governor. In 1987 he was given the power to relocate and resettle whole villages, settlements and hamlets. In December 1990 with the Decree No. 430, the supergovernor and the provincial governors in the OHAL region received immunity against any legal prosecution in connections with actions they made due to the powers they received with the Decree No. 430.
Diyarbakır province is divided into 14 districts:
|Assyrian and Armenian population in Diyarbakır Province in 1915-1916|
|Sect||Before World War I||Disappeared (killed)||After World War I|
|Armenians||Gregorians (Apostolic)||60,000||58,000 (97%)||2,000|
|Armenian Catholics||12,500||11,500 (92%)||1,000|
|Assyrians||Chaldean Catholics||11,120||10,010 (90%)||1,110|
|Syriac Catholic||5,600||3,450 (62%)||2,150|
|Syriac Orthodox||84,725||60,725 (72%)||24,000|
- "Population of provinces by years - 2000-2018". Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
- Watts, Nicole F. (2010). Activists in Office: Kurdish Politics and Protest in Turkey (Studies in Modernity and National Identity). Seattle: University of Washington Press. p. 167. ISBN 978-0-295-99050-7.
- Jongerden, Joost (2007). The Settlement Issue in Turkey and the Kurds. Brill. pp. 141–142. ISBN 978-90-47-42011-8.
- Norwegian Refugee Council/Global IDP Project (4 October 2002). "Profile of internal displacement: Turkey" (PDF). p. 78.
- Gaunt, David. Massacres, Resistance, Protectors: Muslim-Christian Relations in Eastern Anatolia during World War I. Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias Press, 2006, p. 433.
- (in English) Pictures of the capital of this province
- (in English) Diyarbakir Weather Forecast Information
- (in English) Historical Armenian presence in Diyarbakir Province
- Tourism information is available in English at the Southeastern Anatolian Promotion Project site.
- (in English) Diyarbakir Live News