Dive leader

Dive leader describes the minimum requirements for dive leader training and certification for recreational scuba divers in international standard ISO 24801-3 [1] and the equivalent European Standard EN 14153-3. Various organizations offer training that meets the requirements of the dive leader standard. Some agencies use the title "Dive Leader" for their equivalent certification, but several other titles are also used, "Divemaster" may be the most widespread, but "Dive Supervisor" is also used, and should not be confused with the very different status and responsibilities of a professional diving supervisor. CMAS affiliates certifications which meet the requirements of CMAS 2-star diver should meet the standard by default.

Scuba dive leaders are considered competent to plan, organise and conduct dives and to lead other recreational divers on open water dives, and for specialised recreational scuba diving activities for which they have been trained. They are also considered competent to conduct emergency procedures associated with these activities and the relevant diving environment. They may require orientation for unfamiliar local environmental conditions. Additional specialised training and experience is required to lead divers on more demanding dives.[2]

The term is also used by BSAC for a specific certification.[3]

Scope of the standard

International standard ISO 24801-3 includes:[1]

  • Prerequisites for training, including age and health requirements:
    • Minimum age 18 years,
    • Minimum certification is to comply with all requirements for ISO 24801-2 level 2 Autonomous diver with logged experience in at least 60 logged dives, or 50 dives with at least 25 hours dive time, of which 40 must have been done after qualifying at level 2. Dives should include:[4]
  • Required theoretical knowledge regarding scuba and basic diving equipment, the basic physics of diving, decompression management and dive planning, medical and psychological problems related to diving, the diving environment and the use of nitrox breathing gases, including sufficient theoretical knowledge of the following topics to plan dives in typical local environments, plan for and manage reasonably foreseeable emergencies for these environments:[4]
  • Required scuba skills in confined and open water. These include deep diving and navigation skills, and leadership skills.
    • Diving skills must be sufficient to deal with the most demanding circumstances likely for the regional environment, taking into account;[4]
      • Depths beyond those suitable for a Level 2 recreational scuba diver;
      • Visibility;
      • Size and experience of the guided group;
      • Equipment in use;
      • Currents;
      • Surface conditions;
      • Water temperature.
    • A high degree of mastery is required in;
      • Use of mask, fins and snorkel;
      • Assembly and disassembly of diving equipment in preparation for the dive, and for user maintenance;
      • Pre-dive inspection of the equipment and buddy checks on land and in the water;
      • Water entries and exits;
      • Establishing correct weighting and trim;
      • Clearing the snorkel and the regulator;
      • Change between regulator and snorkel on the surface;
      • Controlled descent and ascent with pressure equalization of the ears and mask;
      • Efficient underwater swimming, with appropriate buoyancy and depth control;
      • Recover and replace mask;
      • Buddy system procedures, including hand signals, and staying together.
      • Buoyancy control underwater and at the surface;
      • Managing routine contingencies like regulator recovery;
      • Monitoring the dive profile on the instruments;
      • Use of the quick release for the weighting system at the surface;
      • Removal and refitting of the weighting system in the water;
      • Fitting the diving equipment at the surface;
      • Emergency ascent procedures as a recipient and as a donor, including emergency ascents and use of an alternative breathing gas supply;
      • Use of surface marker buoys
    • The diver must be competent to plan and lead dives beyond the usual recreational depth range, taking into account;[4]
      • Nitrogen narcosis;
      • Breathing gas consumption and respiration rates;
      • Decompression limits;
      • Safe ascent procedures including decompression stops;
      • Changes in buoyancy;
      • Use of special equipment such as an emergency breathing gas supply;
      • Emergency equipment and procedures.
    • The diver must demonstrate mastery of underwater navigation.
      • Skills in planning, organizing and conducting their dives, and leading other recreational scuba divers using both instruments and natural navigation methods.
  • Diver rescue skills:[4]
    • Recognition of an emergency
    • Underwater search
    • Controlled recovery from underwater
    • Effective management at the surface
    • Recovery from the water
    • Management of the emergency and coordination of rescue services
    • First Aid certification
    • Oxygen administration for diving accidents
  • Practical training parameters,
  • Evaluation of knowledge and practical skills, and a minimum standard for experience as a number of open water dives.

Equivalent certification to ISO 24801-3

Lowest recreational diver qualifications from various agencies which comply with ISO 24801-3 Diver level 3, Autonomous Dive Leader. The standards for these certifications may exceed Diver level 3 by a variable and unspecified amount - the equivalency is not reciprocal.[5][5]

  • ACUC: Divemaster[5][6]
  • ADS: Divemaster[6]
  • ANDI: Divemaster[5] Openwater Divemaster[6]
  • BSAC: Dive Leader[5][7][6]
  • CMAS: 2 Star[5] 3-star[6]
  • DMT NASE UK: Advanced Rescue Diver[5]
  • ESA: Divemaster[5], Diveleader[6]
  • FEDAS: Buceador 2 Estrellas[5]
  • GUE: Recreational Diver 2[5]
  • IAC: Dive Leader Professional[6]
  • IADS: Advanced Certification[5]
  • IDA: Dive Guide[6]
  • IANTD: Rescue Diver[5] Divemaster / Cavern Divemaster[6]
  • IDEA: Divemaster[5][6]
  • IDIC: Dive Supervisor[5]
  • ITDA: Rescue Diver[5], Pro Guide[6]
  • LA Co UW: Advanced Certification[5]
  • NADD: Divemaster[6]
  • NASE: Master Diver[5], Divemaster[6]
  • NASDS: Dive Supervisor[5], Divemaster[6]
  • NAUI: Divemaster[5], Assistant Instructor[6]
  • PADI: Master Diver, Divemaster[5], Divemaster[6]
  • PDA: Divemaster[6]
  • PSAI: Advanced Deep Air Level 1[5], Divemaster-Assistant Instructors[6]
  • PDIC Dive Supervisor[6]
  • PSS: Divemaster[6]
  • PTRD: 3 star diver[5]
  • RAID: Divemaster[6]
  • SAA: Dive Leader[5]
  • SDI: Divemaster[5][6]
  • SNSI: Divemaster[5], Dive Guide[6]
  • SSAC: Master Diver[5]
  • SSI: Dive Guide with Science of Diving, Divemaster[5], Dive Guide[6]
  • UTD: Master diver[5], Divemaster[6]
  • WRSTC: Recreational Dive Supervisor Certification[6]

Medical fitness to dive

Before initial diver training and thereafter at regular intervals, a diver should undergo a fitness to dive examination by a diving doctor. This may be considered more important for a dive leader who has a duty of care to their clients. In some countries, such an examination is required by law and it is a prerequisite for any training in many diving schools.

References

  1. Staff. "Recreational diving services — Requirements for the training of recreational scuba divers — Part 3: Level 3 — Dive leader (ISO 24801-3:2014)". ISO. Retrieved 2015-04-29.
  2. Staff. "Competencies and qualifications of recreational scuba divers Level 1-3". EUF Certification. European Underwater Federation (EUF). Retrieved 10 August 2017.
  3. staff. "Diver grade training: Dive leader". Retrieved 10 August 2017.
  4. Dienstleistungen des Freizeittauchens - Anforderungen an die Ausbildung von Freizeit Gerätetauchen - Teil 3: Ausbildungsstufe 3 - Tauchgruppenleiter (ISO/DIS 24801-3:2012) Deutsche Fassung prEN ISO 24801-3:2012 (in German). DIN. 22 December 2012.
  5. "Equivalent Diving Qualifications from different Agencies". www.scubatravel.co.uk. Retrieved 15 October 2019.
  6. "Agencies Equivalences, ISO standards, CMAS and the WRSTC". allthingsdiving.com. Retrieved 18 November 2019.
  7. BSAC HQ (21 May 2018). "BSAC retains EUF accreditations for scuba diver and instructor qualifications". www.bsac.com. Retrieved 18 November 2019.
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