Directorate General of Marine and Fisheries Resources Surveillance (Indonesia)
The Directorate General of Marine and Fisheries Resources Surveillance (Indonesian: Direktorat Jenderal Pengawasan Sumber Daya Kelautan dan Perikanan - PSDKP) is a government agency under the management of the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries of Indonesia. Formally established on 23 November 2000 according to Presidential Decree No. 165/2000, the PSDKP is the agency responsible for supervising the marine and fishery resources of the Republic of Indonesia. The main mission of PSDKP is the prevention of Illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing in Indonesian waters, which has caused a substantial loss for Indonesia's fishing industry. In its mission to prevent illegal fishing, PSDKP has conducted joint-operations with the Indonesian Navy, Water Police, Sea and Coast Guard, the Maritime Security Agency and Customs. PSDKP is however is not associated with these agencies.
|Directorate General of Marine and Fisheries Resources Surveillance|
Direktorat Jenderal Pengawasan Sumber Daya Kelautan dan Perikanan
Directorate General of Marine and Fisheries Resources Surveillance Racing Stripe
Logo of the Directorate General of Marine and Fisheries Resources Surveillance
|Motto||Indonesian: "Nusantara Lestari Jaya"|
"To protect the glorious Nusantara"
|Formed||23 November 2000|
|Legal jurisdiction||Indonesian Maritime Zone|
|Governing body||Government of Indonesia|
|Headquarters||Jalan Medan Merdeka Timur No. 16, Jakarta Pusat, Jakarta|
|Elected officer responsible|
|Parent agency||Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries|
Illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing activities in Indonesian waters have caused huge losses for Indonesia. Overfishing, overcapacity, threats to the preservation of fish resources, unfavorable fishery business climate, the weakening of the competitiveness of firms and the marginalization of fishermen are the real impact of illegal fishing and destructive fishing activities. Another disadvantage that can not be assessed materially but is strongly related to the national pride, is the negative image of the Indonesian nation among the international community because it is considered not able to manage marine and fishery resources properly.
Task and Function
Based on Presidential Regulation No. 63/ 2015 on the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries and Regulation of the Minister of Marine Affairs and Fisheries No. 23/PERMEN-KP/2015 on the Organization and Working Procedures of the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, PSDKP's primary task formulation and execution of marin and fisheries management. Its function are as follows:
- Develop policies in the field of marine and fisheries management, including but no limited to fishery control, operation of supervisory vessels, and handling of marine and fishery criminal acts.
- Execution of policies in the field of marine and fisheries management.
- Develop norms, standards, procedures and criteria in the field of marine and fisheries management.
- Provide technical guidance and supervision in the field of marine and fisheries management.
- Evaluate and report activity in the field of marine and fisheries management
- Perform administrative duty of the Directorate General of Marine and Fisheries Resources Surveillance
- Perform other task as instructed by Minister of Marine Affairs and Fisheries.
The legal basis for PSDKP in carrying out its task are as follows:
- Law No. 17/ 1985 on the Ratification of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea
- Law No. 27/ 2007 amended by Law No. 1/ 2014 on the Management of Coastal Areas and Small Islands
- Law No. 21/ 2009 concerning the Endorsement of the Agreement for the Execution of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982 Relating to the Conservation and Management of Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Stocks;
- Law No. 32/ 2014 concerning Marine Affairs;
- Law No. 45/ 2009 on Amendment to Law Number 31 Year 2004 regarding Fisheries;
- Government Regulation Number 38 Year 2007 on the Division of Government Affairs between the Central Government and Regional Government (Province level, and Regency and City Level
- Presidential Instruction No. 15 of 2011 on the Protection of Fishermen, which mandates the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries to take firm action against illegal, unreported, unregulated fishing and destructive fishing in Fishery Management Area of the Republic of Indonesia.
In addition, supervision of marine and fishery resources is also mandated by the following international conventions:
- United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) 1982;
- Agreement to Promote Compliance with International Conservation and Management Measure By Fishing Vessel on The High Seas (FAO Compliance Agreement, 1993);
- Agreement to Execution of The United Nations Convention on The Law of The Sea of 10 December 1982 Relating To The Conservation and Management of Straddling Fish Stock and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks (Fish Stock Agreement) 1995;
- Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries (CCRF), 1995;
- International Plan of Action (IPOA) to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) Fishing, 2001;
- Regional Plan of Action (RPOA) to Promote Responsible Fishing Practices Including Combating IUU Fishing in the Region.
PSDKP is an Echelon I Unit under the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries. KPLP is also coordinate with other unit within Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries in performing its duties.
- Directorate General of Marine and Fisheries Resources Surveillance
- Secretariat of Directorate General
- Department of Program
- Department of Human Resources
- Department of Law, Organization and Public Relations
- Department of Finance and General Affairs
- Directorate of Surveillance and Vessel Operation
- Subdirectorate of Infrastructure
- Subdirectorate of Central Operation Command
- Subdirectorate of Logistics and Crewman
- Subdirectorate of Vessel Operation
- Directorate of Marine Resources Management Supervision
- Subdirectorate of Marine Area Supervision
- Subdirectorate of Coastal and Smal Islands Supervision
- Subdirectorate of Marine Service Supervision
- Subdirectorate of Marine Conservation
- Directorate of Fisheries Management Supervision
- Subdirectorate of Fishing Supervision
- Subdirectorate of Aquaculture Supervision
- Subdirectorate of Fisheries Product Management Supervision
- Subdirectorate of Fisheries Product Distribution Supervision
- Directorate of Marine Offence Management
- Subdirectorate of Investigation
- Subdirectorate of Evidence and Suspect Management
- Subdirectorate of Investigator and inter-law enforcement agency cooperation
- Subdirectorate of Analysis and Follow up
- Functional Task Force
- Secretariat of Directorate General
Technical Execution Unit
The Technical Execution Unit (UPT) of PSDKP was established based on the Decree of the Minister of Marine Affairs and Fisheries No.33/PERMEN-K /2016 on the Organization and Working Procedures of the Technical Execution Unit in the Field of Marine and Fishery Resources Control. In accordance with the Ministerial Regulation, UPT PSDKP is tasked for execution of supervision of marine and fishery resources based on the prevailing laws and regulations.
The UPT PSDKP is categorized into 2 (two), which are Marine and Fishery Resource Base (Echelon II Equivalent Working Unit) and Marine and Fishery Resource Control Station (Echelon IVA equivalent Working Unit). 14 UPTs have been formed:
- PSDKP Batam Station
- PSDKP Benoa Station
- PSDKP Bitung Station
- PSDKP Jakarta Station
- PSDKP Lampulo Station
- PSDKP Tual Station
- PSDKP Ambon Station
- PSDKP Belawan Station
- PSDKP Biak Station
- PSDKP Cilacap Station
- PSDKP Kupang Station
- PSDKP Station Pontianak
- PSDKP Tahuna Station
- PSDKP Tarakan Station
UPT PSDKP is also supported by the Working Unit (Satuan Kerja/ Satker) PSDKP and PSDKP office spread throughout the territory of Indonesia. To date, 58 Working units and 142 PSDKP offices have been formed.
The total number of civil servants in the environment of PSDKP until 2012 is 904 persons, consisting of structural officials, functional Officials, supervisor and operator.
Vessel Monitoring System (VMS)
VMS is the application of information technology which is one form of surveillance system in the field of fishing and / or transporting of fish, which uses the fishing equipment monitoring equipment that has been determined. The use of VMs has been started since 2003 to date, and in its Execution strengthened by the issuance of Regulation of the Minister of Marine Affairs and Fisheries Republic of Indonesia number PeR.05 / Men / 2007 concerning Execution of Fishery Ship Monitoring System. In the framework of implementing this system, in Jakarta has been built Fishing Monitoring Center (FMC) at the Head Office of the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries. VMs Executions are implemented through the installation of transmitters on fishing vessels so that their movements can be monitored when performing fishing operations (ship position, velocity of vessel, track lane, and the occurrence of fishing activities indicated to be infringing). Policies related to VMs continue to be updated in line with the strategic development of the fisheries sector and the development of monitoring technology.
To further optimize the function of VMS, the Directorate General of PSDKP is designing an integrated system (Integrated Surveillance System / ISS) which is done by overlaying VMS data with data obtained through other monitoring means such as coastal radar (Coastal Radar) and Marine Surveillance Aircraft MSA).
Supervisory Boats function to carry out supervision and law enforcement in the field of fisheries. Up to date, PSDKP already has 27 Supervisory Boats in various types / sizes (14 m - 42 m) with 89 speed surveillance boats placement allocated to areas assessed as vulnerable to violations and divided into two work areas, namely the Western Region and Eastern Region.
Cooperation with other agencies
Some important cooperation that has been and continues to be woven by the Directorate General. PSDKP is the Indonesia-Australia Fisheries Surveillance Forum (IAFSF) and Regional Plan of Action (RPOA) to the Promote Responsible Fishing Practices including Combating IUU Fishing in the Southeast Asia Region.
- Indonesia-Australia Fisheries Surveillance Forum (IAFSF)
The Indonesia-Australia Fisheries Surveillance Forum (IAFSF) is part of the Indonesia-Australia Ministerial Forum (IAMF) dedicated to cooperation in the supervision of the SDKP, including the cooperation of illegal fishing in the border waters of both countries. In 2013 a series of Indonesia-Australia cooperation within the framework of IAFSF that has been implemented include: Coordinated patrols, Technical Assistance, etc.
- Regional Plan of Action (RPOA) to Promote Responsible Fishing Practices including Combating IUU Fishing in the Southeast Asia Region.
It is a regional initiative initiated by Indonesia-Australia and agreed by 11 countries: Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Philippines, Vietnam, Cambodia, Singapore, Brunei Darussalam, Timor Leste, Australia and Papua New Guinea. The goal is to realize responsible fishing activities including the IUU Fishing in the area of cooperation, namely: South China Sea, Sulu-Sulawesi Sea and Arafura Sea. This cooperation has been inaugurated by Indonesia and Australia since 2007, Indonesia has become the RPOA Secretariat.
- "Sejarah KKP". 23 July 2014.
- "Menteri Susi Lantik Eko D Asmadi, Dirjen PSDKP yang Baru". 20 January 2017.
- RI, Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan. "DIREKTORAT JENDERAL PENGAWASAN SUMBER DAYA KELAUTAN DAN PERIKANAN • Profil • PSDKP - Direktorat Jenderal Pengawasan Sumberdaya Kelautan dan Perikanan". djpsdkp.kkp.go.id. Retrieved 2018-03-05.
- Trade, corporateName= Department of Foreign Affairs and. "Australian Embassy in". indonesia.embassy.gov.au. Retrieved 2018-03-06.