Director General of the European Union Military Staff
The Director General of the European Union Military Staff (DGEUMS) is the head of the European Union Military Staff (EUMS) who also serves as Director of the Military Planning and Conduct Capability (Dir MPCC). This position, which was established in 2001, is held by a three-star general, since 2016 Lieutenant General Esa Pulkkinen.
|Director General of the European Union Military Staff|
|European Union Military Staff|
|Reports to||High Representative, Military Committee|
|Seat||Kortenberg building, Brussels, Belgium|
|Term length||3 years|
|Formation||11 June 2001|
|First holder||Rainer Schuwirth|
|Deputy||Deputy Director General of the European Union Military Staff|
The Director General is responsible for the EUMS' work in providing strategic advice to the High Representative (HR), reporting to the European Union Military Committee (EUMC) - representing member states' Chiefs of Defence - and performing "early warning", situation assessment and strategic planning.
Since 2017 DGEUMS has also served as Director of the Military Planning and Conduct Capability (MPCC), and as such assumes the function of the single commander for all non-executive military missions of the European Union (EU), exercising command and control over the current three training Missions and other possible future operations. Presently the MPCC may only run non-executive operations. By the end of 2020 the MPCC will also be capable of running executive operations of up to 2500 troops, i.e. the size of one battle group.
Relation with the rest of the Military Staff, the High Representative and Military Committee
Working Group/Headline Goal Task Force
|Director General EUMS/|
|Legal advisor||Deputy Director General||Horizontal Coordination|
|Assistant Chief of Staff for Synchronisation||EU cell at SHAPE||EU Liaison at the UN in NY||Assistant Chief of Staff for External Relations||NATO Permanent Liaison Team|
|Concepts & Capabilities|
|Communications & Information Systems|
|Military Planning and|
Conduct Capability (MPCC)
Role in the command and control structure
- Liaison: Advice and recommendations Support and monitoring Preparatory work
|Political strategic level:|
|ISS||EUCO Pres. (EUCO)||Chain of command|
|INTCEN||HR/VP (PMG)||HR/VP (PSC) (******)|
DGEUMS (***) (EUMS)
|Military/civilian strategic level:|
Dir MPCC (***) (MPCC)
|JSCC||Civ OpCdr CPCC(*)|
|MFCdr (****) (MFHQ)||HoM (*)|
|CC(**) Land||CC(**) Air||CC(**) Mar||Other CCs(**)|
- *In the event of a CSDP Civilian Mission also being in the field, the relation with the Civilian Planning and Conduct Capability (CPCC) and its Civilian Operation Commander (Civ OpCdr), as well as the subordinate Head of Mission (HoM), are coordinated as shown.
- **Other Comonent Commanders (CCs) and service branches which may be established
- ***The MPCC is part of the EUMS and Dir MPCC is double-hatted as DGEUMS. Unless the MPCC is used as Operation Headquarters (OHQ), either a national OHQ offered by member states or the NATO Command Structure (NCS) would serve this purpose. In the latter instance, Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Europe (DSACEUR), rather than Dir MPCC, would serve as Operation Commander (OpCdr).
- ****Unless the MPCC is used as Operation Headquarters (OHQ), the MFCdr would be known as a Force Commander (FCdr), and direct a Force Headquarters (FHQ) rather than a MFHQ. Whereas the MFHQ would act both on the operational and tactical level, the FHQ would act purely on the operational level.
- *****The political strategic level is not part of the C2 structure per se, but represents the political bodies, with associated support facilities, that determine the missions' general direction. The Council determines the role of the High Representative (HR/VP), who serves as Vice-President of the European Commission, attends European Council meetings, chairs the Foreign Affairs Council (FAC) and may chair the Political and Security Committee (PSC) in times of crisis. The HR/VP proposes and implements CSDP decisions.
- ******Same composition as Committee of Permanent Representatives (COREPER) II, which also prepares for the CSDP-related work of the FAC.
List of holders
|No.||Director General||Took office||Left office||Time in office||Defence branch||Nationality|
|11 June 2001||1 March 2004||2 years, 264 days|
|1 March 2004||28 February 2007||2 years, 364 days|
|1 March 2007||28 May 2010||3 years, 88 days|
Ton van Osch
|28 May 2010||28 May 2013||3 years, 0 days|
|28 May 2013||1 May 2016||2 years, 339 days|
|1 May 2016||Incumbent||3 years, 229 days|
DGEUMS is assisted by the Deputy Director General and the Chef of Staff (DDG/COS, a two-star general).
|Name||Photo||Nationality||Term began||Term ended|
|Rear Admiral Bruce Williams||2011||2015|
|Rear Admiral Waldemar Głuszko||2015||2017|
|Major General Giovanni Manione||2017||-|
- EU Command and Control, p. 13, Military Staff