Director General of the European Union Military Staff

The Director General of the European Union Military Staff (DGEUMS) is the head of the European Union Military Staff (EUMS) who also serves as Director of the Military Planning and Conduct Capability (Dir MPCC). This position, which was established in 2001, is held by a three-star general, since 2016 Lieutenant General Esa Pulkkinen.[1]

Director General of the European Union Military Staff
Lt. Gen Esa Pulkkinen
European Union Military Staff
Reports toHigh Representative, Military Committee
SeatKortenberg building, Brussels, Belgium
Term length3 years
Formation11 June 2001 (11 June 2001)
First holderRainer Schuwirth
DeputyDeputy Director General of the European Union Military Staff


The Director General is responsible for the EUMS' work in providing strategic advice to the High Representative (HR), reporting to the European Union Military Committee (EUMC) - representing member states' Chiefs of Defence - and performing "early warning", situation assessment and strategic planning.

Since 2017 DGEUMS has also served as Director of the Military Planning and Conduct Capability (MPCC), and as such assumes the function of the single commander for all non-executive military missions of the European Union (EU), exercising command and control over the current three training Missions and other possible future operations. Presently the MPCC may only run non-executive operations. By the end of 2020 the MPCC will also be capable of running executive operations of up to 2500 troops, i.e. the size of one battle group.[2]

Relation with the rest of the Military Staff, the High Representative and Military Committee

The relationship between the High Representative, the Military Staff and Military Committee as of November 2017:[3] Colour key:
     High Representative (a Vice-President of the Commission)
     Military Committee (EUMC; a Council body)
     Military Staff (EUMS; a Directorate-General of the External Action Service)

High Representative

Chairman EUMC
Working Group

Working Group/Headline Goal Task Force
Director General EUMS/
Director MPCC
Legal advisor
Deputy Director General
Horizontal Coordination
Assistant Chief of Staff for SynchronisationEU cell at SHAPE
EU Liaison at the UN in NYAssistant Chief of Staff for External Relations
NATO Permanent Liaison Team
Concepts & Capabilities
Communications & Information Systems
Military Planning and
Conduct Capability
Chief of Staff
Working Group
Current Operations

Role in the command and control structure

The EU command and control (C2) structure, as directed by political bodies which are composed of member states's representatives and generally require unanimous decisions, as of April 2019:[4]

Liaison:          Advice and recommendations          Support and monitoring          Preparatory work     
Political strategic level:
Chain of command
HR/VP (PSC) (******)


Military/civilian strategic level:

Dir MPCC (***) (MPCC)
Civ OpCdr CPCC(*)
Operational level:
MFCdr (****) (MFHQ)
HoM (*)
Tactical level:
CC(**) Land
CC(**) Air
CC(**) Mar
Other CCs(**)

*In the event of a CSDP Civilian Mission also being in the field, the relation with the Civilian Planning and Conduct Capability (CPCC) and its Civilian Operation Commander (Civ OpCdr), as well as the subordinate Head of Mission (HoM), are coordinated as shown.
**Other Comonent Commanders (CCs) and service branches which may be established
***The MPCC is part of the EUMS and Dir MPCC is double-hatted as DGEUMS. Unless the MPCC is used as Operation Headquarters (OHQ), either a national OHQ offered by member states or the NATO Command Structure (NCS) would serve this purpose. In the latter instance, Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Europe (DSACEUR), rather than Dir MPCC, would serve as Operation Commander (OpCdr).
****Unless the MPCC is used as Operation Headquarters (OHQ), the MFCdr would be known as a Force Commander (FCdr), and direct a Force Headquarters (FHQ) rather than a MFHQ. Whereas the MFHQ would act both on the operational and tactical level, the FHQ would act purely on the operational level.
*****The political strategic level is not part of the C2 structure per se, but represents the political bodies, with associated support facilities, that determine the missions' general direction. The Council determines the role of the High Representative (HR/VP), who serves as Vice-President of the European Commission, attends European Council meetings, chairs the Foreign Affairs Council (FAC) and may chair the Political and Security Committee (PSC) in times of crisis. The HR/VP proposes and implements CSDP decisions.
******Same composition as Committee of Permanent Representatives (COREPER) II, which also prepares for the CSDP-related work of the FAC.

List of holders

No. Director GeneralTook officeLeft officeTime in officeDefence branchNationality
Schuwirth, RainerLieutenant General
Rainer Schuwirth
(born 1945)
11 June 20011 March 20042 years, 264 days Finnish Army Finland
Schuwirth, RainerLieutenant General
Jean-Paul Perruche
(born 1947)
1 March 200428 February 20072 years, 364 days French Army France
Leakey, DavidLieutenant General
David Leakey
(born 1952)
1 March 200728 May 20103 years, 88 days British Army United Kingdom
Osch, TonLieutenant General
Ton van Osch
(born 1955)
28 May 201028 May 20133 years, 0 days Royal Netherlands Army Netherlands
Wosolsobe, WolfgangLieutenant General
Wolfgang Wosolsobe
28 May 20131 May 20162 years, 339 days Austrian Land Forces Austria
Pulkkinen, EsaLieutenant General
Esa Pulkkinen
(born 1957)
1 May 2016Incumbent3 years, 229 days Finnish Army Finland


DGEUMS is assisted by the Deputy Director General and the Chef of Staff (DDG/COS, a two-star general).[5]

List of Deputy Directors General
NamePhotoNationalityTerm beganTerm ended
Rear Admiral Bruce Williams United Kingdom20112015
Rear Admiral Waldemar Głuszko Poland20152017
Major General Giovanni Manione Italy2017-

See also


External video
Change of command ceremony on 28 May 2013, YouTube video
Change of command ceremony in 2016, YouTube video

Official website

This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.