Diamond jubilee

A diamond jubilee celebrates the 60th anniversary of a significant event related to a person (e.g. accession to the throne, wedding, etc.) or the 60th anniversary of an institution's founding. The term is also used for 75th anniversaries, although the human lifespan makes this usage more common for institutions.[1][2][3][4][5]

Western monarchies

The Diamond Jubilee of Queen Victoria celebrated her 60-year reign on 22 June 1897. The Diamond Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II was celebrated across the Commonwealth of Nations throughout 2012.[6] George III of the United Kingdom died a few months before his diamond jubilee was due in 1820.

Asian monarchies

In East Asia, the diamond jubilee coincides with the traditional 60-year sexagenary cycle, which is held in special importance despite not generally being called a "diamond jubilee."

Monarchs such as the Kangxi and Qianlong emperors of China and Emperor Hirohito of Japan held celebrations for their 60th year of reign, as did King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand on 10 June 2006.

National governments also mark their 60th anniversary as diamond jubilees, as did the Republic of Korea in 2005 and the People's Republic of China in 2009.

In South Asia, the term is also used for certain 100-week anniversaries. For instance, in both India and Pakistan, a diamond jubilee film is one shown in cinemas for 100 weeks or more.

African monarchies

The longest reigning monarch in history, Sobhuza II of Swaziland, celebrated his diamond jubilee in 1981, dating from when he gained direct rule.

List of diamond jubilees

Monarch Realm Accession Day Commemoration More information
Queen Victoria United Kingdom and the rest of the British Empire 20 June 1837 22 June 1897[7] Diamond Jubilee of Queen Victoria
Franz Joseph I Austrian Empire, Austro-Hungary 2 December 1848 12 June 1908
Sultan Ibrahim Ibni Almarhum Sultan Abu Bakar Johor 7 September 1895 17 September 1955
Aga Khan III Shia Ismaili 1885 August 1945
King Sobhuza II Swaziland 22 December 1921 1981
Emperor Hirohito Japan 25 December 1926 1986
King Bhumibol Adulyadej Thailand 9 June 1946 10 June 2006 60th Anniversary Celebrations of Bhumibol Adulyadej's Accession
Queen Elizabeth II United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, New Zealand and 12 other Commonwealth realms 6 February 1952 2–5 June 2012 Diamond Jubilee of Elizabeth II
His Highness the Aga Khan IV Shia Ismaili 11 July 1957 11 July 2017

See also


  1. "75th Anniversary Diamond Jubilee". Augusta University. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  2. "Impactful publishing: the Journal of Neurosurgery and its diamond anniversary (1944–2019)". Journal of Neurosurgery. 130 (1). doi:10.3171/2018.9.JNS182570.
  3. "NDTA 75th Anniversary Funds Campaign". National Defense Transportation Association. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  4. "ASMP's 75th Anniversary". American Society of Media Photographers. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  5. "Anniversary Celebration History". Hallmark Cards, Inc. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  6. "Extra bank holiday to mark Jubilee". Press Association. 5 January 2010. Archived from the original on 8 January 2010. Retrieved 5 January 2010.
  7. "Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee"
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