The dhyāngro is a frame drum played by the jhakri (shamans) of Nepal—especially those of the Magars, the Kirati, and the Tamang—as well as by Tibetan Buddhist musicians.

Percussion instrument
Classification Frame drum
Hornbostel–Sachs classification211.32
(Directly struck membranophone)

The dhyāngro may be either single- or double-headed. Double-headed drums are said to have a male side and a female side.[1] The drumhead, which is made from animal skin, is struck with a curved beater fashioned from cane.[2] The frame may also be equipped with jingles. Like the na drum of Tibet, but unlike most frame drums, the dhyāngro usually has a handle. The carving in the wooden handle of a dhyāngro may be quite intricate; owing to Buddhist influence, the handles of some drums are fashioned into a kīla.

Ceremonial use

In Nepal, a jhakri (shaman) plays the dhyāngro during traditional shamanic ceremonies.[1]

The drum is occasionally used in Tibetan Buddhist celebrations, as in an orchestra performing Buddhist music. For example: In Malaysia, such a performance greeted the seventh Ling Rinpoche when he visited the Tadika Than Hsiang Farlim and Child Care Centre on Penang Island.[3]

See also


  1. Bhola nath Banstola (2008). Breeze Wood, Nicholas (ed.). "Jhankri: The Shamans of Nepal" (PDF). Sacred Hoop (60). ISSN 1364-2219. Retrieved 12 August 2013.
  2. "Images from the Beede Gallery: Frame Drum (Dhyāngro), Nepal, Early 20th Century". National Music Museum. University of South Dakota. 2010. Retrieved 12 August 2013.
  3. "Visit by His Eminence the 7th Ling Rinpoche". Than Hsiang Temple. 31 December 2009. Retrieved 12 August 2013.

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