Devon heraldry

The landed gentry and nobility of Devonshire, like the rest of the English and European gentry, bore heraldic arms from the start of the age of heraldry circa 1200-1215. The fashion for the display of heraldry ceased about the end of the Victorian era (1901) by which time most of the ancient armigerous families of Devonshire had died out, moved away or parted with their landed estates.[1]

In 2015 a very few ancient families remain in the county represented by direct male descendants, most notably Courtenay of Powderham, Fulford of Fulford, Kelly of Kelly, Cruwys of Cruwys Morchard, Clifford of Chudleigh, Acland of Killerton and Broadclyst, Wrey of Tawstock, etc. A few ancient Devon estates are still owned by descendants via female lines, for example Castle Hill, Filleigh, Molland, Incledon, Braunton, Hall, Bishop's Tawton, Newnham Park, etc. In most cases the laws of English heraldry preclude the transmission of paternal armorials via a female heiress (other than in the form of quartering), thus most of these inheritors via female lines, generally deriving from the same pool of high-status English armigerous families, bring their own paternal heraldry, possibly previously foreign to Devon, to the estates inherited.

For example, the Irish arms of Gore (Earl of Arran) are now associated with Castle Hill, Filleigh, until 1958 the seat of the last male representative of the Fortescue family which originated in Devon in the 12th century. In a few cases however, male heirs via female lines have been required by the legator to seek royal licence to adopt his own arms and surname, otherwise destined to disappearance, in lieu of the legatees own. This was the case with the families most notably of Rolle, Basset, Stucley, Walrond, etc.

Standard sources

The standard sources for students of the heraldry of Devon are as follows:

Documents

  • Heraldic Visitations of Devon: Vivian, Lt.Col. J.L., (Ed.) The Visitations of the County of Devon: Comprising the Heralds' Visitations of 1531, 1564 & 1620, Exeter, 1895.
  • Pole, Sir William (d.1635), Collections Towards a Description of the County of Devon, Sir John-William de la Pole (ed.), London, 1791:
    • "The Armes of such nobles and gentlemen which have anciently dwelled & had lands in Devonshire", pp. 444–467;
    • "An alphabet of the armes of the gentlemen of Devonshire as well of those being as of those which have bine", pp. 467–510;
  • The Notebook of Tristram Risdon (d.1640)
  • Lysons, Samuel and Lysons, Daniel, Magna Britannia, Volume 6: Devonshire, London, 1822:
    • Ancient Families, of which the principal Branch is extinct, or removed, since 1620, yet some of the Descendants remain in the County.
    • Families known, or supposed, to be extinct since 1620, or removed out of the County.
  • Prince, John, (1643–1723) The Worthies of Devon, 1810 edition, "Arms, Crests and Mottoes of the Families treated of in this Work", blazons pp. 779–85 & plates I-V following: "Arms" (monochrome depictions of 145 shields)
  • Baring-Gould, Sabine & Twigge, Robert, An Armory of the Western Counties (Devon and Cornwall): From the Unpublished Manuscripts of the XVI Century, published by J.G. Commin, 1898
  • Carew, Sir George (1555-1629) (created in 1626 Earl of Totnes), Carew's Scroll of Arms 1588, Collected from Churches in Devonshire etc., with Additions from Joseph Holland's Collection of Arms 1579, Exeter, 1901. ( See also: Devon & Cornwall Notes and Queries, Vol. 1, pt. 2)
  • Colby, Rev. Frederick T., The Heraldry of Exeter; See also: Westcote, Thomas, View of Devonshire, Chap. XV , list of arms in Exeter Guildhall

Observation

Observation of surviving monuments in parish churches and mansion houses. As for the arms of Courtenay: "the stamp of whose almost princely authority may be extensively recognised throughout the county" (Davidson).[2] Frequently discrepancies between these sources exist. Painted monuments in parish churches often have been restored, in some cases several times over the centuries, and the arms depicted may not be as originally painted. Heraldry sculpted in relief on stone is liable to wear and crumbling, especially when placed in the favourite location, exposed to the elements for centuries, on the porch or gatehouse of the family mansion. Ancient monumental brasses do not show tinctures but otherwise provide lasting records of heraldry. Stained glass depictions are optimal sources as they include tinctures, but ancient survivals are rare. Mural monuments placed high up on walls generally survive vandalism of past ages whilst paintings of arms on escutcheons sculpted in stone on mediaeval chest tombs have rarely survived and often were "scraped" clean of all decoration in the 17th century. Heraldic monuments displaying a family's arms are generally found in the church of the parish in which is situated their seat, but the paternal arms may also be found in remoter parish churches where a daughter of the family has married into a family resident there. In such a case the arms are shown impaled by the arms of her husband. Clearly the greatest problems in tracing heraldry relate to long extinct families. A few ancient Devon families survive, such as the Fortescues, and a flag showing the Fortescue arms still flies above Castle Hill in 2013. There is no shortage of surviving examples of the arms of the Chichesters and Rolles, but surviving heraldry of the ancient Courtenay Earls of Devon seated at Tiverton Castle is rare, although frequently shown as quarterings in the arms of related families.

List of Devon arms

The following armorials are listed in the Heraldic Visitations of Devon, 1531, 1564 & 1620:[3]

A

NameEscutcheonBlazonSeat, parish
Abbott Sable, a cross voided between four eagles displayed or Hartland Abbey; Luffincott
Acland Chequy argent and sable, a fesse gules Acland Barton, Landkey; Holnicote, Somerset; Killerton, Devon; Fremington House, Fremington; Hawkridge, Chittlehampton; Combe, Goodleigh; Sprydon, Broadclyst
Adams Or, a lion rampant between six crosses crosslet within a bordure engrailed sable Townstal, Dartmouth; Bowden, Ashprington(?); (Charlton Adam, Ilchester, Somerset)
Addington Per pale ermine and ermines, on a chevron between three fleurs-de-lys four lozenges all counterchanged Leigh
Aleyn Per bend rompu argent and sable, six martlets counterchanged Bampton
Amadas Azure, a chevron ermine between three oaken slips acorned proper Plymouth
Amerideth Gules, a lion rampant regardant or Pole,[4] Slapton
Amory Barry nebulé of six argent and gules, over all a bend azure Whitechapel, Bishops Nympton
Arscott Per chevron azure and ermine in chief two buck's heads cabossed or Arscott, Holsworthy;[5] Dunsland, Bradford; Tetcott; Annery, Monkleigh
Ashe/Aysshe/Esse Argent, two chevrons sable Sowton, alias Clist Fomeson/Somson
Atwill Argent, a chevron sable over all a pile counterchanged Mamhead; Walkhampton
Ayre Gules, on a bend between six crosses formée fitchée argent three mullets sable Wotton, Atherington
Ayshford Argent, between two chevrons sable three ashen keys vert Ayshford, Burlescombe
Babington Argent, ten torteaux in chief a label of three points azure Ottery St Mary

B

NameEscutcheonBlazonSeat, parish
Badcocke Sable, on a pale argent three cocks gules Shebbear
Bagg Lozengy argent and gules, on a chief or three cinquefoils azure Plymouth; Saltram, Plympton St Mary
Ball Argent, a chevron gules between three fire balls proper[6] Mamhead
Bampfylde/Bampfield Or, on a bend gules three mullets argent Poltimore; North Molton; Warleigh, Tamerton Foliot; Bampfield House, Exeter
Barby Argent, a chevron between three garbs or Washfield
Barkley Sable, a fess ermine between three cinquefoils argent[7] Okenbury, Ringmore
Barry Barry of six argent and gules Winscott, St Giles in the Wood
Bartlett Ermine, on a pale nebulée azure three sinister gloves pendent tasselated argent the whole between two flaunches of the second each charged with two crescents palewise of the third Ludbrooke, Ermington
Basset Barry wavy of six or and gules Whitechapel, Bishops Nympton; Umberleigh; Heanton Punchardon; Watermouth Castle
Bastard Or, a chevron azure Efford, Egg Buckland; Garston, West Alvington; Kitley, Yealmpton; Sharpham, Ashprington; Lyneham, Yealmpton; Buckland Court, Buckland-in-the-Moor
Battishill Azure, a cross-crosslet in saltire between four owls argent legged and beaked or South Tawton; Drewsteignton; Spreyton
Beaple Gules, a bend vairy between six escallops argent Barnstaple; Knowstone;
Beaumont Barry vair and gules Youlston, Shirwell; Gittisham
Bellew Sable fretty or Stockleigh English; Ash, Braunton
Bellot Argent, on a chief sable three cinquefoils of the field Downton[8]
Bennett Sable, a chevron engrailed erminois between three ears of wheat or Whiteway, Chudleigh
Bere (alias Beare) Argent, three bear's heads erased sable muzzled or Huntsham; Morebath
Berry Or, three bars gules Berrynarbor
Beryman Argent, a chevron between three horses trippant sable Berrie, (Dunsford?)
Bidlake Gules, a fess between three pigeons argent Great Bidlake, Bridestowe
Bishop Gules, three lozenges argent each charged with an eagle displayed of the field "Coldash/Choldashe"
Blackall[9] Paly of six or and sable on a chief gules three bezants Cowick; Hampsted, Totnes
Blackmore Or, on a fess sable between three Moor's heads in profile couped of the last as many crescents argent Bishop's Nympton
Blagdon / Blackdon Azure, three trefoils slipped argent on a chief indented gules two annulets or Blackdon, Ashwater (?)
Blewett Or, a chevron between three eagles displayed vert Holcombe Rogus; (And in Somerset: Greenham Barton; Cothay Manor; Kittisford)
Bodley Argent, five martlets saltirewise sable on a chief azure three ducal crowns or Dunscombe, Crediton; Exeter
Bogan Sable, a cockatrice (displayed) argent crested membered and jelloped gules Totnes
Bolitho Ermine, on a plain chevron between two chevronels engrailed and three fleurs-de-lys sable five bezants Exeter; Holcombe Burnell
Bonville Sable, six mullets argent pierced gules Shute
Bourchier Argent, a cross engrailed gules between four water bougets sable Tawstock; Bampton
Bowerman Ermine, on a bend cotised sable three boar's heads couped or Culm Davy, Hemyock; Whitehall, Hemyock
Broughton Argent, on a chevron between three crosses pommée sable as many buck's heads cabossed or on a chief of the second a goat passant of the first Warbrightley (modern: Waspley), Stoodleigh[10]
Browne Gules, a chevron ermine between two chevronells and three escallops or Brown's Ilash,[11] Langtree
Bruton Per pale gules and azure, a fess between two chevrons argent Heavitree
Budockshed Sable, three fusils in fess between three buck's faces argent Budockshed, St Budeaux
Burgoyne Azure, a hound passant argent South Tawton
Burnard[12] Argent, three escallops in bend between two bendlets azure in chief and in base a leopard's face jessant-de-lys of the last Chatsworth Lodge, Compton Gifford
Burnby Argent, two bars counter-embattled ermines Burnby, Bratton Clovelly
Burrington Argent, a lion rampant sable flory or Idford, Chudleigh; Sandford
Bury Ermine, on a bend engrailed azure three fleurs-de-lys or Colleton, Chulmleigh
Butler[13] Azure, three covered cups or Parkham; Littleham

C

NameEscutcheonBlazonSeat, parish
Cabell Vert fretty argent, over all a fess gules Brook, Buckfastleigh
Cade Argent, three piles in point wavy sable Fremington; Barnstaple
Callard Gyronny of six or and sable, three Moor's heads sidefaced couped proper wreathed round the temples (argent)[14] Callard, Burrington (?);[15] Southcott, Winkleigh
Calmady Azure, a chevron between three pears or Calmady, Penfound, Poundstock, Cornwall;Langdon, Wembury; Stoke Climsland, Cornwall; Leawood, Bridestowe;
Calwoodleigh Azure, two wings conjoined argent over all on a fess gules three bezants Calwoodleigh (mod:Calverleigh); Cove, Stoodleigh; Uplowman
Carew Or, three lions passant sable Crowcombe; Antony, Cornwall; Tiverton Castle; Haccombe; Bickleigh Castle; Mohuns Ottery
Carswell Sable, a bend or Carswell, Holbeton
Carwythan Argent, a fleur-de-lys gules a bordure engrailed of the second Panston, Sydenham Damerel; St Petrock, Exeter; Manaton; (Carwythan, Cornwall)
Cary Argent, on a bend sable three roses of the field Cary, St Giles on the Heath; Clovelly; Cockington; Torr Abbey
Champernowne Gules, a saltire vair between twelve billets or Modbury; Bere Ferrers; Dartington; Ilfracombe
Champneys Argent, a lion rampant gules a bordure engrailed sable Cockworthy,[16] Yarnscombe[17]
Chanon Argent, on a chevron gules two couple closes or Escot, Talaton
Chappell Or, an anchor in pale sable Barnstaple; Whitston
Charles Ermine, on a chief wavy gules an eagle displayed or Tavistock
Cheney Gules, four fusils in fess argent on each an escallop sable Pinhoe
Chichester Chequy or and gules, a chief vair Raleigh, Pilton; Eggesford; Hall, Bishop's Tawton; Pill, Bishop's Tawton; Arlington; Youlston, Shirwell; Widworthy; Ruxford, Sandford; Westcott, Marwood[18] Hearsdon, Swimbridge; Stowford, Swimbridge
Cholmeley Gules, in chief two close helmets argent in base a garb or Tiverton
Cholwill Argent, on a bend sable three arrow shafts of the field heads and feathers or Lutsford, Hartland
Chudleigh Ermine, three lions rampant gules Ashton; Haldon
Clapham[19] Argent, on a bend azure six fleurs-de-lys or, two, two and two Barnstaple; (Beamsley Hall,[20] Yorkshire)
Clement[21] Argent, two bends wavy gules on a chief of the last three estoiles or Plymouth
Clifford Chequy or and azure a fess gules Chudleigh; Kingsteignton.
Clobbery Argent, a chevron between three bats displayed sable Bradstone
Clotworthy Azure, a chevron ermine between three chaplets or Clotworthy, Wembworthy; Rashleigh, Wembworthy
Cockeram Argent, on a bend sable three leopard's faces of the field Hillersdon, Cullompton; Growen, Cullompton
Cockshead Azure, a cinquefoil argent a chief lozengy of the second and gules Chulmleigh
Coffin Azure, three bezants between eight crosses crosslet or Portledge, Alwington; Monkleigh; Inwardleigh
Cogan Gules, three (mulbery) leaves argent[22] Bampton
Cole Argent, a bull passant sable armed or a bordure of the second bezantée Nethway, Brixham; Slade, Cornwood
Collamore Gules billetée or, three crescents of the second Saunton, Braunton
Colleton Or, three stag's heads couped proper[23] Exeter
Collins Azure, three torches or enflamed proper Ottery St Mary; Offwell
Colman Per fess argent and sable, a cross flory between four mullets all counterchanged Gornhay, Tiverton
Cooke Ermine, on a bend cotised gules three cats-a-mountain passant guardant or Thorne, Ottery St Mary
Coplestone Argent, a chevron engrailed gules between three leopard's faces azure Copplestone, Colebrooke; Warleigh, Tamerton Foliot; Eggesford
Coram Argent, a cross sable between four eagles displayed gules Ottery St Mary
Cory Argent, a saltire sable on a chief azure three cinquefoils or Cory, West Putford
Cottell Or, a bend gules Yealmbridge, Yealmpton; Sampford Peverell;[24] Cottles Barton, North Tawton
Cotton Argent, a bend sable between three pellets Bishop's Palace, Exeter; Shobrooke; Silverton
Courtenay Or, three torteaux Okehampton Castle; Tiverton Castle; Powderham; Molland; Colcombe, Colyton; Upcott, Cheriton Fitzpaine; Moreton Hampstead[25]
Croker Argent, a chevron engrailed gules between three crows proper Croker's Hele, Meeth; Lyneham, Yealmpton
Crossing Or, on a chevron azure between three crosses crosslet fitchée gules as many bezants Exeter
Cruwys Azure, a bend per bend indented argent and gules between six escallops or Cruwys Morchard
Crymes / Grymes Or, three bars gules each charged with as many martlets of the field on a chief azure two bars nebulée argent Crapstone,[26] Buckland Monachorum; Meavy
Cudmore Argent, a fess nebulee gules between three eagles displayed sable armed of the second Templeton
Culme Azure, a chevron ermine between 3 pelicans vulning their breasts or Molland Champson; Canonsleigh Abbey
Cutcliffe Gules, three pruning hooks argent Damage, Mortehoe; Weach, Westleigh; Webbery, Alverdiscott; Coombe, Witheridge[27]

D

NameEscutcheonBlazonSeat, parish
Davie (Bardolph arms) Azure, three cinquefoils or on a chief of the last a lion passant gules Creedy, Sandford; Canonteign, Christow; Ruxford, Sandford;
Davie (de Way arms) (see also Davy of Ebberly below) Argent, a chevron sable between three mullets pierced gules Way, St Giles in the Wood; Creedy, Sandford; Canonteign, Christow; Ruxford, Sandford;
Daviles Argent, a chevron embattled erminois between three fleurs-de-lys azure Marland, Petrockstowe[28]
Davy alias Dewy (de Way arms) (see also Davie of Creedy above) Argent, two chevronells sable between three mullets gules Way, St Giles in the Wood; Ebberly, Roborough; "Beauford"[29] (Beaford); Owlacombe, Roborough;
Delves Argent, a chevron gules fretty or between three delves sable (a "delve" being a "sod of turf") Crediton
Dene Argent, a lion rampant purpure Newton St Petrock
Denys/Dennis Ermine, three battle-axes gules Holcombe Burnell; Bicton
Denys/Dennis Azure, three Danish battle axes erect or Orleigh
Diamond Gules, three fusils conjoined in fess argent over all a fess gules (sic) Tiverton
Dillon Argent, a lion rampant between three crescents an estoile issuant from each gules over all a fess azure[30] Chymwell, Bratton Fleming; Hart, Heanton Punchardon
Docton Per fess gules and argent, two crescents in chief or another in base sable Docton, Hartland
Downe Gules, a buck's head cabossed ermine attired or Tushill,[31] Pilton
Dowrish Argent, a bend cotised sable a bordure engrailed of the last Dowrish, Sandford
Drake Argent, a wyvern wings displayed and tail nowed gules Ash, Musbury; Mount Drake, Musbury
Drake Sable, a fess wavy between two estoiles argent Buckland Abbey, Buckland Monachorum; Nutwell, Woodbury
Drewe Ermine, a lion passant gules Sharpham, Ashprington; Killerton, Broadclyst; The Grange, Broadhembury
Duck Or, on a fess wavy sable three lozenges of the field Heavitree, Exeter; Mount Radford, Exeter
Duke Per fesse argent and azure, three chaplets counterchanged Otterton
Dyer[32] Or, a chief indented gules a mullet for difference Yarde, Malborough
Dynham Gules, four fusils in fess a bordure ermine Wortham, Lifton

E

NameEscutcheonBlazonSeat, parish
Edgcumbe Gules, on a bend ermines cotised or three boar's heads couped argent Edgcumbe, Milton Abbot; Tavistock; Ottery, Lamerton (Mount Edgcumbe, Cornwall; Cotehele, Cornwall)
Edmonds Or, a chevron azure on a canton of the second a boar's head couped between three fleurs-de-lys of the first Plymouth
Edwards Per bend sinister ermine and ermines, a lion rampant or St Mary Major, Exeter
Elford Per pale argent and azure, a lion rampant gules Sheepstor, Yelverton
Eliot Azure, a fess or Tavistock
Ellacott Lozengy or and azure, a bordure gules Milbury;[33] Exeter, St Petrock's
Ellyot Argent, a fess gules between two bars gemelles wavy azure Farringdon
English Sable, three lioncels rampant argent Stockleigh English
Eveleigh Per pale or and sable, two chevronels between three griffins passant counterchanged Holcombe, Ottery St Mary

F

NameEscutcheonBlazonSeat, parish
Farringdon Sable, three unicorns courant in pale argent armed and crined or[34] Little Farringdon,[35] Farringdon
Fenner / Venner Azure, on a cross argent between four eagles displayed or a cross formée sable Rose Ash
Fitz Argent guttée de sang, a cross engrailed gules Fitz-Ford, Tavistock
Flay[36] Ermine, on a pale azure three birds argent Charlton, Payhembury
Floyer Sable, a chevron between three arrows points downward argent Floyer Hayes
Ford Party per fesse or and sable, in chief a greyhound courant in base an owl within a bordure engrailed all counter-changed Nutwell; Chagford; Ashburton; Bagtor, Ilsington
Ford Gules, a castle argent crowned or on the port a cross formée of the third Ford's Moore (modern: "Fordmore"), Plymtree
Fortescue Azure, a bend engrailed argent cotised or Whympston, Modbury; Castle Hill, Filleigh; Weare Giffard; Fallapit, East Allington; Buckland Filleigh; Preston, Devon; Wood, Woodleigh
Fountayne Argent, three bars gemelles gules on a canton azure a lion passant guardant or Bawcombe
Fowell Argent, a chevron sable on a chief gules three mullets pierced of the first Fowelscombe, Ugborough; Black Hall, North Huish[37]
Fownes Azure, two eagles displayed in chief and a mullet in base argent Plymouth; Whitleigh, St Budeaux; Kittery Court, Kingswear; Nethway, Brixham; (Dunster Castle, Somerset)
Fry Gules, three horses courant in pale argent Yarty, Membury; Fry's Hele,[38] Meeth; Buckerell
Fulford Gules, a chevron argent Great Fulford, Dunsford
Furlong Argent, two bars between eight martlets sable Tamerton Foliot; Bawcombe, Ugborough
Fursdon Argent, a chevron azure between three fireballs sable fired proper Fursdon, Cadbury;
Furse Gules, a chevron embattled counter-embattled between six halberds in pairs saltire-wise or Morshead, (Dean Prior (?)[39])
Fursland Or, a lion rampant sable between three crosses pattée gules Bickington

G

NameEscutcheonBlazonSeat, parish
Gale Azure, a fesse argent fretty of the field Crediton
Garland Or, three pales gules on a chief per pale gules and sable a chaplet and a demi-lion issuant argent Whitfield, Marwood[40]
Gay Or, a chevron between three escallops azure Goldworthy, Parkham; Frithelstock
Geere Gules, two bars or each charged with three mascles azure on a canton of the second a leopard's face of the third Heavitree; Holloway,[41] Kenn
Giffard Sable, three fusils conjoined in fesse ermine Brightley, Chittlehampton; Tiverton Castle; Halsbury, Parkham
Gilbert Argent, on a chevron gules three roses of the field[42] Compton, Marldon; Sandridge, Stoke Gabriel; Greenway, Churston Ferrers; Bovey Tracey; (Bodmin Priory, Cornwall)
Giles Per chevron argent and azure, a lion rampant counterchanged collared or Bowden, Ashprington; Sharpham, Ashprington; Dean Court, Dean Prior
Glanville Azure, three saltires or Holwell; Kilworthy, Tavistock
Godwyn/Goodwyn Or, on a fess between six lion's heads erased gules an annulet of the field Clistwill, Plymtree; Torrington
Goodridge Argent, a fess sable in chief three cross crosslets fitchée of the last Totnes
Gould Per saltire azure and or a lion rampant counterchanged Downes, Crediton; Floyer Hayes; Lew Trenchard
Gourney Argent, a cross engrailed gules in the first quarter a cinquefoil vert Townstal; Dartmouth
Gove Azure, a cross lozengy (argent and sable?) between four eagles displayed sable Woodbury
Greenwood Paly of six argent and sable, on a bend gules three escallops or Torrington
Grylls Or, three bendlets enhanced gules Tavistock

H

NameEscutcheonBlazonSeat, parish
Hakewill Or, a bend between six trefoils slipped purpure Exeter
Hals Argent, a fess between three griffin's heads erased sable Kenedon, Sherford; Efford, Egg Buckland
Hamlyn Gules, a lion rampant ermine crowned or Widecombe; Buckfastleigh; Woolfardisworthy; Clovelly
Hancock Gules, on a chief argent three cocks of the field Combe Martin; Mount Radford, Exeter
Harewood[43] Sable, on a chief argent three hart's heads erased of the field South Molton
Harlewyn Azure, a fess argent in base three apples of the last Sidmouth
Harper Argent, a lion rampant a bordure engrailed sable a crescent for difference Berry Narbor; (Swarkestone Hall, Derbyshire)
Harris (of Radford) Sable, three crescents argent Radford, Plymstock
Harris (of Hayne) Sable, three crescents argent a bordure of the last Hayne, Stowford
Harris (of Cornworthy) Sable, an antelope salient argent armed and crined or Cornworthy Priory, Cornworthy
Harvey Gules, on a bend argent three trefoils slipped vert Aylesbeare
Hatch Gules, two demi-lions passant guardant in pale or Hatch/Hacche, South Molton; Aller, South Molton; Woolleigh, Beaford
Haydon Argent, three bars gemels azure on a chief gules a fess dansettée or Cadhay, Ottery St Mary; Ebford, Woodbury
Hele Gules, five fusils in bend argent on each an ermine spot[44] Hele, Cornwood; Flete, Holbeton; Wembury
Helman Vert, a chevron argent guttée de sang between three pheons or Furland
Hext Or, a tower triple-turreted between three battle axes sable Kingston; Kingston, Staverton (?)[45]
Hill Argent, a chevron between three water bougets sable Shilston, Modbury[46]
Hill Gules, a chevron ermine between three garbs or Plymouth; Cotleigh
Hillersdon Argent, on a chevron sable three bull's heads cabossed of the field Hillersdon, Cullompton; Membland, Holbeton
Hockmore Per chevron sable and or, in chief two pairs of reaping hooks endorsed and entwined blades azure handles of the second in base a moorcock of the first combed and wattled gules Buckland Baron, Combe-in-Teignhead[47]
Hody Argent, a fess per fess indented vert and sable between two cotises counterchanged of the fess[48] Nethway,[49] Brixham; (Pilsdon, Dorset)[50]
Holbeame Argent, a chevron enarched sable Holbeame, West Ogwell; Bawcombe, Ugborough(?)
Holland[51] Azure semée-de-lys argent, a lion rampant of the second Countess Wear; Upcott, Sheepwash
Holway of Waton[52] Sable, two swords in saltire hilts and pommels in chief the dexter surmounted by the sinister Waton (alias Wadeton, Wayton, etc.), Stoke Gabriel[53]
Hooker alias Vowell Or, a fess vair between two lions passant guardant sable St Mary Major, Exeter
Hore Sable, an eagle double-headed displayed argent a bordure engrailed of the last Chagford
Howper/Hooper Gyronny of eight or and ermine, over all a castle triple-towered sable Musbury; Fullabrook, Braunton; Raleigh, Pilton
Howpill Argent, on a pale gules three lion's faces or Exeter, St Mary Arches (?)
Hunkin Argent, a mascle sable over all a fess of the last Gatherleigh, Lifton
Hunt[54] Azure, on a bend between two water bougets or three leopard's faces gules Hams, Chudleigh[55]

I

NameEscutcheonBlazonSeat, parish
Incledon Argent, a chevron engrailed between three tuns sable fire issuing from the bung hole proper Incledon, Braunton; Buckland, Braunton; Colleton, Chulmleigh; Pilton House, Pilton; Yeotown, Goodleigh
Inglett Sable, a bend argent between three escallops or Alwington; Lamerton
Isack Per pale azure and purpure, a cross flory or between four lambs argent[56] Boreat, Atherington

J

NameEscutcheonBlazonSeat, parish
Jarvys Argent, six ostrich feathers sable, three, two and one Stralling[57]
Jewell Or, on a chevron azure between three gillyflowers gules stalked and leaved vert a maiden's head of the first ducally crowned of the third on a chief sable a hawk's lure double stringed between two falcons argent beaked and legged of the first Bowden, Berry Narbor

K

NameEscutcheonBlazonSeat, parish
Kellond Sable, a fess argent in chief three fleurs-de-lys of the last Painsford, Ashprington
Kelloway Argent, two grozing irons in saltire sable between four Kelway pears proper[58] Stowford/Stafford, Dolton
Kelly Argent, a chevron between three billets gules Kelly
Kendall Argent, a chevron between three dolphins naiant embowed sable Kingsbridge; Cofton, nr. Dawlish
Kirkham Argent, three lions rampant gules a bordure engrailed sable Blagdon, Paignton; Bidwell, Newton St Cyres[59]
Knapman Or, on a cross gules between four Cornish choughs proper five blocks of tin marked with the letter W Wonson,[60] Throwleigh

L

NameEscutcheonBlazonSeat, parish
Land Gyronny of eight or and sable a bend gules Silverton
Langford Paly of six argent and gules, on a chief of the first a lion passant sable Bratton Clovelly
Lante[61] Per pale argent and gules, a cross engrailed counterchanged Exeter
Larder Argent, three piles sable each charged with as many bezants Upton Pyne
Leach Ermine, on a chief engrailed gules three ducal coronets or Cadeleigh; All Hallows, Goldsmith Street, Exeter
Lee[62] Azure, on a fess cotised or three leopard's faces of the field Pinhoe; Totnes
Leigh Argent, a lion rampant gules on a sinister canton azure an escallop or Borough, Northam
Leigh Argent, two bars azure over all a bend compony or and gules Rudge,[63] Morchard Bishop
Lippingcott Per fess embattled gules and sable, three leopards passant argent Luffincott/Lippingcott;[64] Wibbery, Alverdiscott
Longe[65] Sable semée of crosses pattée, a lion rampant argent North Molton
Lowman Argent, three escutcheons sable each charged with a dexter gauntlet back affrontée or Whitestone; Netherton, Farway[66]
Luscombe Argent, on a pile azure a lion rampant guardant crowned or Luscombe, Rattery
Lutton Vert, an eagle displayed with two heads within an orle of trefoils or Cofford, Kenton
Luttrell Or, a bend between six martlets sable Hartland Abbey; Saunton; (Dunster Castle, Somerset)
Lynn Gules, a demi-lion rampant argent a bordure sable bezantée Exeter

M

NameEscutcheonBlazonSeat, parish
Mainwaring Argent, two bars gules within a bordure gobony or and sable Exeter
Mallet Azure, three escallops or[67] Ash, Iddesleigh; Curry Mallet; Woolleigh, Beaford; Deandon and St Audries; Widdecombe; Hatch, South Molton; West Quantoxhead;
Mallock Per chevron engrailed or and sable, on three roundels three fleurs-de-lys all counterchanged Cockington
Mapowder Barry gules and argent, on the chief of the second a greyhound courant sable Holsworthy
Martyn Argent, two bars gules[68] Feudal barony of Barnstaple; Oxton, Kenton; Lindridge; (Athelhampton, Dorset).
Martyn[69] Argent, on two bars gules three crosses formée or Broad Hempston
Marwood Gules, a chevron between three goat's heads erased ermine attired or Westcot,[70] Marwood
Maynard Argent, three sinister hands couped at the wrist gules Sherford, Brixton
Menyfie Vert, on a chevron between three martlets argent as many eagles displayed of the first Collumpton; Harberton
Milford Argent, three oak leaves in pale all proper Wickington, South Tawton
Minshull Azure, an estoile of six points issuing from a crescent argent Exeter
Molford Sable, a fess ermine between three swans argent South Molton
Mohun Or, a cross engrailed sable Tavistock; Mohuns Ottery, Luppitt; Tor Mohun (Dunster Castle, Somerset; Hall, Lanteglos-by-Fowey, Cornwall; Boconnoc, Cornwall)
Monck Gules, a chevron between three lion's heads erased argent Potheridge, Merton
Moore Argent, a chevron between three moorcocks sable crested gules[71] Moore, "near Tavistock";[72] Broadwoodwidger; Upcott, Cheriton Fitzpaine
Moore Ermine, on a chevron azure three cinquefoils or Moor Hayes, Cullompton
More Sable, three garbs argent a bordure gobony or and gules Broadclyst
Moulton Per pale argent and ermine three bars gules Cullompton

N

NameEscutcheonBlazonSeat, parish
Newcombe Argent, a fess embattled between two escallops in pale sable Great Worthy, Drewsteignton; Easton, South Teign, Drewsteignton?;[73] Exeter, St David's; Starcross, Kenton
Newcourt Sable, a bend ermine between two eagles with two heads displayed or Pickwell, Georgeham
Newton[74] Vert, two shinbones in saltire the sinister surmounted by the dexter argent Crabadon, Diptford
Noble Or, two lions passant guardant in pale azure between as many flaunches of the last on a fess gules three bezants Bishop's Tawton
Northcote Argent, three cross-crosslets in bend sable Northcote, East Down; Newton St Cyres; Pynes, Upton Pyne
Northleigh Argent, a chevron sable between three roses gules Northleigh, Inwardleigh; Peamore, Exminster; Matford, Alphington
Northmore Gules, a lion rampant or armed and langued azure crowned with an eastern crown argent Cleve, St Thomas, Exeter; Well, South Tawton
Nutcombe Or, a fess embattled between two escallops gules Nutcombe, Clayhanger[75]

O

NameEscutcheonBlazonSeat, parish
Osmond Sable, a fess dancettée ermine in chief an eagle displayed or Stagmill, Uplowman; Exeter

P

NameEscutcheonBlazonSeat, parish
Parker Sable, a stag's head cabossed between two flaunches argent North Molton; Boringdon; Saltram; Whiteway, Chudleigh
Passmore[76] Or, a fess between three escutcheons gules on each a bend vair between two cinquefoils of the first all within a bordure azure bezantée[77] Passmore Hayes, Tiverton;[78] Sutton, Halberton;[79] Grilstone, Bishop's Nympton; (Withyshaw, Merstham, Surrey[80])
Pearse Argent, two bars sable between six estoiles gules 3, 2 and 1 Blackmore, Plympton St Mary
Perry Quarterly gules and or, on a bend argent three lions passant azure Water (mod: Waterhouse), Membury
Petre Gules, on a bend or between two escallops argent a Cornish chough proper between two cinquefoils azure Bowhay, Dunchideock; Tor Newton, Tor Bryan, (and Ingatestone Hall, Essex).
Phillips Or, on a chevron engrailed sable three eagle's heads erased argent Alverdiscott
Pincombe Per pale gules and azure, three close helmets argent garnished or South Molton; North Molton; Filleigh; East Buckland
Plumleigh[81] (Argent?), a bend fusily gules Dartmouth
Pointington Argent, a bend gules between six fleurs-de-lys vert Penicott, Shobrooke
Pole Azure semée of fleurs de lis or, a lion rampant argent Shute; Colcombe Castle
Pollard Argent, a chevron sable between three escallops gules Way, St Giles in the Wood; Grilstone, Bishop's Nympton; King's Nympton; Langley, Yarnscombe; Abbots Bickington; Horwood
Pollard (de Way arms)[82] Argent, a chevron sable between three mullets pierced gules Way, St Giles in the Wood; Grilstone, Bishop's Nympton; King's Nympton; Langley, Yarnscombe; Abbots Bickington; Horwood; Ford Abbey, Thorncombe; Knowstone
Pollexfen Quarterly argent and azure, in the 1 and 4 quarter a lion rampant gules Kitley, Yealmpton; Mothecombe, Holbeton; Caleston, Holbeton; Nutwell, Woodbury; Wembury
Pomeroy Or, a lion rampant gardant gules armed and langued azure within a bordure engrailed sable Berry Pomeroy Castle; Bowden, Ashprington; Sandridge, Stoke Gabriel; Beenleigh,[83] Harberton Ford, Harberton
Popham Argent, on a chief gules two stag's heads cabosed or Lynton; (Huntworth in Somerset; Popham in Hampshire; Littlecote in Wiltshire)
Pote Azure, a chevron engrailed cotised argent between three doves of the second Clawton
Potter[84] Sable, a fess ermine between three cinquefoils argent[85] Iddesleigh
Preston[86] Argent, two bars gules on a canton of the last a cinquefoil or Upottery
Prestwood Sable, a lion rampant between two flaunches or Exeter
Prideaux Argent, a chevron sable in chief a label of three points gules Orcheton, Modbury; Adeston, Holbeton; Thuborough, Sutcombe; Soldon, Holsworthy; Netherton, Farway; Ashburton; Nutwell, Woodbury; Ford Abbey, Thorncombe; (also Prideaux Place, Padstow and Prideaux Castle, Luxulyan, Cornwall)
Prouse Sable, three lions rampant argent Gidleigh Castle; Chagford; Lustleigh; Barnstaple; Tiverton
Prouse[87] Ermine, three lions rampant argent Exeter
Prust Gules, on a chief argent two estoiles sable Thorry, Hartland; Gorven, Hartland; Annery, Monkleigh
Prye Ermine, a chevron sable a chief azure fretty or[88] Horwell, Colebrooke
Pyne[89] Gules, a chevron ermine between three pine apples or East Down; Portledge, Alwington

Q

NameEscutcheonBlazonSeat, parish
Quicke Sable, a chevron vaire or and of the first between three griffin's heads erased of the second Newton House, Newton St Cyres; Sherwood,[90] Newton St Cyres

R

NameEscutcheonBlazonSeat, parish
Radford Sable, three lampagoes passant coward in pale argent Upcott, Cheriton Fitzpaine; Okeford; Rockbeare
Raleigh Gules crusilly or, a bend vair or Gules, a bend vair between six cross-crosslets or Raleigh, Pilton
Raleigh Gules, five fusils conjoined in bend argent[91] Fardel, Cornwood; Colaton Raleigh;[92] Smallridge, Axminster;[93] (Nettlecombe Raleigh, Somerset)
Randall Sable, three demi-lions rampant erased argent Kentisbury
Rede Gules, on a bend nebulée argent three shovelers sable Wembury
Reynell Argent, masonry sable a chief indented of the second Forde, Wolborough; East Ogwell
Rider Azure, three crescents or Bere Ferrers
Ridgeway Sable, a pair of wings conjoined and elevated argent Tor Mohun; Abbots Carswell
Risdon Argent, three birdbolts sable Winscott, St Giles in the Wood; Bableigh, Parkham
Roache Azure, three roaches naiant in pale argent Welcombe[94]
Rolle Or, on a fesse dancette between three billets azure each charged with a lion rampant of the first three bezants Stevenstone, St Giles in the Wood; Bicton; Hudscott, Chittlehampton; Beam, Great Torrington; Heanton Satchville, Petrockstowe; Buckfast Place, Cathedral Close, St Martin's, Exeter[95]
Roope Argent, a lion rampant per fess gules and vert between seven pheons azure Horswell, South Milton; East Allington; Bidwell, Newton St Cyres[96]
Roope[97] Argent, a lion rampant gules an orle of nine pheons azure Townstal
Rowcliffe Argent, on a chevron between three lion's heads erased gules a chess-rook or Yarnscombe
Rowe Gules, three paschal lambs or staff cross and banners argent Lamerton
Rowe Argent, on a chevron azure between three trefoils slipped per pale gules and vert three bezants Kingston, Staverton; Bearton, Broad Hempston[98]

S

NameEscutcheonBlazonSeat, parish
Sainthill Or, on a fess engrailed azure between three leopard's faces gules three bezants each charged with a fleur-de-lys of the second on a pile in chief of the second three demi-fleurs-de-lys attached to the top and sides of the first Bradninch
Salisbury Gules, a lion rampant crowned or between three crescents argent Barnstaple
Sanford Argent, a chevron between three martlets sable Exeter
Savery Gules, a fess vair between three unicorn's heads couped or Shilston, Modbury; Willing, Rattery; Slade, Cornwood
Searle Gules, on a chevron between three trefoils argent as many pellets "Gotford in the parish of Holford in the hundred of Hemiock";[99] Awliscombe
Seccombe alias Thorne[100] Argent, a fess gules between three lions rampant sable a bordure engrailed of the last a crescent for difference Weston, North Petherwin; Webworthy, North Petherwin
Segar Azure, a cross moline argent Highweek, Kingsteignton
Servington Ermine, on a chief azure three buck's heads cabossed or Tavistock; (Longford, Wiltshire)
Seward Gules, on a fess or between two chevrons ermine three leopard's faces azure Stoke-in-Teignhead
Seymour Gules, two wings conjoined in lure or Berry Pomeroy; Stover, Teigngrace;
Shapcott Sable, (a chevron or[101] between) three dovecotes argent Shapcott, Knowstone
Shapleigh[102] Vert, a chevron argent betyeen three escallops or Totnes; Dartmouth
Sharpe[103] Argent, three falcon's heads erased sable a bordure engrailed azure Tiverton
Sherman Or, a lion rampant sable between three holly leaves vert Knightstone,[104] Ottery St Mary
Shorte Gules, a griffin segreant or a chief ermine Newton St Cyres
Simonds Per fess dancetée gules and argent, a pale counterchanged three trefoils one and two slipped of the first Exeter
Skerrit Or, a chief indented sable Whitchurch
Skinner Argent, a chief azure semée-de-lys of the first Cowley
Slader Gules, a chevron ermine between three horse's heads erased argent Bath, North Tawton
Slanning Argent, two pales engrailed gules over all on a bend azure three griffin's heads or Ley, Plympton St Mary;[105] Bickleigh (South Hams); Maristow, Tamerton Foliot
Slowley Gules, a chevron between three bats displayed or Sloley, Shirwell; Fremington
Smith (of Exeter) Sable, a fess cotised between three martlets or[106] Madworthy, nr. Exeter; Madford House, Exeter; Larkbeare, Exeter
Smith (of Dartmouth) Barry undé of sixteen argent and azure on a chief gules three barnacles or[107] Dartmouth; Totnes
Snelling Argent, three griffin's heads erased gules a chief ermine Chadlewood, Plympton St Mary
Somaster Argent, a castle triple-towered within an orle of fleurs-de-lys sable Painsford, Ashprington; Nether Exe
Southcott Argent, a chevron gules between three coots sable Indio, Bovey Tracey; Mohuns Ottery, Luppitt
Southcott Argent, a chevron engrailed gules between three coots sable Dunverton; Gunnislake, Cornwall; Calstock, Cornwall; Callington, Cornwall;
Southmeade Per fess wavy gules and ermine, an eagle displayed in chief or Wray, Moreton Hampstead[108]
Sparke Chequy or and vert, a bend ermine The Friary (Whitefriar's Priory), St Jude, Plymouth
Speccot Or, on a bend gules three millrinds argent Speccot, Merton; Thornbury; (Penheale, Cornwall)
Spicer Per pale gules and sable, three castles in bend or cotised within a bordure engrailed ermine Exeter
Spurway Argent, on a bend azure a spur-rowel or between two garbs of the first Spurway, Oakford
Stafford (Kelloway)[109] Argent, two grozing irons in saltire sable between four Kelway pears proper[110] Dowland; Pynes, Upton Pyne
Staplehill Argent, a chevron sable Dartmouth; Bremells, Trusham
Staveley Argent, on a chevron between three lozenges azure as many buck's heads cabossed of the first East Buckland
Stretchleigh Or, on a chevron azure three cinquefoils of the field Stretchleigh (now "Strashleigh"), Ermington[111]
Strobridge Or, over water proper on a bridge of three arches gules a tower of the last and a pennon hoisted thereon Howber Hayne & Street Hayne, Colyton;[112] Modbury
Strode Argent, a chevron between three conies courant sable Old Newnham and Newnham Park, Plympton St Mary
Stucley Azure, three pears or Affeton Castle; Hartland Abbey; Daddon/Moreton House
Sture Argent, a bend sable in chief a pile of three points gules North Huish

T

NameEscutcheonBlazonSeat, parish
Tawley Argent, a chevron azure between three lozenges sable Marldon; (Guildford, Surrey)
Thorne (see also "Seccombe alias Thorne" above) Argent, a fess gules between three lions rampant sable Thorne, Holsworthy;[113] Thorne, Ottery St Mary; Upcott, Sheepwash
Tilley Argent, a wyvern wings endorsed sable charged on the breast with an annulet or for difference Upottery
Tothill Azure, on a bend argent cotised or a lion passant sable Peamore, Exminster; City of Exeter
Tremayne Gules, three dexter arms conjoined at the shoulders and flexed in triangle or the fists clenched proper[114] Collacombe, Lamerton; Sydenham, Marystow
Trevelyan Gules, the base barry wavy argent and azure a demi-horse issuant of the second maned and hoofed or Yarnscombe; (Nettlecombe, Somerset)
Tristram Argent, three torteaux a label of three points azure a chief gules Duvale & Castle Grove, Bampton
Trobridge Or, over water proper a bridge triple-towered gules[115] Trobridge, Crediton
Trosse Gules, three cutlasses barways in pale argent the handles or Exwick
Turberville Argent, a lion rampant gules crowned or Sampford Peverell; South Molton; (Bere Somerset; Coity Castle, Glamorgan;)
Turner Sable, a chevron ermine between three fers-de-moline or on a chief argent a lion passant gules Halberton
Twiggs[116] Azure, three bendlets or on a chief argent a bar dancettée gules Werrington

U

NameEscutcheonBlazonSeat, parish
Upton Sable, a cross moline argent[117] Puslinch, Newton Ferrers;[118] Lupton, Brixham

V

NameEscutcheonBlazonSeat, parish
Velly[119] Argent, a chevron between three castles or Higher Velly, Hartland; Galsham, Hartland;[120]
Venner Gules, three bends or a chief per fess ermine and argent[121] Hudscott, Chittlehampton
Voysey Or, a cross sable in the first quarter a crescent of the last a bordure gules Townstal (Dartmouth)

W

NameEscutcheonBlazonSeat, parish
Waddon Argent, a lion rampant gules debruised with a bend sable charged with three cross crosslets fitchée of the field Plymouth
Wadham Gules, a chevron between three roses argent Edge, Branscombe; Wadham, Knowstone; (Merryfield, Ilton; Somerset)
Wakeman[122] Argent, on a cross sable a ducal coronet or encircled with clouds proper rayonée or Bere Ferrers; Charleton
Wakeman Vert, a saltire wavy ermine Exeter
Walrond Argent, three bull's heads cabossed sable armed or Bradfield, Uffculme; Bovey House, Beer
Walter Azure, a griffin segreant or a bordure ermine Ashbury
Waltham[123] Sable, a chevron between three suns in glory argent Trehill, Kenn; Exeter
Waye Gules, a chevron or between three lucies hauriant argent Torrington; Marsh,[124] Newton St Cyres[125]
Weare/Treawin[126] Argent, on a bend vert between six crosses crosslet fitchée gules three crosiers or Clyst Honiton
Webbe Or, a plain cross sable in the first quarter an eagle displayed of the second St Petrock, Exeter; St Mary Major, Exeter
Webber Gules, on a chevron engrailed argent between three plates three annulets of the first Incledon, Braunton; Buckland, Braunton
Westcott Argent, a bend cotised sable a bordure gules bezantée Raddon, Shobrooke
Weston Argent, on a chevron sable three leopard's faces or Heath Hayne,[127] Colyton
Whiddon Argent, a chevron between three spearheads gules Whiddon, Chagford; Sidbury
White Argent, a chevron between three wolf's heads erased sable "Diray"
Whitlock Per fess or and sable, a bend wavy between two padlocks counterchanged Warkleigh
Wichalse Per fess argent and sable, six crescents in pale counterchanged Barnstaple
Willesford Azure, a chevron ermine between three leopard's faces or Tavistock
Willoughby Quarterly 1 & 4: Sable, a cross engrailed or (Ufford); 2 & 3: Gules, a cross moline argent (Bec of Eresby); all within a bordure gobonée of the second and azure Molland Champson, Molland Bottreaux; Leyhill,[128] Payhembury
Wise Sable, three chevronels ermine Sydenham, Marystow; Mount Wise, Stoke Damerel
Withie[129] Per pale ermine and or, a lion salient gules Berry Narbor
Wolcot Per pale azure and gules, on a cross fleury or five martlets sable a chief of the third charged with a fleur-de-lys between two annulets of the second Wolcot, Thrushelton[130]
Wollocombe (see also Woollcombe) Argent, three bars gules Wollocombe, Mortehoe; Combe (alias Over Wollocombe[131]), Roborough
Wood Sable semée of cross-crosslets or, three leopard's faces of the last Orchard,[132] Lew Trenchard
Woode Argent, on a mount in base proper an oak tree vert fructed or Hareston, Brixton
Woodley Sable, a chevron between three owls argent Halshanger, Ilsington
Woodrouffe[133] Gules, on a chevron argent three buck's heads erased sable a chief per fess nebulée of the third and second Barnstaple; Uffculme
Woollcombe (see also Wollocombe) Argent, three bars gules Pitton, Yealmpton; Ashbury
Worth (Wrothe) Argent, an eagle with two heads displayed sable beaked and legged or[134] Worth, Washfield, near Tiverton; Calstock, Cornwall
Wotton Argent, a cross engrailed between four mullets sable Inglebourne,[135] Harberton
Wyatt[136] Per pale gules and azure, a pair of barnacles argent Braunton
Wykes/Weekes Ermine, three battle-axes sable North Wyke, South Tawton; Bindon, Axminster;[137] Honeychurch
Wyvell Argent, three mullets between two bars sable a bordure engrailed gules[138] Crediton

Y

NameEscutcheonBlazonSeat, parish
Yard Argent, a chevron gules between three water bougets sable[139] Yarde, Malborough;[140] Teignwick, Kingsteignton; Bradley, Kingsteignton; Whiteway, Kingsteignton;[141] Churston Court, Churston Ferrers; Sharpham, Ashprington
Yeo Argent, a chevron sable between three shovelers azure[142] Heanton Satchville, Petrockstowe; Huish; Hatherleigh; Fremington
Yonge Ermine, on a bend cotised sable three griffin's heads erased or Great House, Colyton; Escot, Talaton; Mohuns Ottery, Luppitt
Yonge[143] Per fess sable and argent, three lions rampant guardant counterchanged Landsend,[144]Colebrooke

Blazons by Sir William Pole

The following blazons, with spellings corrected and modernised, were recorded by Sir William Pole:[145]

  • Abbot, of Hartland:Or, a cross voided between four eaglets displayed sable
  • Adiston, of Adeston: Argent, a fess between three pellets
  • Affeton, of Affeton: Argent, a chevron engrailed between three fleurs-de-lys sable
  • Acland, of Acland: Barry argent and sable, two pales counterchanged a fess gules over all
  • Alabaster, of Bicton: Azure, three cross-bows bent or
  • Alley, Bishop of Exeter: Azure, a pale engrailed between two lions rampant ermine crowned or
  • Ameredith, of Pole: Argent, a lion rampant sable collared and chained gules
  • Aller, of Aller: Argent, three parrots vert 2 and 1 beaked and membered gules
  • Arundell, of Hempston Arundell: Sable, six swallows (martlets) argent 3,2,1
  • Arundell of Hempston Arundell: Argent, six swallows sable, 3,2,1
  • Arthur, of Weston_Super_Mare: Gules, a chevron between three clarions
  • Ank of Anke: Gules, two bars three annulets in chief argent
  • Ayshford of Ayshford: Argent, three ash crops vert between two chevrons sable
  • Ashlegh of Ashlegh: ...a pheon...
  • Ashton of Ashton: Vert, three bends argent
  • Ashthorp of Sampford Peverell: ...a bend...
  • Amidas of Plymouth: Azure, a chevron argent between three acorn stalks and leaves or
  • Appleton: Or a chevron sable between three apples vert
  • Ashenden of Dartmouth: Argent, a lion rampant gules collared or
  • Atcomb of Atcombe: Sable, three wings argent
  • Atwill of Exeter: Argent, a chevron sable a pile in point counterchanged
  • Appeldor: Gules, a fess undee argent
  • Atwill: Argent, a fess three piles in chief
  • Atway: ... on a chief three lion's heads erased over-all a bend
  • Archdeacon of Haccombe: Argent, three chevrons sable
  • Audleigh of Tawstock, (feudal) baron of Barnstaple and Dartington: Gules fretty or
  • Avenell of Shepewas (Sheepwash): Three spread-eaglets (Three eagles displayed)
  • Avenell of Loxbere: Argent, five fusils in fess sable between two barrulets gules
  • Auncell: Ermine, a fess sable between a demi-lion in chief and three fusils in base 2 and 1 gules
  • Arscott of Dunsland: Ermine, on a chief azure two buck's heads cabossed or
  • Atwill: Argent, three leopard's faces azure
  • Atwood: Sable semee of acorns or, a lion rampant argent
  • Basset of Stevenstone and Beaupire: Argent, a chevron azure between three bugle horns sable
  • Bathe or Bathon, of Colbrooke: Ermine, a bend gules
  • Bastard of Efford: Or, a chevron azure
  • Basset of Umberleigh: Barry undée of six or and gules
  • Batten of Dunsland: Argent, three battle axes erect azure
  • Batten of Exeter: Argent, a chevron between three battle axes erect azure
  • Bawceyn of Washborn Bawceyne: Argent, two bars undée gules a quarter sable
  • Barry of Winscott: Barry of six argent and gules
  • Battishull of Westwike: Azure, a saltire crosslet between four owls argent
  • Bamfild (Bampfield): Or, on a bend gules three mullets argent
  • Bamfild (Bampfield): Paly of six or and vert on a bend gules three mullets argent
  • Baker: Argent, on a saltire engrailed sable five escallops argent on a chief of the second a lion passant argent
  • Barron of Buckland Barron: Argent, a chevron between three men's hearts sable
  • Barnhous of Kingston: Gules, two wings conjoined in lure argent
  • Bawcomb of Bawcombe: Argent, three bats displayed sable
  • Barkley or Bartlet of ... : Sable, a fess ermine between three escallops argent
  • Balun of ... : Barry dancetty of six argent and gules
  • Baunton of Combaunton (Combe Baunton): Gules, a bend between three escallops or one in chief two in base
  • Bale of ... : Argent, two bars gules between three mullets sable
  • Beandyn of ... : Azure, on a bend or three torteaux
  • Beaudyn: ... , a chevron between three martlets
  • Beaumont of Yolston (Youlston): Barry of six vairy and gules
  • Beaumont of Sebrescot: Barry of six vairy and gules a bezant on the second bar
  • Beauchamp of Ryme: Vairy, a label of three points gules
  • Beaupell(Beauple) of Knoweston (Knowstone): Gules, a bend vairy cotised or
  • Beaupell(Beauple) of Knoweston (Knowstone) (sic, Richard Beaple Mayor of Barnstaple): Gules, a bend vairy between six escallops argent
  • Bellew of Ashe Rogus (Ash, Braunton): Sable fretty or

See also

Notes

  1. For a discussion of the disappearance of the old gentry families of Devon, see Sabine Baring-Gould, Old Country Life, first published 1889, 5th ed., 1894, pp.7-22, Old County Families
  2. Quoted by Rogers, William Henry Hamilton, Memorials of the West, Historical and Descriptive, Collected on the Borderland of Somerset, Dorset and Devon, Exeter, 1888, p.351
  3. Vivian 1895.
  4. Pole, p.287; Polwhele, Richard, History of Devonshire, 3 Vols., Vol.3, London, 1793, p.478
  5. Hoskins, p.411
  6. As seen in 19th c. stained glass window in Mamhead Church. Blazoned with chevron sable and with difference of a martlet, per Vivian, p.35
  7. Barkley arms identical to Potter arms, see Vivian pp.43,612. Escallops in place of cinqufoils per Pole, p.469
  8. Location of this estate unknown
  9. The mural monument survives in St Mary's Church, Totnes, Devon, to Christopher Blackall (1581-1633) of Hampsted in the parish of Totnes, and his four wives, see File:ChristopherBlackall Died1633 TotnesChurch Devon.jpg. Christopher Blackall (1581-1633) donated 50 books to Totnes Church, many of which were used by John Prince (1643–1723) in writing his Worthies of Devon
  10. Vivian, p.111: "Warbrightley"; Risdon, p.66: "Warbrighsleigh", Warbrighsleigh Beacon (formerly known as "Warpsley" Beacon), today Stoodleigh Beacon, 1/2 mile N-E of which is "Waspley" Farm (Ordnance Survey map), 2 miles west of Stoodleigh Church; See: Vivian, p.400, mentioning Broughton of "Warpsley"
  11. Vivian, p.112: Brown, Brownishilarshe; Risdon, p.271: Ilash; today apparently represented by West Browns and East Browns, about 1 mile S-W of Langtree village
  12. Charles Frederick Burnard (1816-post 1894) of Chatsworth Lodge in the parish of Compton Gifford, near Plymouth, Devon, was Mayor of Plymouth in 1882 (Vivian, p.849)
  13. Although Thomas Butler, 7th Earl of Ormonde (d.1515) (whose wife was Anne Hankford the heiress of Annery, Monkleigh, Devon, and whose heraldry survives on a bench-end in Monkleigh Church) is known to have died without male progeny (the earldom descended to his distant male cousin), the family of Butler of Parkham submitted a pedigree to the heralds at the Heraldic Visitation of Devon of 1620 which claimed descent from a certain Humfridus Boteler de Annery (Vivian, p.104), whose identity is therefore uncertain. The arms however of Butler of Parkham are the arms of Butler, Earl of Ormond (Gules, three covered cups or) differenced with a field azure.
  14. Wreath, per Pole, p.475: argent, per Vivian, p.127, of the first and second, i.e. or and sable
  15. Location of Callard uncertain, however an ancient farmhouse of than name survives in the parish of Burrington (see listed building text )
  16. Former seat of the Cockworthy family, today "Cogworthy" Farm
  17. "Little Yarnscombe" per Pole, p.373
  18. Pevsner, p.563
  19. The inscribed mural monument of Raleigh Clapham (1587-1636), Apothecary, survives in St Peter's Church, Barnstaple. Image see
  20. The home from 1980-2005 of the son and heir of the 11th Duke of Devonshire, and today part of the Bolton Hall estate of the Duke of Devonshire
  21. John Clement was a member of the Corporation of Plymouth in 1620 and married Judith Sparke, a sister of John Sparke (c. 1574–1640), MP, of The Friary, in the parish of St Jude, Plymouth, Devon (Vivian, pp.193, 856)
  22. As blazoned by Sir William Pole (d.1635), Collections Towards a Description of the County of Devon, Sir John-William de la Pole (ed.), London, 1791, p.447 and as depicted quartered on monument of Lady Frances Bourchier (1587-1612), daughter of William Bourchier, 3rd Earl of Bath (d.1623), in the Bedford Chapel at Chenies, Buckinghamshire. The arms of Cogan (a branch of which later became known as Goggin) are variously blazoned elsewhere as oak leaves, aspen leaves, etc.
  23. Wotton, Thomas, Baronetage of England, 1771, Volume 2, Arms of Colleton Baronets; given by Vivian as roebuck's heads, frequently interchangeable
  24. Pole, p.475
  25. Pole, p.263
  26. Pevsner, pp.233-4
  27. http://www.witheridge-historical-archive.com/cutcliffe.htm
  28. Location of Marland in parish of Petrockstowe per Vivian, p.497
  29. Vivian, pp.274-5
  30. Vivian, p.284, with obvious printer's error ("Az" in place of "Ar") in that the field is given erroneously as azure, with a fess also azure, in contravention of the "Rule of Tinctures", and would not show fully against the same background. Pole (p.480) gives the field as argent, but gives the location of the crescents incorrectly as on the fess. A relief-sculpted image of these arms survives on the large monument of John Chichester (died 1569) of Raleigh, Pilton, Devon, see image:File:HeraldicPanelChichesterMonumentPiltonDevon1569.JPG, which shows the correct arrangement of the crescents and estoiles, although the tincture of the field has been wrongly re-painted as or
  31. Reed, Margaret A., Pilton, its Past and its People, Barnstaple, 1985, p.243
  32. Richard Dyer c.1545/54 purchased Yarde from the Yarde family, whose longtime seat it had been, following their removal to Bradley (Risdon, p.176; Allan et al., p.244). His great-great-great-grandson was the botanist Richard Dyer (born 1651), a Fellow of Oriel College, Oxford, who inherited Yarde from his elder brother William Dyer (d.1714) and rebuilt it in 1718 (John Allan, Nat Alcock, David Dawson, West Country Households, 1500-1700, p.244 The Stained Hangings at Yarde Farm)
  33. Location of Milbury unknown. Several streets in Exminster are named "Milbury"
  34. Courant, per Pole, p.482
  35. Pole, pp.158-9
  36. Thomas Flay (d.1634) of Exeter, 2nd son of John Flay of Charlton, was Mayor of Exeter. A portrait of his wife Elizabeth Spicer was hanging in the Guildhall, Exeter, in 1895 (Vivian, p.343, note 3)
  37. Polwhele, Richard, History of Devonshire, 3 Vols., London, 1793, Vol.3, p.460
  38. Today "Friars Hele Farm"; the arms of Fry of Fry's Hele are differenced by a field vert (Pole, p.484) see image File:Fry (of Fry's Hele) arms.svg
  39. Vivian's pedigree, p.385, shows a long history of baptisms, marriages and burials at Dean Prior of members of this family
  40. Lysons, Daniel & Lysons, Samuel, Magna Britannia, Vol.6, Devonshire, London, 1822, p.333
  41. Polwhele, Richard, History of Devonshire, 3 Vols., Vol.2, London, 1793, Vol.2, p.183
  42. Gilbert: Argent, on a chevron gules three roses of the field. These are the ancient arms of the family, as evidenced on monuments in Marldon Church 1496 and 1530 and in Churston Ferrers Church c.1575 (Source: Burke's Landed Gentry, 1937, p.886). In the 1620 Heraldic Visitation of Devon by William Camden, Clarenceux King of Arms, the following arms were allowed to Raleigh Gilbert (1584-1634) of Compton: Ermine, on a chevron sable three roses argent. (Source: Burke's Landed Gentry, 1937, p.886). The family's arms are very confused, for example as given in Vivian, p.405: Or, on a chevron sable three roses of the field leaved proper a bordure gules. Pole, p.484, gives: Argent, on a chevron sable three roses of the field
  43. Henry Harewood (d.1631) by his will donated £100 as the "Harewood Gift", a charity for the poor of South Molton (Report of the Commissioners Appointed ...: To Inquire Concerning Charities ..., 1825, pp.125-6 )
  44. Pole, p.487; as seen on monument of Elize Hele (1560–1635) in Bovey Tracey Church
  45. The family of Hext resided at a place named "Kingston", which although Pole (d.1635) suggests (almost as a post scriptum) is Kingston in the parish of Staverton ("At Kingston their also dwelled Thomas Hext in King Edw 4 tyme" (Pole, Sir William (d.1635), Collections Towards a Description of the County of Devon, Sir John-William de la Pole (ed.), London, 1791, p.277), cannot be reconciled with the well documented contemporaneous tenure of Kingston, Staverton, by the Barnhous family, whose heiress is known to have married John Rowe of Totnes. (During the reign of King Edward IV (1461-1483) "Kingston" was the seat of Thomas Hext, (Pole, Sir William (d.1635), Collections Towards a Description of the County of Devon, Sir John-William de la Pole (ed.), London, 1791, p.277; Vivian, p.484, pedigree of Hext of Kingston) one of whose daughters, Agnes Hext, married Sir Lewis Pollard (Vivian, p.598, pedigree of Pollard) (c.1465-1526) of Grilstone in the parish of Bishop's Nympton, Devon, Justice of the Common Pleas from 1514 to 1526 (Hoskins, W.G., A New Survey of England: Devon, London, 1959 (first published 1954), p.338) and a MP for Totnes in 1491) There is however a parish and village named Kingston in South Devon, about 14 miles south-west of Kingston, Staverton, and Thomas Hext "of Kingston", the first member of the family recorded in the Heraldic Visitations of Devon, married a member of the Fortescue family of Whympston, Modbury, about 2 1/2 miles north-west of the village of Kingston.
  46. Today, see Shilston Barton or Shilstone near Modbury. Sir Robert Hill jCP of Shilston and Houndstone, the father of Robert Hill Sheriff of Devon was kinsman to Sir John Hill jKB of Hill's Court, Exeter and Houndstone, the father of Robert Hill of Spaxton MP
  47. In the parish of Combe-in-Teignhead per Lysons, Magna Britannia, Vol.6, p.135
  48. Burke's General Armory, 1884, p.515; Pole, p.488; the blazon in Vivian, p.490, appears confused, producing an image thusFile:HodyArms.png
  49. Pole, p.282-3; Risdon, p.160
  50. Sir John Hody (d.1441) of Pilsdon in Dorset and Stowell, Wiveliscombe, Somerset, Chief Justice of the King's Bench, married Margaret Cole, heiress of Nethway (Pole, pp.282-3)
  51. This family was descended from Robert de Holland, 1st Baron Holand (c. 1283 – 1328), son of Sir Robert de Holland of Upholland, Lancashire (See Vivian, p.475)
  52. Not to be confused with arms of Holway of Holway, Tor Bryan, Devon (see Pole, p.488)
  53. Risdon, pp.157-8; Pole, p.284
  54. Thomas Hunt (d.1548) was thrice Mayor of Exeter (Vivian, p.494)
  55. For Hams as the seat of Hunt see: Jones, Mary, History of Chudleigh, 1852
  56. Vivian, p.502, p.502, footnote, as appears on the Risdon monument in Westdown Church, Devon also in St Giles-in-the-Wood Church, Devon
  57. "Stralling" (Vivian, p.504), location unknown; ? Stalling Thorne in the parish of Huntsham ?
  58. Vivian, p.510 adds a bordure engrailed of the second. No such border is visible in any of the many depictions of the Kelloway arms surviving in the churches of Dolton, Iddisleigh, and Dowland; However, the bordure does appear in the Kelloway arms shown in Branscombe Church, Devon, on the Mural monument to Joan Tregarthin (d.1583) widow successively of John Kelloway of Cornwall and John Wadham (d.1578) of Merifield, Ilton, Somerset and Edge, Branscombe. See File:JoanTregarthinMonument BranscombeChurch Devon.PNG
  59. Vivian, p.517
  60. Residence at Wonson per Baring-Gould, Sabine, An English Home, p.277, Scapegraces
  61. John Lante (d.1614) was Mayor of Exeter and has a monument in Exeter Cathedral (Vivian, p.523)
  62. Richard Lee (d.1620) of Totnes was Mayor of Totnes in 1620 (Vivian, p.527)
  63. Pevsner, p.575, anciently "Ridge", per Vivian, p.529
  64. The Lippincotts in England and America, Edited from the Genealogical Papers of the Late James S. Lippincott, Philadelphia, 1909, p.8
  65. In 1620 Anthonie Longe (born 1597) was a servant of the Earl of Bath (Vivian, p.532) at Tawstock in North Devon. A junior branch of the prominent Long family (Vivian, p.532) of South Wraxall and Draycot Cerne in Wiltshire, descended from Robert Long (d.1447), MP
  66. Pole, p.492
  67. Mallet of Idsleigh (Vivian 1895, p. 545); as visible on monument to Sir Arthur Acland (d.1610) in Landkey Church
  68. As generally blazoned; Vivian 1895, p. 552, Martyn of Oxton, gives three bars
  69. The first member of this family (whose arms are a differenced version of FitzMartin, feudal barons of Barnstaple in Devon and Lords of Cemais in Wales) was Thomas Martin (d.1588) of Salisbury, Wiltshire, Mayor of Totnes, who married Christiana Savery of Totnes (Vivian, p.558)
  70. Westcot in parish of Marwood per Pole, p.398
  71. Pole, p.493, field argent; Vivian, p.574 azure
  72. Pole, p.220
  73. The Newcombe family of Chagford & Exeter, Peter R. Newcombe, 2005-17
  74. Col.John Newton (d.1655) of Crabaton (mod: Crabadon) was a Royalist in the Civil War (Burke's General Armory). Difference of arms of Newton baronets of Barrs Court, Gloucestershire (1660), of which family Sir Isaac Newton claimed to be a member
  75. In Clayhanger parish (not Combe Martin), see: Extract of 1785 will of Buckland Nutcombe Bluett of Nutcombe, Clayhanger and Holcombe Court, Holcombe Rogus, archives of North Devon Record Office, Reference: 1777 B/FW8
  76. See: Passmore, Alfred E., The Pedigree of the Passmores of Passmore Hayes, Devon, 1929. Commissioned by Alfred E. Passmore from researcher Charles E. Bernau. West Country Studies Library (ref S929.2PAS) and Tiverton Museum (ref TM/89/1375/1)
  77. Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry, 15th Edition, ed. Pirie-Gordon, H., London, 1937, p.1761, pedigree of Passmore of Withyshaw, with drawing of arms confirming this blazon; The arms of Passmore are blazoned incorrrectly in Vivian, Lt.Col. J.L., (Ed.) The Visitations of the County of Devon: Comprising the Heralds' Visitations of 1531, 1564 & 1620, Exeter, 1895, p.589, pedigree of Passmore of Passmore Hayes as: Or, on a fess between three escutcheons gules each charged with a bend vair two cinquefoils of the first all within a bordure azure bezantée, which gives File:PassmoreArms.png
  78. Passmore Hayes, now a small cottage 3.75 miles N-NE of Tiverton, at the end of the farm track to Longhayne Farm, approaching the Town Leat in an eastward direction. Passmore Hayes was in the parish of Tiverton, per: The topographer: containing a variety of original articles ..., Volume 1 edited by Sir Egerton Brydges, p.142
  79. Westcote, Thomas, A View of Devonshire in 1630 with a Pedigree of most of its Gentry, Exeter, 1845, p.525; "Swotton/Swetton" per Vivian, p.589
  80. Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry, 15th Edition, ed. Pirie-Gordon, H., London, 1937, p.1761, pedigree of Passmore of Withyshaw
  81. Several members of the Plumleigh family served as Mayor of Dartmouth
  82. de Via arms, as also used by the Davie family of Creedy, Sandford, who claimed common origin with the Pollards from the de Way family, were quartered by Pollard with their escallop arms, (Prince, pp.284 (footnote), 783) but were sometimes used alone, as evidenced most notably by all the surviving Pollard monuments and ledger stones in Horwood Church
  83. "Bingley" or "Bindley" (Vivian, p.609)
  84. Hugh Potter (1596-1661/2) (eldest son and heir of Tobias Potter of Iddesleigh) was a lawyer of Lincoln's Inn and a member of the household of the Earl of Northumberland (Vivian, p.612)
  85. Potter arms identical to Barkley arms, see Vivian pp.43,612
  86. The Preston family of Devon was a junior branch of the de Preston family which during the reign of King Henry II (1154-1189) was seated at Preston Richard and Preston Patrick in Westmorland. On 1 April 1644 George Preston (of same ancient descent, same arms) was created a baronet "of Furness in the County of Lancaster". (Burke, Bernard, Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Extinct and Dormant Baronetcies ..., 2nd ed, 1844, pp.424 et seq )
  87. Members of this family include Richard Prouse (d.1608), Mayor of Exeter, and his son John Prouse (d.1624/5), Mayor of Exeter in 1620, whose memorial exists in Exeter Cathedral (Vivian, p.628, "MI")
  88. per Pole, Sir William (d.1635), Collections Towards a Description of the County of Devon, Sir John-William de la Pole (ed.), London, 1791, p.498. Alternatively: Ermine, a chevron gules a chief azure fretty or (per Vivian, p.631, pedigree of Prye of Horwell). These arms are visible on the monument to John Wrey (d.1597) in Tawstock Church, Devon. John Wrey's son Edmond Wrey married Katherine Prye, daughter of Roger Prye of Horwell (Vivian, p.631)
  89. This family was the heir of Coffin of Portledge, Alwington, Devon, and in 1796 assumed the additional surname and arms of Coffin, resulting in the name Pine-Coffin (Vivian, p.211)
  90. Lauder, Rosemary, Devon Families, Tiverton, 2002, p.129, sold by Savilles estate agent February 2017, £1.5M
  91. Raleigh of Fardel arms per Pole, Sir William (d.1635), Collections Towards a Description of the County of Devon, Sir John-William de la Pole (ed.), London, 1791, p.499; Pedigree given in Vivian (pp.638-9) with same descent as Raleigh of Pilton, but with wrong arms
  92. Vivian, p.638
  93. Pole, p.321
  94. Welcombe is a parish near Hartland in North Devon, near the Cornish border. Other estates named "Welcombe" are listed in Pole, which may have been the residence of this family, with a very brief pedigree in Vivian, p.651 with no mention of parish. However, mention is made of Week St Mary (in Cornwall), 13 miles south of Welcombe near Hartland, and the Roache family originated in "Lesawnte" (Lezant?, Cornwall. Lysons, Magna Britannia, Cornwall, Extinct Gentry, states: "Roche or De la Rupe of Roche — traced to the reign of Richard I. Hals says, that this family became extinct, in the male line, in 1357; that Sir William Blundell, husband of the heiress, took the name of Roche, which continued till the reign of Henry VIII., when the last of the family left four daughters, three of whom married Fortescue, Penkevil, and Boscawen. The Roches had married heiresses of Trevelyan and Page, and a coheiress of Durant. Arms of Roche: — Sab. three roaches, two, one, nayant, Argent." The Devon family used a crescent as the difference of a second son. The name was thus Latinized to de (la) Rupe (Lat: rupes-is, "rock") "from the rock", inspired by the French word la roche, le rocher, "rock", from degraded Latin rocca, recorded in use 980 AD (Larousse Lexis, Paris, 1979, p.1654) from which the English word "rock" (Collins Dict)
  95. townhouse of George Rolle (d.1552), where he died, comprising "messuage, garden and curtilage". It was held from the crown in burgage, worth 30 shillings. Details of Buckfast Place from his inquisition post mortem quoted in Byrne, Muriel St. Clare, (ed.) The Lisle Letters, 6 vols, University of Chicago Press, Chicago & London, 1981, vol.1, Appendix 25, p.414. This house, later known as the "Abbot's Lodge", was destroyed in 1942 during World War II bombing. It had been the townhouse of the Abbot of Buckfast Abbey, which Abbey and much of its lands, apparently excluding the Abbot's Lodge, had been acquired following the Dissolution of the Monasteries by Sir Thomas Denys (c.1477-1561) of Holcombe Burnell, whose eventual heir (by coincidence) was the Rolle family. It was at the Abbot's Lodge that the Grand Duke of Tuscany was entertained by Sir John Rolle in 1669 and it remained in the Rolle family until 1737 when it was sold to the Rev. John Heskett.(Source:) A photograph of the arms of Sir Henry Rolle (1545-1625) in this building taken shortly before its destruction survives in: Devon Notes & Queries, Vol.9, 1916-17, pp.97-9: "Armorial Bearings at the Abbot's Lodge", The Close, Exeter. Image see: File:SirHenryRolle (1545-1625) 1602Arms AbbotsLodge CathedralClose Exeter.jpg
  96. Vivian, p.517, inherited from Roope by Kirkham
  97. Monuments to the Roope family of Townstal exist in St Clement's Church, Dartmouth and in St Petrox's Church, Dartmouth (Pevsner, pp.324,322)
  98. Lysons, Daniel & Lysons, Samuel, Magna Britannia, Vol.6, Devonshire, London, 1822
  99. No such parish as "Holford" appears to exist. This seat (called Goddeford by Pole, p.201 and Godeford by Risdon, p.41) is possibly one of two places: Gosford (today Gosford Farm) near the hamlet of Taleford, about 2 miles SE of Awliscombe; Godford, about 1/4 mile NW of Awliscombe. Awliscombe was in the Hundred of Hemyock
  100. These are the arms of Thorne of Thorne in the parish of Holsworthy, Devon, with difference of a bordure engrailed, with additional difference of a crescent for a second son. The family was descended from Degorie Thorne (second son of John Thorne of Thorne) who (circa 15th c.) married Margaret Seccombe, daughter and heiress of Thomas Seccombe of Seccombe, Devon
  101. As depicted in stained glass in east window of Shute Church, Devon, impaled by arms of Pole of Shute, representing the marriage of Sir Courtenay Pole, 2nd Baronet (1619-1695) and Urith Shapcott, daughter of Thomas Shapcott of Shapcott in the parish of Knowstone, Devon. Elsewhere the arms are shown with a chevron or (Barnstaple Church on Tucker monument), or without chevron (in Knowstone Church and in Molland Church). (Pole (Vivian 1895, pp. 603), Shapcott (Vivian 1895, pp. 677), blazoned with chevron or)
  102. John Shapleigh (d.1628) of Totnes was Mayor of Dartmouth and twice Mayor of Totnes. His monument is in St Saviour's Church, Dartmouth (Vivian, p.678, "MI"). No connection is known to John Shapleigh (died 1414) of Exeter, MP, father of John Shapleigh (fl. 1414–1427), of Exeter, MP
  103. William Sharpe (fl.1620) of Tiverton (3rd son of Robert Sharpe, a merchant in the City of London, by his wife Jeliane Mallory, eldest daughter and co-heiress of Sir Richard Mallory, Lord Mayor of London in 1564) married Alice Woolton, a daughter of John Woolton, Bishop of Exeter. (Vivian, p.679)
  104. Risdon, p.46; Pevsner, Nikolaus & Cherry, Bridget, The Buildings of England: Devon, London, 2004, p.529; Vivian, p.680; Rogers, William Henry Hamilton, The Dorset chapel and Knightstone; Bonville and Sherman; Ottery St. Mary, Notes and Queries for Somerset anmd Dorset, Vol.7, 1901, pp.187-91,235-43,322. Reprinted in his Archaeological Papers Relating to the Counties of Somerset, Wilts, Hants and Devon, 1902
  105. Ley in the parish of Plympton St Mary, per Prince, John, (1643–1723) The Worthies of Devon, 1810 edition, London, pp.713, 715-6 (note 1)
  106. Pole, Sir William (d.1635), Collections Towards a Description of the County of Devon, Sir John-William de la Pole (ed.), London, 1791, p.502. As seen on 1714 mural monument to Sir Bevil Grenville (d.1643), husband of Grace Smith (a daughter of Sir George Smith (died 1619) of Madworthy-juxta-Exeter and Madford House, Exeter, Devon, MP for Exeter in 1604, three times Mayor of Exeter), in Kilkhampton Church, Cornwall; Vivian, p.691, appears to have ascribed to this family the wrong arms, namely those of Smith of Dartmouth (Vivian, p.693) and Smith of Totnes
  107. As seen impaled by Wrey on monument to John I Wrey (d.1597) in Tawstock Church, Devon. Wrey's son John II Wrey was the 3rd husband of Eleanor Smith, daughter of Bernard Smith (d.1591) of Totnes. Arms of Smith of Totnes given by Pole, p.502, as: Barry undé of six argent and azure on a chief gules three barnacles or(Pole, Sir William (d.1635), Collections Towards a Description of the County of Devon, Sir John-William de la Pole (ed.), London, 1791, p.502) Given incorrectly by Vivian, p.691 as arms of Smyth of Exeter, whose arms were: Sable, a fess cotised between three martlets or (Pole, p.502 and as visible on mural monument to Sir Bevil Grenville (d.1645) in Kilkhampton Church)
  108. Pole, p.263, Vivian, p.704
  109. The junior branch of the Kelloway family of Stafford/Stowford, Dolton, which settled at nearby Dowland changed its surname to Stafford but retained the paternal arms of Kelloway. See Vivian, p.510, footnote
  110. Vivian, p.510 adds a bordure engrailed of the second. No such border is visible in any of the many depictions of the Stafford/Stoford/Stowford/Kelloway arms surviving in the churches of Dolton, Iddisleigh, and Dowland; However, the bordure does appear in the Kelloway arms shown in Branscombe Church, Devon, on the Mural monument to Joan Tregarthin (d.1583) widow successively of John Kelloway of Cornwall and John Wadham (d.1578) of Merifield, Ilton, Somerset and Edge, Branscombe. See File:JoanTregarthinMonument BranscombeChurch Devon.PNG
  111. For "Strashleigh" see: Pevsner, Nikolaus & Cherry, Bridget, The Buildings of England: Devon, London, 2004, p.356. For its location in the parish of Ermington see: Vivian, p.157
  112. Rogers, William Henry Hamilton, Memorials of the West, Historical and Descriptive, Collected on the Borderland of Somerset, Dorset and Devon, Exeter, 1888, pp.229-31
  113. Pole, p.360, pedigree agrees in part to Vivian, p.727, pedigree of Thorne of Thorne
  114. Pole, p.505, fists argent; Vivian, p.730, fists proper
  115. Per Vivian, p.738; Pole gives the blazon as: Argent, a bridge gules arched with a flag on the top (Pole, p.505)
  116. The "steward of the court of the Earl of Bedford" at Werrington (then in Devon, now in Cornwall) in about 1600 was John Twiggs, whose family pedigree is included in the 1620 Heraldic Visitation of Devon. (Vivian, p.742, pedigree of "Twiggs of Werrington"). John Twiggs's grandson was Richard Twiggs "of Werrington", whose son was Benjamin Twiggs (1616-c.1678/9) "of Werrington", who both described themselves as "of Werrington" in their wills.(Richard Twiggs (will dated 1625/6, CRO AP/T/449 Benjamin Twiggs (born 1616 (aged 4 in 1620), will dated 1678/9, CRO AP/T/1221)
  117. As seen on monument in Brixham Church, blazoned incorrectly as a cross flory in Vivian, Lt.Col. J.L., (Ed.) The Visitations of the County of Devon: Comprising the Heralds' Visitations of 1531, 1564 & 1620, Exeter, 1895, p.743. Blazoned as cross sarcelly (cercelée) (similar to cross moline) by Pole, Sir William (d.1635), Collections Towards a Description of the County of Devon, Sir John-William de la Pole (ed.), London, 1791, p.506
  118. Pole, p.306
  119. Arms as visible on monument (transcript Chope, R. Pearse, The Book of Hartland, Torquay, 1940, p.144) in Hartland Church to John Velly (1617-1694), during the Civil War a Captain-Lieutenant to Sir Robert Cary (1610–1675), lord of the nearby manor of Clovelly, a Gentleman of the Privy Chamber to King Charles II, whose mural monument survives in Clovelly Church
  120. Seats per Chope, R.Pearse, The Book of Hartland, Torquay, 1940, pp.144, 198
  121. Vivian, p.746
  122. Arms granted in 1616 to Rev. Robert Wakeman (1576-1629), Doctor of Divinity, Parson of Beer Ferrers and Charleton in Devon, Fellow of Balliol College, Oxford in 1596, Prebendary of Exeter Cathedral 1616 (Wakeman, Robert, P., Wakeman Genealogy 1630-1899, Meriden, Connecticut, 1900, p35 )
  123. Richard Waltham (1560-1632) of Trehill, was Recorder of Exeter 1628-32. His elder brother Jeffrie Waltham (1558-1626) of Exeter, was Mayor of Exeter in 1613 and 1626 and was married to Katherin Duck, a sister of Nicholas Duck (1570-1628), Recorder of Exeter (Vivian, pp.772;309); Their aunt Katherin Waltham was the mother of the Devon historian Thomas Westcote (c.1567-c.1637). (Vivian, pp.772;778)
  124. Pole, p.506, who blazons the arms as Gules, a chevron between three fishes naiant argent, thus with chevron argent not or and with the unnamed fish naiant not hauriant. These arms of Waye of Marsh are however sculpted (without tinctures) quartered by Kirkham of Blagdon in the 16th century Kirkham Chantry of Paignton Church, and show a chevron with fish hauriant, as per Vivian's blazon. Nicholas Kirkham (d.1516) of Blagdon married Jane Waye, daughter and heiress of Robert Waye of Marsh (Vivian, p.516, pedigree of Kirkham). These are similar to the arms displayed in Exeter Guildhall, Devon, of "John Waye, Sheriff (of Exeter) 1541", shown as Gules, three lucies hauriant in fess argent. They should be distinguished from the completely different arms of Way of St Giles-in-the-Wood, near Great Torrington in Devon, often called "de Via" (i.e. literally "from the way") arms, apparently later adopted by the Pollard family of Way and also by the Davie family (Davy baronets) of Creedy, Devon, which claim their original surname as de Via.
  125. Marsh in parish of Newton St Cyres per Prince, John, (1643–1723) The Worthies of Devon, 1810 edition, London, p.554
  126. Arms of "Treawin of Weare Giffard" per Pole, p.505; Arms of "Weare of Clyst Honiton" per Vivian, p.774. Quartered by Fortescue of Weare Giffard and Filleigh, see monumental brass in Filleigh Church of Richard Fortescue (c. 1517–1570)
  127. William Henry Hamilton Rogers, Memorials of the West, Historical and Descriptive, Collected on the Borderland of Somerset, Dorset and Devon, Exeter, 1888, pp.226-7
  128. Gray, Todd, (ed.), Devon Household Accounts, 1627–59, Devon and Cornwall Record Society, Part I, 1995, p.xxxvii The Willougby Family and the Accounts of Leyhill
  129. John Withie of Berry Narbor married Joane Jewel, a sister of John Jewel (1522-1571), Bishop of Salisbury, born at Bowden in the parish of Berry Narbor (Vivian, pp.814, 505)
  130. Vivian, p.793: Wolecot in parochia de Thrustelton
  131. Pole, p.394
  132. Re Orchard, see: Pevsner, Nikolaus & Cherry, Bridget, The Buildings of England: Devon, London, 2004, pp.535,613, who places it in parish of Thrushelton (near Lew Trenchard). The Visitations are clear this family resided in the parish of Lew Trenchard, and various monuments of the family exist in that parish church ("MI" per Vivian, p.799).
  133. James Woodrouffe (d.1609) of Barnstaple was Mayor of Barnstaple in 1605 (Vivian, p.802; Lamplugh, Lois, Barnstaple: Town on the Taw, South Molton, 2002, p.156). His first wife was Jone Worth, a daughter of Pawle Worth, thrice Mayor of Barnstaple in 1577, 1592 and 1603, who signed a letted dated 8 April 1588 concerning the town's objection to having been ordered by the Privy Council to provide an excessive number of ships to meet the Spanish Armada. (Lamplugh, pp.50,156)
  134. Blazon per Pole, p.509; These arms are visible on several escutcheons in Washfield Church. The arms are blazoned incorrectly as beaked and legged gules in Vivian, p.805, pedigree of Worth
  135. Following the Dissolution of the Monasteries during the reign of King Henry VIII (1509-1547) John Wotton purchased the estate of Inglebourne from the crown, previously a possession of Buckfastleigh Abbey (Risdon, p.165)
  136. Phillip Wyatt (d.1592) was steward and Town Clerk of Barnstaple, near Braunton. He had several sons, of whom Adam Wyatt (d.1611) was Town Clerk of Barnstaple from 1586 and left a detailed diary which provides valuable information on the town at this period. The identity of the diarist as Adam Wyatt was made by the Devon historian Todd Gray, although traditionally the diarist was thought to have been his brother Philip Wyatt (d.1608) (Lamplugh, Lois, Barnstaple: Town on the Taw, South Molton, 2002, p.45). Their elder brother Hugh Wyatt of Shillingford, married Lady Mary Bourchier, a daughter of John Bourchier, 2nd Earl of Bath (1499-1561), of nearby Tawstock Court, a highly influential figure in Barnstaple. Another brother, Thomas Wyatt, married Margaret Risdon, an aunt of Tristram Risdon (d.1640) the Devon historian. (Vivian, pp.823, 107, 648). Pole, p.508, gives the arms of "Wiatt of Shillingford" slightly differently as: Azure, a chief gules over-all a horse-brake (barnacle) argent
  137. The Bindon branch of Wyke used their maternal arms of Burnell, having inherited that estate from an heiress of that family (Pole, p.243; Woodger, L.S., biography of Wyke, Roger (d.c.1467), of Bindon in Axmouth, Devon, published in History of Parliament: House of Commons 1386-1421, ed. J.S. Roskell, L. Clark, C. Rawcliffe., 1993 )
  138. Pole, Sir William (d.1635), Collections Towards a Description of the County of Devon, Sir John-William de la Pole (ed.), London, 1791, p.507
  139. Arms inherited from the Bushel family of Bradley/Teignwick (Pole, p.472)
  140. Gray, Todd & Rowe, Margery (Eds.), Travels in Georgian Devon: The Illustrated Journals of The Reverend John Swete, 1789-1800, 4 vols., Tiverton, 1999, Vol 2, p.164; Pevsner, p.556
  141. Swete, Vol.2, p.164
  142. Per research conducted by Sheila Yeo of the Yeo Society , based on stained glass depictions of Yeo arms in churches of Petrockstowe (Yeo of Heanton Satchville) and Hatherleigh (Yeo of Hatherleigh) both in Devon. The ducks are described as of various breeds by different sources. Heraldic sources give contradictory tinctures: Argent, a chevron between three shovelers sable (Vivian, Lt.Col. J.L., (Ed.) The Visitations of the County of Devon: Comprising the Heralds' Visitations of 1531, 1564 & 1620, Exeter, 1895, p.834) and Argent, a chevron between three mallards azure (Pole, Sir William (d.1635), Collections Towards a Description of the County of Devon, Sir John-William de la Pole (ed.), London, 1791, p.510)
  143. The return made in 1620 to the heralds was signed by Robert Yonge (d.1636) of Colebrooke, 4th son of Thomas Younge of Sturminster Newton in Dorset. Robert's nephew was Thomas Yonge (of Child, Ockford) who married Bridget Seymer, a sister of Sir Robert Seymer (d.1624) of Hanford in Dorset, a Teller in the King's Exchequer, knighted at Greenwich Palace on 19 February 1619 (Burke, John, A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain and Ireland, Vol. 2 (M-Z), London, 1846, p.1216 )
  144. Kelly's Directory of Devon, 1902
  145. Pole, Sir William (d.1635), Collections Towards a Description of the County of Devon, Sir John-William de la Pole (ed.), London, 1791, pp.467-510

References

  • Vivian, Lt.Col. J.L., ed. (1895). The Visitations of the County of Devon: Comprising the Heralds' Visitations of 1531, 1564 & 1620. Exeter.
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