Deputy prime minister

A deputy prime minister or vice prime minister is, in some countries, a government minister who can take the position of acting prime minister when the prime minister is temporarily absent. The position is often likened to that of a vice president, as both positions are "number two" offices, but there are some differences.

The states of Australia and provinces of Canada each have the analogous office of deputy premier. In the devolved administrations of the United Kingdom, an analogous position is that of the deputy first minister but the position in Northern Ireland has the same powers as the First Minister. In Canada, the position of deputy prime minister should not be confused with the Canadian Deputy Minister of the Prime Minister of Canada, a nonpolitical civil servant position.

A deputy prime minister traditionally serves as acting prime minister when the real prime minister is temporarily absent or incapable of exercising his/her power. The deputy prime minister is often asked to succeed to the prime minister's office following the prime minister's sudden death or unexpected resignation, but that is not necessarily mandated by the constitution. This government position is often a job that is held simultaneously with another ministry, and is usually given to one of the most senior or fairly experienced ministers of the cabinet. The holder of this office may also be deputy leader of the governing party, or perhaps even as leader of the junior party of a coalition government.

Little scholarly attention has focused on deputy prime ministers due to their nature as being less involved in the political power plays of government and more focus on the work at hand. A 2009 study in Political Science identified nine 'qualities' of deputy prime ministership: temperament; relationships with their Cabinet and caucus; relationships with their party; popularity with the public; media skills; achievements as deputy prime minister; relationship with the prime minister; leadership ambition; and method of succession.[1]

By contrast, the structure of the Government of Russia [2] and Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine foresees the positions of several deputy prime ministers or vice prime ministers.[3] In the case of the Russian government, the Prime Minister is responsible for defining the scope of the duties for each of his or her deputies,[4] who also may head a specific ministry - e.g. the former Minister of Finance of Russia, Alexey Kudrin also serves as one of the deputies of the prime ministers or vice-premiers. One or two of these deputy prime ministers may hold the title of a First Deputy Prime Minister. The Russian federal law indicates that in accordance with the order established in advance, one of the deputy prime ministers may temporarily substitute for the Prime Minister in his or her absence. Customarily, however, it is to one of the "First" Deputy Prime Ministers that the prime-ministerial duties may be delegated. At the same time, in the case of Prime Minister's resignation, the law allows the President of Russia to choose any of the current vice-premiers to serve as an acting Prime Minister until the confirmation of the new government.[5]

Lists of deputy prime ministers

State Office Officeholder Assumed office
 Albania Deputy Prime Minister Erion Braçe 17 January 2019
 Armenia Deputy Prime Minister Tigran Avinyan 11 May 2018
Mher Grigoryan
 Australia Deputy Prime Minister Michael McCormack 26 February 2018
 Austria Vice-Chancellor Clemens Jabloner 3 June 2019
 Bahamas Deputy Prime Minister Peter Turnquest 11 May 2017
 Belgium Deputy Prime Minister Koen Geens 2 July 2019
Didier Reynders 18 July 2004
Alexander De Croo 22 October 2012
 Canada Deputy Prime Minister Chrystia Freeland 20 November 2019
 China First Vice Premier Han Zheng 19 March 2018
Second Vice Premier Sun Chunlan
Third Vice Premier Hu Chunhua
Fourth Vice Premier Liu He
 Croatia Deputy Prime Minister Damir Krstičević 19 October 2016
Predrag Štromar 9 June 2017
Davor Božinović 19 July 2019
Zdravko Marić
 Finland Deputy Prime Minister Mika Lintilä 6 June 2019
 Germany Vice-Chancellor Olaf Scholz 14 March 2018
 Greece Deputy Prime Minister Panagiotis Pikrammenos 9 July 2019
 India Deputy Prime Minister Vacant (since 2004) N/A
 Ireland Tánaiste Simon Coveney 30 November 2017
 Israel Deputy Prime Minister Vacant (since 2013) N/A
Vice Prime Minister Vacant (since 2016)
 Italy Deputy Prime Minister Vacant (since 2019) N/A
 Japan Deputy Prime Minister Tarō Asō 26 December 2012
 Lebanon Deputy Prime Minister Ghassan Hasbani 18 December 2016
 Luxembourg Deputy Prime Minister Etienne Schneider 4 December 2013
 Malaysia Deputy Prime Minister Wan Azizah Wan Ismail 9 May 2018
 Malta Deputy Prime Minister Chris Fearne 17 July 2017
 Mauritius Deputy Prime Minister Ivan Collendavelloo 17 December 2014
Vice Prime Minister Fazila Jeewa-Daureeawoo 16 November 2017
 Montenegro Deputy Prime Minister Rafet Husović 4 December 2012
Zoran Pažin 28 November 2016
Milutin Simović
 Netherlands Deputy Prime Minister Hugo de Jonge 26 October 2017
Kajsa Ollongren
Carola Schouten
 New Zealand Deputy Prime Minister Winston Peters 26 October 2017
 Pakistan Deputy Prime Minister Vacant (since 2012) N/A
 Poland Deputy Prime Minister Jarosław Gowin 16 November 2015
Piotr Gliński
Jacek Sasin 4 June 2019
 Portugal Deputy Prime Minister Vacant (since 2015) N/A
 Russia First Deputy Chairman of the Government Anton Siluanov 18 May 2018
Deputy Chairman of the Government Dmitry Kozak 14 October 2008
Olga Golodets 21 May 2012
Yury Trutnev 31 August 2013
Vitaly Mutko 30 October 2016
Maxim Akimov 18 May 2018
Yury Borisov
Konstantin Chuychenko
Tatyana Golikova
Alexey Gordeyev
 Serbia First Deputy Prime Minister Ivica Dačić 27 April 2014
Deputy Prime Minister Rasim Ljajić 27 July 2012
Zorana Mihajlović 27 April 2014
Nebojša Stefanović 11 August 2016
 Singapore Deputy Prime Minister Heng Swee Keat 1 May 2019
 Slovenia Deputy Prime Minister Karl Viktor Erjavec 20 March 2013
Miro Cerar 13 September 2018
Alenka Bratušek
Andrej Bertoncelj
Jernej Pikalo
 SpainDeputy Prime Minister Carmen Calvo 7 June 2018
 South Korea Deputy Prime Minister Yoo Eun-hae 2 October 2018
Hong Nam-ki 10 December 2018
 Sweden Deputy Prime Minister Margot Wallström 3 October 2014
Isabella Lövin 25 May 2016
 Taiwan Vice Premier Shih Jun-ji 8 September 2017
 Thailand Deputy Prime Minister Prawit Wongsuwan 30 August 2014
Wissanu Krea-ngam
Somkid Jatusripitak 20 August 2015
Jurin Laksanawisit 10 July 2019
Anutin Charnvirakul
 United Kingdom Deputy Prime Minister Vacant (since 2015) N/A
First Secretary of State Dominic Raab 24 July 2019
 Vietnam First Deputy Prime Minister Trương Hòa Bình 9 April 2016
Deputy Prime Minister Phạm Bình Minh 13 November 2013
Vũ Đức Đam
Vương Đình Huệ 9 April 2016
Trịnh Đình Dũng

Former countries


  1. Steven Barnes, 'What About Me? Deputy Prime Ministership in New Zealand', Political Science, Vol. 61, No. 1, 2009, pp. 33-49
  2. Article 110.2 of the Constitution of Russian Federation
  3. Article 114 of the Constitution of Ukraine
  4. "Article 25 of the Federal Constitutional Law "On the Government of Russian Federation" from December 17, 1997". Retrieved 2012-07-25.
  5. "Article 8 of the Federal Constitutional Law "On the Government of Russian Federation". Retrieved 2012-07-25.
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