Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha

The Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha is the vice-presiding officer of the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Parliament of India. S/He acts as the presiding officer in case of leave or absence caused by death or illness of the Speaker of the Lok Sabha. It is by convention that position of Deputy Speaker is offered to opposition party in India. .[1]

Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha
StyleThe Honourable
AppointerMembers of the Lok Sabha
Term lengthDuring the life of the Lok Sabha (five years maximum)
Inaugural holderM. A. Ayyangar (1952–1956)
Formation30 May 1952
WebsiteOfficial website
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The Deputy Speaker is elected in the very first meeting of the Lok Sabha after the General elections for a term of 5 years from amongst the members of the Lok Sabha. S/He holds office till either s/he ceases to be a member of the Lok Sabha or s/he himself resigns. S/He can be removed from office by a resolution passed in the Lok Sabha by an effective majority of its members.[2] In effective majority, the majority should be 50% or more than 50% of total strength of the house after removing the vacancies. Since the Deputy Speaker is accountable for the Lok Sabha, the elimination is done by the effective majority in Lok Sabha only. There is no need to resign from his/her original party though as a Deputy Speaker, s/he has to remain impartial.

Powers and functions of the Deputy Speaker

In case of the absence of the Speaker, the Deputy Speaker presides over the sessions of the Lok Sabha and conducts the business in the house. He decides whether a bill is a money bill or a non-money bill. S/He maintains discipline and decorum in the house and can punish a member for unruly behaviour by suspending him/her. S/He permits the moving of various kinds of motions and resolutions like the motion of no confidence, motion of adjournment, motion of censure and calling attention notice.

List of Deputy Speakers

No. Deputy Speaker
Portrait Term Party
From To
1 M. A. Ayyangar[3][4]
30 May 1952 7 March 1956 Indian National Congress
2 Hukam Singh[5][4][6]
20 March 1956 31 March 1962
3 S. V. Krishnamoorthy Rao[7][8]
23 April 1962 3 March 1967
4 Raghunath Keshav Khadilkar[9]
28 March 1967 11 November 1969
5 George Gilbert Swell[10]
27 March 1971 18 January 1977 Independent
6 Godey Murahari[11]
1 April 1977 22 August 1979 Indian National Congress
7 G. Lakshmanan[12]
Madras North
1 December 1980 31 December 1984 Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
8 M. Thambidurai[13]
22 January 1985 27 November 1989 All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
9 Shivraj Patil[14]
19 March 1990 13 March 1991 Indian National Congress
10 S. Mallikarjunaiah[15]
13 August 1991 10 May 1996 Bharatiya Janata Party
11 Suraj Bhan[16]
12 July 1996 4 December 1997
12 P. M. Sayeed[17][18]
17 December 1998 6 February 2004 Indian National Congress
13 Charanjit Singh Atwal[19]
9 June 2004 18 May 2009 Shiromani Akali Dal
14 Kariya Munda[20]
8 June 2009 18 May 2014 Bharatiya Janata Party
(8) M. Thambidurai[21]
13 August 2014 25 May 2019 All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam


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