Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia
The Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia (Malay: Timbalan Perdana Menteri Malaysia) is the second highest political office in Malaysia. There have been twelve deputy prime ministers since the office was created in 1957. The first Prime Minister of Malaysia, Tunku Abdul Rahman, started the convention of appointing a Deputy Prime Minister.
|Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia
Timbalan Perdana Menteri Malaysia
|Deputy Prime Minister's Office|
|Style||Yang Amat Berhormat (The Most Honourable)|
|Seat||Perdana Putra, Putrajaya|
|Appointer||Yang di-Pertuan Agong|
|Term length||5 years, renewable. Depended on the Prime Minister|
|Inaugural holder||Tun Abdul Razak|
|Formation||31 August 1957|
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
The current Deputy Prime Minister is Wan Azizah Wan Ismail, who took office on 10 May 2018, she is the first female to hold office.
Deputy Prime Minister appointment
Although Malaysia has always had a Deputy Prime Minister since independence, a Prime Minister may choose not to appoint a Deputy Prime Minister. The office of Deputy Prime Minister is not provided for in the Constitution of Malaysia. At the same time, a Prime Minister could appoint more than one Deputy Prime Minister, as has occurred before in Singapore.
By the practice of the past ruling coalition Barisan Nasional, where the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) was the unofficial leader, the UMNO Deputy President was usually appointed the Deputy Prime Minister by the Prime Minister (who was the UMNO President). In the organisational structure of Barisan Nasional, the President and Deputy President of UMNO were automatically made the Chairman and Deputy Chairman of Barisan Nasional.
In the current ruling coalition - Pakatan Harapan, a coalition of four equal partner parties, the holder of the position of Deputy Prime Minister is decided upon by the coalition's Presidential Council. The current postholder is Datuk Seri Dr Wan Azizah binti Wan Ismail, who is the first female holder of post.
Deaths, resignations and removals from office
Of the eleven previous officeholders, five have gone on to become prime minister. Of the remaining, one died in office, two resigned, two were removed from office by the sitting prime minister, and one disqualified from office due to lost in 14th General Election.
Ismail Abdul Rahman died in office due to massive heart attack in 1973. Musa Hitam resigned from second Mahathir cabinet over differences with Prime Minister over government policy in 1986. Ghafar Baba resigned from his portfolio following UMNO grassroots lost confidence in his leadership and his position as Deputy President of UMNO was challenged by Anwar Ibrahim in the UMNO's top leadership election. Anwar Ibrahim was the first deputy prime minister to be sacked after being accused and subsequently charged with corruption and sodomy in 1998. Muhyiddin Yassin was the second DPM to be removed from office after being dropped from the Cabinet by Prime Minister Najib Razak in a reshuffle in 2015. He later was sacked from his party.
List of Deputy Prime Ministers of Malaysia
|Term of office||Political Party|
|1||Abdul Razak Hussein
|31 August 1957||22 September 1970||13 years, 22 days||Alliance (UMNO)|
|2||Dr. Ismail Abdul Rahman
|22 September 1970||2 August 1973||2 years, 314 days|
|13 August 1973||15 January 1976||2 years, 155 days|
|Barisan Nasional (UMNO)|
|4||Dr. Mahathir Mohamad
|5 March 1976||16 July 1981||5 years, 133 days|
|18 July 1981||16 March 1986||4 years, 241 days|
|6||Abdul Ghafar Baba
|10 May 1986||15 October 1993||7 years, 158 days|
|1 December 1993||2 September 1998||4 years, 275 days|
|8||Abdullah Ahmad Badawi
|8 January 1999||31 October 2003||4 years, 296 days|
|7 January 2004||3 April 2009||5 years, 86 days|
|10 April 2009||29 July 2015||6 years, 110 days|
|11||Dr. Ahmad Zahid Hamidi
|29 July 2015||10 May 2018||2 years, 285 days|
|12||Dr. Wan Azizah Wan Ismail
|21 May 2018||Incumbent||1 year, 208 days||Pakatan Harapan (PKR)|
Living former Deputy Prime Ministers
- "CPPS Policy Factsheet: Remuneration of Elected Officials in Malaysia" (PDF). Centre for Public Policy Studies. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 May 2016. Retrieved 11 May 2016.
- "Muhyiddin terima penggugurannya dengan hati terbuka" (in Malay). Utusan Malaysia. 28 July 2015. Retrieved 11 May 2016.
- "UMNO sacks former Malaysian DPM Muhyiddin Yassin and Mukhriz Mahathir". Channel NewsAsia. 24 June 2018. Retrieved 12 July 2018.