Departments of Haiti
In the administrative divisions of Haiti, the department (French: département, pronounced [depaʁt(ə)mɑ̃]; Haitian Creole: depatman) is the first of four levels of government. Haiti is divided administratively into ten departments, which are further subdivided into 42 arrondissements, 145 communes, and 571 communal sections.
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
In 2014, there was a proposal by the Chamber of Deputies to increase the number of departments from 10 to 14 —perhaps as high as 16.
Each departement has a departmental council (conseil départemental) compound of three members elected by the departmental assembly for a 4-year term. The departmental council is led by a president (président). The council is the executive organ of the department.
Each department has a departmental assembly who assists the council in its work. The departmental assembly is the deliberative organ of the department. The members of the departmental assembly are also elected for 4 years. The departmental assembly is led by a president.
Three Departments have roots in the former French colony of Saint-Domingue, namely: the Nord, Sud, and Ouest. In 1801, under Governor-General Toussaint Louverture, the "provinces," became known as departments. In 1821, Artibonite was created and in 1844, Nord-Ouest, both derived out of the Nord and Ouest departments. In 1962 during the reign of Duvalier, four new departments were created out of a territorial redistribution. These departments were: Centre, Grand'Anse, Nord-Ouest and Sud-Est. In 2003, a tenth department was created out of Grand'Anse, called Nippes.
In the 1990s, before the creation of Nippes, the "10th Department" was a phrase commonly used in regards to the Haitian diaspora. As of the 21st century, it became known as the "11th".
- ISO 3166-2:HT
- Arrondissements of Haiti
- Communes of Haiti
- List of departments of Haiti by Human Development Index
- List of Caribbean First-level Subdivisions by Total Area
- Olivier, Louis-Joseph, ed. (14 August 2015). "Création de cinq nouvelles communes par décret présidentiel" (in French). Le Nouvelliste. Retrieved 17 March 2016.
- Press, ed. (16 August 2015). "Haïti - Politique : 5 nouvelles communes en Haïti". Haiti Libre. Retrieved 17 March 2016.
- "7300.- Divisions territoriales" (in French). Haiti-Référence. 17 August 2015. Retrieved 17 March 2016.
- Duval, Frantz (29 September 2014). "Le nouvel ordre géographique et administratif d'Haïti" (in French). Le Nouvelliste. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
- Press, ed. (1950). "Estadística, Volume 8, Issues 26-29". p. 207. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
- Kersuze, Simeon-Jones, ed. (2010). "Literary and Sociopolitical Writings of the Black Diaspora in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries". p. 16. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
- Press, ed. (March 2002). "Organisation Territoriale des Collectivités" (PDF) (in French). Commission nationale a la reforme administrative (CNRA). Retrieved 6 June 2017.
- Hall, Michael R., ed. (2012). "Historical Dictionary of Haiti". p. 78. ISBN 9780810878105. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
- "Population totale de 18 ans et plus" (PDF) (in French). Institut Haitien de statistque et d'informatique (IHSI). March 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-11-06. Retrieved 12 January 2016.