Denton County, Texas
Denton County is a county in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 662,614, making it the ninth-most populous county in Texas. The county seat is Denton. The 2018 Census Bureau estimate for Denton County's population is 859,064. The county, which was named for John B. Denton, was established in 1846.
The new Denton County Courts Building, built 1998
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
|Coordinates: 33°12′N 97°07′W|
|Founded||April 11, 1846|
|Named for||John B. Denton|
|• Total||953 sq mi (2,470 km2)|
|• Land||878 sq mi (2,270 km2)|
|• Water||75 sq mi (190 km2) 7.8%%|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||952/sq mi (368/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
|Congressional districts||24th, 26th|
Before the arrival of white settlers, various Native American peoples, including the Kichai and the Lenape, infrequently populated the area. The area was settled by Peters Colony landowners in the early 1840s. Until the annexation of Texas, the area was considered part of Fannin County. On April 11, 1846, the First Texas Legislature established Denton County. The county was named for John B. Denton, who was killed while raiding a Native American village in Tarrant County in 1841. Originally, the county seat was set at Pickneyville. This was later changed to Alton, where the Old Alton Bridge currently stands, and then moved finally to Denton.
By 1860, the population of the county had increased to 5,031. On March 4, 1861, residents of the county narrowly voted for secession from the Union, with 331 votes cast for and 264 against. The Missouri–Kansas–Texas Railroad reached Lewisville, located in the southern portion of the county, by the early 1880s. The Denton County Courthouse-on-the-Square was built in 1896, and today the building currently houses various government offices, as well as a museum.
|Climate chart (explanation)|
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 953 square miles (2,470 km2), of which 878 square miles (2,270 km2) are land and 75 square miles (190 km2) (7.8%) are covered by water. Denton County is located in the northern part of the Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex, about 35 miles south of the border between Texas and Oklahoma. It is drained by two forks of the Trinity River. The largest body of water in Denton County is Lewisville Lake, which was formed in 1954 when the Garza–Little Elm Reservoir was merged with Lake Dallas. The county is on the western edge of the eastern Cross Timbers and also encompasses parts of the Grand Prairie portion of the Texas blackland prairies. Portions of Denton County sit atop the Barnett shale, a geological formation believed to contain large quantities of natural shale gas. Between 1995 and 2007, the number of natural gas wells in the county increased from 156 to 1,820, which has led to some controversy over the pollution resulting from hydraulic fracturing.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
2015 Texas Population Estimate Program
As of the 2015 Texas Population Estimate Program, the population of the county was 778,846, non-Hispanic whites 459,448 (59.0%). Black Americans 69,040 (8.9%). Other non-Hispanic 85,406 (11.0%). Hispanics and Latinos (of any race) 164,952 (21.2%).
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 662,614 people, 224,840 households and 256,139 housing units in the county. The population density was 754.3 people per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 75% White, 8.4% Black or African American, 0.7% Native American, 6.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, and 2.9% from two or more races. 18.2% of the population were of Hispanic or Latino origin. Denton County ranked twenty-ninth on the US Census Bureau's list of fastest-growing counties between 2000 and 2007, with a 41.4% increase in population.
Government and Politics
Denton County, like all counties in Texas, is governed by a Commissioners Court. This court consists of the county judge (the chairperson of the Court) who is elected county-wide and four commissioners who are elected by the voters in each of four districts.
|County Judge||Andy Eads||Republican|
|Commissioner, Precinct 1||Hugh Coleman||Republican|
|Commissioner, Precinct 2||Ron Marchant||Republican|
|Commissioner, Precinct 3||Bobbie Mitchell||Republican|
|Commissioner, Precinct 4||Dianne Edmondson||Republican|
|District Attorney||Paul Johnson||Republican|
|County Clerk||Juli Luke||Republican|
|District Clerk||David Trantham||Republican|
|Tax Assessor||Michelle French||Republican|
|Treasurer||Cindy Yeatts Brown||Republican|
Denton County, like most suburban counties in Texas, votes reliably for Republican candidates in statewide and national elections. The last Democratic presidential candidate to win the county was Lyndon Johnson in 1964. As of the 2018 election, only one Democrat represents a significant portion of the county above the municipal level; State Rep. Michelle Beckley of Carrollton, whose 65th district is located entirely within Denton County, represents significant portions of the cities of Carrollton, Highland Village and Lewisville.
State Board of Education members
|District 14||Sue Melton-Malone||Republican|
Texas State Representatives
|District 63||Tan Parker||Republican||Flower Mound|
|District 64||Lynn Stucky||Republican||Lake Dallas|
|District 65||Michelle Beckley||Democrat||Carrollton|
|District 106||Jared Patterson||Republican||Frisco|
Texas State Senators
|District 12||Jane Nelson||Republican||Flower Mound|
|District 30||Pat Fallon||Republican||Prosper|
The following school districts lie entirely within Denton County:
- Argyle Independent School District
- Aubrey Independent School District
- Denton Independent School District
- Lake Dallas Independent School District
- Lewisville Independent School District
- Little Elm Independent School District
- Ponder Independent School District
- Sanger Independent School District
The following school districts lie partly within Denton County:
- Carrollton-Farmers Branch Independent School District
- Celina Independent School District
- Era Independent School District
- Frisco Independent School District
- Krum Independent School District
- Northwest Independent School District
- Pilot Point Independent School District
- Prosper Independent School District
- Slidell Independent School District
The following private educational institutions serve Denton County:
- Denton Calvary Academy
- Coram Deo Academy
- Lakeland Christian School
- Liberty Christian School
- Selwyn College Preparatory School
From circa 1997 and 2015 the number of non-Hispanic white children in K-12 schools in the county increased by 20,000 as part of a trend of white flight and suburbanization by non-Hispanic white families.
The Denton County Transportation Authority (DCTA) operates a bus service in the county that includes Denton, Lewisville, and Highland Village. SPAN Transit covers areas outside of Denton and Lewisville.
DCTA also operates the A-train, a commuter rail service runs from Denton to Carrollton, at which station passengers can switch to the Green Line train owned and operated by Dallas Area Rapid Transit (DART). Passengers can transfer to other DART lines (denominated by different colors) at the downtown Dallas DART station.
Cities (multiple counties)
- Carrollton (partly in Dallas County and a small part in Collin County)
- Celina (mostly in Collin County)
- Coppell (mostly in Dallas County)
- Dallas (mostly in Dallas County with small parts in Collin, Kaufman, Rockwall and Denton counties)
- Fort Worth (mostly in Tarrant County with small parts in Parker, Wise and Denton counties)
- Frisco (mostly in Collin County)
- Grapevine (mostly in Tarrant County and a small part in Dallas County)
- Haslet (mostly in Tarrant County)
- Lewisville (small part in Dallas County)
- Plano (mostly in Collin County)
- Southlake (mostly in Tarrant County)
Towns (multiple counties)
- Pat Boone, American pop singer, briefly attended UNT
- Terry Bradshaw, former Pittsburgh Steelers quarterback
- Mason Cox, professional Australian rules footballer, playing for Collingwood in the AFL
- Phyllis George, 1971 Miss America, sportscaster and former First Lady of Kentucky
- Jim Hightower, former Texas Agriculture Commissioner
- Norah Jones, UNT Jazz major
- Gordon McLendon, radio broadcaster and pioneer, B Movie producer and conservative political financier
- Laina Morris aka Overly Attached Girlfriend
- Bill Moyers, White House Press Secretary in the Johnson Administration (1965–67)
- Anne Rice, author, attended TWU and UNT, married in Denton
- Sly Stone, musician and frontman of Sly and the Family Stone
- Rex Tillerson, former CEO of ExxonMobil and 69th United States Secretary of State.
- Von Erich family
- Charles Denton Watson, central member of the Manson Family and leader of the Sharon Tate Murder
- Joe Greene, defensive tackle for the Pittsburgh Stealers, 1969–1981; 1969 Defensive Rookie of the Year; 1972 & 1974 Defensive Player of the Year; NFL 1970s All-Decade Team; Hall of Fame
- Quickfacts 2012.
- Naco 2011.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Archived from the original on May 29, 2017. Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- Census 2007.
- Bridges 1978, pp. 1–26.
- Odom 2010.
- Bates 1918, p. 2.
- Bolz & Bolz 2010, p. 7.
- Bates 1918, pp. 18–24.
- Hervey 2002, p. 9.
- Bridges 1978, p. 96.
- Bolz & Bolz 2010, p. 9.
- Weather 2012.
- Gazetteer 2010.
- Cowling 1936, p. 1.
Ripley, George; Dana, Charles A., eds. (1879). . The American Cyclopædia.
- Sales 2007, pp. 4–5.
- "American FactFinder". Archived from the original on March 16, 2017. Retrieved March 23, 2018.
- Almanac 2010.
- Estimates of the Population by Age, Sex, and Race/Ethnicity for July 1, 2015 for State of Texas. Texas Demographic Center, U.S. Bureau of the Census State Data Center Program (PDF), July 15, 2015, archived from the original (PDF) on May 4, 2017, retrieved June 8, 2017
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- Where Same-Sex Couples Live, June 26, 2015, archived from the original on June 29, 2015, retrieved July 6, 2015
- Sullivan, Robert David; ‘How the Red and Blue Map Evolved Over the Past Century’ Archived 2016-11-16 at the Wayback Machine; America Magazine in The National Catholic Review; June 29, 2016
- "Texas House District 65". Texas Tribune. Retrieved 12 July 2019.
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Archived from the original on 23 March 2018. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
- Nicholson, Eric (2016-05-03). "In Dallas, White Flight Never Ends". Dallas Observer. Retrieved 2019-10-29.
- Bates, Edward (1918). History and Reminiscences of Denton County. Denton, Texas: McNitzky Printing Company. LCCN 19004337. OCLC 2133818. OL 23400877M.
- Bolz, Jim; Bolz, Tricia (2010). Denton County. Postcard History. Charleston, South Carolina: Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7385-8452-2. OCLC 620741494. Retrieved 2011-10-26.
- Bridges, Clarence (1978). History of Denton, Texas From Its Beginning to 1960. Waco, Texas: Texian Press. ASIN B0006CU42G. OCLC 004235340. Retrieved 2011-11-04.
- Cowling, Mary Jo (1936). Geography of Denton County. Dallas, Texas: Banks, Upshaw, and Company. ASIN B003F8JBE0. LCCN 36-15037. OCLC 2672035. Archived from the original on 2011-01-01. Retrieved 2011-09-23.
- Hervey, Hollace (2002). Historic Denton County: An Illustrated History. San Antonio, Texas: Historical Pub Network. ISBN 978-1-893619-07-4. LCCN 2002101353. OCLC 52948987. OL 3572319M. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
- Odom, E. Dale (1996). An Illustrated History of Denton County, Texas: From Peters Colony to Metroplex (First ed.). ISBN 0-9651324-0-4.
- Sales, Joshua (August 2007). Determining the Suitability of Functional Landscapes and Wildlife Corridors Utilizing Conservation GIS Methods in Denton County, Texas (M.S. thesis). University of North Texas. OCLC 191674292. Archived from the original on 2010-01-01. Retrieved 2012-04-16.
- Odom, Dale (2010). "Denton County". Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 2012-04-16.
- "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved April 22, 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Denton County, Texas.|
- Denton County government's website
- Headlines about Denton County from The Dallas Morning News
- Denton County entry in the Handbook of Texas Online at the University of Texas
- Denton County Texas Almanac Page
- Historic Denton County materials, hosted by the Portal to Texas History.
- Captain John B. Denton, preacher, lawyer and soldier. His life and times in Tennessee, Arkansas and Texas by Wm. Allen., published 1905, hosted by the Portal to Texas History