Dengfeng

Dengfeng (Chinese: 登封; pinyin: Dēngfēng; postal: Tengfeng) is a county-level city of Henan Province, South Central China, it is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Zhengzhou. In ancient times, it was known as Yangcheng (simplified Chinese: 阳城; traditional Chinese: 陽城; pinyin: Yángchéng).

Dengfeng

登封市

Tengfeng
The Daoist Zhongyue Temple
Location in Zhengzhou
Dengfeng
Location in Henan
Coordinates: 34°27′19″N 113°1′31″E
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHenan
Prefecture-level cityZhengzhou
Area
  Total1,220 km2 (470 sq mi)
Population
  Total630,000
  Density520/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Websitewww.dengfeng.gov.cn
Official nameHistoric Monuments of Dengfeng in "The Centre of Heaven and Earth"
Includes
  1. Taishi Que Gates, Zhongue Temple
  2. Shaoshi Que Gates
  3. Qimu Que Gates
  4. Songye Temple Pagoda
  5. Architectural Complex of Shaolin Temple
  6. Huishan Temple
  7. Songyang Academy of Classical Learning
  8. Observatory
CriteriaCultural: (iii)(vi)
Reference1305rev
Inscription2010 (34th Session)
Area825 ha (2,040 acres)
Buffer zone3,438.1 ha (8,496 acres)

Dengfeng has an area of 1,220 km2 (470 sq mi) and a population of 630,000.[1] It occupies the southwestern corner of Zhengzhou and is its westernmost county-level division.

Dengfeng is located at the foot of the Mount Song, one of the most sacred mountains in China. The city is one of the most renowned spiritual centres of China, home to various religious institutions and famous temples, such as the Taoist Zhongyue Temple, the Buddhist Shaolin Temple - a place of martial arts, as well as the Confucian Songyang Academy, hence its poetic expression derived from Chinese literature as the spiritual "centre of heaven and earth".

History

The first Xia Dynasty capital Yangcheng was built west of Gaocheng Township on the Yin River under the sacred Mount Song.

The famous Shaolin Monastery, traditional origin of Zen, is located in Dengfeng where they teach adults as well as children martial arts and is also a famous tourist attraction.

Sites

In 2010, UNESCO inscribed several of the most renowned sites across Dengfeng onto its World Heritage List under the title "Historic Monuments of Dengfeng in 'The Centre of Heaven and Earth'."[2] The World Heritage Site includes several historic gates, temples (including the renowned Shaolin Temple), a Confucian academy and the Gaocheng Observatory:[3]

Transportation

References

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