Demographics of Mauritania

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Mauritania (Arabic: التركيبة السكانية ف موريتانيا), including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Population

According to the 2019 revision of the World Population Prospects[1][2], the total population was 4,403,313 in 2018, compared to only 657 000 in 1950. The proportion of children below the age of 15 in 2010 was 39.9%, 57.4% was between 15 and 65 years of age, while 2.7% was 65 years or older.[3]

Total population (x 1000) Population aged 0–14 (%) Population aged 15–64 (%) Population aged 65+ (%)
1950 65743.854.81.4
1955 74443.654.71.6
1960 85444.353.81.8
1965 98445.252.82.0
1970 1 13445.852.12.2
1975 1 31245.851.92.3
1980 1 51845.651.92.4
1985 1 74845.352.22.5
1990 1 99644.952.52.6
1995 2 29244.053.42.7
2000 2 64342.754.62.7
2005 3 04741.256.12.7
2010 3 46039.957.42.7

Structure of the population[4]

Structure of the population (24.03.2013) (Census, complete tabulation) :

Age Group Male Female Total %
Total 1 743 074 1 794 294 3 537 368 100
0-4 316 217 298 475 614 692 17,38
5-9 263 263 256 839 520 102 14,70
10-14 212 838 216 667 429 505 12,14
15-19 176 116 185 288 361 404 10,22
20-24 144 478 157 962 302 440 8,55
25-29 121 586 135 767 257 353 7,28
30-34 99 834 113 691 213 525 6,04
35-39 83 578 95 379 178 957 5,06
40-44 72 108 79 228 151 336 4,28
45-49 60 297 64 516 124 813 3,53
50-54 50 739 51 751 102 490 2,90
55-59 41 075 40 645 81 720 2,31
60-64 31 660 30 459 62 119 1,76
65-69 24 120 23 055 47 175 1,33
70-74 18 167 17 129 35 296 1,00
75-79 12 670 12 231 24 901 0,70
80-84 8 080 8 584 16 664 0,47
85+ 6 248 6 628 12 876 0,36
Age group Male Female Total Percent
0-14 792 318 771 981 1 564 299 44,22
15-64 881 471 954 686 1 836 157 51,91
65+ 69 285 67 627 136 912 3,87

Vital statistics

Registration of vital events in Mauritania is incomplete. The Population Departement of the United Nations prepared the following estimates. [3]

Period Live births per year Deaths per year Natural change per year CBR* CDR* NC* TFR* IMR*
1950-195534 00016 00018 00048.623.425.16.34151
1955-196040 00018 00022 00050.222.228.06.71149
1960-196545 00019 00026 00049.320.728.66.79147
1965-197051 00020 00031 00047.919.128.86.79143
1970-197557 00020 00037 00046.516.330.26.75133
1975-198063 00020 00043 00044.714.230.46.57113
1980-198570 00020 00049 00042.612.430.16.2893
1985-199077 00022 00056 00041.311.629.76.0681
1990-199586 00023 00062 00040.011.029.05.7877
1995-200094 00026 00068 00038.210.627.65.4076
2000-2005104 00029 00075 00036.610.326.35.0577
2005-2010113 00033 00081 00034.810.124.84.7177
* CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman; IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births)

Fertility and Births

Total Fertility Rate (TFR) (Wanted Fertility Rate) and Crude Birth Rate (CBR):[5]

Year CBR (Total) TFR (Total) CBR (Urban) TFR (Urban) CBR (Rural) TFR (Rural)
2000-2001 32,1 4,7 (4,3) 31,9 4,3 (3,9) 32,1 5,0 (4,7)
2003-2004 4,6 4,1 5,1

Fertility data as of 2010 (DHS Program):[6]

Zone Total fertility rate Percentage of women age 15-49 currently pregnant Mean number of children ever born to women age 40-49
Nouakchott4.38.05.7
Sud-Est5.010.45.2
Fleuve5.18.56.0
Nord4.67.16.5
Centre4.06.76.1

Life expectancy

Period Life expectancy in
Years[7]
1950–1955 41.72
1955–1960 45.19
1960–1965 47.93
1965–1970 50.28
1970–1975 52.73
1975–1980 55.76
1980–1985 57.77
1985–1990 58.89
1990–1995 59.84
1995–2000 60.27
2000–2005 61.32
2005–2010 62.64
2010–2015 63.43

Other demographic statistic

Demographic statistics according to the World Population Review in 2019.[8]

  • One birth every 3 minutes
  • One death every 15 minutes
  • One net migrant every 111 minutes
  • Net gain of one person every 4 minutes

The following demographic are from the CIA World Factbook[9] unless otherwise indicated.

Population

3,840,429 (July 2018 est.)
3,381,634 (June 2011 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 38.24% (male 737,570 /female 730,969)
15-24 years: 19.78% (male 372,070 /female 387,375)
25-54 years: 33.44% (male 595,472 /female 688,620)
55-64 years: 4.74% (male 82,197 /female 99,734)
65 years and over: 3.81% (male 62,072 /female 84,350) (2018 est.)

Median age

total: 20.7 years. Country comparison to the world: 186th
male: 19.7 years
female: 21.6 years (2018 est.)
total: 19.3 years
male: 18.5 years
female: 20.2 years (2010 est.)

Birth rate

29.9 births/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 38th

Death rate

7.8 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 97th

Total fertility rate

3.79 children born/woman (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 39th

Population growth rate

2.14% (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 41st
2.349% (2011 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

17.8% (2015)

Net migration rate

-0.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.) Country comparison to the world: 132nd

Dependency ratios

total dependency ratio: 76.5 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 71 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 5.5 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 18.3 (2015 est.)

Urbanization

urban population: 53.7% of total population (2018)
rate of urbanization: 4.28% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 63.8 years (2018 est.)
male: 61.4 years (2018 est.)
female: 66.2 years (2018 est.)
  • total population: 60.75 years
  • male: 58.57 years
  • female: 62.99 years (2010 est.)

Sex ratio

  • at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
  • under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
  • 15–64 years: 0.89 male(s)/female
  • 65 years and over: 0.74 male(s)/female
  • total population: 0.93 male(s)/female (2010 est.)

Ethnic groups

black Moors (Haratines - Arab-speaking slaves, former slaves, and their descendants of African origin, enslaved by white Moors) 40%, white Moors (of Arab-Berber descent, known as Beydane) 30%, sub-Saharan Mauritanians (non-Arabic speaking, largely resident in or originating from the Senegal River Valley, including Halpulaar, Fulani, Soninke, Wolof, and Bambara ethnic groups) 30%

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS

9,500 (2003 est.)

HIV/AIDS - deaths: less than 500 (2003 est.)

Nationality

noun: Mauritanian(s) adjective: Mauritanian

Religions

Islam (official) 100%

Languages

Arabic (official and national), French (widely used in media and among educated classes), Pulaar, Soninke, Wolof, Serer.[10]

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write (2015 est.)

total population: 52.1% (2015 est.)
male: 62.6% (2015 est.)
female: 41.6% (2015 est.)
total population: 51.2%
male: 59.5%
female: 43.4% (2000 census)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)

total: 8 years (2017)
male: 8 years (2017)
female: 8 years (2017)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24

total: 15.2% (2012 est.)
male: 14.1% (2012 est.)
female: 17% (2012 est.)

References

This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.