Democratic Party for the People

The Democratic Party for the People[7] (国民民主党, Kokumin-minshutō), 国民党, abbreviated to DPFP or DPP,[8] is a centrist political party in Japan. The party was formed on 7 May 2018 from the merger of the Democratic Party and Kibō no Tō.[8] The party was initially to be named the National Democratic Party before the predecessor parties decided on the current official English language name.[9]

Democratic Party for the People
国民民主党 or 国民党

Kokumin-minshutō or Kokumintō
LeaderYuichiro Tamaki
Secretary-GeneralMotohisa Furukawa
Deputy LeaderKazuhiro Haraguchi
Founded7 May 2018 (2018-05-07)
Merger ofKibō no Tō
Democratic Party
Liberal Party
Headquarters1-11-1 Miyakezaka Building, Nagatachō, Chiyoda, Tokyo
NewspaperKokumin Minshu Press[1]
IdeologyLiberal conservatism[2]
Sustainable development[2]
Popular sovereignty[2]
Political positionCentre[3][4][5] to centre-right[2]
SloganTsukurō, atarashii kotae[6]
(lit. "Let's make a new answer")
23 / 245
38 / 465


On 28 September 2017, Democratic Party leader Seiji Maehara announced that the party had abandoned plans to contest the 2017 general election,[10][11] with the party's sitting representatives contesting the election as candidates for the Kibō no Tō recently founded by former Tokyo governor Yuriko Koike, or as independents.[12] On 23 October 2017, after the election, Maehara resigned as party president, with the Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan (CDP) having replaced the DP as the largest opposition party in the House of Representatives, while the existing DP caucus continued to exist in the House of Councillors.[13][14]

In January 2018, the DP and the Kibō no Tō agreed to form a joint parliamentary group in both houses of the Diet,[15] although days later the negotiations broke down.[16] On 9 April 2018, it was announced that talks were ongoing to merge the two parties into a new opposition force.[17] On 24 April 2018, at a joint press conference the leadership of the DP and the Kibō no Tō announced that both parties had agreed to merge in May 2018 as the National Democratic Party.[18] The DP and Kibō no Tō merged to form the DPFP on 7 May 2018.[10] 62 members of the predecessor parties joined the DPFP at its formation.[19] DP leader Kōhei Ōtsuka and Kibō leader Yūichirō Tamaki became the interim co-leaders of the new party.

The party held a leadership election in September 2018 to choose a permanent leader. Interim co-leader Tamaki was elected as the permanent leader of the party.[20]

In April 2019, the Liberal Party merged into the Democratic Party for the People.[21]


Position Name Previous party
Leader Yūichirō Tamaki Kibō
Deputy leader Kazuhiro Haraguchi Democratic
Vice leaders Shū Watanabe Kibō
Masao Kobayashi Democratic
Secretary-General Motohisa Furukawa Kibō
Deputy Secretary-General Teruhiko Mashiko Democratic
General Affairs chief Hirofumi Hirano Democratic
Diet Affairs Committee chief Kenta Izumi Kibō
Election Campaign Committee chief Atsushi Ōshima Kibō
Policy Affairs Research Council chief Shinya Adachi Democratic


No. Name Term of office Election results
Took office Left office
Preceding parties: Democratic Party (2016) (centre) & Kibō no Tō (centre-right)
1 Co-leadership
Kohei Otsuka   Yuichiro Tamaki
7 May 2018 4 September 2018 see former DP 2017 election
& former 2017 Kibō election
2 Yuichiro Tamaki 4 September 2018 Incumbent see 2018 election


  1. "機関紙「国民民主プレス」" [Newspaper "KOKUMIN MINSHU PRESS"]. (in Japanese). 15 May 2019. Retrieved 4 June 2019.
  2. 綱領 (in Japanese). Democratic Party for the People. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
  3. Sieg, Linda (26 August 2018). "Japanese PM Abe seen headed for extended term despite policy doubts". Reuters. Retrieved 21 October 2019.
  4. McCurry, Justin (8 November 2018). "The changing face of Japan: labour shortage opens doors to immigrant workers". The Guardian. Retrieved 21 October 2019.
  5. Harding, Robin (5 November 2018). "Japan demand for labour sparks immigration debate". Financial Times. Retrieved 21 October 2019.
  6. "つくろう、新しい答え。" [Let's make a new answer]. (in Japanese). 19 December 2018. Retrieved 4 June 2019.
  7. Tomohiro Osaki. "Abe denies rumors he's planning to call snap election". The Japan Times. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  8. Yoshida, Reiji (7 May 2018). "Rock bottom in opinion polls, Japanese opposition parties Kibo no To and Democratic Party decide to merge". Japan Times. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  9. Kohei Otsuka [@kouhei1005mon] (30 April 2018). "" (Tweet) via Twitter.
  10. "Japan's Party of Hope to dissolve just months after its creation". Financial Times.
  11. "Japan's Koike wins over more key politicians". Nikkei Asian Review.
  12. Yoshida, Reiji (28 September 2017). "Democratic Party effectively disbands, throwing support behind Koike's party for Lower House poll" via Japan Times Online.
  13. "CDP looking for allies; Koike won't step down; Maehara to quit".
  14. "Shattered Democratic Party to remain, pick new leader:The Asahi Shimbun".
  15. Osaki, Tomohiro (15 January 2018). "Japanese opposition parties DP and Kibo no To agree to join forces" via Japan Times Online.
  16. "Alliance negotiations between two Japanese opposition parties break down". 17 January 2018 via Japan Times Online.
  17. "Japan's Democratic Party and Kibo no To launch merger talks". 10 April 2018 via Japan Times Online.
  18. Jiji Press (25 April 2018). "DP, Kibo to merge into new party as early as May 7". Yomiuri Shimbun. Retrieved 26 April 2018.
  19. "New opposition party lacking in numbers after 2 parties merge". Asahi Shimbun. 7 May 2018. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  20. Kawai, Tatsuro (4 September 2018). "Tamaki chosen to lead DPP; vows to confront Abe government". Asahi Shimbun. Retrieved 5 September 2018.
  21. "Democratic Party for the People, Japan's second-largest opposition force, absorbs Ozawa's Liberals". The Japan Times. 26 April 2019. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
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