A demerger can take place through a spin-off by distributed or transferring the shares in a subsidiary holding the business to company shareholders carrying out the demerger. The demerger can also occur by transferring the relevant business to a new company or business to which then that company's shareholders are issued shares of. In contrast, divestment can also "undo" a merger or acquisition, but the assets are sold off rather than retained under a renamed corporate entity.
- Bryer, Lanning G. (2002). "Intellectual property assets in mergers and acquisitions". John Wiley and Sons. pp. 12.2–12.3. ISBN 978-0-471-41437-7. Missing or empty
- Krishna, K.L.; Uma Kapila (2009). Readings in Indian Agriculture and Industry. Academic Foundation. p. 599. ISBN 978-81-7188-734-7.