Dekkhinathiri Township was designated as one of the original townships constituting the new capital region of Naypyidaw on 26 March 2006 by the Ministry of Home Affairs (Myanmar) (MOHA), comprising 2 wards, 6 village tracts and 24 villages. It was named Dekkhinathiri Township on 20 January 2011 by MOHA.
The 2014 Myanmar Census reported that Dekkhinathiri Township had a population of 51,328. The population density was 328.8 people per km². The census reported that the median age was 25.1 years, and 111 males per 100 females. There were 6,997 households; the mean household size was 3.9.