Debby Applegate is an American historian and biographer. She is the author of The Most Famous Man in America: The Biography of Henry Ward Beecher, for which she won the 2007 Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography.
Debby Applegate in 2006. Photo by Carolyn A. Martin.
|Born||February 1, 1968|
Eugene, Oregon, U.S.
|Alma mater||Amherst College|
|Notable works||The Most Famous Man in America (2006)|
Born in Eugene, Oregon, Applegate attended Amherst College as an undergraduate, where she began a two-decade fascination with famous alumnus Henry Ward Beecher, a 19th-century abolitionist minister who was later the subject of a widely publicized sex scandal. She made Beecher the subject of her dissertation in American Studies at Yale, where she received a Ph.D. After several more years of research, Applegate published The Most Famous Man in America, which was praised by critics and awarded the Pulitzer Prize. She has announced that her second book will be a biography of New York City brothel-keeper Polly Adler.
Born in Eugene, Oregon, Applegate grew up in Clackamas, Oregon, graduating from Clackamas High School. She was raised in what she described as an "unusual religious environment": her mother, from a Mormon family, became a New Thought minister, while her father was an Irish Catholic. She graduated summa cum laude from Amherst College in 1989 and was a Sterling Fellow at Yale University, where she earned a Ph.D. in American Studies.
Applegate was a founding member of Biographers International Organization (BIO), and served as its initial interim president in 2009. She currently serves as the Chair of BIO's Advisory Committee.
The Most Famous Man in America
As an undergraduate student worker at Amherst College, Applegate was assigned to assemble an exhibit on a famous alumnus and selected Henry Ward Beecher, a 19th-century minister known for his abolitionist preaching and widely publicized sex scandal. Applegate described him as " unlike any religious figure I’d ever seen. I loved his very modern sense of humor, his irreverence, and his joyful, ecumenical approach to religion and life in general." She later made him the subject of her undergraduate senior thesis and her PhD dissertation at Yale University. After graduation, Applegate signed a publishing contract to write a biography of Beecher.
"I had acquired an excellent education as an academic historian, but I’d never had a single lesson, formal or informal, in this new craft I had so blithely chosen," Applegate later recalled. Applegate's initial chapters were written in what she considered an overly academic voice, so to write a biography with popular appeal, she studied fiction writing, including techniques for suspense and pornographic writing. "I made my way through my first book by trial and error, using my cobbled-together collection of examples, borrowed exercises and jerry-rigged postulations, to navigate the enormous task of fashioning an intellectually and emotionally compelling account out of the scattered detritus of a person’s life," wrote Applegate in a 2016 essay on making the leap from academic historian to popular biographer. She structured the resulting book as a psychological thriller.
Though she had originally hoped to publish the book during the 1998 Lewinsky scandal, in which US President Bill Clinton was discovered to have had a sexual relationship with a White House intern, the research took several years longer than she had initially planned. The book was finally released in 2006 by Doubleday.
The Most Famous Man in America was sold well and was praised by critics. NPR selected it as one of the year's best nonfiction books, stating that the book "convinces readers of the truth of that swaggering title". Kirkus Reviews called it a "beautifully written biography of America's one best-known preacher ... An exceptionally thorough and thoughtful account of a spectacular career that helped shape and reflect national preoccupations before, during and after the Civil War." Publishers Weekly wrote that "this assessment of Beecher is judicious and critical. Applegate gives an insightful account." In a review for The Boston Globe, Katherine A. Powers called the book a "fantastic story with novelistic flair and penetration into the ever-changing motives and expediencies of its many actors." Michael Kazin, reviewing the book for The New York Times, stated that Applegate's writing occasionally "loses its force in a thicket of personal details", but concluded that the book is "a biography worthy of its subject".
On April 16, 2007, the book was announced as the winner of the Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography. Applegate said of her win, "Half of it is just good luck ... Had it come out four years ago, I don't think the climate was ready for it. The religious right intersection with politics is very important now."
Madam: The Notorious Life and Times of Polly Adler
As of 2011, Applegate was working on a biography of Polly Adler, New York City's notorious Prohibition-era brothel-keeper whose 1953 memoir A House is Not a Home became a New York Times Bestseller and a 1963 film starring Shelley Winters. The decision to write the book came after a year of research into 1920s New York City cultural history, during which Applegate discovered Adler's memoir and grew fascinated by it."Innocently strolling the library stacks, I stumbled upon yet another big, bewitching American character — a once infamous but now forgotten madam named Polly Adler," wrote Applegate in an essay honoring the centennial of the Pulitzer Prizes. "Before I knew it, I’d signed another contract and marched back into the swamp." Applegate's book is to be titled Madam: The Notorious Life and Times of Polly Adler and will be published by Doubleday.
- Pulitzer-prize winning author has Eastern Oregon ties, East Oregonian, May 9, 2007.(subscription required)
- "Applegate, Debby". Contemporary Authors. – via HighBeam Research (subscription required) . January 1, 2007. Archived from the original on March 29, 2015. Retrieved June 7, 2013.
- "Q & A with Debby Applegate". The Most Famous Man in America website. Retrieved May 31, 2013.
- About the Author. The Most Famous Man in America. Accessed June 8, 2013.
- Maria Garriga (April 17, 2007). "City woman wins Pulitzer for biography". New Haven Register. – via HighBeam Research (subscription required) . Archived from the original on March 29, 2015. Retrieved May 31, 2013.
- Debby Applegate (2016). "A Sophomore jitters". Pulitzer.org. Retrieved June 15, 2017.
- Jamie Pietras (January 1, 2009). "A 'crossover' success: on her way to a Pulitzer Prize, biographer Debby Applegate studied suspense techniques and managed to walk the fine line between academic and popular writing.(Interview)". The Writer. – via HighBeam Research (subscription required) . Archived from the original on January 15, 2015. Retrieved May 31, 2013.
- "Q & A with Debby Applegate". Washington Independent Review of Books. May 24, 2011.
- Debby Applegate, "From Academic Historian to Popular Biographer: Musings on the Practical Poetics of Biography," in The Biographical Turn: Lives in History, Hans Renders, Binne de Haan, Jonne Harmsma, eds. (Routledge, 2016).
- "Pulitzers for McCarthy, Coleman". Associated Press – via HighBeam Research (subscription required) . April 16, 2007. Archived from the original on March 29, 2015. Retrieved May 31, 2013.
- Motoko Rich (April 18, 2007). "Three Books From Knopf Take Prizes in Pulitzers". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 10, 2014. Retrieved June 7, 2013.
- Pamela H. Sacks (April 24, 2007). "Debbie (sic) Applegate: Rewards of a Writing Life". Worcester Telegram & Gazette. Archived from the original on June 17, 2013. Retrieved June 16, 2013.
- Maureen Corrigan (December 11, 2006). "The Year's Best Books: Mystery and Nonfiction". NPR. Retrieved May 31, 2013.
- "The Most Famous Man in America". Kirkus Reviews. May 1, 2006. Retrieved May 31, 2013.
- Katherine A. Powers (July 2, 2006). "Misplaced Self-Esteem, in Life and Fiction". Boston Globe. – via HighBeam Research (subscription required) . Archived from the original on March 29, 2015. Retrieved May 31, 2013.
- Michael Kazin (July 16, 2006). "The Gospel of Love". The New York Times. Archived from the original on June 17, 2013. Retrieved June 16, 2013.
- Katherine Jamieson (Fall 2011). "Of Ministers and Madams". Amherst Magazine. Archived from the original on June 7, 2013. Retrieved June 7, 2013.
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