De Sade (film)
De Sade (German title: Das Ausschweifende Leben des Marquis De Sade) is a 1969 American-German drama film directed by Cy Endfield and starring Keir Dullea, Senta Berger and Lili Palmer. It is based on the life of Donatien Alphonse François, Marquis de Sade, named Louis Alphonse Donatien in the film.
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Cy Endfield|
|Produced by||Artur Brauner |
Samuel Z. Arkoff
James H. Nicholson
|Written by||Richard Matheson|
|Music by||Billy Strange|
|Edited by||Hermann Haller|
|Distributed by||United States:|
American International Pictures
Dullea, in his first film role since the 1968 release of 2001: A Space Odyssey, plays the title character in a film characterized by its psychedelic imagery and go-go sensibilities. As the dying Marquis recalls his life out of sequence, he is terrorized by his uncle and haunted by his own past of debauchery.
The middle-aged Marquis de Sade arrives at his ancestral estate of La Coste, having escaped incarceration. In the theater at the castle, he meets his uncle, the Abbe, who persuades him to stay to watch an entertainment that has been prepared for him. The play is a parody of the Marquis' parents haggling with M. and Mme. Montreuil over the prospective marriage of their children, leading to a flashback in time to the actual negotiations.
The young Louis flees the proposed marriage to Mlle. Renée de Montreuil, but returns and marries her under threat of imprisonment. Louis would prefer Renée's younger sister Anne, finding Renée to be very frightened and cold to his charms. At an orgy with several young prostitutes, Louis begins to get very rough in his play and explains some of his philosophy to the women, leading to the first in a long series of imprisonments.
Released into the custody of his mother-in-law Mme. de Montreuil, Louis finds himself a prisoner in his own home. When Anne is sent away to a convent school, Louis begins liaisons first with his mother-in-law's protégé, Mlle. Collette, and then with an actress, La Beauvoisin, for whom he builds a theater at La Coste. The first play performed is for the benefit of the Abbe, who is chagrined to see that the performance is about his own misuse of the young boy Louis. In a flashback, the actual event is played out, the Marquis's later deeds and philosophy thus being given a cold-Freudian origin.
Louis proceeds through a series of flashbacks involving his father’s death, a mysterious and recurring old man, and the baptism day of one of Louis' own children, culminating in the scandal of Rose Keller, a widow whom he ties up and flagellates with a sword. Mme. de Montreuil is forced to pay Rose for her silence, and to send Louis back into exile at La Coste.
Louis continues to pursue Anne, and after an elaborate orgy where he is whipped into unconsciousness, he flees to Italy with the young woman. Returned to prison, Louis is tormented with visions of Mme. de Montreuil disowning Anne and his uncle the Abbe seducing her. Mme. de Montreuil visits him in prison, and tearfully tells him he has ruined her family and that he will remain imprisoned forever.
Back on the stage, a mock trial is held where the Marquis is accused of murdering Anne. The mysterious old man is present at the proceedings, and Anne herself appears to accuse Louis of her murder. Louis ruefully remembers Anne's death in Italy from the plague. An older Louis talks with Renée about their misfortunes and regrets, telling her he can find no meaning in life. At another drunken and destructive debauchery, Louis begins to see visions of Renee in the midst of his revel. The old man lies on his death bed in prison, crying out for Renee's forgiveness. It is revealed that the old man is the Marquis himself, following the young Marquis through his memories as he seeks his one moment of reality. Deciding to look one last time, the old man closes his eyes as the scene cuts back the middle-aged Marquis arriving at La Coste.
- Keir Dullea as Louis Alphonse Donatien
- Max Kiebach (uncredited) as young Louis
- Senta Berger as Anne de Montreuil
- John Huston as Abbé de Sade
- Lili Palmer as Mme. de Montreuil
- Anna Massey as Renée de Montreuil
- Sonja Ziemann as La Beauvoisin
- Christiane Krüger as Laura, Louis' mistress
- Uta Levka as Rose Keller
- Barbara Stanek as Colette
- Susanne von Almassy as Louis' mother
- Friedrich Schoenfelder as Louis' father
- Herbert Weissbach as M. de Montreuil
- Maria Caleita (uncredited) as Marie
- Barboura Morris (uncredited)
AIP announced they would make the film in 1967 to be based on Theatre of Horrors, an unpublished novel by Louis M. Heyward.
Among the original directors discussed for the film were Michael Reeves and Gordon Hessler. Roger Corman worked on the script with Richard Matheson but was worried about being unable to show the fantasies, and disappointing the audience if they did not. He walked away and AIP hired Cy Endfield instead. Endfield changed the structure of Matheson's script, making it chronological and turning sequences that were fantasies in the script into actual events.
Endfield came down with flu during filming and had to go to hospital. Corman was called in to replace him for the rest of the shoot. John Huston expressed dismay that he had not been asked to direct the film. Corman later claimed that AIP did not pay him what he felt he was owed for his work on the film, contributing to him leaving the company.
Connections to real life
In real life, Sade was meant to be baptized with the name Donatien-Aldonse-Louis; neither of his parents were present at the ceremony, and the name Donatien-Alphonse-Francois was given to him in error. In his life, he used a number of pseudonyms and variations on his true name. During the French Revolution, he called himself simply "Louis Sade."
Vincent Canby of The New York Times wrote that the film "is not quite as silly as it looks and sounds, but it comes very close. It successfully reduces one of the most fascinating figures of world literature to the role of not-so-straight man in a series of naughty tableaux vivants." Variety called it "a dramatically compelling, creative and artful film" but warned, "True sado-masochists will be disappointed" because "the orgy scenes are silly, not obscene or erotic. And there is nothing shown or even suggested that is terrible enough to jail a man for life." Gene Siskel of the Chicago Tribune gave the film half of one star out of four and wrote, "Titillation is the name of this celluloid garbage, but even members of the bit and bridle set will be turned off by Keir Dullea ripping open pillows and pouring wine over harlots." Charles Champlin of the Los Angeles Times reported that the film was "not all that great as a skin-flick" and called Huston's performance "curiously energyless" and Dullea "incredibly phlegmatic." Gary Arnold of The Washington Post described the film as "rather dull" and "a dreary theatrical pageant," with Dullea giving a "ludicrous" performance that "resembles nothing so much as Johnny Carson doing a take-off on de Sade." Richard Combs of The Monthly Film Bulletin wrote that De Sade "both confirms and confounds expectations. An intellectually ambitious script by Richard Matheson mingles with some hideously tinted slow motion orgies; John Huston's magnificently decayed Abbé and Keir Dullea's own variety of mental torment play well against each other but in the end fail to clarify very much about de Sade and his obsessions."
De Sade currently holds a 0% rating on Rotten Tomatoes based on 6 reviews.
A novelization of Richard Matheson's screenplay was written by Edward Fenton under the pseudonym he almost always employed for media tie-in work, Henry Clement. It was released by Signet Books in September 1969. Ironically, under his own by-line, Fenton was best known as an author of books for children.
- "De Sade - Details". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
- "De Sade - History". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
- "De Sade (1969) - Box office / business". Internet Movie Database. Amazon.com. Retrieved March 18, 2014.
- Behind 'The Broken Seal': Behind 'The Broken Seal' by A.H. WEILER. New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 22 Jan 1967: 91
- Mark McGee, Faster and Furiouser: The Revised and Fattened Fable of American International Pictures, McFarland, 1996 p268-270
- "AIP Budgets $5,000,000 for two major feature", Box Office 1 April 1968
- Neil Schaeffer, The Marquis de Sade: A Life, published 1999.
- Canby, Vincent (September 26, 1969). "Screen: 'De Sade' Opens at 2 Theaters". The New York Times. 40.
- "Film Reviews: de Sade". Variety. October 1, 1969. 28.
- Siskel, Gene (December 24, 1969). "Bond and de Sade". Chicago Tribune. 13.
- Champlin, Charles (September 26, 1969). "'DeSade' Mixes Sex and Violence". Los Angeles Times. Part IV, p. 21.
- Arnold, Gary (October 7, 1969). "'De Sade': A Dreary Orgy". The Washington Post. B14.
- Combs, Richard (February 1971). "De Sade". The Monthly Film Bulletin. 38 (445): 21.
- "De Sade". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved March 18, 2014.