Davleia (Greek: Δαύλεια) is a village and a former municipality in Boeotia, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Livadeia, of which it is a municipal unit. Its name comes from the ancient settlement Daulis. The municipal unit has an area of 94.985 km2, the community 61.725 km2. The municipality includes the eastern portion of Mount Parnassos. Phthiotis lies to the north. Davleia is located ESE of Lamia, SW of Kamena Vourla, W of Livadeia and Thiva, NE of Itea and E of Delphi.
A view of Davleia
|Coordinates: 38°31′N 22°44′E|
|Administrative region||Central Greece|
|• Municipal unit||94.985 km2 (36.674 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||410 m (1,350 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||260 m (850 ft)|
|• Municipal unit||1,686|
|• Municipal unit density||18/km2 (46/sq mi)|
|• Population||1,240 (2011)|
|• Area (km2)||61.725|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
In ancient Greece, this city in Phocis was called Daulis (Δαυλίς) and at a later stage Daulia (Δαυλία) and Daulion (Δαύλιον). Mentioned by Homer, it was said to be named either in reference to the woody character of the area or after a nymph Daulis, a daughter of the river-god Cephissus.
Daulis was the city at the end of the road not taken by Oedipus.
During the Greco-Persian Wars, Daulis was destroyed for the first time in 480 BC. In 395 BC, the city was attacked by Thebes. In 346 BC, Daulis was destroyed again during the so-called Third Sacred War. In 220 BC, the city was attacked by the Aetolians. In 198 BC, the Romans occupied Daulis by a stratagem.
Remains of the walls of the city's acropolis can be seen today above the modern town.
- "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.
- Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (in Greek)
- "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-09-21.
- William Smith, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), entry: Daulis
- Eisner, Robert (1987). The Road to Daulis: Psychoanalysis, Psychology, and Classical Mythology. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press. ISBN 0-8156-0210-3.
- Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), "Sedi titolari", p. 880