David John Teece, CNZM (born September 2, 1948), is a US-based organizational theorist and the Professor in Global Business and director of the Tusher Center for the Management of Intellectual Capital at the Walter A. Haas School of Business at the University of California, Berkeley.
David J. Teece
|Alma mater||University of Canterbury, MComm |
University of Pennsylvania, MA, PhD
|Fields||Corporate Strategy, Entrepreneurship, Innovation, International Management, Competition Policy|
|Institutions||Berkeley Research Group |
University of California, Berkeley Haas School of Business
|Doctoral advisor||Edwin Mansfield|
Teece is also the chairman and cofounder of Berkeley Research Group, an expert services and consulting firm headquartered in Emeryville, California. His areas of interest include corporate strategy, entrepreneurship, innovation, competition policy, and intellectual property.
Teece grew up in Blenheim and Nelson, New Zealand and attended Waimea College before enrolling in 1967 at the University of Canterbury in Christchurch (now the site of the Christchurch Arts Centre), where he earned a bachelor's degree and a Master of Commerce degree.
He moved to the United States to attend the University of Pennsylvania, from which he received a Ph.D. in economics, specializing in industrial economics, international trade, and technological innovation. Two members of the Economics faculty had a particular influence on his research that he later acknowledged in articles he wrote in tribute to each of them: Edwin Mansfield, a pioneer in the study of industrial R&D and the economics of technological change; and Oliver Williamson, Nobel Laureate and creator of Transaction Cost Economics.
Teece taught at Stanford Graduate School of Business from 1975 until 1982, when he was hired by the Haas School of Business at U.C. Berkeley, where he is a chaired professor. He has published more than 200 academic articles and more than a dozen books, and Google Scholar notes that he has been cited at least 100,000 times. He co-founded and serves on the editorial board of two academic journals: Industrial & Corporate Change (Oxford University Press) and the Russian Management Journal.
After the 2011 Christchurch earthquake, the couple offered a 67 million USD donation to the city for earthquake recovery. The money was used by his former university as seed funding for installing the classics and music school in the Old Chemistry building at the Christchurch Arts Centre. In 2017, 40 years after its move from the Christchurch Central City to the Ilam campus, the University of Canterbury returned to its original home, and opened The Teece Museum of Classical Antiques in May 2017.
Capturing value from innovation
Teece’s 1986 paper “Profiting from Technological Innovation” was selected by the editors as one of the best papers published in Research Policy from 1971 to 1991 and is the most cited paper ever published in the publication. In October 2006, Research Policy published a special issue commemorating the twentieth anniversary of the original article.
In this paper, Teece explained why innovative firms often fail to capture economic returns from their invention. He described how it is sometimes more important for a business to be able to win at marketing, distribution, manufacturing, and other areas than to come up with a big idea in the first place. He identified the factors which determine whether the firm that wins from innovation is the firm that is first to market, a follower firm, or a firm that has related capabilities that the innovation requires to provide value to a customer. The key elements in what has been called the Teece Model are the imitability of the innovation (how easily competitors can copy it) and the ownership of complementary assets. Sidney Winter has argued that Teece’s paper contributes “en passant but fundamentally, to the clarification of basic questions.”
Teece is identified as being partially responsible for the dynamic capabilities perspective in strategic management. Dynamic capabilities have been defined as “the ability to integrate, build, and reconfigure internal and external competencies to address rapidly changing environments". Further, “The concept of dynamic capabilities, especially in terms of organizational knowledge processes, has become the predominant paradigm for the explanation of competitive advantages. However, major unsolved—or at least insufficiently solved—problems are first their measurement and second their management…”
According to ScienceWatch, his paper (with Gary Pisano and Amy Shuen) "Dynamic Capabilities and Strategic Management" was the most cited paper in economics and business globally for the period from 1995 to 2005.
Teece's concept of dynamic capabilities is a theory about the source of corporate agility: "the capacity (1) to sense and shape opportunities and threats, (2) to seize opportunities, and (3) to maintain competitiveness through enhancing, combining, protecting, and, when necessary, reconfiguring the business enterprise's intangible and tangible assets."
His concept stands parallel to the dynamic capability perspective of Eisenhardt & Martin (2000). It also builds on the idea of combinative capabilities (Kogut & Zander 1992).
Theory of the multiproduct firm
Roberts and Saloner (2013) credit Teece with “the first attempt to build a systematic theory of the firm scope based on profit-maximizing behavior” (827) in his 1982 article “Towards an Economic Theory of the Multiproduct Firm,” in which Teece describes the existence of excess resources in firms, stating that firms could better use those resources by diversifying into new lines of business. He also presents transaction cost arguments regarding whether resources can be shared contractually, and explains that protecting those resources is a potential basis for diversification. Teece additionally builds on Williamson (1975) in arguing that “internal capital allocation may be better than what the market can achieve” (828).
Teece has worked on matters in industries ranging from music recording to DRAMS, software, lumber, and petroleum, and has testified in both state and federal court, before Congress, and before the Federal Trade Commission, as well as in international jurisdictions.
In the 2000 Napster, Inc. case, record companies acting as plaintiffs hired Teece to write an expert report in an attempt to shut down the free digital file-swapping site. U.S. District Court Judge Marilyn Hall Patel cited Teece's report several times in her ruling in favor of the music industry.
In 2012, Teece provided expert testimony regarding damages in the Apple Inc. v. Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. case.
In the 2013 Innovatio case, U.S. Federal Court Judge James F. Holderman cited Teece’s report several times.
Scholar and international executive
John Cantwell, editor of the Journal of International Business Studies, notes that Teece is perhaps the only person in the world that could qualify today, like economist Daniel Ricardo did in the past, as both an eminent scholar and business leader.
Teece holds eight honorary doctorates: Saint Petersburg State University (Russia, 2000), where he was honored for his role in co-founding the business school; Copenhagen Business School (Denmark, 2004); Lappeenranta University of Technology (Finland, 2004); University of Canterbury (New Zealand, 2007);University of Calgary (Canada, 2015); Kaunas University of Technology (Lithuania, 2016); European Business School (Germany, 2016); and Edinburgh Business School (United Kingdom, 2017). He is also an honorary professor at China's Zhongnan University of Economics and Law and King Saud University in Saudi Arabia and an Honorary Member of the Law and Economics Association of New Zealand.
In 2002, Accenture listed Teece among its Top 50 Business Intellectuals. The ranking system was based on a combination of Google name hits, LexisNexis media database searches, and citations found in the Science Citation Index and Social Sciences Citation Index.
A 2008 analysis by Thomson Scientific found him to be one of the top-10 most-cited scholars in economics and business from 1997 to 2007.
A 2011 article, “Innovation in Multi-Invention Contexts,” coauthored with Deepak Somaya and Simon Wakeman, was selected as the winner of the 2012 California Management Review Best Article Award. This article presents a framework designed to help guide managers of innovating firms in designing appropriate strategy when seeking to bring an innovation to market in a multi-invention context.
In the 2013 New Year Honours, Teece was appointed a Companion of the New Zealand Order of Merit, for services to New Zealand–United States relations. He also received the Academy of International Business Eminent Scholar Award in Istanbul in July 2013. Teece is described as a “'leading authority' on matters related to antitrust and competition policy and intellectual property stating and is 'highly sought after.'”
Who Who’s Legal 2018 noted that David Teece is “'extremely highly regarded' for his longstanding process in the field of competition economics.” In the same year, the Strategic Management Society awarded him the CK Prahalad Distinguished Scholar-Practitioner Award and classified him as “a renowned academic, a prolific author, an active consultant, serial entrepreneur, angel investor and CEO mentor.”
- Strategy, Innovation and the Theory of the Firm. Edward Elgar. 2012.
- Dynamic Capabilities and Strategic Management: Organizing for Innovation and Growth. Oxford University Press. 2009. Second edition (with new preface), 2011.
- The Transfer and Licensing of Know-How and Intellectual Property: Understanding the Multinational Enterprise in the Modern World. World Scientific Publishing. 2008.
- Technological Know-How, Organizational Capabilities and Strategic Management. World Scientific Publishing. 2008.
- Managing Intellectual Capital: Organizational, Strategic, and Policy Dimensions. Oxford University Press. 2000.
- Economic Performance and the Theory of the Firm: The Selected Papers of David Teece. 1 and 2. Edward Elgar Publishing. 1998.
- Teece, David; Jorde, Thomas, eds. (1992). Antitrust, Innovation and Competitiveness. Oxford University Press.
- "Haas Launches Tusher Center to Study Intellectual Capital Management". University of California, Berkeley. August 14, 2015. Retrieved August 20, 2015.
- "Entrepreneur Profile David Teece co-founder, Berkeley Research Group LLC". San Francisco Business Times. February 18, 2011. Retrieved January 26, 2012.
- "David Teece Faculty Profile". Archived from the original on September 18, 2012.
- Brenneman, Richard (August 6, 2004). "David Teece: Big Building Backer, Academic Guru, Political Power Player and a Corporate Tycoon". The Berkeley Daily Planet. Retrieved January 27, 2012.
- "David J. Teece Berkeley Research Group Profile". Retrieved December 1, 2012.
- Hughes, Samuel (March–April 2005). "All Business". The Pennsylvania Gazette. Retrieved January 26, 2012.
- Teece, David J. (January 2005). "Technology and Technology Transfer: Mansfieldian Inspirations and Subsequent Developments". Journal of Technology Transfer. 30 (1/2): 17–33. doi:10.1007/s10961-004-4355-x.
- Teece, David J. (Winter 2010). "Williamson's Impact on the Theory and Practice of Management". California Management Review. 52 (2): 167–176. doi:10.1525/cmr.2010.52.2.167.
- Anders, George (March 19, 2007). "An Economist's Courtroom Bonanza: Whether It's Mötley Crüe or Antitrust Law, Berkeley's David Teece Is Ready to Testify". The Wall Street Journal. pp. A1.
- Redmond, Adele (May 20, 2017). "Student sounds return to city". The Press. p. A7. Retrieved May 20, 2017.
- Bean, A.S.; Callon, M.; Coenen, R.; Freeman, C.; Meyer-Krahmer, F.; Pavitt, K.L.R.; Roessner, D.; Utterback, J.M. (April 1993). "Introductory Note". Research Policy. 22 (2): 99. doi:10.1016/0048-7333(93)90036-h.
- "Research of David J. Teece, Key Research Topic: Profiting from Technological Innovation". University of California, Berkeley. Retrieved June 11, 2012.
- Chesbrough, Henry; Birkinshaw, Julian; Teubal, Morris (October 2006). "Introduction to the research policy 20th anniversary special issue of the publication of "Profiting from Innovation" by David J. Teece". Research Policy. 35 (8): 1091–1099. doi:10.1016/j.respol.2006.09.001.
- "Special issue commemorating the 20th Anniversary of David Teece's article, "Profiting from Innovation", in Research Policy". Research Policy. 35 (8). October 2006. Retrieved June 11, 2012.
- Anders, George (May 2, 2012). "Google and Facebook Dead in 5 Years? Fat Chance!". Forbes.com. Retrieved June 11, 2012.
- Teece, David J. (December 1986). "Profiting from Technological Innovation: Implications for integration, collaboration, licensing and public policy". Research Policy. 15 (6): 285–305. doi:10.1016/0048-7333(86)90027-2.
- Scocco, Daniel. "The Teece Model". Innovation Zen. Retrieved May 2, 2016.
- Afuah, Allan N., and Kwaku O. Prakah-Asante (2010). "Innovation Models." In V.K. Narayanan and Gina Colarelli O'Connor (eds.), Encyclopedia of Technology & Innovation Management, p. 107. John Wiley & Sons.
- Winter, Sidney (October 2006). "The Logic of Appropriability: From Schumpeter to Arrow to Teece" (PDF). Research Policy. 35 (8): 1100–1106. doi:10.1016/j.respol.2006.09.010. hdl:10419/89518.
- Kreiner, Kristian (March 19, 2004). "Honorary Doctorate: Professor David J. Teece". Copenhagen Business School.
- Teece, David J.; Pisano, Gary; Shuen, Amy (August 1997). "Dynamic Capabilities and Strategic Management" (PDF). Strategic Management Journal. 18 (7): 509–533. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.390.9899. doi:10.1002/(sici)1097-0266(199708)18:7<509::aid-smj882>3.0.co;2-z. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 24, 2011.
- Cordes-Berszinn, Philip (November 2013). Dynamic Capabilities: How Organisational Structures Affect Knowledge Processes. Palgrave Macmillan. Retrieved September 16, 2014.
- "Taking Care of Business, 1995–2005". ScienceWatch. Thomson Scientific. November–December 2005. Retrieved January 26, 2012.
- Teece, David J. (August 2007). "Explicating Dynamic Capabilities: The Nature and Microfoundations of (Sustainable) Enterprise Performance". Strategic Management Journal. 28 (13): 1319–1350. doi:10.1002/smj.640.
- Roberts, John; Saloner, Garth (2013). Gibbons, Robert; Roberts, John (eds.). The Handbook of Organizational Economics. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. pp. 799–852.
- Teece, David (1982). "Towards an Economic Theory of the Multiproduct Firm". Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization. 3: 39–63. doi:10.1016/0167-2681(82)90003-8.
- Williamson, Oliver (1975). Markets and Hierarchies: Analysis and Antitrust Implications. New York: Free Press.
- "BRG Office Locations". Retrieved February 3, 2014.
- Holderman, James F. (September 27, 2013). "In re INNOVATIO IP VENTURES, LLC PATENT LITIGATION: Memorandum Opinion, Findings, Conclusions, and Order" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on February 22, 2014. Retrieved January 26, 2014.
- Cantwell, J (2014). "Revisiting international business theory: a capabilities-based theory of the MNE". Journal of International Business Studies. 45: 1–7. doi:10.1057/jibs.2013.61.
- "100 Years of Scholarship". California Magazine. May 2007. Retrieved August 20, 2015.
- "Honorary Graduates" (PDF). University of Canterbury. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 4, 2015. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
- "Congratulations Haskayne Class of 2015!". University of Calgary Haskayne School of Business. June 15, 2015. Retrieved July 15, 2015.
- "Professional Awards for David J. Teece". University of California Berkeley Haas School of Business. Retrieved January 26, 2012.
- "The Viipuri Prize". Lappeenranta University of Technology. Archived from the original on April 5, 2012. Retrieved June 11, 2012.
- "Scientist Rankings in Economics and Business Based on Total Citations" (PDF). Essential Science Indicators, January 1, 1997 – October 31, 2007. Thomson Scientific. Retrieved January 26, 2012.
- Somaya, Deepak; Teece, David; Wakeman, Simon (Summer 2011). "Innovation in Multi-Invention Contexts: Mapping Solutions to Technological and Intellectual Property Complexity" (PDF). California Management Review. 53 (4): 47–74. doi:10.1525/cmr.2011.53.4.47. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 3, 2013.
- "The 2012 Best Article Award". California Management Review. Archived from the original on June 1, 2012. Retrieved June 11, 2012.
- "New Year honours list 2013". Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet. December 31, 2012. Retrieved January 9, 2018.
- Academy of International Business. "AIB Fellows Eminent Scholar Award Session: Honoring David Teece". Retrieved January 25, 2014.
- "Who's Who Legal Most Highly Regarded Firms: Arbitration Expert Witnesses 2014". October 2013. Retrieved January 26, 2014.
- "Who's Who Legal Consulting Experts 2018". Who's Who Legal. August 7, 2018. Retrieved August 30, 2018.
- "CK Prahalad Distinguished Scholar-Practitioner Award". Strategic Management Society. Summer 2018. Retrieved August 30, 2018.