David Monro (scholar)

David Binning Monro, FBA (16 November 1836  22 August 1905) was a Scottish Homeric scholar, Provost of Oriel College, Oxford, and Vice-Chancellor of Oxford University.


David Monro was born in Edinburgh, the grandson of Alexander Monro tertius, professor of anatomy at the University of Edinburgh, whose own father, Alexander Monro secondus (1733–1817), and grandfather, Alexander Monro primus (1697–1767), had both filled the same position.[1] David Monro was educated at the University of Glasgow, where he was influenced by Edmund Law Lushington to become a classical scholar. In 1854, he attended Brasenose College, Oxford and, later in the same year transferred to Balliol College, Oxford, where he was a Snell exhibitioner. In 1859, he was elected Fellow of Oriel College, Oxford; although he entered Lincoln's Inn the following year, he became lecturer and then tutor at Oriel. In 1882, he became Provost of the College, and he held this office until his death at Heiden, Switzerland.[1] He also served as Vice-Chancellor of the University of Oxford from October 1901 to 1904.[2][3]

Academic work

Monro was a polymath and polyglot who possessed considerable knowledge of music, painting and architecture. His favourite study was Homer, and his A Grammar of the Homeric Dialect (2nd ed., 1891) established his reputation as an authority on the subject. He edited the last twelve books of the Odyssey, with valuable appendices on the composition of the poem, its relation to the Iliad and the cyclic poets, the history of the text, the dialects, and the Homeric house; a critical text of the poems and fragments (Homeri opera et reliquiae, 1896); Homeri opera (1902, with T. W. Allen, in the Scriptorum Classicorum Bibliotheca Oxoniensis); and an edition of the Iliad with notes for schools.[1]

Monro's article on Homer, written for the 9th edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica, was revised by him for later versions before he died.[1] He also wrote The Modes of Ancient Greek Music (1894).

Selected works


  1.  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Monro, David Binning". Encyclopædia Britannica. 18 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 736.
  2. "University intelligence - Oxford". The Times (36582). London. 10 October 1901. p. 8.
  3. "Previous Vice-Chancellors". University of Oxford, UK. Retrieved 13 July 2011.


Academic offices
Preceded by
Provost of Oriel College, Oxford
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Thomas Fowler
Vice-Chancellor of Oxford University
Succeeded by
William Walter Merry
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.