David Joseph Manners (born Rauff de Ryther Duan Acklom; April 30, 1900 – December 23, 1998) was a Canadian-American actor who plays John Harker in Tod Browning's 1931 horror classic Dracula, which stars Bela Lugosi in the title role. The following year, Manners portrayed the archaeologist Frank Whemple in The Mummy, another pre-Code thriller by Universal Pictures.
David Manners (originally Rauff Acklom) was born in Canada at 108 Tower Road in Halifax, Nova Scotia on April 30, 1900. He was the son of British parents, Lilian Manners and writer George Moreby Acklom, as well as being the nephew of Cecil Ryther Acklom, a senior officer in the United Kingdom's Royal Navy. His father in Halifax was then the headmaster of Harrow House School, a prestigious private boarding school for boys. Eight years later, in 1907, Rauff, his mother, and his older sister Cecily left Canada and emigrated to the United States to join his father, who had emigrated in the previous year and secured a job as a literary advisor for E.P. Dutton, a publishing company in New York. By 1910 the entire Acklom family was living at 108 Hillside Avenue in Mount Vernon, New York, a northern suburb of New York City.
The Ackloms by January 1920 had moved again, then to West 123rd Street in Manhattan, where 19-year-old Manners (still Rauff) continued to reside with his parents. He was employed as an assistant publisher and seemed destined to repeat his father's own career choice and live out his life as an editor and publisher. Soon, perhaps in an effort to chart an entirely different course for himself professionally, Manners stopped working as an assistant publisher and returned to Canada to study forestry at the University of Toronto. He found the curriculum there boring; however, he was attracted to stage work on campus. After receiving some drama training, he made his acting debut in 1924 at the school's Hart House Theater in Euripides' play Hippolytus. Despite his father's objections, Manners continued to pursue an entertainment career when he came back to the United States. Before long he was performing in theaters in Chicago, on Broadway, and elsewhere after joining Basil Sydney's Touring Company and later Eva Le Gallienne's Civic Repertory Company in New York. During his time, before he moved to Hollywood at the beginning of the sound era in films, he obtained additional training under Le Gallienne, even though she had remarked that he was "a very bad actor" after seeing one of his performances. Manners in this period also appeared on the New York stage with Helen Hayes, with whom he co-starred in Edgar Selwyn and Edmund Goulding's play Dancing Mothers at the Booth Theatre.
After arriving in California, around 1927, Manners was serendipitously "discovered" by the film director James Whale at a Hollywood party, and within a few years he was a popular leading man, playing opposite such actresses as Katharine Hepburn, Barbara Stanwyck, Gloria Stuart, Myrna Loy, Loretta Young, and Ann Dvorak. He was paired several times with Helen Chandler. After performing in an uncredited role in The Sky Hawk in 1929, he was featured the next year in Journey's End. Reviewers of the latter film, such as The New York Times and Variety, officially bestowed their endorsements on the fledgling movie actor's work. His subsequent performances were critically praised again in The New York Times and by other influential film critics.
In late 1930 Manners filmed his best remembered role, as Jonathan Harker opposite Bela Lugosi, in Universal's horror classic Dracula (1931). Until the end of his life, he continued to receive mail from fans of the movie, although he claimed to have never seen the finished film. In his tenth movie, he co-starred with Barbara Stanwyck in Frank Capra's critically acclaimed but commercially unsuccessful The Miracle Woman (1931). The New York Times lauded Manners again for his portrayal of a blind war veteran, stating that "Manners does exceptionally well with this sympathetic assignment".
During his brief tenure with Warner Bros., which had loaned him to other studios quite frequently, Manners progressed from being a supporting player to achieving true movie-star status following his role in Crooner in 1932. Shortly after that production's release, he began to freelance with much success. One of the final films he made before the end of his Warner Bros.' contract was RKO's A Bill of Divorcement, starring John Barrymore and Billie Burke. Katharine Hepburn, who made her debut in the same film, once commented that "David was a big star. I was so nervous working with him ... He was... just a dear to work with and a totally professional and talented actor."
David wasn't in the one scene I did in Roman Scandals, but he watched every scene shot. He was tremendously enthusiastic, and he...invited me to supper...He was mobbed everywhere. All the time he kept telling me I had style and personality. He said if I persevered I'd get somewhere in Hollywood. Not once did he ever hint that he'd like to take me home to his boudoir...He was so utterly charming.
After the success of Dracula, Manners worked for several years as a romantic leading man, and was most often seen in a tuxedo in romantic comedies and light dramas. The Last Flight (1931), a Lost Generation celebration of the high life in Paris, and Karl Freund's The Mummy (1932) with Boris Karloff were two standouts. But by 1936 he had grown bored with Hollywood, and abandoned his film career. He reportedly never acclimated to Hollywood, which he found to be "a false place". Although he was among the first group of actors to join the fledgling Screen Actors Guild in 1933, he returned to New York City, but he moved back to California three years later. Manners grew increasingly frustrated with his roles in Hollywood and with his film career in general, despite all its successes. Following his work on three films released in 1936—Hearts in Bondage, A Woman Rebels, and Lucky Fugitives—he left the studios and retired from film work. He did, however, continue to perform regularly on stage for another 17 years, appearing in various productions on tour, in summer stock, and on Broadway, including the ill-fated 1946 play Hidden Horizon. In 1953, Manners retired from acting entirely.
Personal life and death
Manners married only once. In New York City, on May 23, 1929, he wed Suzanne Bushnell, a native of Springfield, Ohio. A year later, according to the United States Census of 1930, he and his 23-year-old wife were living together in Los Angeles in a $175-a-month rental property, along with Antonio Dumles, a 22-year-old Filipino who was listed as the couple's servant. David and Suzanne's marriage proved to be a brief one; they divorced in 1932.
In 1940 he officially changed his name to David Joseph Manners (Manners being his mother's maiden name), a change that is verified by its citation in the federal census of 1940. That same census also documents that he had applied to become a naturalized citizen of the United States. It further identifies Manners as an "Author/Actor" and that he was then living in Victorville, California, residing alone in a home, part of a ranch, that he had purchased several years earlier. He became a published novelist in 1941 with Convenient Season; a second novel, Under Running Laughter, followed in 1943. (He used the name David J. Manners for his novels, both of which were published by E.P. Dutton.) Later, in 1948, he established a long-term partnership with playwright Frederic William "Bill" Mercer. Initially, they lived together at David's ranch but left Victorville in 1956 to move to another residence in Pacific Palisades. Manners and Mercer remained partners until Bill's death in 1978.
Following his retirement from acting, Manners spent the remaining decades of his life pursuing his personal interests, including painting, writing, and studying philosophy. His reflections on philosophy were presented in Look Through: An Evidence of Self Discovery, published in 1971 by El Cariso Publications.
In 1998, 20 years after Mercer's death, Manners died at age 98 in the health center of a retirement community in Santa Barbara, California. His body was cremated and the ashes were taken to San Bernardino County and scattered at Rancho Yucca Loma in Victor Valley.
- The Sky Hawk (1929) as Pilot (uncredited)
- Journey's End (1930) as 2nd Lt. Raleigh
- He Knew Women (1930) as Austin Lowe
- Sweet Mama (1930) as Jimmy
- Kismet (1930) as Caliph Abdallah
- The Truth About Youth (1930) as Richard Dane 'The Imp'
- Mothers Cry (1930) as Arthur 'Artie' Williams
- The Right to Love (1930) as Joe Copeland
- Dracula (1931) as John Harker
- The Millionaire (1931) as Bill Merrick
- The Miracle Woman (1931) as John Carson
- The Last Flight (1931) as Shep Lambert
- The Ruling Voice (1931) as Dick Cheney
- The Greeks Had a Word for Them (1932) as Dey Emery
- Lady with a Past (1932) as Donnie Wainwright
- Beauty and the Boss (1932) as Baron Paul von Ullrich
- Man Wanted (1932) as Thomas 'Tom' / 'Tommy' Sherman
- Stranger in Town (1932) as Jerry Fleming
- Crooner (1932) as Ted 'Teddy' Taylor
- A Bill of Divorcement (1932) as Kit
- They Call It Sin (1932) as Jimmy Decker
- The Death Kiss (1932) as Franklyn Drew
- The Mummy (1932) as Frank Whemple
- From Hell to Heaven (1933) as Wesley Burt
- The Warrior's Husband (1933) as Theseus
- The Girl in 419 (1932) as Dr. Martin Nichols
- The Devil's in Love (1933) as Capt. Jean Fabien
- Torch Singer (1933) as Michael Gardner
- Roman Scandals (1933) as Josephus
- The Luck of a Sailor (1934) as Captain Colin
- The Black Cat (1934) as Peter Alison
- The Great Flirtation (1934) as Larry Kenyon
- The Moonstone (1934) as Franklin Blake
- The Mystery of Edwin Drood (1935) as Edwin Drood
- The Perfect Clue (1935) as David Mannering
- Jalna (1935) as Eden Whiteoak
- Hearts in Bondage (1936) as Raymond Jordan
- A Woman Rebels (1936) as Lieutenant Alan Craig Freeland
- Lucky Fugitives (1936) as Jack Wycoff / Cy King (final film role)
- Clive Hirschhorn. The Warner Bros. Story (New York: Crown Publishers, New York, 1979); ISBN 0-7064-0797-0
- Ephraim Katz. The Film Encyclopedia (New York: Harper Perennial, 1980); ISBN 0-06-074214-3
- David Morgan Jones. The Wonder Within You, Trafford Publishing (2006); ISBN 1-4120-5013-8
- McMurchy, D. (July 1999), "David Manners: A Perfect Gentleman", Classic Images, Muscatine, Iowa, 289
References and notes
- "Nova Scotia Delayed Births, 1837-1904," Rauff Acklom, April 30, 1900, Halifax, Province of Nova Scotia, Canada. Digital image of original affidavit of birth registration in Nova Scotia Archives available at FamilySearch, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, Utah. Retrieved August 22, 2017.
- Pace, Eric (1999). "David Manners, 98; Menaced on Screen by Lugosi", obituary, The New York Times, January 3, 1999. Last retrieved August 21, 2017.
- The spelling of Lilian Manners Acklom's first name varies in official documents throughout her life. It is spelled "Lillian" in David Manner's (Rauff Acklom's) original Halifax birth registration, on original enumeration pages of the United States Census of 1920 and 1930, on his 1929 marriage certificate, and on a 1926 ship's passenger list for an transatlantic trip between the United States and England. It is also spelled "Lilian" in the 1910 federal census and on her 1962 California death certificate.
- Norris, John (2000). "The Life and Films of David Manners", biography of David Manners (1900-1998) at "The David Manners Website". Last retrieved August 21, 2017.
- "The Thirteenth Census of the United States: 1910", enumeration date April 26, 1910, Mount Vernon City, Westchester County, New York. A digital image of the original census page is available at FamilySearch. Retrieved August 21, 2017.
- "The Fourteenth Census of the United States: 1920", enumeration date January 3, 1920, New York City, New York County, New York. FamilySearch. Retrieved January 3, 1920. Retrieved August 22, 2017.
- The Sky Hawk (1929), full cast and crew; Journey's End (1930), cast. Internet Movie Database, (IMDb), Amazon, Seattle, Washington. Retrieved August 21, 2017.
- "David Manners", biography, Turner Classic Movies (TCM), Turner Broadcasting, Time Warner, Inc., New York, N.Y. Retrieved August 22, 2017.
- "David Manners", filmography. IMDb. Retrieved August 22, 2017.
- "New York City Marriage Records, 1829-1940", Rauff Acklom and Suzanne Bushnell, 23 May 1929, Manhattan, New York, New York. Retrieved August 20, 2017. David Manners is listed on his New York marriage certificate by his birth name, Rauff Acklom. Manners would not officially change his name to David Joseph Manners until 1940.
- "The Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930", enumeration date April 11, 1930, City of Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, California. A digital image of the original enumeration page is available at FamilySearch. Retrieved August 20, 2017.
- "The Sixteenth Census of the United States: 1940", enumeration date April 19, 1940, Victorville, San Bernardino County, California. FamilySearch. Retrieved August 21, 2017.
- The United States Census of 1940 records that Manners' application for citizenship was pending (coded "PA" in that census) as of April 19, 1940, so any granting of his citizenship occurred after that date.
- Manners was the actor's mother's maiden name Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, moviediva.com (cached version); accessed October 16, 2014.
- Jones, David Morgan; editor (2006). The Wonder Within You: From the Metaphysical Journals of David Manners. Trafford Publishing, 2006; ISBN 1-4120-5013-8; ISBN 978-1412050135.
- Tronchoni, José L Bernabé (2002). When his death occurred, he was the last surviving cast member of both 1931's Dracula and the Mummy. "David Manners", online memorial (6647005) with biographical and photograph originally created July 30, 2002. Find a Grave, Ancestry.com, Lehi, Utah. Retrieved August 21, 2017.
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