David Colyear, 1st Earl of Portmore
The Earl of Portmore
The Earl of Portmore
|Died||2 January 1730|
|Battles/wars||Nine Years' War|
War of the Spanish Succession
Colyear was commissioned into the Army of William of Orange in 1674, becoming Lieutenant-General of the Scots Brigade, the three Scottish regiments which had been fighting in the service of the Netherlands for many decades.
He led the troops ashore when William landed at Torbay on 5 November 1688 and then served in most of William's Irish campaigns, being made Governor of Limerick in 1691. For his service in Ireland he was created Lord Portmore on 1 June 1699. In 1702, he obtained the rank of major-general, and on 27 February 1703 received the command of the Queen's Royal Regiment of Foot, later the 2nd Foot. On 13 April 1703, he was raised to the dignities of Earl of Portmore, Viscount of Milsington, and Lord Colyear.
He took part in the War of Spanish Succession and participated in the Battle of Cádiz in 1702 and the Battle of Vigo Bay later that year. In 1710, he was appointed commander-in-chief of the forces in Scotland, and in January 1711 was raised to the rank of general. In 1712, he served under the Duke of Ormonde in Flanders, and the same year he was named a member of the privy council and made a Knight of the Thistle.
In August 1713, he was constituted Governor of Gibraltar, and in October of the same year he was chosen one of the sixteen representative peers of Scotland. When Gibraltar was besieged by the Spaniards in 1727, he embarked for that place to assume command, but on the approach of Admiral Wager with eleven ships the siege was raised. He died 2 January 1730.
They had two sons:
- David Colyear, Viscount Milsington (1698 - 1728-9)
- Charles Colyear, 2nd Earl of Portmore.
- Henderson, T. F. (2004). "David Colyear". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press.
- The Queen's Royal Surrey Regimental Association
- Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages
| Colonel of The Earl of Portmore's Regiment of Foot
| Colonel of The Queen's Royal Regiment of Foot
| Governor of Gibraltar
The Earl of Stair
| Colonel of the Grey Dragoons
Sir James Campbell
|Peerage of Scotland|
|New title|| Lord Portmore
| Earl of Portmore|
|Baronetage of Nova Scotia|
| Baronet (of Holland)