David Caminer, OBE (26 June 1915 – 19 June 2008) has been called "the world's first corporate electronic systems analyst" and "the world's first software engineer". He carried out the systems analysis and charting for the world's first routine business computer job. He was a British computer engineer who developed the world's first business computer, LEO (Lyons Electronic Office). He was also called "the first business application programmer".
|Died||June 19, 2008 92)(aged|
|Other names||David Treisman|
|Employer||J. Lyons and Co.|
Life and work
Caminer worked generally in the area of operations management and cost accounting. He helped to design, along with John Pinkerton, the LEO (Lyons Electronic Office), which has been certified by the Guinness World Records as the world's first business computer.
Caminer joined Lyons & Co. as a management trainee in 1936 and became manager of the Lyons Systems Research Office before concentrating on the computer innovation. He became director of LEO Computers Ltd in 1959 and was subsequently general sales manager of English Electric LEO Marconi, while retaining his responsibility for consultancy and systems implementation. After the merger to form ICL, his posts included the delineation of the systems software requirements for the New Range and director of New Range Market Introduction.
He chose to complete his formal career in the field as project director for the implementation of the computer and communications network for the European Economic Community, where he developed a computer system for the European Common Market. For this work he was appointed to the Order of the British Empire in 1980.
As Caminer himself pointed out, the LEO story highlights important characteristics of the history of innovation in computing technology, including the complex roles of government funding and university research; the frequent failure of technically advanced products to enjoy commercial success; the importance for commercial success in business computing of firm-level capabilities in related technologies; and the interaction between organizational and technological change in the adoption of business computing systems.
In 2001 he presented the second IEE Pinkerton Lecture.
- Martin, Douglas. "David Caminer, a Pioneer in Computers, Dies at 92". The New York Times.
- Times obituary
- Putting computers to work Lyons Electronic Office, David Caminer, IEE Review, 2001 - ieeexplore.ieee.org
- "First business computer". Guinness World Records. Retrieved 3 October 2018.
The earliest business computer was LEO I (Lyons Electronic Office). It began operations in November 1951 in at the Lyons headquarters, London, UK.
- The Guardian: "Thank you for Guy Kewney's piece 'on the 50th anniversary of the first commercial mainframe'."
- Caminer, D. T.; Aris, J. B.; Hermon; P. M.; Land, F. F. (1998). LEO: the incredible story of the world's first business computer. McGraw-Hill. ISBN 0-07-009501-9.
- The Journal of Strategic Information Systems, Volume 12, Issue 4, December 2003, Pages 265-284 LEO Conference 2001
- David C. Mowery, 50 Years of business computing: LEO to Linux, The Journal of Strategic Information Systems, Volume 12, Issue 4, December 2003, Pages 295-308
- Ferry, G. (2004). A Computer Called LEO: Lyons Tea Shops and the World's First Office Computer. Hammersmith: Harper Perennial. ISBN 1-84115-186-6.
- Bird, P.J. (1994). LEO: The First Business Computer. Wokingham: Hasler Publishing Co. ISBN 0-9521651-0-4.