Daryl Roth Theatre
The Daryl Roth Theatre is an off-Broadway performance space at 101 East 15th Street, at the northeast corner of the intersection with Union Square East, near Union Square, Manhattan, New York City. The theater, opened in 1998, is housed in the four-story Union Square Savings Bank building, which was designed by Henry Bacon and built in 1905-1907. The original structure, a New York City landmark, houses a theater that can accommodate 300 seated or 499 standing patrons. The DR2 Theatre, located in an annex at 103 East 15th Street, seats 99.
Nighttime exterior view of the Union Square Savings Bank building, now the Daryl Roth Theatre
|Address||101 East 15th Street|
Manhattan, New York City
|Capacity||Daryl Roth: 299-499 |
|Current use||Cyrano, Paddington Gets in a Jam|
The Union Square Savings Bank was founded in 1848 as the Institution for the Savings of Merchants' Clerks, which was originally located as 5 Beekman Street in Manhattan's Financial District and later relocated to 516 Broadway. In 1867, the Institution bought a Greek Revival-style rowhouse at 20 Union Square East, on the northeast corner with 15th Street and adjacent to Union Square Park. The next year, the bank moved to the renovated rowhouse. Starting in the 1870s, the area surrounding the park became populated with hotels, theaters, and commercial enterprises. At the time, commercial banks in New York City were mostly located in converted structures, while savings banks were located in standalone, imposing buildings at the corners of intersections.
In 1895, the Institution acquired the adjacent 22 Union Square East to the north, and subsequently demolished both rowhouses at 20-22 Union Square East. The bank changed its name to the Union Square Savings Bank in 1904. The Union Square Savings Bank announced its intention to build a new structure on the combined site the same year, and hired Henry Bacon to draw up building plans. The initial plans published in the Real Estate Record in October 1905 depicted a 25-by-100-foot (7.6 by 30.5 m), two-story marble building costing $100,000. However, drawings published two months later in the Architecture magazine showed a slightly larger structure. The final plans were for a 52-by-125-foot (16 by 38 m) granite-faced building that cost $275,000. Construction began in May 1906 and the new bank opened on March 7, 1907.
The Union Square Savings Bank started opening branches in 1923, following the passage of a law that removed a ban on savings bank branches., but kept the original building as its headquarters. A penthouse was built in 1937, and a four-story office annex was built at 103 East 15th Street in 1955. The interior was renovated in 1961. The Union Square Savings Bank acquired Kings County Savings Bank in 1969 to form United Mutual Savings Bank. United Mutual failed in 1982 and was acquired by American Savings Bank. Upon the latter's insolvency in 1992, the Union Square branch was closed.
In 1993, the House of Blues concert-venue company bought the bank and its annex at 103 East 15th Street for a combined $2.06 million. Isaac Tigrett, the House of Blues' founder, planned to open the venue with a live-music venue and 300-seat eatery in 1994. This drew concern among preservationists, who wanted the bank to be preserved in its original state, though Tigrett stated that he would not change the inside of the bank. The project was delayed, and by March 1995, construction was reported to be imminent. However, that June, the House of Blues withdrew its application for a liquor license, which would have enabled the restaurant to contain a bar. Manhattan Community Board 5, which covers Union Square, expressed concerns about the effects of a concert venue in the neighborhood, so the House of Blues agreed to delay construction in exchange for postponement of a public hearing.
In 1996, the building was acquired by Daryl Roth, who had devised plans to turn the bank into an off-Broadway venue. Upon the theater's opening in 1998, The New York Times described the bank building as one of a "growing number of unconventional spaces" that were converted into theaters. The DR2 Theatre was opened in 2002 within the former banking annex in 103 East 15th Street.
While Fuerza Bruta was in production at the theater from 2005 to 2016, the theater entrance was through a side door on the 15th Street side, while the main building entrance at Union Square was unused. In 2017, while making his theatrical directorial debut with In and Of Itself, Frank Oz changed the layout of the theater to incorporate its visually striking Union Square facade as an entrance to the theater. The renovations required moving the box office around, but upon the completion of work, the audience was able to enter through the front doors on Union Square East.
The Daryl Roth Theatre is located on a lot measuring 52 feet (16 m) wide, along Union Square, and 125 feet (38 m) long on 15th Street. It is 60 feet (18 m) tall and contains four stories. When it served as a bank, the Daryl Roth Theatre building was among the many "monumental" bank buildings at street corners. The style was compared to temples in ancient Greece and Rome that had also served as banks. Bank architects, influenced by the World's Columbian Exposition in 1893, placed Renaissance and neoclassical features into banks such as the Daryl Roth Theatre building. The Daryl Roth Theatre building is located above a foundation of brick, with a concrete base, and contains a facade with white granite cladding. The interior structure is supported by walls and piers made of brick, while the upper floors are located on a structure of metal columns and girders.
The main facade is on the western side, facing Union Square. It contains a portico supported by four Corinthian columns, and below the portico, a small flight of steps leads up to the banking floor. An entablature and parapet run along the portico, and a cornice with various depictions of lentils, lions, and egg-and-dart motifs is located at the top of the portico. In the center of the facade, on the ground floor, is a tall vertical opening, which includes glass doors below an opaque-glass grid; this formerly led to the banking floor but now leads to the 300-seat main auditorium.
The southern facade of the main building, facing 15th Street, is divided into five vertical bays, each separated by pilasters topped by Corinthian-style capitals, Each of these bays contains large windows with bronze window bars. Carved panels are located above these windows, and a side entrance is located below the easternmost window.
As of October 2019, the Daryl Roth Theater has hosted at least 33 productions. Fuerza Bruta was produced at the Daryl Roth Theatre from 2006 to 2016, while Striking 12 ran from November to December 2006. Gloria: A Life opened at the theater in October 2018 and closed in March 2019.
- Hughes, C.j. (February 6, 2005). "From the Outside, They Still Look Like Banks". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved October 19, 2019.
- Landmarks Preservation Commission 1996, p. 2.
- King, Moses (1893). "King's handbook of New York City ; an outline history and description of the American Metropolis ; with over one thousand illustrations ..." p. 724. Retrieved November 12, 2019 – via Internet Archive.
- Real Estate Record Association (1898). "A History of real estate, building, and architecture in New York City during the last quarter of a century". p. 129. Retrieved November 27, 2019 – via Internet Archive.
- Landmarks Preservation Commission 1996, p. 3.
- "New Union Square Bank" (PDF). The Real Estate Record: Real estate record and builders' guide. 76 (1960): 938. October 7, 1905 – via columbia.edu.
- "Accepted Design, Union Square Savings Bank, New York". Architecture. 12. December 1905.
- Landmarks Preservation Commission 1996, p. 4.
- Landmarks Preservation Commission 1996, p. 5.
- "News of the Realty Trade". The New York Times. October 25, 1970. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 6, 2019.
- "American Gets United Mutual". The New York Times. September 25, 1982. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 6, 2019.
- Bryant, Adam (June 13, 1992). "American Savings Is Closed". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 6, 2019.
- Dunlap, David W. (August 3, 1993). "Building on Union Square Bought to Become Blues Bar". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved November 28, 2019.
- Botton, Sari (March 19, 1995). "Neighborhood Report: Union Square; Hold the Welcome Wagon: Boos for the House of Blues". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved November 28, 2019.
- Botton, Sari (June 11, 1995). "Neighborhood Report: Union Square; House of Blues Update: 'Huh?'". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved November 28, 2019.
- Williams, Monte (June 25, 1995). "Neighborhood Report: East Side/Union Square; House of Blues Buys Some Time By Losing Some". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved November 28, 2019.
- Pogrebin, Robin (July 26, 1999). "Off Broadway's Mom and Angel; A Producer Who Nurtures New Work and New Audiences". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved November 28, 2019.
- Lyman, Rick (September 17, 1997). "Gramercy Movie House to Become Off Broadway Theater". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved November 28, 2019.
- Williams, Monte (August 26, 1998). "Old Banks Becoming New Theaters; Big, Odd Spaces Feed Appetite for Off and Off Off Broadway". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 6, 2019.
- "DR2 Theatre". Daryl Roth Theatre. August 22, 2013. Retrieved November 28, 2019.
- "DR2 Theatre". Time Out New York. April 14, 2010. Retrieved November 28, 2019.
- "Frank Oz gets landmarked theater to open old entrance for his directorial debut". NY Daily News. March 28, 2017. Retrieved October 3, 2017.
- "Recent Bank Buildings of the United States". Architectural Record. 25 (1): 1–3. January 1909 – via archive.org.
- "Productions Archive". Daryl Roth Theatre. October 3, 2019. Retrieved November 28, 2019.
- "Long-Running Fuerza Bruta Will End Its New York Engagement After Nine Years | TheaterMania". www.theatermania.com. Retrieved November 28, 2019.
- Gans, Andrew (October 6, 2006). "Striking 12 — with GrooveLily — to Play Daryl Roth Theatre". Playbill. Retrieved November 28, 2019.
- "Striking 12 (closed December 31, 2006) | Off-Broadway | reviews, cast and info". TheaterMania. Retrieved November 28, 2019.
- "Gloria: A Life (closed March 31, 2019) | Off-Broadway | reviews, cast and info". TheaterMania. Retrieved November 28, 2019.
- Gans, Andrew (February 9, 2013). "Charles Busch's Bunnicula: A Rabbit Tale of Musical Mystery Begins Off-Broadway Run Feb. 9". Playbill. Retrieved November 28, 2019.
- "That Golden Girls Show!". Daryl Roth Theatre. Retrieved November 28, 2019.
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