Danish Superliga

The Danish Superliga (Danish: Superligaen, pronounced [ˈsuːˀpɐliːkæːˀn̩]) is the current Danish football championship tournament, and administered by the Danish Football Association. It is the highest football league in Denmark and is currently contested by 14 teams each year, with 1–3 teams relegated.

Superliga
Founded1991
First season1991
CountryDenmark
ConfederationUEFA
Number of teams14
Level on pyramid1
Relegation toDanish 1st Division
Domestic cup(s)Danish Cup
International cup(s)UEFA Champions League
UEFA Europa League
Current championsCopenhagen (13th title)
(2018–19)
Most championshipsCopenhagen (13 titles)
TV partnersViasat (TV3+, TV3 Sport 1, TV3 Sport 2)
Discovery Networks Denmark (Canal 9, Eurosport 2)
Others (see section)
WebsiteSuperliga.dk
dbu.dk
2019–20 Danish Superliga

History

Founded in 1991, the Danish Superliga replaced the Danish 1st Division as the highest league of football in Denmark. From the start in 1991, 10 teams were participating. The opening Superliga season was played during the spring of 1991, with the ten teams playing each other twice for the championship title. From the summer of 1991, the tournament structure would stretch over two years. The 10 teams would play each other twice in the first half of the tournament. In the following spring, the bottom two teams would be cut off, the points of the teams would be cut in half, and the remaining eight teams would once more play each other twice, for a total of 32 games in a season.

This practice was abandoned before the 1995–96 season, when the number of teams competing was increased to 12, playing each other thrice for 33 games per Superliga season. For the first season of this new structure, Coca-Cola became the name sponsor of the league, which was then named Coca-Cola Ligaen. After a single season under that name, Faxe Brewery became sponsors and the league changed its name to Faxe Kondi Ligaen. Before the 2001–02 season, Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS) became the head sponsor, and the name of the tournament changed to SAS Ligaen. From January 2015 the Danish Superliga is known as Alka Superliga, as the Danish insurance company Alka became name sponsor.[1]

Logos used for naming rights agreements for the league:

Structure

From 1996 through 2016, the league included 12 clubs which played each other three times. The two teams with the fewest points at the end of the season were relegated to the Danish 1st Division and replaced by the top two teams of that division. During this era, each team played every other team at least once at home and once away plus once more either at home or away. The top six teams of the previous season played 17 matches at home and 16 away while the teams in 7th to 10th place plus the two newly promoted teams played 16 matches at home and 17 away.

Following the 2015–16 season, the league was expanded to 14 teams, accomplished by relegating only the last-place finisher in that season and promoting the top three teams from the 1st division. The 2016–17 season was the first for the new league structure. It began with the teams playing a full home-and-away schedule, resulting in 26 matches for each team. At that time, the league split into a six-team championship playoff and an eight-team qualifying playoff. All teams' table points and goals carry over fully into the playoffs.

In the championship playoff, each team plays the others home and away again. The top team at the end of the playoff is Superliga champion and enters the Champions League in the second qualifying round. The second-place team enters the Europa League in the first qualifying round. The third-place team advances to a one-off playoff match for another Europa League place. If the winner of the Danish Cup finishes in the top three, the match will instead involve the fourth-place team.

The qualifying playoff is split into two groups, with the teams that finished the regular season in 7th, 10th, 11th, and 14th in one group and those finishing 8th, 9th, 12th, and 13th in the other. Each group plays home-and-away within its group. The top two teams from each group then enter a knockout tournament, with each match over two legs. If the Danish Cup winner is among the top two finishers in either playoff group, it is withdrawn from the knockout playoff and its opponent automatically advances to the tournament final. The winner of that tournament faces the third-place (or fourth-place) team from the championship playoff in a one-off match, with the winner entering the Europa League in the first qualifying round.

The bottom two teams from each group then contest a relegation playoff with several steps, centered on a separate four-team knockout playoff, also consisting totally of two-legged matches:

  • The third-placed teams in each group play over two legs, with the winners remaining in the Superliga and the losers advancing to a play-off final against the third-place team from the 1st Division.
  • The bottom teams in each group play over two legs, with the winners advancing to a play-off final against the second-place team from the 1st Division, and the losers dropping to next season's 1st Division.
  • The winners of each play-off final play in the next season's Superliga.

Seasons

Current teams (2019–20)

Club Finishing position
last season
First season in
top division
First season of
current spell in
top division
AaB 7th 1928–29 1987
AC Horsens 10th 2005–06 2016–17
AGF 9th 1918–19 2015–16
Brøndby IF 4th 1982 1982
Esbjerg fB 5th 1929–30 2018–19
F.C. Copenhagen 1st 1992–93 1992–93
FC Midtjylland 2nd 2000–01 2000–01
FC Nordsjælland 6th 2002–03 2002–03
Hobro IK 13th 2014–15 2017–18
Lyngby BK 3rd in 1st Division 1980 2019–20
OB 3rd 1927–28 1999–00
Randers FC 8th 1970 2009–10
Silkeborg IF 1st in 1st Division 1988 2019–20
SønderjyskE 11th 2000–01 2008–09

Winners

Season Champions Performance
Pts Pld W D L GF GA GD
1991 Brøndby IF261810622615+11
1991–92 Lyngby BK32[2]14923227+15
1992–93 F.C. Copenhagen32[2]148333123+8
1993–94 Silkeborg IF31[2]148242315+8
1994–95 AaB31[2]147433013+17
1995–96 Brøndby IF673320767132+39
1996–97 Brøndby IF683320856439+25
1997–98 Brøndby IF763324458133+48
1998–99 AaB6433171336537+28
1999-00 Herfølge BK563316895249+3
2000–01 F.C. Copenhagen6333171245527+28
2001–02 Brøndby IF693320947428+46
2002–03 F.C. Copenhagen6133171065132+19
2003–04 F.C. Copenhagen683320855627+29
2004–05 Brøndby IF693320946123+38
2005–06 F.C. Copenhagen733322746227+35
2006–07 F.C. Copenhagen763323736023+37
2007–08 AaB713322566038+22
2008–09 F.C. Copenhagen743323556726+41
2009–10 F.C. Copenhagen683321576122+39
2010–11 F.C. Copenhagen813325627729+48
2011–12 FC Nordsjælland683321574922+27
2012–13 F.C. Copenhagen6533181146232+30
2013–14 AaB623318876038+22
2014–15 FC Midtjylland713322566434+30
2015–16 F.C. Copenhagen713321846228+34
2016–17 F.C. Copenhagen843625927420+54
2017–18 FC Midtjylland853627458039+41
2018–19 F.C. Copenhagen823626468637+49

Relegations

Season Relegated team(s)
1991Ikast FS
1991–92Vejle Boldklub
1992–93Boldklubben Frem, Boldklubben 1909
1993–94Viborg FF, B93
1994–95Fremad Amager
1995–96Ikast FS, Næstved BK
1996–97Viborg FF, Hvidovre IF
1997–98Ikast FS, Odense Boldklub
1998–99Aarhus Fremad, B93
1999–00Vejle Boldklub, Esbjerg fB
2000–01Herfølge Boldklub, SønderjyskE
2001–02Vejle Boldklub, Lyngby Boldklub
2002–03Silkeborg IF, Køge BK
2003–04Boldklubben Frem, AB
2004–05Herfølge Boldklub, Randers FC
2005–06SønderjyskE, Aarhus Gymnastikforening
2006–07Vejle Boldklub, Silkeborg IF
2007–08Viborg FF, Lyngby Boldklub
2008–09AC Horsens, Vejle Boldklub
2009–10AGF, HB Køge
2010–11Randers FC, Esbjerg fB
2011–12Lyngby Boldklub, HB Køge
2012–13AC Horsens, Silkeborg IF
2013–14AGF, Viborg FF
2014–15FC Vestsjælland, Silkeborg IF
2015–16Hobro IK
2016–17Viborg FF, Esbjerg fB
2017–18Lyngby Boldklub, Silkeborg IF, FC Helsingør
2018–19Vendsyssel FF, Vejle Boldklub

Notable players

Top goalscorers

Season Tally Top scorer(s)
199111Bent Christensen (Brøndby IF)
1991–9217Peter Møller (AaB)
1992–9322Peter Møller (AaB)
1993–9418Søren Frederiksen (Viborg FF)
1994–9524Erik Bo Andersen (AaB)
1995–9620Thomas Thorninger (AGF)
1996–9726Miklos Molnar (Lyngby BK)
1997–9828Ebbe Sand (Brøndby IF)
1998–9923Heine Fernandez (Viborg FF)
1999–0016Peter Lassen (Silkeborg IF)
2000–0121Peter Graulund (Brøndby IF)
2001–0222Peter Madsen (Brøndby IF) and Kaspar Dalgas (OB)
2002–0318Søren Frederiksen (Viborg FF) and Jan Kristiansen (Esbjerg fB)
2003–0419Steffen Højer and Mwape Miti (both OB), Mohamed Zidan (FC Midtjylland) and Tommy Bechmann (Esbjerg fB)
2004–0520Steffen Højer (OB)
2005–0616Steffen Højer (Viborg FF)
2006–0719Rade Prica (AaB)
2007–0817Jeppe Curth (AaB)
2008–0916Morten Nordstrand (F.C. Copenhagen) and Marc Nygaard (Randers FC)
2009–1018Peter Utaka (OB)
2010–1125Dame N'Doye (F.C. Copenhagen)
2011–1218Dame N'Doye (F.C. Copenhagen)
2012–1318Andreas Cornelius (F.C. Copenhagen)
2013–1418Thomas Dalgaard (Viborg FF)
2014–1517Martin Pusic (Esbjerg FB/ FC Midtjylland)
2015–1618Lukas Spalvis (AaB)
2016–1723Marcus Ingvartsen (FC Nordsjælland)
2017–1822Pål Alexander Kirkevold (Hobro IK)
2018–1929Robert Skov (F.C. Copenhagen)

All-Time topscorer(s)

The 10 most scoring players throughout the history of the Superliga. Latest update 17 June 2019.

Rank Topscorer(s) Goals Club(s)
1.Morten "Duncan" Rasmussen145AGF, Brøndby IF, AaB, FC Midtjylland
2.Søren Frederiksen139Silkeborg IF, Viborg FF, AaB
3.Peter Møller135AaB, Brøndby IF, FC København
4.Heine Fernandez126AB, FC København, Silkeborg IF, Viborg FF
5.Steffen Højer124OB, Viborg FF, AaB
6.Frank Kristensen109FC Midtjylland, Ikast fS, Randers FC
7.Peter Graulund107AGF, Brøndby IF, Vejle BK
8.Søren Andersen101AGF, OB, AaB
9.Dame N'Doye81FC København
10.Thomas Thorninger81AGF, FC København, Vejle BK

Most capped players

Twenty players with most Superliga appearances
RankPlayerAppearancesClub(s)
1 Rasmus Würtz 434 AaB, FC København, Vejle BK
2 Hans Henrik Andreasen 397 OB, Esbjerg fB, Hobro IK
3 Per Nielsen 394 Brøndby IF
4 Jimmy Nielsen 375 AaB, Vejle BK
5 Michael Hansen 371 Silkeborg IF, OB, Esbjerg fB, FC Midtjylland
Mogens Krogh 371 Ikast FS, Brøndby IF
7 Nicolai Stokholm 370 AB, OB, FC Nordsjælland
8 Arek Onyszko 362 Viborg FF, OB, FC Midtjylland
9 Michael Nonbo 355 Næstved IF, AGF, Viborg FF, SønderjyskE
Jakob Poulsen 355 Esbjerg fB, AGF, FC Midtjylland
Morten "Duncan" Rasmussen 355 AGF, Brøndby IF, AaB, FC Midtjylland
12 Jerry Lucena 354 Esbjerg fB, AGF
13 Anders Møller Christensen 351 OB, Esbjerg fB
14 Thomas Augustinussen 342 AaB
15 Jens Jessen 341 AaB, FC Midtjylland
Jakob Glerup 341 Viborg FF
17 Steffen Højer 339 Viborg FF, AaB, OB
18 Jan Kristiansen 338 Esbjerg fB, Brøndby IF, FC Vestsjælland
19 Kim Daugaard 336 Brøndby IF
Jonas Borring 336 OB, FC Midtjylland, Randers FC, Brøndby IF, AC Horsens
As of 22/05/2018[3]

Most capped foreign players

Thirty foreign players with most Superliga appearances
RankPlayerNationalityAppearancesClub(s)
1 Arek OnyszkoPoland 362 Viborg FF, OB, FC Midtjylland
2 Jerry LucenaPhilippines 354 Esbjerg fB, AGF Aarhus
3 Karim ZazaMorocco 322 FC København, OB, Brøndby IF, AaB
4 Todi JónssonFaroe Islands 243 Lyngby BK, FC København
5 Andrew TemboZambia 218 Odense BK
6 Kolja AfriyieGermany 203 Esbjerg fB, FC Midtjylland
7 Mwape MitiZambia 178 OB
8 Rawez LawanSweden 168 AC Horsens, FC Nordsjælland
9 Dan EggenNorway 167 BK Frem, Brøndby IF
10 Andreas JohanssonSweden 162 AaB Aalborg, OB Odense
11 Abdul SuleNigeria 160 AB, AC Horsens
12 Espen RuudNorway 158 Odense BK
Sibusiso ZumaSouth Africa 158 FC København, FC Nordsjælland
14 Fernando DerveldNetherlands 156 Odense BK, Esbjerg fB
15 Aurelijus SkarbaliusLithuania 150 Brøndby IF, Herfølge BK
16 César SantinBrazil 149 FC København
17 Christian HolstFaroe Islands 147 Silkeborg IF, Lyngby BK
18 Martin EricssonSweden 146 AaB, Brøndby IF
19 Razak PimpongGhana 145 FC Midtjylland, FC København
20 Gilberto MacenaBrazil 141 AC Horsens
21 Atiba HutchinsonCanada 139 FC København
22 Oscar WendtSweden 138 FC København
23 Jakup MikkelsenFaroe Islands 136 Herfølge BK
24 Mattias JonsonSweden 131 Brøndby IF
25 Rúrik GíslasonIceland 127 Viborg FF, Odense BK, FC København
Andreas KlarströmSweden 127 Esbjerg fB
27 Njogu Demba-NyrénGambia 126 Esbjerg fB, OB Odense
28 Atle Roar HålandNorway 124 OB Odense, AGF Aarhus
29 Tidiane SaneSenegal 121 Randers FC
30 Tobias GrahnSweden 117 Lyngby BK, AGF, OB, Randers FC
Andres OperEstonia 117 AaB Aalborg
31 Johan WilandSweden 111 FC København
As at the end of season 2014–15[4]

Attendances

Season Average Total Max Min
19913,937354,34813,935712
1991–924,428646,51016,5001,014
1992–935,023733,29922,862484
1993–944,739691,85526,679475
1994–955,930865,75536,623487
1995–965,6891,126,41439,640704
1996–975,3181,052,92228,491585
1997–985,5191,092,68833,124939
1998–994,974984,87437,940180
1999–20005,8381,155,91728,8181,493
2000–015,8371,155,66240,2811,003
2001–025,7271,133,92040,186314
2002–037,3071,446,75240,254800
2003–047,9801,580,01141,0051,011
2004–058,5891,700,53240,654843
2005–067,9571,575,39941,2011,307
2006–078,1081,605,36740,4631,799
2007–088,4991,682,79132,1531,035
2008–098,8151,745,30832,8561,609
2009–108,3151,646,40530,191707
2010–117,0491,395,61628,3871,017
2011–127,1031,406,46225,6511,059
2012–136,7601,338,46533,2150[5]
2013–147,9291,570,02732,8461,656
2014–156,9321,372,51132,5261,201
2015–167,2531,436,18829,1781,327
2016–176,0021,500,38026,6861,044
2017–185,8801,469,98028,410568
2018–19 6,581 1,618,965 33,134 1,012

See also

Notes

  1. "Officielt: Superligaen bliver til Alka Superligaen".
  2. Tally includes points carried over from the first half of the season.
  3. "FLEST KAMPE, ALLTIME". superstats.dk. Retrieved 20 October 2016.
  4. "UDLÆNDINGE MED FLEST SPILLEDE KAMPE, ALL TIME". superstats.dk. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  5. "DIF slår fast: Brøndby uden tilskuere i to kampe". Tipsbladet. Retrieved 25 May 2013.
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