Danielle Yvonne Marie Antoinette Darrieux (French pronunciation: [da.njɛl i.vɔn ma.ʁi ɑ̃.twa.nɛt daʁ.jø]; 1 May 1917 – 17 October 2017) was a French actress of stage, television and film, as well as a singer and dancer.
Darrieux in a publicity photo for 5 Fingers (1952)
Danielle Yvonne Marie Antoinette Darrieux
1 May 1917
|Died||17 October 2017 100) (aged|
Bois-le-Roi, Eure, France
(m. 1935; div. 1941)
(m. 1942; div. 1947)
(m. 1948; died 1991)
Beginning in 1931, she appeared in more than 110 films. She was one of France's great movie stars and her eight-decade career was among the longest in film history.
Life and career
Darrieux was born in Bordeaux, France, during World War I, the daughter of Marie-Louise (Witkowski) and Jean Darrieux, a medical doctor who was serving in the French Army. Her mother was born in Algeria. Her father died when she was seven years old.
Raised in Paris, she studied the cello at the Conservatoire de Musique. At 14, she won a part in the musical film Le Bal (1931). Her beauty combined with her singing and dancing ability led to numerous other offers; the film Mayerling (1936) brought her to prominence.
In 1935, Darrieux married director/screenwriter Henri Decoin, who encouraged her to try Hollywood. She signed a seven-year contract with Universal Studios to star in The Rage of Paris (1938) opposite Douglas Fairbanks, Jr. Afterwards, she elected to return to Paris.
Under the German occupation of France during World War II, Darrieux continued to perform, a decision that was severely criticized by her compatriots. However, it is reported that her brother had been threatened with deportation by Alfred Greven, the German manager of Continental, the only film production company permitted in occupied France. She received a divorce and then fell in love with Porfirio Rubirosa, a Dominican Republic diplomat and notorious womanizer. They married in 1942. His anti-Nazi opinions resulted in his forced residence in Germany. In exchange for Rubirosa's freedom, Darrieux agreed to make a promotional trip in Berlin. The couple lived in Switzerland until the end of the war, and divorced in 1947. She married scriptwriter Georges Mitsikidès in 1948, and they lived together until his death in 1991.
Darrieux appeared in the MGM musical Rich, Young and Pretty (1951). Joseph L. Mankiewicz lured her back to Hollywood to star in 5 Fingers (1952) with James Mason. Upon returning to France, she appeared in Max Ophüls' The Earrings of Madame de... (1953) with Charles Boyer, and The Red and the Black (1954) with Gérard Philippe. She starred in Lady Chatterley's Lover (1955), whose theme of uninhibited sexuality led to its being proscribed by Catholic censors in the United States. She played a supporting role in her last American film, United Artists' epic Alexander the Great (1956) starring Richard Burton and Claire Bloom.
At the request of director Lewis Gilbert, Darrieux worked in England to shoot The Greengage Summer (1961) with Kenneth More. In 1963, she starred in the romantic comedy La Robe Mauve de Valentine at the Chatelet Theatre in Paris. The play was adapted from the novel by Françoise Sagan. In Jacques Demy's film musical The Young Girls of Rochefort (1966) her supporting role was the only occasion in which a principal actor in any of Demy's film-musicals to herself sing. (All other actors had a separate person dub their singing parts.) During the 1960s, she also was a concert singer.
In 1970, Darrieux replaced Katharine Hepburn in the Broadway musical Coco, based on the life of Coco Chanel, but the play, essentially a showcase for Hepburn, soon folded without her. In 1971 and 1972 she also appeared in the short-lived productions of Ambassador. She worked again with Demy for his film Une chambre en ville (1982), an opera-like musical melodrama reminiscent of the director's earlier work The Umbrellas of Cherbourg (Les Parapluies de Cherbourg, 1964). Once again, Darrieux provided her own vocals for her songs.
For her long service to the motion picture industry, in 1985 she was given an Honorary César Award. She continued to work, her career spanning eight decades, most recently providing the voice of the protagonist's grandmother in the animated feature, Persepolis (2007), which deals with the impact of the Islamic revolution on a girl's life as she grows to adulthood in Iran.
|1987||César Award||Best Supporting Actress||Scene of the Crime||Nominated|
|2002||Berlin International Film Festival||Silver Bear – Outstanding Artistic Achievement||8 Women||Won|
|2002||César Award||Best Supporting Actress||8 Women||Nominated|
|2002||European Film Awards||Best Actress (all the cast)||8 Women||Won|
|2002||Online Film Critics Society||Best Cast||8 Women||Nominated|
- Gates, Anita (19 October 2017). "Danielle Darrieux, French Film Star Over 8 Decades, Is Dead at 100" – via NYTimes.com.
- Latil, Lucas; Guyard, Bertrand (19 October 2017). "Le charme de Danielle Darrieux agissait également dans ses chansons". Le Figaro.fr.
- "Danielle Darrieux". Life. 4 July 1938. pp. 39–41. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
- "Danielle Darrieux, 100". Classic Images (510): 51–52. December 2017.
- Marshall, Bill (2005). France and the Americas: Culture, Politics, and History : a Multidisciplinary Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. pp. 349–350. ISBN 9781851094110. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
- "Danielle Darrieux". The St. Louis Star and Times. Missouri, St. Louis. 16 November 1937. p. 8. Retrieved 19 October 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
- Lebrun, Dominique. Paris-Hollywood: Les français dans le cinéma américain. Hazan. ISBN 2-85025-136-4.
- "L'actrice Danielle Darrieux est morte à l'âge de 100 ans". 19 October 2017. Retrieved 19 October 2017.
- "Danielle Darrieux, French Film Star Over 8 Decades, Is Dead at 100". 19 October 2017 – via NYTimes.com.
- Darrieux, Danielle; Ferrière, Jean-Pierre (1995). Danielle Darrieux – Filmographie commentée par elle-même. Paris: Ramsay Cinéma. ISBN 2-84114-113-6.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Danielle Darrieux.|
- Danielle Darrieux on IMDb
- Danielle Darrieux at the TCM Movie Database
- Danielle Darrieux at AllMovie
- Danielle Darrieux at the Internet Broadway Database
- Danielle Darrieux at AlloCiné (in French)
- Danielle Darrieux at filmsdefrance.com
- Photographs of Danielle Darrieux
- L'Encinémathèque at Encinémathèque (in French)
- Danielle Darrieux(Aveleyman)