Main Street in Danby
|Coordinates: 43°22′N 73°3′W|
|• Total||41.5 sq mi (107.6 km2)|
|• Land||41.4 sq mi (107.3 km2)|
|• Water||0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)|
|Elevation||1,430 ft (436 m)|
|• Density||32/sq mi (12/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1462079|
According to the Vermont Encyclopedia, Danby was most likely named for Thomas Osborne, Earl of Danby and Duke of Leeds. However, Henry Gannett in 1905 attributed the town's name to Danby, North Yorkshire, in England. Historian Willard Sterne Randall, in his biography of Ethan Allen, gives yet another name origin: that Allen named Danby "after the French Naval commander whose fleet invaded New England's waters in the French and Indian War."
Geography, geology, and landmarks
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 41.5 square miles (107 km2), of which 41.4 square miles (107 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2), or 0.22%, is water.
Most of the town lies in Taconic Mountains; the eastern boundary of the town generally follows the course of Otter Creek in the narrow Valley of Vermont. Dorset Peak, part of the Taconic range, lies on the town's southern border and reaches an elevation of 3,804 feet. Danby quarry, located near the peak, opened in the early 20th century and is likely the world's largest underground marble quarry. It was reported in 2001 to have a total monthly output of about 1,200 tons of marble, half of which consists of Imperial Danby, a fine architectural marble with a variety of uses. Danby marble has been used in a number of notable buildings, including the United States Supreme Court building and the Jefferson Memorial.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,292 people, 502 households, and 362 families residing in the town. The population density was 31.2 people per square mile (12.0/km2). There were 647 housing units at an average density of 15.6 per square mile (6.0/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.53% White, 0.54% Native American, 0.23% Asian, and 0.70% from two or more races. 0.62% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 502 households out of which 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.6% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.7% were non-families. 20.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 2.96.
In the town, the population was spread out with 25.5% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 25.4% from 45 to 64, and 13.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 106.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.0 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $37,137, and the median income for a family was $39,737. Males had a median income of $29,063 versus $20,795 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,984. About 4.6% of families and 8.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.8% of those under the age of 18 and 9.1% of those 65 and older.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Danby town, Vermont". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved November 3, 2011.
- "Danby" in The Vermont Encyclopedia (eds. John J. Duffy, Samuel B. Hand & Ralph H. Orth: University of Vermont Press, 2003), p. 101.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Government Printing Office. p. 99.
- Randall, Willard Sterne (2011). Ethan Allen, His Life and Times. W.W. Norton, New York/London. p. 527.
- Frederick Bradley/Studio Marmo, Fine Marble in Architecture, Vol. 1 (W.W. Norton, 2001).
- Catherine Miglorie, Vermont's Marble Industry (Arcadia Publishing, 2013), p. 118.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Archived from the original on May 23, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved May 16, 2015.
- "Henry D. Hitt" in A Biographical History, with Portraits, of Prominent Men of the Great West (ed. John A. Campbell: Western Biographical and Engraving Co., 1902), p. 223.