Daniel James Harmon (born January 3, 1973) is an American writer, producer, and actor. Harmon created and produced the NBC sitcom Community, co-created the Adult Swim animated series Rick and Morty, and co-founded the alternative television network and website Channel 101. Harmon published the book You'll Be Perfect When You're Dead in 2013. He also hosted a weekly podcast, Harmontown.
Harmon at the San Diego Comic-Con in 2014
Daniel James Harmon
January 3, 1973
(m. 2014; div. 2015)
|Partner(s)||Cody Heller (2016–present)|
Harmon was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. He graduated from Brown Deer High School in Brown Deer, a suburb of Milwaukee, and attended Marquette University. He briefly attended Glendale Community College. He would later use his experiences at the school to form the basis of the show Community.
Early career (1996–2008)
Harmon was a member of ComedySportz Milwaukee, alongside Rob Schrab, a member of the sketch troupe The Dead Alewives. They produced an album, Take Down the Grand Master, in 1996. Harmon frequently appeared at Milwaukee's Safehouse free comedy stage early in his career. A notable routine was a song about masturbation.
Harmon co-created the television pilot Heat Vision and Jack (starring Owen Wilson and Jack Black) and several Channel 101 shows, some featuring Black, Drew Carey, and Sarah Silverman. He co-created Comedy Central's The Sarah Silverman Program and served as head writer for several episodes.
Harmon portrayed a highly fictionalized version of Ted Templeman on two episodes of the Channel 101 web series Yacht Rock, a satirical history of soft rock, featuring stories about Templeman's collaborations with The Doobie Brothers, Michael McDonald and Van Halen. He was the creator, executive producer, and a featured performer in Acceptable.TV, a Channel 101-based sketch show airing for eight episodes in March 2007 on VH1. He and Rob Schrab co-wrote the screenplay for the Academy Award-nominated film Monster House. He is credited with writing part of Rob Schrab's comic book series Scud: The Disposable Assassin, as well as the spin-off comic series La Cosa Nostroid.
Community (2009–2012; 2014–2015)
In 2009, Harmon's sitcom Community, inspired by his own community college experiences, was picked up by NBC to be in its fall lineup. Harmon served as executive producer and showrunner for 3 seasons until May 18, 2012, when it was announced that Harmon was being terminated from his position on Community as a result of creative conflicts between himself and Sony executives. On June 1, 2013, Harmon announced that he would be returning to Community, serving as co-showrunner along with Chris McKenna; this was confirmed by Sony Pictures on June 10. NBC cancelled the show after its fifth season in May 2014, after which Harmon announced on June 30, 2014 that Yahoo! had renewed the series for a 13-episode sixth season to air online on Yahoo! Screen.
Harmontown and HarmonQuest (2011–present)
On May 23, 2011, Harmon began hosting a monthly live comedy show and podcast at Meltdown Comics in Hollywood called Harmontown. After his firing from Community, the show became weekly. The show is co-hosted by Jeff B. Davis. Notably, Harmontown has featured a regular segment where the hosts played an ongoing campaign of pen-and-paper role-playing games, first Dungeons & Dragons, and later Shadowrun, with the help of show Game Master Spencer Crittenden. The segment inspired the Seeso original animated series HarmonQuest. The show has featured guests such as Kumail Nanjiani, Curtis Armstrong, Bobcat Goldthwait, Mitch Hurwitz, Aubrey Plaza, Eric Idle, Greg Proops, Jason Sudekis, Zoe Lister-Jones, Ryan Stiles, as well as Harmon's then-wife, podcaster Erin McGathy. Harmon and Davis took the show on tour in early 2013, broadcasting from Austin, Nashville, Somerville, Massachusetts, Brooklyn, Rhode Island, and more. The tour became the subject of a documentary produced by director Neil Berkeley that follows Harmon, Davis, McGathy, and Crittenden. The documentary, also called Harmontown, premiered at the Austin Film Festival SXSW on March 8, 2014. On September 10, 2019, the Harmontown twitter account announced that the podcast would be coming to an end, and its final episode was published on December 5, 2019.
Rick and Morty and Starburns Industries (2013–present)
Harmon and co-showrunner, Justin Roiland, began developing ideas for an animated show during Harmon's yearlong break from Community. For its fall 2012 season, Adult Swim ordered a 30-minute animated pilot from Harmon and Roiland. The pilot, Rick and Morty, is about the adventures of a brilliant but mean-spirited inventor and his less-than-genius grandson. The show premiered on December 2, 2013 and was renewed for a second season. The series' third season concluded in October 2017. Harmon voiced the recurring character of Bird Person. In May 2018, Rick and Morty was renewed for a further 70 episodes after Harmon and Roiland came to an agreement with Adult Swim.
During this time, Harmon also co-founded Starburns Industries, a production house, which was involved in the creation of Rick and Morty and Anomalisa.
"Story Circle" technique
Harmon has invented a storytelling framework referred to as the "Story Circle." He began developing the technique in the late '90s, while stuck on a screenplay. He wanted to codify the storytelling process — to find the structure powering movies and TV shows. "I was thinking, there must be some symmetry to this," Harmon told Wired. "Some simplicity." While working on Channel 101, Harmon found that many of the directors he was working with claimed that they were unable to write plots for television shows. This caused Harmon to distill Joseph Campbell's structure of the Monomyth into a simple, circular eight-step process that would reliably produce coherent stories.
The story circle can supposedly be applied to all stories. Harmon uses it whenever he is writing a new story, saying "I can't not see that circle. It's tattooed on my brain." The circle is divided into eight segments, each representing a stage of the plot. A character is introduced, wants something, enters a new environment, adapts to that environment, achieves their goal but encounters problems as a result, leaves that world and changes as a result. The steps are as follows:
- A character is in a zone of comfort or familiarity.
- They desire something.
- They enter an unfamiliar situation.
- They adapt to that situation.
- They get that which they wanted.
- They pay a heavy price for it.
- They return to their familiar situation.
- They have changed as a result of the journey.
Joseph Campbell's structure of the Monomyth is the main influence in Harmon's technique. In a blog post detailing the second sector of the circle Harmon explains, "The point of this part of the circle is, our protagonist has been thrown into the water and now it's sink or swim. In Hero with a Thousand Faces, Campbell actually evokes the image of a digestive tract, breaking the hero down, divesting him of neuroses, stripping him of fear and desire. There's no room for bullshit in the unconscious basement. Asthma inhalers, eyeglasses, credit cards, fratty boyfriends, promotions, toupees and cell phones can't save you here. The purpose here has become refreshingly - and frighteningly - simple." The Monomyth has been adapted for screen and television writing before, most notably by former Disney developmental executive Christopher Vogler in his book The Writer's Journey: Mythic Structure for Writers. Harmon has noted this book as an influence on the embryo technique, as well as the work of Syd Field.
Harmon states that this circular structure of storytelling can be applied both to film and TV, suggesting in a Channel 101 blog that only the final intentions are different. "A feature film's job is to send you out of the theatre on a high in 90 minutes. Television's job is to keep you glued to the television for your entire life. This doesn't entail making stories any less circular (TV circles are so circular they're sometimes irritatingly predictable). It just means that the focus of step 8 is less riling-things-up and more getting-things-back-to-where-they-started," he says. Harmon has used the Story Embryo technique extensively throughout projects such as Community and Rick and Morty. In an interview on Collider, writer Adam Chitwood said, "The show [Rick and Morty] debuted in 2013 to a serious degree of anticipation, as it marked a new animated venture for Community creator Dan Harmon, but it was the marriage of Harmon's adeptness for structure and character and co-creator Justin Roiland's insanely creative/sometimes insane mind that made Rick and Morty much more than just another animated TV series for adults."
Fans and critics have retroactively applied Harmon's Story Circle to other shows, such as Breaking Bad. Harmon's technique has been adopted by Irish sitcom writer Graham Linehan, the creator of shows such as Father Ted, The IT Crowd, and Black Books. In an interview with the Telegraph, Linehan said: "Whenever I write for television, I plan the story on whiteboard wallpaper in my office, using a system created by the American writer Dan Harmon, saying, 'It's remarkably simple: a character wants something; they enter a new world and adapt to it; they get what they want, re-enter the old world and change.' The great thing about it is that once you have an idea for one bit, the section opposite comes naturally, as do the ones on either side, and so on. It's basically a distillation of the 'hero's journey' idea, but it's undetectable and applies to any ideas, big or small."
In July 2009, Harmon was nominated in two Emmy categories for his part in writing the 81st Academy Awards telecast: Outstanding Writing for a Variety Special and Outstanding Original Music and Lyrics, the latter of which he was awarded for "Hugh Jackman Opening Number" at the 61st Primetime Emmy Awards.
In 2011, while writing the character Abed for Community, Harmon discovered he might have Asperger syndrome.
In December 2013, Harmon proposed to his girlfriend Erin McGathy. The two married in November 2014. They announced they were divorcing in October 2015.
On January 2, 2018, Dan Harmon alluded to misconduct from himself towards other people. Megan Ganz, a writer who worked with Harmon on Community responded, naming herself as a victim in said misconduct. Harmon responded by attempting a dialogue with Ganz, wherein he attempted to apologize, and though Ganz said she appreciated his gestures, she declined to forgive him. After the exchange, Harmon made a lengthy apology on his podcast Harmontown where he went into detail about his wrongdoings which included making advances on her and then mistreating her after she turned him down. Ganz said that she felt vindicated by the admission and accepted his apology, urging her Twitter followers to listen to this episode of Harmontown, and calling it a "master class in how to apologize," ultimately forgiving him.
Baby doll video controversy
In July 2018, Harmon received criticism when a comedy skit from 2009 resurfaced. In the video titled "Daryl", which was intended to be a parody of Dexter, Harmon acts out a rape using a baby doll as a prop. Vox reported that the video was circulated on 4chan and spread by alt-right users as part of a coordinated attempt to discredit public figures with leftist viewpoints. Harmon apologized for the video, while multiple sources associated his decision to delete his Twitter account with the backlash. Adult Swim released a statement criticizing the video, but they appeared satisfied with Harmon's apology. Talking on Harmontown in February 2019, Harmon revealed that he had deleted his Twitter account prior to the backlash, in response to Disney's firing of James Gunn for some jokes that Gunn had made in his tweets years ago. Harmon argued that this is what actually provoked 4chan users to target him, having assumed that he was trying to hide something from his past.
|2008||Kung Fu Panda||Uncredited writer|
|2014||Harmontown||Himself||Documentary; also executive producer|
|2015||Knight of Cups||Dan||Uncredited|
|Back in Time||Himself||Documentary|
|2016||Doctor Strange||Uncredited consultant|
|1999||Heat Vision and Jack||Pilot; creator and writer|
|2003||Computerman||Eugene Murzowski||Also creator, writer and executive producer|
|2006||MTV Video Music Awards 2006||Television special; writer|
|2007||Acceptable.TV||Various roles||Also co-creator, writer and executive producer|
|2007–2010||The Sarah Silverman Program||Co-creator and writer|
|2008||Googas||Dan||Also co-creator, writer|
|Spike Video Game Awards 2008||Television special; writer|
|2009||The 81st Annual Academy Awards||Television special; writer|
|2009–2015||Community||Creator, writer and executive producer|
|2012||Mary Shelley's Frankenhole||Dr. Jekyl (voice)||5 episodes|
|2013–present||Rick and Morty||Birdperson / additional voices||Also co-creator, writer and executive producer|
|2013||Arrested Development||Yurt Clerk||Episode: "Borderline Personalities"|
|Axe Cop||Audience Member (voice)||Episode: "Babysitting Uni-Baby"|
|2015||Drunk History||Narrator||Episode: "Miami"|
|The Simpsons||Episode: "Mathlete's Feat"; wrote couch gag|
|2016||Great Minds with Dan Harmon||Dan Harmon||Also writer and executive producer|
|2016–present||HarmonQuest||Himself / Fondue Zoobag||Also creator, writer and executive producer|
|2017||Dr. Ken||Himself||Episode: "Ken's Big Audition"|
|Mystery Science Theater 3000: The Return||Writer|
|Animals.||Ad Man 1||Episode: "Humans."|
|The Simpsons||Himself (voice)||Episode: "Springfield Splendor"|
|Good Game||Suit||Also executive producer|
- Scud: The Disposable Assassin #4-5, 8-9, 13-15 & 17-19 (co-writer and illustrator Rob Schrab, co-writer Mondy Carter, colorist Zac Rybaki, Fireman Press, 1994)
- La Cosa Nostroid #1–9 (illustrator Edward Clayton, Fireman Press, 1996)
- Harmon, Dan (January 31, 2019). "Harmontown Episode 319: Goodbye Sam". Harmontown (Podcast). Starburns Audio. Event occurs at 13:15. Retrieved February 14, 2019.
- Plante, Corey (July 18, 2018). "'Rick and Morty' Creator Dan Harmon Will Appear on a Rap Album About Aliens". Inverse.
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- Dan Harmon on IMDb
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- Simpson, Connor (June 1, 2013). "Dan Harmon Is Officially Returning to 'Community.' Archived 2013-06-09 at the Wayback Machine" TheAtlanticWire.com. Retrieved June 6, 2013.
- Harris, Aisha (June 3, 2013). "The Brightest Timeline: Dan Harmon Returning to Community Archived 2013-06-07 at the Wayback Machine." Slate.com. Retrieved June 6, 2013.
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- Harmontown [@Harmontown] (September 10, 2019). "All good things must come to an end, and Harmontown is no exception. The final Harmontown episode will be in December 2019. If you're a subscriber or want to be an audience member for one of our last shows, see our post: reddit.com/r/Harmontown/comments/d2dxnb/harmontown_is_ending/" (Tweet). Retrieved December 5, 2019 – via Twitter.
- Harmon, Dan (December 5, 2019). "Harmontown Episode 360: Cliffhanger!". Harmontown (Podcast). Starburns Audio. Event occurs at 2:21:09. Retrieved December 10, 2019.
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- "Dan Harmon, Community - XOXO Festival (2012)". Archived from the original on January 11, 2015.
- "Story Structure 104: The Juicy Details". Archived from the original on January 16, 2017.
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- Alez, Ray (July 16, 2016). "Rick and Morty writer's room". Medium. Archived from the original on January 16, 2017.
- "Breaking Bad through Dan Harmon's Story Circle". Archived from the original on January 16, 2017.
- Singh, Anita (January 17, 2015). "Does this circle represent every TV show and film there is?". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on October 17, 2017.
- Lyons, Margaret. "Community's Dan Harmon Discovered He had Asperger's While Writing Abed's Character". Vulture. Archived from the original on May 6, 2017. Retrieved May 4, 2017.
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