Czerniejewo

Czerniejewo [t͡ʂɛrɲɛˈjɛvɔ] (German: Schwarzenau) is a town and municipality in central Poland with 2,536 inhabitants (2005).

Czerniejewo
Palace in Czerniejewo

Coat of arms
Czerniejewo
Coordinates: 52°26′N 17°29′E
Country Poland
VoivodeshipGreater Poland
CountyGniezno
GminaCzerniejewo
Established13th century
Town rights1390
Government
  MayorTadeusz Józef Szymanek
Area
  Total10.2 km2 (3.9 sq mi)
Population
 (2006)
  Total2,556
  Density250/km2 (650/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
62-250
Area code(s)+48 61
Car platesPGN
ClimateDfb
Websitehttp://www.czerniejewo.pl

It is situated in Gniezno County, in the Greater Poland Voivodeship (since 1999), previously in Poznań Voivodeship (1975–1998). Czerniejewo is located on the Wrześnicą River, in a predominantly farming area. It is 15 km from Gniezno, and 12 km from Września.

History

The earliest mention is in 1284 when the town is referred to as Handeslplatz. It was a royal possession from then until 1386 when King Władysław Jagiełło gave it to Sędziwój Pałuka z Szubina. At that time the town already had the right to hold markets. By 1390 the town had full Magdeburg rights. In 1581 King Stefan Batory granted the town the right to hold trade fairs. From 1594 to 1644 the town was known as Czarnkowskich and from 1644 to 1726 as Opalińskich z Bnina.

In 1771 General Jan Lipski[1] began building a palace,[2] adjacent to the town, which was completed in 1780. In the second partition of Poland Czerniejewo went to Prussia, and was called Schwarzenau. From 1807 to 1815 it was part of the Duchy of Warsaw and in 1815 returned to Prussia as part of the Grand Duchy of Poznań.

Schwarzenau was connected to the German railway system in 1875. In 1918-1919 the inhabitants participated in the large Polish rebellion, and the town again became Czerniejewo. In the Second World War Czerniejewo was occupied by the German armed forces in 1939 until in January 1945 the Red Army invaded.

References

  1. “Jan Lipski z Lipego h. Grabie” Brief bio and genealogy of Jan Lipski of the Lipego counts and the Grabie coat of arms
  2. "Pałace Wielkopolski" in Polish;
This article is based in part on material from the Polish Wikipedia.
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