Cyprus Organisation for Standardisation
|Type||Non-profit organisation operating under the Cyprus Government|
|Services||production of standards and standards related services|
|Subsidiaries||Cyprus Certification Company|
|Secretary||CYS General Manager|
Since January 2005, was autonomised from the Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Tourism, and operates under private law “The 2002 Law for Standardisation, Accreditation and Technical Regulation”.
The sole shareholder of CYS is the Minister of Finance who appoints, for a 3-year term, its board of directors constituted by 7 members representing the major national stakeholder interested for quality issues: Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Commerce, Industry & Tourism, Employers Federation, Chamber of Commerce, Technical Chamber, Consumers Association and Academia.
History of Standardisation
There exists archaeological evidence which indicates that the use of standards in Cyprus begun from the ancient times. Copper oxhide ingots (ingots of copper in the shape of a cow hide) were seen in Cyprus between the 16th and 12th Centuries BC. During this period Cypriot copper manufacturers designed a standard shape for the copper ingots to facilitate handling, transport and storage in ships holds and storerooms. In addition, most of the ingots had a standard weight of 25 kg. Furthermore, Cypriot producers introduced a marking system using Cypro Minoan script to indicate that the ingots were made from Cypriot mines that followed standard procedures of production and quality control.
On a national and consistent basis standards started being used at the beginning of the 20th century during the British Colonial Administration in the field of Public Works (road and building construction) with the implementation of British Standards. This practice continued and after the establishment of the Republic of Cyprus in 1960.
The principles of Standardization have been introduced on a nationwide and systematic basis in the mid seventies after the establishment of the Cyprus Organisation for Standards and Control of Quality by corresponding legislation (N.68/75).
In 2002, through the Standardization, Accreditation and Technical Information Law (N.156(I)/2002), the activities of standardization have been allocated to the Cyprus Certification Company, which is now known as the Cyprus Organisation For Standardization (CYS).
|CYS 94:Part:1985||Specification for fresh halloumi|
|CYS 92:1989||Specification for fresh milk|
|CYS 301:2009||Operation and Management of Leisure Kart Facilities:Safety|
|CYS 106:2012||Specification for Low density polyethylene (LDPE) pipes for agricultural applications|
|CYS EN ISO 9001:2015||Quality management systems - Requirements|
|CYS EN ISO 14001:2015||Environmental management systems - Requirements with guidance for use|
Cyprus National Standards
CYS, as a full member of CEN, CENELEC and ETSI, has the obligation to adopt all European Norms (ENs) issued. Furthermore, in case an ISO or other national standard (e.g. BS, DIN etc.) is proven necessary for the national market CYS has the authority to adopt the standard as national, in collaboration with the issuing standardization body.
In general, the designation of CYS standard shows their origin (# denotes a number):
- CYS # is used for Cyprus national standards, developed primarily for the specific needs of the Cypriot society and economy.
- CYS EN # is used for the adopted European standards published by CEN and CENELEC.
- CYS ISO or IEC # is used for the adopted ISO or IEC standards.
- CYS EN ISO # is used for International standards that have been adopted as a European standards and therefore adopted as national.
As of present, there are only 31 valid purely National Standards, as the majority were withdrawn due to existence of equivalent or superseding ENs.
CYS Sectors and Technical Standardization Committees
In order to promote European standards and support the industry in its effort to apply the European Standards, CYS has divided standardization into 13 sectors (Mirror Committees) according to specific topics.
Where it is required, CYS recommends the set up of National Technical Standardization Committees. At this moment there are 16 active National Technical Committees and most of them deal with standardization in the construction industry.
|Mirror Committees||Title||ESO Mapping||Technical Committees||Title|
|MC01||Building & Civil Engineering||CEN||CYS/TC 1||Building Lime|
|MC02||Mechanical Engineering||CYS/TC 2||Aggregates|
|MC03||Health Care||CYS/TC 4||Bricks|
|MC04||Health & Safety||CYS/TC 5||Natural Stones|
|MC05||Heating, Cooling & Ventilation||CYS/TC 6||Concrete|
|MC06||Transport & Packaging||CYS/TC 8||Plastics piping systems|
|MC07||Information Technology & Telecommunications||ETSI||CYS/TC 9||Food|
|MC08||Household Goods, Sports and Leisure||CEN||CYS/TC 12||Armourstones|
|MC09||Chemicals & Environment||CYS/TC 13||Solar thermal systems|
|MC10||Gas||CYS/TC 14||Precast concrete products|
|MC11||Food & Biotechnology||CYS/TC 15||Concrete reinforcement steel|
|MC12||Services||CYS/TC 16||Playground, Waterparks and Go-Karts safety|
|MC13||Electrical - Electronic Engineering||CENELEC||CYS/TC 17||Concrete asphalt|
|CYS/TC 20||Doors, windows, shutters, building hardware and curtain wallings|
|CYS/TC 21||Cyprus Lefkara Embroidery - Lefkaritiko|
Both, Mirror and Technical Committees monitor the respective standardization activities at International and European level and consult CYS accordingly, e.g. if standards need to be withdrawn, the preparation of national annexes or the development of supplementary standards.
To facilitate the operation of the committees, CYS has been working with ISO to provide an electronic platform - Livelink, where members can exchange information and manage the respective committees at minimum effort and cost.
Centre of Information and Customer service
CYS Centre of Information and Customer service, provides full access to all international, European and national Standards, and is open for the public in order to provide all relevant information.
It offers the possibility of reading, studying and purchasing standards. Furthermore, it provides free access to users in international databases of standards like Perinorm.
In CYS Centre are available for sale – in hardcopy and electronic form – all standards of International Organisations of Standardisation (ISO, IEC), European Organisations of Standardisation (CEN, CENELEC) as well as other National Organisations of Standardisation (BSI, ΕΛΟΤ, CYS, DIN) which CYS library is the exclusive supplier in Cyprus.
- CEN Members | www.cen.eu
- CENELEC Members | www.cenelec.eu
- ETSI Members | www.etsi.org Archived 2014-09-04 at the Wayback Machine
- ISO members | www.iso.org
- Official CYS website | www.cys.org.cy
- Cyprus Copper Ingot | Celebrating World Standards Day 2012
- ISO 9001:2015 - Quality management systems - Requirements | ISO 9001
- ISO 14001:2004 - Environmental management systems - Requirements with guidance for use | ISO 14001
- CYS Procedures and Regulations
- "How to master the best IT & SMS techniques as to attain an ISO certification 20000". www.e-startupindia.com. Retrieved 2018-05-04.