Cut Bank, Montana

Cut Bank is a city in and the county seat of Glacier County, Montana, United States, located just east of the "cut bank" (gorge) along Cut Bank Creek.[3] The population was 2,869 at the 2010 census,[1] and the estimated population in 2018 was 3,022.[2]

Cut Bank
Housing along Cut Bank Creek
Location of Cut Bank, Montana
Coordinates: 48°38′5″N 112°19′52″W
CountryUnited States
StateMontana
CountyGlacier
Area
  Total0.98 sq mi (2.55 km2)
  Land0.98 sq mi (2.55 km2)
  Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation
3,773 ft (1,150 m)
Population
  Total2,869
  Estimate 
(2018)[2]
3,022
  Density2,900/sq mi (1,100/km2)
Time zoneUTC−7 (Mountain (MST))
  Summer (DST)UTC−6 (MDT)
ZIP code
59427
Area code(s)406
FIPS code30-18775
GNIS feature ID0770395
Websitecityofcutbank.org

Geography

Cut Bank is located in eastern Glacier County at 48°38′5″N 112°19′52″W (48.634801, −112.331090).[4] U.S. Route 2 passes through the city as Main Street, leading east 22 miles (35 km) to Interstate 15 at Shelby and west 34 miles (55 km) to Browning. The Blackfeet Indian Reservation is located just west of Cut Bank, on the western side of Cut Bank Creek.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.99 square miles (2.56 km2), all of it land.[5]

The city is located 30 miles (48 km) south of the Canada–United States border. The name of the city comes from the cut bank (gorge) a scenic hazard to navigation and a geologic feature of the same name. The Cut Bank Creek river is spanned cliffs to cliffs by a scenic elevated railway bridge high above the canyon floor less than a mile from the edge of the town.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
190043
19105001,062.8%
19201,181136.2%
1930845−28.5%
19402,509196.9%
19503,72148.3%
19604,53922.0%
19704,004−11.8%
19803,688−7.9%
19903,329−9.7%
20003,105−6.7%
20102,869−7.6%
Est. 20183,022[2]5.3%
source:[6]
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
2015 Estimate[8]

2010 census

As of the 2010 census,[9] there were 2,869 people, 1,249 households and 739 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,927 inhabitants per square mile (1,130.1/km2). There were 1,441 housing units at an average density of 1,470 per square mile (567.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 74.7% White, 0.2% African American, 19.0% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 5.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.5% of the population.

There were 1,249 households of which 30.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.4% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.8% were non-families. 35.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.94.

The median age was 41.2 years. 24.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.4% were from 25 to 44; 28.8% were from 45 to 64; and 16.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.2% male and 51.8% female.

Transportation

Cut Bank is served by Amtrak's Empire Builder long-distance train on its route from Chicago to Seattle/Portland.[10] There is one eastbound and one westbound train per day.

A train of the same name served the city under Amtrak's predecessor, the Great Northern Railway. The city, in conjunction with Amtrak and the current track owner BNSF Railway, recently repainted its historic train station in the traditional Great Northern depot colors.

The city contains an important railroad freight yard operated by the BNSF.

Education

Cut Bank has a public library, called the Glacier County Library.[11]


Climate

Cut Bank experiences a semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk) with long, cold, dry winters and short, warm, wetter summers. In winter, bitterly cold arctic air masses move south and impact the eastern side of the American Continental Divide. During such invasions Cut Bank, with its comparatively high elevation and topography is frequently the coldest location in the lower 48 U.S. States. Being close to the eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains also makes the area subject to occasional Chinook winds that can rapidly increase the local temperature.

Climate data for Cut Bank Municipal Airport
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 61
(16)
71
(22)
77
(25)
87
(31)
91
(33)
101
(38)
106
(41)
107
(42)
97
(36)
88
(31)
79
(26)
67
(19)
107
(42)
Average high °F (°C) 28.4
(−2.0)
33.7
(0.9)
40.7
(4.8)
52.2
(11.2)
61.1
(16.2)
68.6
(20.3)
76.3
(24.6)
75.6
(24.2)
65.3
(18.5)
54.0
(12.2)
38.0
(3.3)
29.9
(−1.2)
52.0
(11.1)
Daily mean °F (°C) 19.0
(−7.2)
23.7
(−4.6)
30.9
(−0.6)
41.0
(5.0)
49.7
(9.8)
57.2
(14.0)
63.1
(17.3)
62.5
(16.9)
52.9
(11.6)
42.9
(6.1)
29.5
(−1.4)
21.3
(−5.9)
41.1
(5.1)
Average low °F (°C) 9.5
(−12.5)
13.7
(−10.2)
21.0
(−6.1)
29.7
(−1.3)
38.3
(3.5)
45.8
(7.7)
49.9
(9.9)
49.3
(9.6)
40.5
(4.7)
31.7
(−0.2)
20.9
(−6.2)
12.6
(−10.8)
30.2
(−1.0)
Record low °F (°C) −46
(−43)
−47
(−44)
−34
(−37)
−25
(−32)
9
(−13)
21
(−6)
32
(0)
25
(−4)
−4
(−20)
−14
(−26)
−33
(−36)
−46
(−43)
−46
(−43)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.39
(9.9)
0.28
(7.1)
0.55
(14)
0.90
(23)
2.22
(56)
2.48
(63)
1.58
(40)
1.71
(43)
1.18
(30)
0.47
(12)
0.42
(11)
0.33
(8.4)
12.51
(317.4)
Source #1: NOAA (normals, 1971–2000) [12]
Source #2: The Weather Channel (Records) [13]

Notable people

See also

References

  1. "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Cut Bank city, Montana". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved December 22, 2016.
  2. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved December 2, 2019.
  3. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  4. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  5. "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-12-18.
  6. Moffatt, Riley. Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850-1990. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 129.
  7. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved July 16, 2016.
  8. "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on October 19, 2016. Retrieved July 16, 2016.
  9. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 18, 2012.
  10. "Cut Bank, Montana". Amtrak. Retrieved 14 June 2019.
  11. "Montana Public Libraries". PublicLibraries.com. Retrieved 14 June 2019.
  12. "Climatography of the United States NO.81" (PDF). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 15, 2014. Retrieved January 15, 2011.
  13. "Monthly Averages for Cut Bank, MT". The Weather Channel. Retrieved January 15, 2011.
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