Cthulhu Mythos in popular culture

This article provides a list of cultural references to the work of author H. P. Lovecraft. These references are collectively known as the Cthulhu Mythos. For works that are stylistically Lovecraftian, including comics and film adaptations influenced by Lovecraft, see Lovecraftian horror.


The Call of Cthulhu2005Sean BranneyA silent film adaptation of the Lovecraft short story of the same name.
Cthulhu2007Daniel GildarkLoosely based on The Shadow Over Innsmouth.
The Haunted Palace1963Charles BeaumontBased on The Case of Charles Dexter Ward.
Dagon2001Dennis PaoliAn adaptation of the Lovecraft novella The Shadow Over Innsmouth (1936) set in Spain.
Die Farbe (a.k.a. The Colour Out Of Space)2010Huan VuA German film adaptation of the Lovecraft short story of the same name. A young man goes searching for his lost father and finds something unexpected.
From Beyond1986Dennis Paoli, Stuart Gordon and Brian YuznaAn American science fiction body-horror film directed by Stuart Gordon, loosely based on the Lovecraft short story of the same name.
The Last Lovecraft: Relic of Cthulhu2009Devin McGinnA comedy-horror film about the last of Lovecraft's relatives.
Re-Animator1985Stuart Gordon, William J. Norris and Dennis PaoliAn American science fiction horror film based on the Lovecraft novella Herbert West–Reanimator.
Bride of Re-Animator1990Brian Yuzna, Rick Fry and Woody KeithAn American science fiction horror film sequel to Re-Animator.
The Whisperer in Darkness2011Sean BranneyA film adaptation of the Lovecraft short story of the same name.

See also listing for Films based on works by H. P. Lovecraft.

Tabletop games

Game TitlePublisher/DeveloperYearNotes
Arkham Horror Chaosium
Fantasy Flight Games
A board game originally published by Chaosium. The license was later acquired by Fantasy Flight Games, with a revised and expanded version of the game re-released in 2005.[1]
Call of Cthulhu Chaosium1981 Award-winning role-playing game based on the Mythos.[2]
Call of Cthulhu Collectible Card Game Fantasy Flight Games2004 Collectible card game based on the Mythos.[3]
Chaos of Cthulhu Imp House Game Company2016 A dice game based on the Cthulhu Mythos.[4]
Chez Cthulhu A Chez Geek (by Steve Jackson Games) variant where slackers may descend into Lovecraftian madness.[5]
Delta Green Pagan Publishing, Arc Dream Publishing1997, 2016 A Call of Cthulhu sourcebook and later its own standalone game. The Player Characters are members of a secret organization inside the US Government named Delta Green, which fights against creatures from the Mythos and conspiracies related to them.
Cthulhu Fluxx Looney Labs2012 An H. P. Lovecraft-themed variant of the original Fluxx game, including cards based on some of the characters, objects and events in the Cthulhu Mythos.[6]
Cthulhu Gloom A spin-off of the card game Gloom, wherein players are given a family of Lovecraftian characters. The goal of the game is for the players to kill their own characters in horribly terrifying deaths for negative points, while keeping their opponents' families healthy and happy. All of the cards in the game contain references to Lovecraftian themes, places and characters.
Cthulhu Dice Steve Jackson Games2010 A dice game with a custom 12-sided die, embossed with tentacles, Elder Signs and more. Players roll the dice in an attempt to destroy their opponent's "sanity".[7]
Dungeons & Dragons TSR, Inc.1980 Games company TSR included an entire chapter on the Cthulhu Mythos (including statistics for the character) in the first printing of Dungeons & Dragons sourcebook Deities & Demigods (1980). TSR, however, were unaware that Arkham House - copyright holder on almost all Lovecraft literature - had already licensed the Cthulhu property to the game company Chaosium. Although Chaosium stipulated that TSR could continue to use the material if each future edition featured a published credit to Chaosium, TSR refused and the material was removed from all subsequent editions.[8]
Elder Sign Fantasy Flight Games2011 A dice game involving a team of investigators attempting to prevent the "Ancient Ones" from awakening. Also, a mobile App Game with the same goal.[9]
Eldritch Horror (board game) Fantasy Flight Games2013 A board game published by Fantasy Flight Games and inspired by the Arkham Horror board game.[10]
Illuminati A card game with an expansion supplement, "Servants of Cthulhu".[11]
Magic: The Gathering Wizards of the Coast In the set Rise of the Eldrazi, the size and descriptions of the Eldrazi are partially based on the Cthulhu Mythos.[12] In the set Shadows over Innistrad, the plot of the stories as well as the set's name alludes to Shadows over Innsmouth.
Mansions of Madness Fantasy Flight Games Board game involving one player in the service of malevolent deities and other players attempting to stop them.[13]
Monsterpocalypse Privateer Press2008 - A tactical board game pitting giant monsters against each other. One of the factions is the Lords of Cthul, a Lovecraft-inspired Fiends faction from another dimension.
Munchkin Steve Jackson Games2001 A card game that features a series of parody expansion sets based on the Mythos.[14]
Mythos Chaosium1996 - 1997 Collectible card game based in the Lovecraft mythos setting and spanning the 1920s era, dreamlands and modern times via expansions. Players were investigators attempting to complete adventures and not drop to zero sanity.
Pathfinder Roleplaying Game Paizo Publishing2009 A spin-off of the 3.5 Edition of Dungeons and Dragons, Pathfinder includes several of the Outer Gods and Great Old Ones as deities that can be served by player or non-player characters.
Smash Up Alderac Entertainment Group2013 This card game features a "Smash Up: The Obligatory Cthulhu Set" expansion which adds Cthulhu cultists, Innsmouth locals, Elder Things, Miskatonic University members and "Madness" cards that each of these groups can use to various effects.[15]
A Study in Emerald Treefrog Games2013 A 2-5 player board game based on the short story by Neil Gaiman.[16]
A Study in Emerald (second edition) Treefrog Games2015 Second edition of A Study in Emerald with shorter play time and streamlined rules.[17]
Trail of Cthulhu Pelgrane Press2008 An investigative role-playing game.[18]

Video games

Game TitlePublisher/DeveloperYearNotes
Arcane Mystery Serial Sarbakan, PC2002 Online serial game pitting human investigators against the creatures of the Mythos.[19]
Alone in the Dark Infogrames, PC1992 Survival horror game based on the works of H. P. Lovecraft.
Anchorhead Michael Gentry1998 Text adventure game inspired by the works of H. P. Lovecraft.
Ayumi: Enhanced Edition Lord Rutsah 2016 The whole game is heavily based on the Yellow Mythos of Hastur, with multiple references to other Great Old Ones. Byakhees, Nagas, Mi-Gos and other Mythos entities make frequent appearances, while the player is tormented by the voice of the King in Yellow.
Bloodborne From Software2015 An Action role-playing game on the PlayStation 4 that is heavily influenced by the Cthulhu Mythos featuring characters and supernatural beings directly based on those found in the works of H. P. Lovecraft[20]
Call of Chtulhu (2018 video game) Cyanide2019 Survival horror role-playing game inspired by the short story and the 1981 role-playing game of the same title.
Call of Cthulhu: Dark Corners of the Earth Bethesda Softworks/2K Games, Xbox/Microsoft Windows2005 Loosely based on The Shadow Over Innsmouth, with references to other Mythos works.[21]
Call of Duty: Black Ops III Treyarch2015 The Shadow Man, a character in the Shadows of Evil campaign, is revealed to be a manifestation of Cthulhu. The setting and gameplay itself is inspired by the Mythos.
Cthulhu Chronicles MetaArcade2018 A campaign of several interactive fiction adventures for mobile platforms, based on Call of Cthulhu (role-playing game).
Cthulhu Saves the World Zeboyd Games2010 A 2D role-playing video game where Cthulhu must become a hero to recover his dark powers.
Civilization VI Firaxis Games2016 One of the achievements in Civilization VI is called "Armies of Cthulhu". It is achieved by levying the military of the city-state Nan Madol.
Crusader Kings II Paradox Interactive 2012 A chain of events in Crusader Kings II describes the player's character helping to summon Cthulhu. The player can choose to either sacrifice his character, or slay Cthulhu after summoning it.
Darkest Dungeon Red Hook Studios2015 A Roguelike dungeon crawler where the player manages a group of heroes reclaiming an estate where a heavily Cthulhu-themed Old One has awakened and drove the residents mad. The player must not only make sure his group survives but also take care of their sanity and stress levels.
Destiny: The Taken King Bungie2015 Two of the raid bosses, Golgoroth and Oryx, are loosely based upon the Mythos characters Gol-Goroth and Orryx, respectively.
The Elder Scrolls series Bethesda1994 - Current Hermaeus Mora has some Lovecraftian elements to him and can be argued that he shares a similar appearance to Yog-Sothoth.
Eternal Darkness: Sanity's Requiem Silicon Knights2002 A Nintendo Gamecube game inspired by Lovecraft's writings. The game is set in Rhode Island where the main character finds a tome with stories of Cthulhu-like 'ancients'. The game won the honorary "Day of the Tentacle (Cthulhu) Award" at GameSpy's Game of the Year Awards.
Fallen London Failbetter Games2009 A browser based role playing game set in a subterranean world influenced by Lovecraftian themes.
Etrian Odyssey III: The Drowned City Atlus2010 A dungeon-crawler role-playing game that draws heavily on the Cthulhu Mythos. The optional final boss, the Abyssal God, bears a heavy resemblance to Cthulhu, and its minions are known as the Deep Ones.
Fate/Grand Order DELiGHTWORKS2015 A role-playing mobile game that features characters influenced by the Mythos. The characters under the Foreigner class channel the powers of Outer/Elder Gods, currently including Abigail Williams (Yog-Sothoth) and Katsushika Hokusai (Cthulhu).
Flappy Monsters of Lovecraft Serial MMF Software2016 Game based on Flappy style games. The main character is Cthulhu and it is available for Android.
Hearthstone/ "Whispers Of The Old Gods" Blizzard2016 Blizzard released an expansion on the 31st of May 2016, "Whispers of The Old Gods". This expansion's theme is largely inspired by the Cthulhu Mythos.
Fallout 3/"Point Lookout" Bethesda2008 Bethesda's take on Interplay's "Post-Apocalyptic Role Playing Game" features a minor location in the Capitol Wasteland, the Dunwich Building, which references loosely the short story "The Dunwich Horror". Included in the "Point Lookout" DLC is a quest inspired by the Mythos through a mysterious man's attempts to recover a doomed book.
Fallout 4 Bethesda 2015 The game, set in post-apocalyptic Boston, Massachusetts, features a location named "Pickman's Gallery" and an associated side-quest, inspired by "Pickman's Model". Another location in the game called Dunwich Borers references the Dunwich Building in Fallout 3.
Grim Dawn Crate Entertainment2016 Thematically inspired by the Mythos, evident due to the in-game presence of NPCs labelled as "Chthonians", and their leader "Ch'thon". They herald from a "void", and draw visual parallels to similar Lovecraft work.
Knights and Dragons Gree2013 Multiple quests are based upon Cthulhu, with Cthulhu appearing as a limited Epic Boss.
Life is Strange Dontnod Entertainment 2015 An episodic graphic adventure. Although the plot is not directly connected to the Cthulhu Mythos, the game features a number of pop culture references and Easter eggs. Episode Four contains a reference to a H. West Miskatonic University in Bolton, alluding both to the fictional Miskatonic University and to the novella Herbert West–Reanimator by H.P. Lovecraft.
Lost Souls 1990 Online game with direct references to the Mythos.[22]
Magicka Paradox Interactive2011 An action-adventure video game, featuring Cthulhu-themed expansion "The Stars are Left". Also there are several Mythos-themed enemies and bosses in the vanilla game.[23]
Magrunner: Dark Pulse Frogwares 2013 A puzzle video game involving magnetism, leading to a world with Lovecraftian-inspired monsters, including Cthulhu.
Megami Tensei Atlus1987 - A series of Japanese role-playing games featuring creatures and figures from various mythologies, including beings from the Mythos. They serve varying roles throughout the games, sometimes as enemies, sometimes as recruitable allies. In particular, Nyarlathotep served as the chief antagonist for Shin Megami Tensei: Persona, Persona 2: Innocent Sin and Persona 2: Eternal Punishment. In Persona 5, the Necronomicon appears as Futaba Sakura's initial persona.
Necronomicon: The Dawning of Darkness Wanadoo Edition 2001 A horror adventure game. The game's plot is a re-telling of The Case of Charles Dexter Ward, a novella by H.P. Lovecraft.
Nightmare On Azathoth Divergent Game Studio, Modesto Rabena, PC 2015 Described as a "Base Management Survival Horror Game".[24]
Paradigm Jacob Janerka2017 In the game, a Cthulhu-flavored cupcake can be acquired from the cupcake salesperson in the hallway.[25]
Payday 2 OVERKILL / Starbreeze Studios2013 A four-player cooperative shooter in which players attempt to rob a bank. Cthulhu's face is available as a cosmetic item.
Phoenix Point Snapshot Games2018 A turn-based tactics game in which Earth is infested with a strange mist mutating fauna into Lovecraftian horrors. A background story, "The Tomb of the Phoenix", identifies the planet Yuggoth as the source of an identical infestation from millions of years ago. However, as stated by one of the writers, the exact connection is yet to be determined, and it is possible knowledge of the infestation was actually Lovecraft's inspiration in-universe, since his books are mentioned.[26]
Prisoner of Ice Infogrames1995 An adventure game based on H. P. Lovecraft's Cthulhu Mythos, particularly At the Mountains of Madness
Quake id Software1996 A first-person shooter computer game whose final boss was an entity named Shub-Niggurath.[27]
RuneScape Jagex2014 A Quest-based on The Shadow over Innsmouth. In the Quest, called A Shadow over Ashdale, the player must save the isle-town of Ashedale from an ancient, aquatic race called Crassians - based themselves on common images of the Deep Ones.
Sam & Max: The Devil's Playhouse Telltale Games2010 A five-episode Point-and-click adventure game from the Sam & Max series. The story features a Cthulhu-like race of Elder Gods, the most notable of them named "Yog-Soggoth".
Scribblenauts, Super Scribblenauts, Scribblenauts Remix, Scribblenauts Unlimited, Scribblenauts Unmasked 5th Cell2009, 2010 (Nintendo DS), 2011 (iOS), 2013 Cthulhu and a shoggoth can be summoned during gameplay.[28]
Shadow of the Comet Infogrames1993 An adventure game based on The Shadow Over Innsmouth.
Sherlock Holmes: The Awakened Frogwares, Windows2006 Features an investigation into a number of disappearances believed to be the work of a Cthulhu cult.[29]
SMITE Hi-Rez Studios2014 A third person MOBA with gods from different pantheons as playable characters. Ah-Muzen-Cab has a purchasable skin inspired by Cthulhu, named "The Dark Whisperer".
South Park: The Fractured but Whole Ubisoft2017 A role-playing game which features Shub-Niggurath as a boss.
Sunless Sea Failbetter Games2016 A game set in the same universe as Fallen London, with a greater emphasis on exploration and Lovecraftian themes.
Terraria Re-Logic2011 Eye of Cthulhu and Brain of Cthulhu are two prominent boss characters. The final boss, the Moon Lord, bears very close resemblance to Cthulhu, as well as having True Eyes of Cthulhu. It has been confirmed that he is Cthulhu's brother, despite him not having a brother in any of Lovecraft's stories.
The Binding of Isaac, The Binding of Isaac: Rebirth Nicalis2011, 2014 Roguelike games, both based on Biblical themes. Both games feature an item called Necronomicon, a direct reference to Lovecraft's Necronomicon.[30] The Binding of Isaac: Rebirth also contains the ability for the player to transform into the Leviathan, whose design is really inspired by Lovecraftian horror.[31]
The Lost Child Crim 2017 A role-playing game where the Ancient Gods plot for world domination. Chtulu and Nyarlathotep are central antagonists of the story, and many creatures of Lovecraft's lore are common ennemies or bosses.
The Secret World Funcom2012 An action-adventure MMO. Parts of the game were described by the project lead as being inspired by Lovecraft; there are locations and creatures named after Lovecraft/the Cthulhu Mythos and quests referencing/re-acting elements of it.[32]
The Vanishing of Ethan Carter The Austronauts 2014 An open world horror adventure video game featuring a story plot reminiscing of H.P. Lovecraft's and August Derleth's works. Several Cthulhu Mythos elements also exist, including references to the Sleeper below the Sea (Cthulhu), the sunken city (R'lyeh), the Necronomicon, the One-Who-Shall-Not-Be-Named (Hastur), etc.
The Witcher game series CD Projekt 2007-2015 All three games of the series feature a number of references to the Cthulhu Mythos. The Witcher includes the Vodyanoi, creatures resembling the Deep Ones that serve the sea-god Dagon, as well as human cultists worshiping and dealing with them, as a major part of its storyline. In The Witcher 2: Assassins of Kings, the book De Vermis Mysteriis appears. The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt also features a number of documents with Lovecraftian themes, including a copy of the Necronomicon as well as notes written by members of the Cult of Cthulhu.
The Warcraft series Blizzard Entertainment2003 In the ancient past of the Warcraft universe, a host of Lovecraftian Old Gods—C'Thun, Yogg-saron, N'Zoth, and Y'Shaarj—ruled over the world of Azeroth as the Black Empire, enslaving its primitive species and warring with each other. First hinted at in Warcraft 3: The Frozen Throne, these beings have become increasingly important to the ongoing story of World of Warcraft and its expansions. Responsible for the corruption of many of the series' chief villains, the Old Gods and their servants have also appeared to directly confront players as bosses and enemies throughout the game.
X-COM: Terror from the Deep MicroProse1995 Features multiple aliens that bear a close resemblance to creatures from the Cthulhu Mythos, including Cthulhu himself as "The Great Dreamer". Most names have been altered. A hidden underwater city is called "T'leth" instead of Lovecraft's R'lyeh. However, some of the original names, such as Deep One, were adopted unchanged.[33]
see also
  • 邪神伝説 クトゥルフの呼び声/Jashin densetsu Cthulhu no yobigoe is a Japanese manga illustrated by Yousuke Miyazaki. November 2009


1349Hellfire (2005)"From The Deeps"
The Acacia StrainContinent (2008)"Cthulhu" Inspired by Lovecraft.[34]
AntipeeweeMadness Unleashed (2015)"Rise of Cthulhu" Inspired by the Cthulhu Mythos
AdagioDominate (2005)"R'lyeh the Dead" Inspired by R'lyeh
Black Sabbath Black Sabbath (1970) "Behind the Wall of Sleep" The song's title and lyrics are inspired by a short story with a similar name.
Mr. Hurley und die Pulveraffen Leviathan (2019) "Leviathan" The song's title and lyrics are inspired by HP Lovecraft's "call of Cthulhu.
Blind Idiot GodVariousVarious Name inspired by H.P. Lovecraft's description of Azathoth
Blue Öyster CultCurse of the Hidden Mirror (2001)"The Old Gods Return" "[...] Of a six eyed god whose wings beat; In a time so odd, so very odd; And we're all lost, all of us blessedly lost [...]"
Bong of CthulhuVariousVarious Named after Cthulhu
CaravanFor Girls Who Grow Plump in the Night (1973)"C'thlu Thlu" "[...] Something seemed nearly dead making me feel so cold; Even the trees seemed to fear there was something unreal"
Christian Muenzner Beyond the Wall of Sleep (2014) "Shadow Over Innsmouth", "Mountains of Madness", "Beyond the Wall of Sleep"
Cradle of FilthMidian (2000)"Cthulhu Dawn"
Cradle of Filth Lovecraft & Witch Hearts (2002) Compilation album. While aside from a mention or two, few of the included tracks seem to have any central reference to the Cthulhu Mythos, the album's intricate artwork was executed by graphic artist John Coulthard, who penned a graphic-arts version of Lovecraft's "The Call of Cthulhu" for 1995's The Starry Wisdom: Fiction Inspired by H.P. Lovecraft (Ed. D. M. Mitchell & Ramsay Campbell, Creation Books).
Creature Feature It Was A Dark And Stormy Night (2011) "Fodder for the Elder Gods" Features the Elder Gods from the Cthulhu mythos, as implied in the title.
Dark MoorBeyond the Sea (2005)"The Silver Key" This song is based in the Dreamland of H.P. Lovecraft and on the Randolph Carter short story.[35]
The Darkest of the Hillside ThicketsVariousVarious Many of the band's songs reference Lovecraft's work.[36]
Deadmau54x4=12 (2010)"Cthulhu Sleeps" An eponymous instrumental.[37]
Deadmau5While 1<2"Rlyehs Lament"
DeathchainCult of Death (2007)"Serpent of the Deep"
DeathchainDeath Eternal (2008)"Incantations of Shub-Niggurath"
DeathchainDeath Gods (2010)"The Crawling Chaos", "The Beyond", "Howling of the Blind", "Cthulhu Rising"
Deicide Legion "Dead but Dreaming" Describing implicitly Cthulhu's latent state, as well as the Elder Ones'
Adam Beyer and Ida EngbergDrumcode"Lovecraft"
Adam BeyerDrumcode"The Color Out Of Space"
DespondentAwakening The Elder Gods (2015)"I. Awakening The Elder Gods" "II. The Madness From The Sea" "III. Succumbing To Insanity" "IV. Horrific Revelation" Inspired by Lovecraft, particularly his short story "The Call of Cthulhu"
Dread SovereignAll Hell's Martyrs (2014)"Cthulhu Opiate Haze"
Dream TheaterSystematic Chaos (2007)"Dark Eternal Night" Inspired by Lovecraft's prose-poem "Nyarlathotep", including several verbatim quotes
Electric WizardSupercoven (1998)"Supercoven" "[...] Yog Sothoth is the gate [...]"
Entombed Clandestine (1991) "Stranger Aeons" Lyrics mention "dreamquest,” “lurking at the threshold, and “stranger things that eternal lie"
The FallDragnet (1979)"Spectre Vs. Rector""Yog Sothoth rape me lord"
Flint GlassNyarlathotepVarious
The Gothic ArchiesThe Tragic Treasury: Songs from A Series of Unfortunate Events (2006)"We Are the Gothic Archies" "[...] Though gothic we are Archie, though Archie we are goth; No Satan-worshipers we, we worship Yog-Sothoth!"
GwarScumdogs of the Universe (1990)"Horror of Yig"
Fields of the NephilimThe Nephilim (1988)"Last Exit for the Lost" "[...] Between the spaces, along the wall; Appearing faces, that disappear at dawn; We're getting closer. I can see the door; Closer and closer; Kthulhu calls; Forever remain (x4)"
H. P. Lovecraft (band)H. P. Lovecraft (1967); H. P. Lovecraft II (1968)Various A 1960s band named for the author, with song content reflecting Lovecraft's works.[38]
Iced EarthPlagues of Babylon (2014)"Cthulhu"
Legion of the DamnedCult of the Dead"Black Wings of Yog-Sothoth"
Manilla RoadSpiral Castle (2002)"Spiral Castle" "[...]Yog Sothoth has come; And the ancient ones"
Mercyful FateInto the Unknown (1996)"Kutulu (The Mad Arab, Part 2)"
MetallicaRide the Lightning (1984)"The Call of Ktulu" An instrumental inspired by "The Call of Cthulhu".[39]
MetallicaMaster of Puppets (1986)"The Thing That Should Not Be" Lovecraft-inspired, alludes to The Shadow over Innsmouth--"hybrid children watch the sea, pray for father roaming free"—and the rhyming couplet "The Nameless City"--"not dead which eternal lie, in stranger eons death might die". "[40][41][42]
MetallicaDeath Magnetic (2008)"All Nightmare Long"Described by vocalist James Hetfield as being about the Hounds of Tindalos.[43]
MetallicaHardwired... to Self-Destruct (2016)"Dream No More""[...]Cthulhu, awaken[...]"
Morbid Angel Altars of Madness (1989) "Lord of all Fevers and Plague" Mentions 'Cthulhu' among other non-Lovecraftian entities.
Morbid AngelCovenant (1993)"Angel of Disease"
NileVariousVariousNile have written several songs about the Cthulhu mythos. Vocalist and guitarist Karl Sanders claimed Lovecraft's works were in harmony with the essence of death metal.[44]
Ningen Isu Utsushiyo wa Yume ~25th Anniversary Best Album~ () Uchuu kara no Iro (宇宙からの色; The Colour out of Space) Single inspired by the short story of the same name.
Nox ArcanaNecronomicon (2004)(all songs) An album entirely about the Cthulhu Mythos.[45]
Opeth Heritage (2011) "Pyre" The lyrics contain references to the short story "Beyond the Wall of Sleep"
PortalVariousVarious This obscure Australian Black/Death band is heavily inspired by Lovecraft's works lyrically, visually, and musically.[46]
Rudimentary PeniCacophony (1988)(all 30 songs) An album consisting entirely of songs that reference (either directly or indirectly) both Lovecraft's personal life and his literary works (mainly the Cthulhu Mythos).[47]
SailleRitu"Fhtagn" A slow, ritualistic song based on "The Call of Cthulhu" from a cultist's perspective.[48]
Septicflesh Mystic Places of Dawn (1994) "Mystic Places of Dawn" The city of Sarnath from the short story "The Doom that Came to Sarnath" is referenced among Atlantis, Lemuria and other mythical sunken or destroyed cities.
Septicflesh Communion (2008) "Lovecraft's Death" The song's lyrics are an amalgam of various Cthulhu Mythos story titles, including "The Call of Cthulhu", "The Whisperer in Darkness", "The Music of Erich Zann" and others.
Septicflesh Codex Omega (2017) "Our Church, Below the Sea" Inspired by the Cult of Cthulhu and its beliefs, referenced in "The Call of Cthulhu", as well as the cult of the Deep Ones from The Shadow Over Innsmouth
Shub-NiggurathLe Morts Vont Vite and other albums"Yog Sothoth" and other tracks Avant-rock/zeuhl band from France which received acclaim for its development of Magma's sound. Several tracks are explicitly Cthulhu Mythos-inspired, and the name of the band is a Cthulhu Mythos deity.[49]
Sulphur AeonVariousVariousTheir whole discography is based on Cthulhu Mythos, with each album having a different deity as its main subject (although not exclusively): Swallowed By the Ocean's Tide is about Cthulhu, Gateway To the Antishphere is mostly about Azagthoth and The Scythe of Cosmic Chaos is centered around Nyarlahotep
ThergothonStream from the Heavens (1994) and "Fhtagn-Nagh Yog Sothoth" demo (1991)Various songsThergothon's entire catalog is rife with Lovecraftian lyrical reference and atmospheric inspiration.[50]
The Vision BleakCarpathia - A Dramatic Poem (2005)"Kutulu!" Many of the band's songs are inspired by classic horror novels and films, including H.P. Lovecraft's work.[51]
TherionBeyond Sanctorum (1992)"Cthulhu" Inspired by H.P. Lovecraft's work.[52]
ZardonicLovecraft Machine"Cthulhu" The first track of this release is named after Cthulhu.[53]
John Zorn Magick (2004) Tracks 1-5: "Conjurations", "The Magus", "Thought Forms", "Incunabula", and "Asmodeus" These 5 tracks combine to form a work called "Necronomicon"
The Men That Will Not Be Blamed For NothingThis May Be The Reason Why The Men That Will Not Be Blamed For Nothing Cannot Be Killed By Conventional Weapons"Margate Fhtagn" A story of a Victorian family going on a seaside holiday to Margate, which gets interrupted by Cthulhu's rising from the sea.[54]
ArzachelArzachel (1969)"Azathoth"
Code: PandorumThe Lovecraftian Horrors"Cthulhu"


14 Peter Clines2012 A speculative fiction novel which explores the Cthulhu Mythos in a contemporary setting[55]
The Adventures of Samurai Cat Mark E. Rogers1984 The character Samurai Cat traverses time and space on a mission of revenge, and at one point wreaks havoc in H. P. Lovecraft's The Shadow Over Innsmouth.[56]
Afterlife with Archie Archie Horror2014 A comic series in which Sacthubrina ends up at an otherworldly asylum run by "Dr. Lovecraft" after setting off the zombie apocalypse in the series. Due to her use of the Necronomicon she has inadvertently awakened Cthulhu, who intends for her to serve as his bride.
All-Consuming Fire Andy Lane1994 This Doctor Who Virgin New Adventures novel is set on a planet called Ry'leh and features an alien claiming to be Azathoth. It also equates several pre-existing Doctor Who monsters with Mythos creatures, claiming Fenric (from The Curse of Fenric) is Hastur, the Great Intelligence is Yog-Sothoth, and the Animus (from The Web Planet) is Lloigor.[57]
And Another Thing... Eoin Colfer2009 The final installment in the Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy series, and, in a humorous vignette, features Cthulhu interviewing for the position of god of the planet "Nano".[58]
Astronomicon minorem Khurt Khave2015 Main religious text of the First United Church of Cthulhu[59]
Awoken Serra Elinsen2013 A young adult paranormal romance about a girl who falls in love with Cthulhu who appears at her high school in the guise of a teenage boy. The novel was created by internet film critic Lindsay Ellis and her friends Nella Inserra and Elisa Hansen, along with their fanbase as a parody of Twilight and subsequent novels of the young adult paranormal romance genre.[60]
The Book of the SubGenius and other SubGenius literature J.R. "Bob" Dobbs and The SubGenius Foundation1983 Contains many references and allusions to the Cthulhu Mythos, such as identifying J.R. "Bob" Dobbs' real identity as Nyarlathotep and numerous mentions of the Elder Gods and Great Old Ones, who include SubGenius deities such as Jehovah 1 and the Discordian/SubGenius deity Eris Discordia, and mentioning Cthulhu as one of the common choices for a ShorDurPerSav (short-duration personal savior).[61]
The Call of C'rruso Mark Shaw, Laura Shaw and Flemming Andersen2016 In Donald Duck #16, this Disney comics adventure story is a loose parody of the Cthulhu Mythos. Wannabe star singer Donald Duck is taken to the lost city of "Sp'too," where the many-eyed monster-god "Pf'legmwad" lies sleeping—with all of our world existing only as a part of his dream. "Mr. C'rruso", a humanlike manifestation of Pf'legmwad's mind, thinks that Donald's quacky singing voice will wake the monster up, as it eventually does.[62]
A Colder War Charles Stross1997 A novella that blends the political fiction and technothriller genres with the Mythos.[63]
The Crawlin' Chaos Blues Edward Michael Erdelac2010 A blues singer in 1964 who makes a deal with Nyarlathotep for fame and fortune.[64]
Crouch End Stephen King1980 A short story concerning a young couple lost in the London suburb, featuring several references to the Mythos.[65]
Darkwing Duck A story arc of the comic book series involves the criminal organization F.O.W.L. unleashing "Duckthulu", an obvious parody of Cthulhu.
Destiny: The Sacred City Andrew Lawrenson 2016 The conclusion in the Brotherhood of the Star trilogy, in which the protagonists must face a final battle against the dark cult and their plans to raise an ancient evil.[66]
Discworld (series) Terry Pratchett1983 - Numerous allusions exist throughout the series; the most explicit of these is the Necrotelecomnicon, after Lovecraft's iconic Necronomicon grimoire.[67]
The Dream-Quest of Vellitt Boe Kij Johnson2016 A novella set in the dreamlands and featuring an appearance by Raymond Carter, a former lover of the protagonist, in a subtly feminist re-imagining of Lovecraft's The Dream-Quest of Unknown Kadath.[68]
Famous Monsters of Filmland A variant cover for issue #281 featured Cthulhu locked in battle with Godzilla.
Green Lama Unbound Adam Lance Garcia2010 The Green Lama, a pulp hero from the 1940s, battles Nazis as they attempt to raise Cthulhu. Features strong elements from the Mythos.[69]
I, Cthulhu Neil Gaiman1986 A short story on Gaiman's website featuring Cthulhu dictating an autobiography to a human slave.[70]
The Illuminatus! Trilogy Robert Anton Wilson and Robert Shea1975 Features several Mythos references.
"Jerusalem's Lot" Stephen King 1978 A short story published in 1978 as a part of the collection Night Shift. It serves as a prequel to 'Salem's Lot.
Johannes Cabal: The Fear Institute Jonathan L. Howard2011 The third novel in the Johannes Cabal series is set primarily in Lovecraft's Dreamlands and features many Lovecraftian references, locations, and Elder Gods.[71]
Carter & Lovecraft, After the End of the World Jonathan L. Howard 2015


In this series set in a world where Randolph Carter and H.P. Lovecraft once changed reality, a former homicide detective turned private investigator, Daniel Carter, and a knowledgeable and talented book store manager, Emily Lovecraft, have to protect reality from being distorted back to a world with Arkham, Innsmouth, Dunwich, and unspeakable magic.
The Laundry Files Charles Stross2004 - 2018 Influenced by Lovecraft's visions of the future, and set in a world where a computer and the right mathematical equations is just as useful a toolset for calling up horrors from other dimensions as a spellbook and a pentagram on the floor.
Legacy: Shadow Watch Andrew Lawrenson2015 A mystery/thriller set against a backdrop of the Cthulhu Mythos, where the protagonists must face a dark cult who worship the Great Old Ones.[72]
The Long War A.J. Smith (author)2013 (launched) A series of dark fantasy novels described as "Martin meets Lovecraft".[73] Shub-Nillurath, or "the Black God of the forests with a thousand young", is a primary antagonist as are the Dark Young. The first novel The Black Guard, contains several references to the Cthulhu Mythos.[74]
The Midnight Eye Files: The Amulet William Meikle2008 Set in modern-day Glasgow, the worshippers of Cthulhu attempt to revive the god.[75]
Move Under Ground Nick Mamatas, Nightshade Books2004 A pastiche of the work of Jack Kerouac, William S. Burroughs, Neil Cassady and other luminaries of the Beat Generation milieu, juxtaposed with the Cthulhu Mythos transposed into the late 50s/early 60s within California.[76]
The Philosopher's Stone Colin Wilson1969 Two scientists, now possessing heightened consciousness, discover mankind is the creation of Lovecraft's Old Ones.[77]
Practical Demonkeeping
The Lust Lizard of Melancholy Cove
The Stupidest Angel
Christopher Moore1992
Eggs Sothoth are a popular breakfast at HP's Cafe in Pine Cove, the setting of these and other Moore novels. The owner of HP's has been driven to drink by his encounters with supernatural creatures and other monsters.
Prophecy: The Dreamlands Andrew Lawrenson2016 The sequel to Legacy, continuing the protagonist's struggle against a dark cult who worship the Great Old Ones.[78]
Resume With Monsters William Browning Spencer1996 A humorous novel about a worker who battles a series of bad jobs and Lovecraft's Elder Gods.[79]
Salem’s Lot Stephen King The original congregation of the town worships Yogsoggoth, as seen in the epilogue when the chapel at Salem’s Lot is visited.
"Shoggoth's Old Peculiar" Neil Gaiman1998 A short story, in Smoke and Mirrors, where an American tourist happens upon Innsmouth, an English seaside town, and its elderly Cthulhu followers who explain about their master, whilst getting drunk on an odd local beer.[80]
"Some Notes Concerning a Green Box" Alan Dean Foster1971 A short story, in With Friends Like These..., a book of short stories published in 1977. Story documents an expedition somehow related to H.P. Lovecraft and Cthulhu.[81]
Soul Eater Atsushi Ōkubo2004 The Black Mass that resides within The Book of Eibon is most likely a nod to H.P. Lovecraft's Cthulhu.[82]
The Stand Stephen King 1978 An evil sorcerer named Randall Flagg who has many aliases, including "Nyarlathotep".
"A Study in Emerald" Neil Gaiman2003 A Sherlock Holmes/Lovecraft cross-pastiche.[83]
Tales of the Plush Cthulhu: Time Wasted[84] Jon Hansen[85]accessed 2014 Online photo story, featuring plush animals and household objects.
That Which Should Not Be Brett J. Talley2011 Set in the early 20th century, concerning a quest for an ancient book that can restore the Lovecraft deities to power.[86]
Unspeakable Vault (of Doom) François Launet2003 (launched) A humorous web-comic strip featuring the Lovecraft deities and monsters. Anders Sandberg noted this comic as an example of the trend of poking fun at formerly horrifying concepts.[87]
The Unthinkable[88] Bruce Sterling1994 Discusses the consequences of the U.S. developing the "Azathoth Bomb" during World War II.
The Secret Memoir of the Missionary Hirofumi Tanaka2002 (Japanese) 2006 (English) A retelling of the arrival of St. Francis Xavier in Japan as influenced by the Cthulhu Mythos.[89]
Winter Tide
Ruthanna Emrys2017 The Mythos from the other side, told from the viewpoint of one of the survivors of Innsmouth's "disappearance".[90]


A.N.T. FarmIn "performANTS" Sunshine, an employee at a store where Chyna and her friends to go, tells Cameron that she meditates to "Cthulhu, Dark Lord of the Underworld". She later mistakes Angus, dressed as OctoPanda, for Cthulhu. Angus tricks her in believing he is and demands macarons, which he did not get in the green room of the store.
Ben 10: Ultimate Alien The main antagonist of the third season, Diagon, is loosely based on Dagon and Cthulhu.
Bungo Stray Dogs A character in the organization the Guild is named H. P. Lovecraft and holds an ability called "The Old One".
Cast a Deadly Spell (1991)TV movie. The movie is very much an homage to the works of H. P. Lovecraft. Though not based on any one particular story by Lovecraft, the film features many Lovecraftian tropes, and can be considered to take place against the unified backdrop which has come to be known as the Cthulhu Mythos. The nightclub is called Harry Bordon's Dunwich Room. Frequent references are made to the Necronomicon, the Great Old Ones, Cthulhu and Yog-Sothoth throughout the film.
Dark ShadowsEpisodes 885 to 980 of the Gothic soap opera, a storyline commonly known as 'The Leviathans', was inspired by the Cthulhu Mythos.[91]
DigimonAt the end of Episode 13 of Adventure 02, "The Call of Dagomon", the silhouette of Dagomon appears rising from the sea, bearing a striking resemblance to Cthulhu. In the same episode, Digimoji (a fictional alphabet featured in the Digimon franchise) translating to Ph'nglui mglw'nafh Cthulhu R'lyeh wgah'nagl fhtagn and Innsmouth appears. The title of this episode, ダゴモンの呼び声 ("Dagomon no Yobigoe"), is a reference to "The Call of Cthulhu".
Doctor WhoIn the episode "The Snowmen", an evil being known as "The Great Intelligence" (also known as "Yog-Sothoth" and voiced by Ian McKellen) has been possessing a 19th-century London doctor named Walter Simeon (played by Richard E. Grant) since his childhood, even after his death.
Earthworm JimIn one episode, the primary antagonist searches for the Nameless Snowglobe, to use the Nameless Key, which in turn releases the Nameless Beast; all of which alludes to "The Nameless City". The Nameless Beast has an appearance based on Cthulhu.
Fanboy & Chum Chum

Though no allusion to Cthulhu or any of the Lovecraftian gods are made, a talking version of the Necronomicon is utilized by the aspiring young wizard Kyle Bloodworth-Thomason as a regular grimoire.

Fate/ZeroCaster can summon monsters with the chant Cthulhu fhtagn, and in Episode 13, Caster summons a giant sea monster by chanting Ph'nglui mglw'nafh wgah'nagl fhtagn.
The Grim Adventures of Billy and MandyThe season 1 episode "Big Trouble in Billy's Basement" and the season 5 episode "Prank Call of Cthulhu" feature Yog-Sothoth and Cthulhu, respectively.
Haiyore! Nyaruko-sanThe entire light novel series was based on the Cthulhu Mythos, for it features many of Lovecraft's characters such as Nyarlathotep (depicted in girl form under the name of Nyaruko). Despite the fact that the series has been based on the Mythos, it is a humor/parody series that makes references to a lot of different media.
HouseSeason 6, Episode 18, "Knight Fall", features the Necronomicon, predominantly as a plot piece.
Justice LeagueThe double episode "The Terror Beyond" (Season 2, episodes 15-16) has as the main antagonist a creature inspired by Cthulhu, called Icthultu. The episode itself draws heavily from the Mythos.
The LibrariansThe episode "And the Cost of Higher Education" takes place at Wexler University, a fictional college that Lovecraft used as the inspiration for Miskatonic University. A student named Lucy accidentally summons an entity referred to as the Hydra-Stat, which appears as a large octopus and devours people engaged in displays of hubris or ego.
Overlord In the episode "Massacre", Ainz Ooal Gown utilizes "Super Tier Magic" to sacrifice 70,000 opposing army troops in a spell called "Iä! Shub-Niggurath!". The bodies are sacrificed and used as tribute to summon massive goat monsters called "The Dark Young" (whose appearance is identical to "The Dark Young" of the Shub-Niggurath mythos).
The Real GhostbustersThe episode "The Collect Call of Cathulhu" references the Necronomicon and an attempt to revive the so-called "Cathulhu", described as one of the "Great Old Ones". Lovecraft is also mentioned by name.[92] The Old Ones were again mentioned in the episode "Russian About".
Rick and MortyThe show's opening title sequence features a huge Cthulhu-like creature chasing the titular characters, who appear to have stolen its baby.
Rod Serling's Night GalleryThe season 2 episodes "Pickman's Model"[93][94] and "Cool Air"[93][95] are based on the original 1926 Lovecraft short stories of the same name, while "Professor Peabody's Last Lecture" heavily references the Mythos.[93]
Scooby-Doo! Mystery IncorporatedThe episodes "The Shrieking Madness" and "Pawn of Shadows" guest-star Professor H. P. Hatecraft, author of otherworldly horror stories, whose name is a play on Lovecraft's. Mythos symbolism abounds, and Hatecraft's character Char Gar Gothakon closely resembles Cthulhu.[96] In the series finale, the gang is invited to attend Miskatonic University.
South ParkFeatures Cthulhu as a character in the 2010 season 14 3-episode saga "Coon 2: Hindsight", "Mysterion Rises", and "Coon vs. Coon and Friends", along with the sunken city of R'lyeh, with many mentions of the Cthulhu Mythos, the Goth kids at South Park being revealed to be members of the Cult of Cthulhu and the reason for Kenny McCormick's constant death and resurrection being a ritual Kenny's parents did when Kenny's mom was first pregnant with Kenny and they joined the Cult of Cthulhu.[97]
SupernaturalIn season 6, episode 21 "Let it Bleed", Lovecraft and six others performed a ritual to pierce the veil between worlds, opening a door into Purgatory on March 10, 1937. A creature of Purgatory came through and killed Lovecraft a few days later on March 15.[98] In season 7, it would become clear that the 'Old Ones' of the Cthulhu Mythos are Leviathans, which were the first beings created by God before being locked into Purgatory so that they would not be a threat to later creations.
Teenage Mutant Ninja TurtlesIn the Season 3 episode "The Darkness Within", the Turtles confront a Cthulhu-like alien monster underneath Manhattan.
True DetectiveHastur is vaguely mentioned as the "Yellow King" and Carcosa is also featured.
Musaigen no Phantom WorldIn episode 8 of the series, Haruhiko summons Cthulhu using a spell called Abramelin's Finger in order to defeat an evil primate.

Audio drama

Thrilling Adventure Hour2014The 153rd episode of the podcast features an episode titled "When Cthulu Cthalls", which was recorded on September 7, 2013 and released on February 17, 2014. The episode is part of the "Beyond Belief" series and features stars Frank and Sadie Doyle protecting their friend's baby from chipper cultists and an entity only referred to as "The Old One". The Old One/Cthulu is voiced by Parks and Recreation star Jim O'Heir.


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